The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty is a side agreement to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It was created on 15 December 1989 and entered into force on 11 July 1991; as of October 2019, the Optional Protocol has 88 states parties. In addition, Armenia has signed, but not ratified the Protocol; the Optional Protocol commits its members to the abolition of the death penalty within their borders, though Article 2.1 allows parties to make a reservation allowing execution "in time of war pursuant to a conviction for a most serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime".. Cyprus and Spain made such reservations, subsequently withdrew them. Azerbaijan and Greece still retain this reservation on their implementation of the protocol, despite both having banned the death penalty in all circumstances.. First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Use of capital punishment by nation List of most recent executions by jurisdiction Text of the Protocol List of parties
Charlie Ventura was a tenor saxophonist and bandleader from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ventura had his first taste of success working with Gene Krupa. In 1945 he won the Down Beat readers' poll in the tenor saxophone category. In the late 1940s he led several popular groups and went on to become known for his "bop for the people," with vocalists Jackie Cain and Roy Kral. After the early 1950s he made only a few recordings, his first was the debut album for Gene Norman's GNP Crescendo label recorded live in Los Angeles. In Las Vegas, he worked with Jackie Gleason and was the featured soloist on four albums Gleason produced: Riff Jazz, on which he played alto and bass saxophones. 1945 Crazy Rhythms of Charlie Ventura Columbia 1947 Carnegie Hall Concert Verve 1950 Stomping with the Sax Crystalette 1953 Charlie Ventura Decca 1953 Charlie Ventura Concert Featuring the Charlie Ventura Septet Universal 1953 Charlie Ventura and His Sextet Imperial Records 1954 Charlie Ventura GNP 1954 Charlie Ventura Quartet Norgran 1954 An Evening with Mary Ann McCall Norgran 1954 An Evening with Charlie Ventura Verve 1954 F.
Y. I. Ventura Emarcy 1954 Charlie Ventura in Concert MCA/Decca 1955 Another Evening with Charlie Ventura and Mary Ann McCall Norgran 1955 Charlie Ventura's Carnegie Hall Concert 1955 Jumping with Ventura Emarcy 1955 In a Jazz Mood Norgran 1956 Charlie Ventura Plays Hi Fi Jazz Tops 1956 Blue Saxophone Norgran 1956 New Charlie Ventura in Hi Fi Baton 1956 Charley's Parley Norgran 1957 Adventure with Charlie Ventura King 1957 Here's Charlie Brunswick 1957 Charlie Ventura in a Jazz Mood Verve 1958 The Charlie Ventura Quintet: A Lost Gem Baton 1958 East of Suez Columbia 195? Charlie Ventura & His Orchestra Clef 1960 Charlie Ventura Plays for the People Craftsman 1977 Chazz Famous Door 1995 Live at the Three Deuces, 1947 Jazz Band 2002 Live at the Three Deuces, Vol. 2 HighNote 2002 Legendary Pasadena Concert Proper It's All Bop to Me Running Wild Bop for the People Charlie Comes On Complete 1951–52 Verve Studio Sessions I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles Blue Ventura High on an Open Mike With Dizzy Gillespie The Complete RCA Victor Recordings With Gene Krupa The Great New Gene Krupa Quartet Featuring Charlie Ventura All Music
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reports 4,454 members organized in 22 congregations in Denmark. During the October 1849 general conference of the LDS Church in Salt Lake City, it was decided to send missionaries to several European nations. Erastus Snow, Peter O. Hansen, George P. Dykes were sent to Denmark where they arrived in 1850 and established a congregation in Copenhagen; the first converts were from the Baptists but ones included Lutherans, the official state religion. Denmark had obtained put in place a new constitution, which granted freedom of religion for the first time; some of the early missionaries were imprisoned due to government opposition to the preaching of Mormonism. While in Denmark, Snow baptized. Snow's and his missionary companion, Peter O. Hansen, worked together on translating the Book of Mormon into the Danish language; when it was completed in 1851, it was the first time the book had been printed in a language other than English. By 1882, 8,000 copies of the book had been printed in the Danish language.
