Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U. S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, its largest city is New Orleans. Much of the state's lands were formed from sediment washed down the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp; these contain a rich southern biota. There are many species of tree frogs, fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. In more elevated areas, fire is a natural process in the landscape, has produced extensive areas of longleaf pine forest and wet savannas; these support an exceptionally large number of plant species, including many species of terrestrial orchids and carnivorous plants.
Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other southern state, including four that are federally recognized, ten that are state recognized, four that have not received recognition. Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so influenced by a mixture of 18th-century French, Spanish, Native American, African cultures that they are considered to be exceptional in the US. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, present-day Louisiana State had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves in the 18th century. Many came from peoples of the same region of West Africa. In the post-Civil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressure for Anglicization, in 1921, English was for a time made the sole language of instruction in Louisiana schools before a policy of multilingualism was revived in 1974. There has never been an official language in Louisiana, the state constitution enumerates "the right of the people to preserve and promote their respective historic and cultural origins."
Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715. When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane; the suffix -ana is a Latin suffix that can refer to "information relating to a particular individual, subject, or place." Thus Louis + ana carries the idea of "related to Louis." Once part of the French Colonial Empire, the Louisiana Territory stretched from present-day Mobile Bay to just north of the present-day Canada–United States border, including a small part of what is now the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The Gulf of Mexico did not exist 250 million years ago when there was but one supercontinent, Pangea; as Pangea split apart, the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico opened. Louisiana developed, over millions of years, from water into land, from north to south; the oldest rocks are exposed in areas such as the Kisatchie National Forest. The oldest rocks date back to the early Cenozoic Era, some 60 million years ago.
The history of the formation of these rocks can be found in D. Spearing's Roadside Geology of Louisiana; the youngest parts of the state were formed during the last 12,000 years as successive deltas of the Mississippi River: the Maringouin, Teche, St. Bernard, the modern Mississippi, now the Atchafalaya; the sediments were carried from north to south by the Mississippi River. In between the Tertiary rocks of the north, the new sediments along the coast, is a vast belt known as the Pleistocene Terraces, their age and distribution can be related to the rise and fall of sea levels during past ice ages. In general, the northern terraces have had sufficient time for rivers to cut deep channels, while the newer terraces tend to be much flatter. Salt domes are found in Louisiana, their origin can be traced back to the early Gulf of Mexico, when the shallow ocean had high rates of evaporation. There are several hundred salt domes in the state. Salt domes are important not only as a source of salt. Louisiana is bordered to the west by Texas.
The state may properly be divided into two parts, the uplands of the north, the alluvial along the coast. The alluvial region includes low swamp lands, coastal marshlands and beaches, barrier islands that cover about 20,000 square miles; this area lies principally along the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River, which traverses the state from north to south for a distance of about 600 mi ) and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The breadth of the alluvial region along the Mississippi is from 10 to 60 miles, along the other rivers, the alluvial region averages about 10 miles across; the Mississippi River flows along a ridge formed by its own natural deposits, from which the lands decline toward a river beyond at an average fall of six feet per mile. The alluvial lands along other streams present similar features; the higher and contiguous hill lands of the north and northwestern part of the state have an area of more than 25,000 square miles. They consist of prairie and woodl
Archbishop Molloy High School
Archbishop Molloy High School is a co-educational, college preparatory, Catholic school for grades 9-12, located on 6 acres on Manton Street, near Queens Boulevard and Main Street in the Briarwood section of Queens in New York City, New York, United States. It is located within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn next to the Briarwood subway station. Molloy has an endowment of about $6,000,000; the school's current principal is Darius Penikas, who started his term in 2015. Molloy's motto is "Non Scholae Sed Vitae,", Latin for "Not For School, But For Life." The school is staffed by the Marist Brothers, founded by Saint Marcellin Champagnat. In 1892, Br. Zephiriny opened St. Ann's Academy in two brownstone buildings at East 76 Street and Lexington Avenue. A parish elementary school, the program soon expanded to include a two-year commercial course and a full four-year high school program. Conducted in French, the school moved to English-language instruction, by the start of the 20th century, the Brothers anglicized the name to St. Ann's.
During the Theodore Roosevelt era, the school took on a military air, with uniforms and a marching band. Boarding facilities were added, the growth of the school began; when the original parish church was replaced in 1912 with the present-day church, the Brothers acquired the old building and converted it as a gymnasium. A purpose-built five-story school building was constructed, other neighboring buildings were acquired.65 years after its foundation, the school enrollment had increased to 800 in grades one through twelve, all available buildings were full. Moreover, some of the earliest buildings had deteriorated structurally, required replacement. Archbishop Thomas Edmund Molloy, the Ordinary of the Diocese of Brooklyn, offered the Marist Brothers a 6-acre site he had purchased in central Queens County. In 1957, the Brothers moved to the new site; the building itself received an award from the Queens Chamber of Commerce's annual architectural competition in 1957. The expanded facilities enabled the school to nearly double its enrollment, meeting the urgent needs of the post–World War II baby boom generation.
Despite the move, many of the hallowed St. Ann's traditions continued as the faculty and students moved en masse to the new site. Today, students are still known as Stanners, the school newspaper is the Stanner. In 1987, the Ralph DiChiaro Center for Arts and Sciences was dedicated, giving the school new state-of-the-art facilities, including a theater, computer labs and a biology lab. In 2000, Molloy opened the doors to women for the first time, it graduated its first female in 2004. Richard Karsten, class of 1981, was appointed President of Molloy in July 2010, he is a member of the Stanner Hall of Fame. "Stanner" is a word created by Archbishop Molloy High School. Before modern-day Molloy was built in Briarwood, the school was named St. Ann's Academy; the students were known as "St. Ann-ers," a nickname which, over time became "Stanners." All of Molloy's students and alumni, are known as Stanners. Several things in the school have this name, including The Stanner; the school's athletic teams are known as the Stanners.
Archbishop Molloy's academic program is competitive. A variety of honors classes and thirteen Advanced Placement Program classes are offered. Among Catholic schools, Molloy has the highest percentage of its graduates earning Regents diplomas; the U. S. Department of Education recognized the school as a "National School of Excellence." Molloy was named as 1 of 96 most "Outstanding American High School" by U. S. News and World Report in 1999, as well as an "Exemplary School" by the United States Department of Education. 100% of Molloy's graduates attend college. Admission is based on the entrance examination and a review of 6th, 7th, early 8th grade records. Molloy is known for its successful sports program in basketball, baseball and track and field, its basketball and baseball teams were coached by Jack Curran, the winningest coach in New York City and New York state history in both sports, until his death on March 14, 2013. His replacement was announced as Mike McCleary. After taking over as coach for Lou Carnesecca in 1958, Curran led Molloy basketball to over 870 wins and five city titles.
He produced six NBA players. Curran coached Molloy's baseball team since 1958, leading them to more than 1,300 wins and 17 CHSAA titles. In 1966, Curran coached Molloy baseball to win 68 consecutive games, a national record which would stand until April 2, 2005. Curran is the only coach to be named National Coach of the Year in two different sports: basketball in 1990 and 2009 and baseball in 1988, he was named CHSAA Coach of the Year 25 times in baseball, 22 times in basketball, won city championships in three different decades and has been elected into seven different Hall of Fames, including the New York City Basketball Hall of Fame. Molloy's track team has won 24 CHSAA indoor track titles since its inception. Tom Farrell, a Molloy graduate, won a bronze medal at the 1968 Olympics in the 800 m run. Chris Lopez has the New York High School indoor state record in the triple jump, set on March 2, 1991 with a mark of 50' 7.25". Molloy's dominant track and field program has more CHSAA team titles than any other CHSAA school.
Molloy's soccer team was undefeated in the 2004 season and won its second state championship that season. Archbishop Molloy High School website
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, Missouri to the northwest; the Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017; the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was part of North Carolina, part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861.
Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war. Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined. Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disenfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting; this reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge; this city was established to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II.
Tennessee's major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the state's primary agricultural products, major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, electrical equipment; the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the nation's most visited national park, is headquartered in the eastern part of the state, a section of the Appalachian Trail follows the Tennessee-North Carolina border. Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium in Chattanooga; the earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through an American Indian village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee; the town was located on a river of the same name, appears on maps as early as 1725. It is not known whether this was the same town as the one encountered by Juan Pardo, although recent research suggests that Pardo's "Tanasqui" was located at the confluence of the Pigeon River and the French Broad River, near modern Newport.
The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Some accounts suggest, it has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". According to ethnographer James Mooney, the name "can not be analyzed" and its meaning is lost; the modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. The spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country" in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee; when a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new state out of the Southwest Territory, it adopted "Tennessee" as the name of the state. Tennessee is known as The Volunteer State, a nickname some claimed was earned during the War of 1812 because of the prominent role played by volunteer soldiers from Tennessee during the Battle of New Orleans.
Other sources differ on the origin of the state nickname. This explanation is more because President Polk's call for 2,600 nationwide volunteers at the beginning of the Mexican–American War resulted in 30,000 volunteers from Tennessee alone in response to the death of Davy Crockett and appeals by former Tennessee Governor and Texas politician, Sam Houston. Tennessee borders eight other states: Virginia to the north. Tennessee is tied with Missouri as the state bordering the most other states; the state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (
LSU Tigers basketball
The LSU Tigers basketball team represents Louisiana State University in NCAA Division I men's college basketball. The Tigers are coached by interim head coach Tony Benford, they play their home games in the Pete Maravich Assembly Center located on the LSU campus in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The team participates in the Southeastern Conference; the 1935 Tigers – coached by Harry Rabenhorst, keyed by the play of first LSU All-American Sparky Wade – finished the season at 14–1, defeating a Pittsburgh Panthers team that shared the Eastern Intercollegiate Conference championship and finished with an 18–6 overall record in the American Legion Bowl by a score of 41–37 in their final game of the season. LSU's lone defeat came to the Southwest Conference co-champion Rice Owls by a score of 56–47 in Houston in one of LSU's three road games. LSU has claimed a national championship for the 1935 season, but not on the basis of any determination by an external selector. Rabenhorst led the Tigers to the 1953 Final Four with a team that finished 22–3 overall and 13–0 in conference play, which included future NBA Hall of Famer Bob Pettit.
Rabenhorst's 1953–54 Tigers repeated as SEC champions—again finishing undefeated in conference play at 14–0, at 20–5 overall—and played in the Sweet Sixteen game of the 1954 NCAA Tournament, falling 78–70 to eventual national third-place Penn State. From 1957 to 1966, LSU was coached by Frank Truitt, they combined for a record of 88–135. Significant players included Jr.. Press Maravich was head basketball coach from 1966 to 1972, he had an overall record of 76–86 at LSU. He led the team to three winning seasons, but did not win an SEC championship or make an NCAA tournament appearance, his 1969–70 team advanced to the NIT Final Four. This era is best known for the exploits of Press Maravich's son, Pete "Pistol Pete" Maravich whom he coached from 1967 to 1970. Pete dominated at the collegiate level averaging 44.2 points per game and was named National Player of the Year in 1970. Collis Temple Jr. of Kentwood became LSU's first African-American varsity athlete during Press' final season of 1971–1972.
Dale Brown was head LSU basketball coach for 25 years from 1972 to 1997. During his time at LSU, he led the basketball team to two Final Fours, four Elite Eights, five Sweet Sixteens, thirteen NCAA Tournament appearances, he led the Tigers to four regular season SEC championships and one SEC Tournament championship. In 1996–97, Dale Brown signed Baton Rouge high school phenom Lester Earl, who led Glen Oaks High School to three consecutive Louisiana High School Athletic Association state championships, with all championship games played at the Pete Maravich Assembly Center. Earl played just 11 games at LSU before he was suspended and transferred to the University of Kansas soon afterward. While at Kansas, Earl said that an LSU assistant coach gave him money when he was at LSU; the NCAA began an investigation. It found no evidence that his assistants paid Earl. However, it did find that a former booster paid Earl about $5,000 while he was attending LSU; the basketball team was placed on probation in 1998.
In September 2007, Lester Earl issued an apology to Brown, then-assistant head coach Johnny Jones, LSU in general for his role in the NCAA investigation. Earl now has altered his original claims that the NCAA pressured him into making false claims against Dale Brown or else he would lose years of NCAA eligibility. Earl said, "I was pressured into telling them SOMETHING. I was 19 years old at that time; the NCAA intimidated me, manipulated me into making up things, encouraged me to lie, in order to be able to finish my playing career at Kansas. They told me if we don't find any dirt on Coach Brown you won't be allowed to play but one more year at Kansas. I caused great harm and difficulties for so many people. I feel sorriest for hurting Coach Brown. Coach Brown, I apologize to you for tarnishing your magnificent career at LSU." The NCAA has declined any new comments on the situation. However, Brown says. "The most interesting journey that a person can make is discovering himself. I believe Lester has done that, I forgive him."
In 1997, John Brady replaced the legendary Dale Brown as head coach at LSU. When Brady arrived, the program stinging from a recruiting scandal. Brady's first two years were rough. In 2000, the Tigers broke through, posting a 28 -- a NCAA Tournament Sweet 16 appearance. However, due to the loss of Stromile Swift and Jabari Smith to the 2000 NBA Draft, the Tigers could not carry their momentum to the next year, going 13–16 in 2001. Brady's team entered the 2005–06 season unranked, but were coming off a solid season in which they went 20–10 and made the NCAA Tournament. Led by Glen "Big Baby" Davis and Tyrus Thomas, the Tigers won their first outright SEC regular season championship since 1985, earned a #4 seed in the NCAA Tournament. After wins over Iona and Texas A&M, LSU de
Cuthbert is a city in, the county seat of, Randolph County, United States. The population was 3,731 at the 2000 census. Cuthbert was founded by European Americans in 1831 as seat of the newly formed Randolph County, after Indian Removal of the historic tribes to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. John Alfred Cuthbert, member of Congress, is its namesake; the county was developed for cotton plantations, the major commodity crop, the rural area had a high proportion of enslaved African-American workers. Cuthbert was incorporated as a town in 1834 and as a city in 1859, serving as the trading center for the area; the Central of Georgia Railway arrived in Cuthbert in the 1850s, stimulating trade and growth, providing a means of getting cotton and other crops to market. Cuthbert is located at 31º46' 15" 84º47' 37" West; the city is located along U. S. Route 27 and U. S. Route 82. U. S. Route 27 passes east of the city leading north 57 miles to Columbus and south 112 miles to Tallahassee, Florida.
U. S. Route 82 passes through the heart of the city leading east 45 miles to Albany and west 26 miles to Eufaula, Alabama. Other highways that pass through the city include Georgia State Route 266 and Georgia State Route 216. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,731 people, 1,360 households, 870 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,223.5 people per square mile. There were 1,549 housing units at an average density of 507.9 per square mile. The "racial" makeup of the city was 74.22% African American, 23.69% White, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,360 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families.
33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.24. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $16,400, the median income for a family was $25,000. Males had a median income of $26,696 versus $16,976 for females; the per capita income for the city was $10,166. 33.5% of the population and 29.2% of families were below the poverty line, including 39.8% of those under the age of 18 and 38.5% of those 65 and older. Cuthbert is home to a two-year private liberal arts college; the Fletcher Henderson Museum is being established in Cuthbert in honor of the 20th-century jazz musician and orchestra arranger.
The city has notable sites such as a Confederate Army cemetery, historical houses built in the 1800s, the Fletcher Henderson home. In 2007 an announcement was made of a museum to be dedicated to late resident Lena Baker and issues of racial justice. Baker was an African-American maid, convicted of capital murder in 1945 in the death of a white man, she had claimed self-defense, in 2005 the state posthumously pardoned her. She was the subject of a 2001 biography and a 2008 feature film of the same name, The Lena Baker Story; the Randolph County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, consists of two elementary and high schools. The district has more than 1,530 students. Randolph County Elementary School Randolph Clay High School Randolph Southern School Albany Technical College Andrew College - Main Campus Albany Technical College - Cuthbert campus Lena Baker, the only woman executed in the electric chair in Georgia. South Georgia Historic Newspapers Archive, Digital Library of Georgia Media related to Cuthbert, Georgia at Wikimedia Commons
NBA high school draftees
The NBA high school draftees are players who have been drafted to the National Basketball Association straight out of high school without playing basketball at the collegiate level. The process of jumping directly from high school to the professional level is known as going prep-to-pro. Since 2006, the practice of drafting high school players has been prohibited by the new collective bargaining agreement, which requires that players who entered the draft be 19 years of age and at least one year removed from high school. Contrary to popular belief, the player does not have to play at least a year in college basketball: the player can choose to instead play in another professional league like Brandon Jennings or Emmanuel Mudiay in Italy and China respectively; the NBA has long had a preference for players. However, there have been numerous notable players who attended high school in the United States and joined the NBA without playing college basketball. In the early years of the NBA draft, a player had to finish his four-year college eligibility to be eligible for selection.
Reggie Harding, who had graduated from high school but did not enroll in a college, became the first player drafted out of high school when the Detroit Pistons selected him in the fourth round of the 1962 draft. However, the NBA rules at that time prohibited a high school player to play in the league until one year after his high school class graduated. Thus, he spent a year playing in a minor basketball league before he was drafted again in the 1963 draft by the Pistons, he entered the league in the 1963–64 season and played four seasons in the NBA and American Basketball Association. In 1971, the U. S. Supreme Court decision Haywood v. National Basketball Association ruled 7–2 against the NBA's requirement that a player must wait four years after high school graduation before turning professional; this ruling allowed players to enter the NBA Draft without four years of college, provided they could give evidence of hardship to the NBA office. In 1974, the NBA's rival, the ABA, drafted high school star Moses Malone.
He was signed by the Utah Stars and became the first player to go directly from high school basketball to a professional league. He became an instant success, averaging 14 rebounds per game in his rookie season, he played in the ABA until the ABA–NBA merger in 1976. He played 19 successful seasons with 7 NBA teams, he won the NBA championship, along with the Finals Most Valuable Player Award, with the Philadelphia 76ers in 1983. His other achievements include 3 Most Valuable Player Awards, 12 consecutive All-Star Game selections, 8 All-NBA Team selections and 6 rebounding titles, he has been inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and was named in the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History list announced at the league's 50th anniversary in 1996. A year two high school players, Darryl Dawkins and Bill Willoughby, applied for hardship and were declared eligible to be selected in the 1975 draft, they had applied and gave evidence of financial hardship to the league, which granted them the right to start earning a living by starting their professional careers earlier.
Dawkins was selected 5th by the Philadelphia 76ers while Willoughby was selected 19th by the Atlanta Hawks. Dawkins averaged 12 points and 6 rebounds per game. Willoughby averaged only 6 points per game. Neither player reached the level of success, expected, it is argued that they could have been better players if they had college basketball experience before entering the NBA. After Dawkins and Willoughby, no high schoolers were drafted for 14 years, though several players entered the league without playing college basketball. One player, Shawn Kemp, never played any games due to personal problems. In 1989, a year after his high school graduation, he was drafted by the Seattle SuperSonics, he was selected to 6 All-Star Games and 3 All-NBA Teams. In 1995, Kevin Garnett, USA Today's high school basketball player of the year, announced his intentions to forgo college, declared himself eligible for the 1995 NBA draft; the move was controversial. On draft day, Garnett was selected with the #5 pick in the first round by the Minnesota Timberwolves.
Garnett led the Timberwolves to eight consecutive playoff berths and was a multiple All-Star during his time with the team. In 2004, the Wolves advanced to the Western Conference Finals before losing to the Lakers. After a trade in the 2007 offseason to the Boston Celtics, he was a core player in the Celtics' first NBA title in over 20 years. In 1996, two notable players made the jump from high school to the NBA; the first was Kobe Bryant, selected by the Charlotte Hornets with the 13th pick of the NBA draft, but traded immediately to the Los Angeles Lakers. The second was Jermaine O'Neal, selected by the Trail Blazers with the 17th pick. O'Neal was traded in 2000 to the Indiana Pacers. In 1997, another All-Star caliber player, Tracy McGrady, was selected by the Toronto Raptors. In 1998, three high-schoolers were drafted with Al Ha