The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Tsutomu Nihei is a Japanese manga artist. His cyberpunk-influenced artwork has gained a strong cult following, he has a large community of fans overseas where his manga Blame!, Knights of Sidonia and Biomega were published by Vertical Inc. and Viz Media. Nihei quit to work on becoming a manga artist, he studied at the Parsons School of Design. His experience in construction and design has shown up in his manga in his depiction of huge structures which are a strong theme in his manga works. Nihei was a guest at San Diego Comic Con International 2016. Blame! - Nihei's first work, detailing the adventures of Killy as he searches through a massive city for a human with special genes that could save the world. Published in Afternoon, it gained a 6 episode ONA. Movie released 19 May 2017. NOiSE - A prequel to Blame!, in which a police officer investigates the murder of a gang. Publishing in Afternoon. Abara - Published in Ultra Jump, Abara follows Denji Kudou, a man able to transform into a Gauna – a creature with bone-like armor and weaponry.
Biomega - Zouichi Kanoe and the AI in his motorbike set out to find humans resistant to N5S, a virus that turns people into zombie-like "Drones". Appeared in Young Magazine. Knights of Sidonia - An original story set in the far future about a human colony ship's war against an elusive alien race known as the "Gauna", it is the first of Nihei's works to be adapted into a TV series. In 2015, Knights of Sidonia won the "General" category of the prestigious Kodansha Manga Awards. APOSIMZ - Also known as Ningyō no Kuni. Set on an artificial planet where people on the surface face harsh conditions such as extreme cold and "Frame Disease," which transforms people into biomechanical creatures, while people in the core live in luxury, it is licensed by Kodansha Comics, which releases chapters digitally, Vertical Comics, which releases print volumes. Abba / Parcel - A short one-shot about a man looking for his brother. Blame - A one-shot prototype for Blame!, collected in NOiSE. Blame!² - A full color, 16 page one-shot published in Kodansha's Mandala Vol.2, following up on the story of Blame! with one of Pcell's future incarnations.
Blame! Academy - A comedy featuring the characters from Blame! as students in a school. Published infrequently. Dead Heads - First issue of a canceled series. Digimortal - A two part one-shot about a mercenary hired to assassinate a leader of a new Inquisition. Appeared in Ultra Jump, published in Vol.2 of Abara. Halo: Breaking Quarantine - Set in the Halo series, the untold story of Sergeant Avery J. Johnson and his escape from the bowels of Halo and the Flood. Negative Corridor - A short one-shot, collected in NOiSE. Ningyō no Kuni - A short one-shot set on a frozen planet about an encounter between a young man and a mechanical being. NSE: Net Sphere Engineer - A sequel to Blame!, about the Net Sphere. Series ongoing, though only one chapter has been published to date. Numa no Kami - A short one-shot about a man encountering a lake Goddess. Pump - A short one-shot about the last Humans reproduction process. Sabrina - A short one-shot about a man coming across a girl whose arm is stuck in a hole. Wolverine: Snikt!
- A 5 issue limited series of the X-Men character Wolverine. Published by Marvel Comics. Winged Armor Suzumega / Sphingidae - A short one-shot about a battle between alien beings. Zeb-Noid - A short one-shot about a hostile encounter between two different species that takes an unexpected turn. Bitch's Life - An erotic illustrations book, featuring contributions from over twenty manga artists. Blame! and So On - Published in 2003, Blame! and So On contains artwork and sketches for Blame!, Wolverine: Snikt!, amongst others. Tsutomu Nihei at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Tsutomu Nihei on IMDb
Blame!, pronounced "blam", is a ten-volume Japanese science fiction manga by Tsutomu Nihei published by Kodansha from 1996 to 2003. A six-part original net animation was produced in 2003, with a seventh episode included on the DVD release. An anime film adaptation by Polygon Pictures was released as a Netflix original in May 2017. Killy, a silent loner possessing an powerful weapon known as a Gravitational Beam Emitter, wanders a vast technological world known as "The City", he is searching for Net Terminal Genes, a extinct genetic marker that allows humans to access the "Netsphere", a sort of computerized control network for The City. The City is an immense volume of artificial structure, separated into massive "floors" by nearly-impenetrable barriers known as "Megastructure"; the City is inhabited by scattered human and transhuman tribes as well as hostile cyborgs known as Silicon Creatures. The Net Terminal Genes appear to be the key to halting the unhindered, chaotic expansion of the Megastructure, as well as a way of stopping the murderous horde known as the Safeguard from destroying all humanity.
Along the way, Killy meets and joins forces with a resourceful engineer named Cibo and several groups such as a tribe of human warriors called the Electro-Fishers. Cibo and Killy are pursued by the Safeguard, who view any human without Net Terminal Genes as a threat to be extinguished on sight; because of the size and nature of The City and the violent lives led by its inhabitants, there are no recurring characters and any alliances made are short-lived. The City is a structure that began on Earth; the mechanical beings known as Builders, which move around renovating and creating new landscapes, appear to have begun building without end, creating an enormous structure with little internal logic or coherence. The City appears to be organized into distinct floors, with layers of an unknown nigh-indestructible material called "the megastructure" between them. Traveling between floors is difficult as the megastructure is indestructible and approaching the floor boundaries results in a massive safeguard response.
Only a direct Gravitational Beam Emitter blast is known to have been capable of penetrating the megastructure. Each floor consists of a crust of kilometers high buildings haphazardly built together. Above the crust is an empty sky all the way to the floor of the next level. Descending from the sky are staircases which take upwards of 10 days to climb; the floor of the next level is made of megastructure, but serves as sunlight/night sky for the floor below. The City, the Builders, were once controlled by the Netsphere and the Authority but they have since lost the power to control the expansion of The City due to the chaotic and dangerous manner of its growth. Without intervention by a user with Net Terminal Genes they cannot reestablish control over The City nor the Safeguards, whose original job was to eliminate any humans who try to access the Netsphere without Net Terminal Genes; the Safeguard now attempts to destroy all humans without the Net Terminal Gene as the degradation of The City has corrupted their true goals.
In regard to the scale of the structure, NOiSE, the prequel to Blame!, states in its final chapter that "At one point the Moon, which used to be up in the sky above, was integrated into The City's structure". It has been suggested by Tsutomu Nihei himself in his artbook Blame! and So On that the scale of The City is beyond that of a Dyson sphere, reaching at least Jupiter's planetary orbit. 9, where Killy finds himself having to travel through a room the size of Jupiter. The original Japanese manga was collected into 10 volumes by Kodansha's Afternoon KC division. In February 2005, Tokyopop announced that it has licensed Blame! for U. S. distribution, with publication beginning in August 2005. After releasing the final volume in 2007, the series has gone out of print with several volumes becoming hard to find. In 2006 the Tokyopop distribution was nominated for a Harvey Award in the category'Best American Edition of Foreign Material'. In February 2016, Vertical announced. Tankōbon release Master's edition Blame!
Academy is a spin-off series of Blame! by Tsutomu Nihei. Set in the same "City" as Blame!, it is a parody and comedy about various characters in the main Blame! Story in a traditional Japanese school setting. Various elements in the main Blame! Story are being parodied, including the relationship between Killy and Cibo, Dhomochevsky and Iko, it was irregularly published in Afternoon. A compilation volume, titled Blame Gakuen! and So On was published by Kodansha on September 19, 2008. Blame!², subtitled Chronicle of the Escape from the Megastructure by the Eighth Incarnation of Pcell, is a full-color, 16-page one-shot. Like NSE: Net Sphere Engineer, Blame!² is a sequel to the original Blame!, taking place at a point in the distant future. It was published March 21, 2008 in the second volume of Kodansha's Weekly Morning Special Edition magazine, Mandala; this one-shot was compiled in one volume with Blame! Academy, titled Blame Gakuen! and So On in 2008. Set an undefined but long time after the events of Blame!, it follows an incarnation of P-cell.
After Killy's success in Blame!, humanity has begun to dominate The City once more and began wiping out most Silicon Life. After P-cell escapes the extinction as the sole survivor of her kind, she is saved from death by Killy, she eventually
A megastructure is a large artificial object, although the limits of how large vary considerably. Some apply the term to any large or tall building; some sources define a megastructure as an enormous self-supporting artificial construct. The products of megascale engineering or astroengineering are megastructures. Most megastructure designs could not be constructed with today's level of industrial technology; this makes their design examples of speculative engineering. Those that could be constructed qualify as megaprojects. Megastructures are an architectural concept popularized in the 1960s where a city could be encased in a single building, or a small number of buildings interconnected; such arcology concepts are popular in science fiction. Megastructures play a part in the plot or setting of science fiction movies and books, such as Rendezvous with Rama by Arthur C. Clarke. In 1968, Ralph Wilcoxen defined a megastructure as any structural framework into which rooms, houses, or other small buildings can be installed and replaced.