During the 19th century, there were more converts from Denmark than any other country in Europe excepting England, Scotland. Many of the early converts immigrated to Utah, as was common practice among European converts at the time; the first immigrants were led back to Utah by Erastus Snow. Reasons to immigrate included to get away from the anti-Mormon attitude of many Danes and to avoid conscription in the Danish army during the Second Schleswig War. One early Danish convert, Anthon H. Lund, immigrated to Utah as a child and became president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and a counselor in the First Presidency of the church; the first stake was organized in Copenhagen in 1974 with Johan H. Benthin as president. In 2004, the temple was completed, having been converted from an older building, used as an LDS chapel since its construction in 1931. Prior to that, the Danish members attended the Swiss Temple. Copenhagen Religion in Denmark
The College of War was a Russian executive body, created in the government reform of 1717. It was the only one of the six original and three colleges to survive the decentralising reforms of Catherine II of Russia. Under Paul I, it became the model for a newly centralised government; the College of War contained several functional departments which operated independently, but under the overall supervision of the college and its President. In 1802 it became the Ministry of Land Forces, although this resulted in no fundamental change to the nature of the institution. Peter the Great has established it by the decree, in 1719, was announced it establishing, following the example of foreign powers to control military and ground forces, from January 1, 1720, it began to operate, it had a vice president, 4 advisers and 4 assessors. The Military Board had the Chancellery divided into expeditions for the management of cavalry and infantry, for garrison affairs and artillery management, for keeping logs of incoming and outgoing papers.
The procedure for the proceedings in cases was determined by the General Regulation of February 28 of 1720. In 1720, in the Military Collegium there were 13 class officials, 47 clerics and 8 other servants, 454 soldiers and non-commissioned officers attached to the college. In 1720, three foreigners served in the Military Collegium, but 82 full-time members of the college were still vacant due to the lack of qualified specialists; the military board was divided into three expeditions: army. Moreover, it had the general-fiscal and the chief auditor; the prosecutor followed the legality of the decision-making process carried out by the Military Board. The prosecutor was directly subordinate to the prosecutor-general. Subsequently, with the increase in the number of troops, the duties of the higher military administration were to increase too, the new expeditions were established under the military board. In 1798, it was divided into army, foreign, recruitment and training expeditions. A few decades under Alexander I, the military board was transformed into a military ministry.
The highest official in the management body was the president. Prince Alexander Menshikov Prince Anikita Repnin Prince Mikhail Golitsin Prince Vasily Vladimirovich Dolgorukov Count Burkhard Christoph von Munnich Prince Nikita Trubetskoy Count Zakhar Chernyshev Prince Grigory Potemkin Count Nikolay Saltykov The vice-president was the deputy top executive in the management body: Herman Jensen Bohn Burkhard Christoph von Münnich Stepan Fyodorovich Apraksin Zakhar Chernyshev Nikolai Saltykov Grigory Potemkin Valentin Platonovich Musin-Pushkin List of heads of the military of Imperial Russia Janet M. Hartley. Russia, 1762-1825: military power, the state, the people. ABC-CLIO. Pp. 127–. ISBN 978-0-275-97871-6. Retrieved 9 January 2011. John P. Ledonne. "Russian governors general, 1775-1825". Cahiers du monde russe. 42: 5–30. Retrieved 9 January 2011
Research on the model organism Drosophila melanogaster has been facilitated by the development of a number of online databases for the storage and curation of certain biological data. The Drosophila Interactions Database is an online database of Drosophila gene and protein interactions, it was developed by Russell L. Finley's laboratory at Wayne State University School of Medicine in 2008 and has been funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health's National Center for Research Resources, Michigan Proteome Consortium, Wayne State University. FlyBase is the major online database for scientists, it contains genome data for various Drosophila species, gene annotations, gene function predictions, a variety of experimental data that can be overlaid over the genome. FlyBase was developed in 1992 by Michael Ashburner at the University of Cambridge, but is now run by a consortium of groups from Harvard University, University of Cambridge, Indiana University, the University of New Mexico.
FlyFactorSurvey is a database of Drosophila transcription factors determined using the bacterial one-hybrid system. It was developed by the laboratories of Michael H. Brodsky and Scot Wolfe at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 2011, was funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute FlyMine is a database of transcription, protein expression, other protein data for Drosophila and Anopheles species, it was developed by Gos Micklem's group at Cambridge University in 2007. FlyMine is funded by Wellcome Trust, with elements of the database supported by the National Human Genome Research Institute and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. OnTheFly is a database of D. melanogaster transcription factors and the DNA sequences they bind. It was developed by the laboratory of Barry Honig at Columbia University Medical School in 2013. REDfly is a database of Drosophila cis-regulatory elements, it was developed by the laboratory of Marc S. Halfon at the University of Buffalo in 2006, has been funded by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences