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Adrian Dominican Sisters

The Adrian Dominican Sisters are a Catholic religious institute of Dominican sisters in the United States. Their motherhouse is in Michigan, their official title is the Congregation of the Most Holy Rosary. The Congregation serves in ministries education, health care and retreat ministry, the arts, social work and peace and justice advocacy. Adrian Dominicans serve in these ministries in 22 U. S. states and four countries: Dominican Republic, the Philippines and Norway. The Adrian Dominican Sisters have an Associate Life program consisting of women and men who make a non-vowed commitment to the Congregation, sharing in the mission and vision of the vowed members and in the Dominican spirituality; the Congregation sponsors two universities, two hospitals in the Dignity Health system, an elementary school, a high school, seven literacy centers. The Dominican Sisters of Adrian, Michigan trace their origin to Holy Cross Convent in Regensburg, Bavaria, a convent established in 1233. In 1853 four Sisters from this convent were sent to New York in response to a request for Sisters to provide religious education for German immigrant children.

These Sisters settled in Montrose Avenue in the Williamsburg section of New York City. Another convent was established on Second Street in Manhattan. From this congregation Sisters were sent to St. Mary Parish and St. Joseph Parish in Adrian, Michigan. In 1899, the Second Street convent moved to New York. In 1884 additional Sisters were sent to Adrian to establish a hospital for injured railroad workers. Adrian became a province of the Newburgh Congregation, with Camilla Madden as the Provincial; as the need for the hospital diminished, Mother Camilla turned to education and opened St. Joseph Academy in 1896. Students came in large numbers to this boarding school and the province grew with new members. At the same time the Congregation was called upon to staff other schools in Michigan, Illinois and New Mexico. In 1923, through the efforts of Mother Emmanuel Phelan of Newburgh and Mother Camilla Madden, canonical separation of the Adrian province from Newburgh was achieved. Bishop Michael Gallagher of Detroit and Archbishop Patrick Hayes of New York agreed to the separation.

Mother Camilla Madden became the first Mother General of the new independent congregation in Adrian, a position she held for only six months prior to her death in 1924. At this time the Congregation numbered 440 members; the Congregation and its ministries grew during this time. Education continued to be a major endeavor during these years; the Congregation developed ministries in social service in parish visitation, opened three hospitals, two in Santa Cruz and one in Henderson, Nevada: St. Rose Dominican Hospital - Rose de Lima Campus. Today there are two additional campuses in Southern Nevada -- the San Martín campuses. Mother Camilla opened St. Joseph College in Adrian during her time as provincial. Mother Gerald Barry expanded the Congregation’s ministry in higher education by opening Barry University in 1940, she built a House of Studies at The Catholic University of America to accommodate sisters studying for advanced degrees. The Congregation grew to over 2,000 members. Under the leadership of Mother Gerald, the Congregation achieved pontifical status in 1944 and extended its ministries overseas — to the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Peru.

In 1959, as the Congregation grew in numbers, it was divided into five provinces with headquarters in Detroit, Chicago, West Palm Beach and Santa Cruz, California. In addition there was a Motherhouse Vicariate. Over the years of leadership of Mother Gerald and her successor, Mother Genevieve Weber, the Congregation served in the formation of two new Congregations: the Glenmary Sisters and the Dominican Sisters of Our Lady of Remedies; the Adrian Dominican Congregation entered into its General Chapter of Renewal in 1968 after the Second Vatican Council. This was a time of transition. General Councilors became full-time participants with the Prioresses in directing the life in mission of the Congregation. Over the years, Sisters Nadine Foley and Donna Markham were elected president of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious in the United States during their terms as Prioress. Sisters Nadine Foley and Patricia Walter have represented United States women religious on the Council of the International Union of Superiors General.

Sister Nadine Foley wrote chapter 15 of Transforming the Faiths of our Fathers: Women who Changed American Religion, edited by Ann Braude. Acting upon the directives sent from Rome after Vatican Council II, the Congregation developed new Constitutions that received approval on April 29, 1989; this Constitution and Statutes replaced earlier ones approved in 1937 and 1944. The Constitution incorporated a new governance organization based on Mission Chapters headed by Chapter Prioresses; the latter, with the General Council, constitute a Leadership Council which directs the mission of the Congregation. Since Vatican Council II, the Adrian Dominican Sisters have continued their ministries in education and healthcare and expanded to include professional ministries such as university presidents, hospital administrators, directors of literacy centers, directors of theological programs and professors of theology, liturgical artists, diocesan directors of schools, parish directors of religious education, retreat di

Cunard-White Star Line

Cunard-White Star Line, Ltd. was a British shipping line which existed between 1934 and 1949, It was created as an operating company to control the joint shipping assets of the Cunard Line and the White Star Line after both companies experienced financial difficulties during the Great Depression. Cunard White Star controlled a total of twenty-five large ocean liners. Both Cunard and White Star were in dire financial trouble, were looking to complete enormous liners: White Star had Hull 844 – RMMV Oceanic – and Cunard had Hull 534, which would become RMS Queen Mary. Cunard owned 62% of the new company, while White Star owned the remaining 38%. Being in a better financial and operating state than White Star, Cunard Line began absorbing all White Star assets and as a result, most of the White Star Liners were disposed of or sent to the shipbreakers. White Star's Australia and New Zealand service ships were transferred to the Shaw, Savill & Albion Line in 1934 with the RMS Olympic being retired and for scrapping the following year along with Cunard's RMS Mauretania.

White Star's flagship RMS Majestic, the largest ship in the world until 1935, was sold in 1936. In 1947, Cunard acquired the 38% of Cunard White Star it didn't own and in 1949 bought out the entire company, operating individually as the Cunard Line. However, both the Cunard and White Star house flags were flown on the company's liners at the time of the merger and thereafter. However, the Cunard flag was flown with the White Star flag, on the last two White Star Liners, MV Georgic and MV Britannic. Georgic was scrapped in 1956. Britannic made the final Liverpool–New York crossing of any White Star Liner from New York on 25 November 1960 and returned to Liverpool for the final time under her own power to the ship breakers and was the last White Star Liner in existence, this left the passenger tender SS Nomadic, owned by the company until 1934 as the last White Star Line ship still afloat. Despite this, all Cunard Line ships flew both the Cunard and White Star Line house flags on their masts until 4 November 1968.

After this, all remnants of the company were dissolved and the White Star name was removed from Cunard. The Cunard Line from that point on operated as a separate entity until 2005, when it was absorbed as a subsidiary into Carnival Corporation. Cunard White Star History and Ephemera GG Archives