This type of framework allows the structure to adapt to the individual wishes of its residents as those wishes change with time. Other sources define a megastructure as "any development in which residential densities are able to support services and facilities essential for the development to become a self-contained community". Many architects have designed such megastructures; some of the more notable such architects and architectural groups include the Metabolist Movement, Cedric Price, Frei Otto, Constant Nieuwenhuys, Yona Friedman, Buckminster Fuller. There are structures that may be considered megastructures, such as The Great Wall of China is a human-built megastructure, a few meters wide and 3,947 miles in length, about 4,975,318 square yards; the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, a 10,360-square-kilometer sprawling agricultural landscape carved in the mountains by free tribesmen of Ifugao some 6,000 to 2,000 years ago. Skyscrapers represent our current state-of-the-art in large structure engineering.
The Large Hadron Collider consists of, among other structures, a ring 27 kilometers in circumference. The Expressways of China are the longest expressway system in the world. Networks of roads or railways, collections of buildings, are not considered megastructures, despite qualifying based on size. However, an ecumenopolis might qualify. Atlantropa, a hydroelectric dam to be built across the Strait of Gibraltar, the lowering of the surface of the Mediterranean Sea by as much as 200 metres. Trans-Global Highway, highway systems that would link all six of the inhabited continents on Earth; the highway would network new and existing bridges and tunnels, improving not only ground transportation but potentially offering a conduit for utility pipelines. Cloud nine is Buckminster Fuller's proposal for a tensegrity sphere a mile in radius which would be large enough so that it would float in the sky if heated by only one degree above ambient temperature, creating habitats for mini cities of thousands of people in each "Cloud Nine".
Fuller proposed a marine analog consisting of a hollow terraced floating tetrahedron of reinforced concrete measuring one mile from vertex to vertex supporting a population of one million living in air-deployed residential modules on the exterior with the requisite infrastructure providing utilities inside. The modules would have standardized utility ports so as to be livable within minutes of arrival, could be subsequently detached and moved to other such cities. A number of theoretical structures have been proposed. Most stellar scale Megastructure proposals are designs to make use of the energy from a sun-like star while still providing gravity or other attributes that would make it attractive for an advanced civilization; the Alderson disk is a theoretical structure in the shape of a disk, where the outer radius is equivalent to the orbit of Mars or Jupiter and the thickness is several thousand miles. A civilization could live on either side, held by the gravity of the disk and still receive sunlight from a star bobbing up and down in the middle of the disk.
A Dyson sphere refers to a structure or mass of orbiting objects that surrounds a star to make full use of its solar energy. A Matrioshka brain is a collection of multiple Concentric Dyson Spheres which make use of different wavelengths of light. A Stellar engine either uses the temperature difference between a star and interstellar space to extract energy or serves as a Shkadov thruster. A Shkadov thruster accelerates an entire star through space by selectively reflecting or absorbing light on one side of it. Topopolis is a large tube. A Ringworld is an artificial ring encircling a star, rotating faster than orbital velocity to create artificial gravity on its inner surface. A non-rotating variant is a transparent ring of breathable gas, creating a continuous microgravity environment around the star, as in the eponymous Smoke Ring. Related structures which might not be classified as individual stellar megastructures, but occur on a similar scale: A Dyson swarm is a Dyson sphere made up of separately orbiting elements rather than a single continuous shell.
A Dyson bubble is a Dyson sphere in which the individual elements are statites, non-orbital obje
Knights of Sidonia
Knights of Sidonia is a space opera and mecha manga series by Tsutomu Nihei, serialized by Kodansha in their magazine Afternoon between April 2009 and September 2015, localized in English by Vertical. An anime television series adaptation, produced by Polygon Pictures, aired between April and June 2014 and a second season aired between April and June 2015; the story is set in the year 3394, a thousand years after mankind flees from Earth after it was destroyed by a race of shapeshifting aliens – the Gauna, aboard hundreds of massive spaceships created from the remains of the planet. One such ship is the Sidonia, which has developed its own human culture based on that of Japan where human cloning, asexual reproduction, human genetic engineering, such as granting humans photosynthesis, are commonplace, it is revealed that the top echelons of this society have secretly been granted immortality. With a population of over 500,000 people, Sidonia is the last human settlement remaining as the fates of the other ships are unknown.
Little is known about their motivation for attacking humanity. Each Gauna has a near invulnerable core protected by a huge mass of malleable material known as "placenta". Once the ena is shed away and the core is destroyed, the Gauna's body disintegrates. Sidonia is defended by large mechanized weapons called Gardes whose weaponry and mobility is powered by "Higgs particles", armed with a high-output cannon for long range assaults and a special spear known as "Kabizashi" for close combat; the tip of the kabizashi is made of a rare and little-understood material which has the unique property of being able to destroy a Gauna's core. The Guardians are equipped with firearms whose ammunition have the same material of the Kabizashi after a means to artificially mass-produce it is discovered. Most people in the surviving human population are screened and drafted as Guardian pilots at a young age, if they are shown to be capable of piloting them; the story follows the adventures of Garde pilot Nagate Tanikaze, who lived in the underground layer of Sidonia since birth and was raised by his grandfather.
Never having met anyone else, he trains himself in an old Guardian pilot simulator every day mastering it. After his grandfather's death, he emerges to the surface and is selected as a Guardian pilot, just as Sidonia is once again threatened by the Gauna; the manga is illustrated by Tsutomu Nihei. It debuted in Kodansha magazine Afternoon's June issue in 2009. Since 13 tankōbon have been released; the manga has been licensed in North America by Vertical, who released the first twelve volumes in English between February 5, 2013, December 2, 2014. The manga ended on September 25, 2015. An anime television series adaptation, produced by Polygon Pictures, premiered on April 10, 2014 and ended its first season on June 26, 2014, on MBS and on TBS, CBC and BS-TBS; the series was directed by Kobun Shizuno, assisted by Hiroyuki Seshita, with scripts by Sadayuki Murai and character designs by Yuki Moriyama. The series has been localized and streamed by Netflix in all of its territories since July 4, 2014, becoming the service's first original anime, as well as the first anime series on Netflix available in Dolby Vision/HDR.
The first season has been licensed for home video release by Sentai Filmworks. The opening song is "Sidonia" by Angela and the ending song is "Show" by Eri Kitamura. A second season aired from April 10, 2015 to June 26, 2015, with Kishi Kōshinkyoku by Angela as the opening song and "Requiem" by CustomiZ as the ending song; the second season was released on Netflix on July 3, 2015, has been licensed by Sentai Filmworks for home video distribution. Another anime project for the series was confirmed to be in development by director Hiroyuki Seshita; the manga was ranked #47 in Oricon Charts on October 30, 2013 with an estimate of 20,934 copies sold. Carlo Santos gave the first manga volume a B stating, "It's got a young man piloting a giant robot against alien enemies, but Knight of Sidonia is no Evangelion, yet it's not as bleak or incomprehensible as Tsutomu Nihei works like Blame! or Biomega, either—rather, it's the best of both worlds, bringing Nihei's hard sci-fi mentality into a more conventional space-adventure environment."
The Young Adult Library Services Association listed Knights of Sidonia in its 2014 list of Top 10 Graphic Novels for Teens. The anime series received positive reviews from famous members of the Japanese anime/game industry, like Hideo Kojima, creator of the Metal Gear series, who claims that "It's a kind of anime that we haven't seen for a while that has that sci-fi spirit. Using digital technology cultivated through games, it creates animation that encapsulates Japan's cultural assets like manga, cel animation, giant robots, etc. What's born is a unique made-in-Japan work that could never be cooked up in Hollywood. Japanese culture has lost its'cool', Knights of Sidonia will be the white knight that saves it". Other industry pros left acknowledgements as well, including Akiko Higashimura and Yoshinao Dao. Knights of Sidonia at Kodansha Anime official website Sidonia no Kishi on IMDb Knights of Sidonia at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Blame! is a 2017 Japanese CGI anime science fiction action film directed by Hiroyuki Seshita, produced by Polygon Pictures, written by Tsutomu Nihei and based on the manga series Blame!, written and illustrated by Tsutomu Nihei. It was released globally by Netflix on May 20, 2017. In the distant technological future, civilization has reached its ultimate Net-based form. An "infection" in the past caused the automated systems to spiral out of control, resulting in a multi-leveled city structure that replicates itself infinitely in all directions. Now humanity has lost access to the city's controls and is hunted down to be purged by the defense system known as the Safeguard. In a tiny corner of the city, a little enclave known as the Electro-Fishers is facing eventual extinction, trapped between the threat of the Safeguard and dwindling food supplies. A girl named Zuru goes on a journey to find food for her village with a group of friends, only to inadvertently cause doom when an observation tower senses her and summons a Safeguard pack to eliminate the threat.
With her companions dead and all escape routes blocked, the sudden arrival of Killy the Wanderer, on his quest to find a human who possesses the Net Terminal Gene, saves her along with Tae, her close friend. Killy is brought back to the village, where he meets the two elders of the village, who express interest in him after they hear that he has been from'6000 levels below'. Killy helps to assist with the village's food problem by passing them a large amount of rations. Abruptly, he leaves for the nearby area named by the villages as the Rotting Shrine, followed by Zuru and Tae, he finds the spoilt machine-corpse of Cibo, a former scientist from before the disaster. Cibo reveals that it is she that built a shield generator that protects the village from the safeguard, tells the villagers that it is possible to produce more of the rations by going to a nearby'automated factory'. Heeding her words, a group of villagers including Tae and Zuru travel to the automated factory in search of more rations.
Arriving there, Cibo assists in logging into the system and produces a large amount of rations, much to the delight of the villagers. However, right after she produces a machine for Killy, the system rejects her log-in and builds multiple Exterminators to eliminate the villagers. Cibo, who remakes herself using the system in a cyborg form, leads the villagers, with Tae now having broken her arm, to a railway car and escapes back to the village. During the ride, Killy is knocked unconscious trying to save the villagers. Arriving at the village, the villagers celebrate at the sudden amount of food. While holding the celebration, Cibo secretly wakes Killy up with only Zuru as a witness and leads him down towards the shield generator with the machine. While heading down, Tae takes her gun to the observatory platform and shoots the shield generator, whereupon it is revealed that the real Tae was killed and replaced by a cyborg representative for the Safeguard back at the factory. Sanakan, as she now calls herself, proceeds to kill multiple villagers, deeming them illegal residents.
Killy, realising what has occurred, runs back up to the village on his own. Cibo travels further down at a faster pace, where she sets the machine right next to the destroyed Shield Generator and connects herself to it. Back at the top, Sanakan is killing residents, but the village elders frantically lead the rest of the villagers to the top of the village where they resist her using their remaining weapons. Killy himself enters combat with Sanakan, who after knocking him down, notes that he is a body'stolen from the Safeguard'. Killy is saved at the last minute by Zuru. Cibo, in an alternate dimension, pleads with the Authority, which controls the Safeguard, to let the villagers go. Unable to do so, they allow her to edit their base of levels of the City, which disconnects the level below the village from Safeguard control. Cibo, now functioning through her only remaining arm, leads the remaining villagers to a trans-level railway car, but right after the villagers get in, an observatory tower spots them.
Killy throws the device, keeping him safe from the Safeguard to Zuru, upon which he says that he still wants to find the NetControl Gene, which enables human control of the Safeguard. The villagers are able to escape. At the end, Zuru's granddaughter narrates that the village still lives in the level below to this day, still waiting for Killy to find the Gene, she says that Zuru still talks about Killy, to the point that he sounds like the last hope for humanity. Plans for a full-length CG animated movie were announced in 2007. However, this proposed CG film project was not released before Micott and Basara filed for bankruptcy in 2011, it was announced in November 2015. The film was directed by Hiroyuki Seshita and written by Tsutomu Nihei and Sadayuki Murai, with animation by Polygon Pictures and character designs by Yuki Moriyama, it was released globally as a Netflix original on the 20th of May 2017. Blame! was released by Polygon Pictures on May 19, 2017. It was made available to subscribers on Netflix on May 20, 2017.
On October 5, 2017, Viz Media announced at their New York Comic Con panel that they had licensed the home video rights to Blame! and plans to release the film on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on March 27, 2018. It was announced in June 2017 that the Netflix original Blame! movie would be receiving a sequel and it was "in the works". Official website Blame! at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Blame! on IMDb
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside