Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve

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UNESCO World Heritage site
נחל מערות ממעוף הציפור.jpg
Official name Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves
Location Mount Carmel, Israel
Criteria Cultural: (iii), (v)
Reference 1393
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)
Area 54 ha (130 acres)
Buffer zone 370 ha (910 acres)
Coordinates 32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E / 32.67000°N 34.96528°E / 32.67000; 34.96528Coordinates: 32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E / 32.67000°N 34.96528°E / 32.67000; 34.96528
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve is located in Israel
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
Location of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve in Israel

The Caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara ("Caves Creek"), named here by the Hebrew and Arabic name of the valley where they are located, are a UNESCO Site of Human Evolution in the Carmel mountain range near Haifa in northern Israel.[1][2] The four UNESCO-listed caves are the Tanur / Tabun (lit.: Oven), Gamal / el-Jamal (Camel), Nahal / el-Wad (Stream), and Gedi / Es-Skhul (Kid) Cave. The four caves were proclaimed a site of "outstanding universal value" by UNESCO[1] in 2012. They are protected within a nature reserve.[3]

The caves were used for habitation by hominins and prehistoric humans and contain unique evidence of very early burials.


  1. ^ a b [1] UNESCO website
  2. ^ "Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve - Prehistoric Humans Site". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Nahal Mearot Nature Reserve

External links[edit]