In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to also be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them. The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify also following in this trend. Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By about 1910, however, the 10-inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format, songwriters and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, other, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc. Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s
Marques Barrett Houston, better known by his stage name Batman, is an American R&B singer, songwriter, rapper, and actor. A member of the R&B singing group Immature/IMx from 1990 until 2001, as an actor, he is best known for his role as Roger Evans in the television comedy Sister, Sister. Marques Barrett Houston was born on August 4,1981, in Los Angeles, California, to Michael and he is also the older cousin of B2Ks J-Boog. Houston began acting at an early age, in 1992, Houston became a founding member of the R&B group Immature. The members of the group includes Jerome Romeo Jones and Don Half Pint Santos, along with Chris Stokes, at this period, Houston went by the nickname Batman. In 1999, the group underwent a change, however. The group also had to branched out into recording some soundtracks to the film House Party 4, Down to the Last Minute, in 2003, Houston began pursuing a solo career. Using his birth name, Marques Houston, he released his album, MH. The album featured the singles That Girl, Clubbin, Pop That Booty, in the United States charts, MH peaked at number 20 on the Billboard 200 and at number 5 on Billboards Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. On May 24,2005, Houston released his solo album. The album featured the singles All Because of You, Naked, in the United States, Naked peaked at number 13 on the Billboard and peaked at number 5 on Billboards Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. Houston released his solo album, Veteran, on March 20,2007. The album featured the singles Like This, Favorite Girl, Circle, in the United States, Veteran debuted at number 5 on the Billboard 200 and debuted at number 1 on Billboards Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, marking this release as Houstons first number-one solo album. Houston released his solo album, Mr. Houston on September 29,2009. It featured the singles, I Love Her and Sunset, videos for the album tracks Body and Date were released online in 2008. How I Do and Case of You received video premieres in 2009, on September 14,2010, Houston released his fifth studio album, Mattress Music, which contained the singles Kickin & Screamin and Pullin on Her Hair. A video for a third, Ghetto Angel premiered in 2011, Houston announced on 106 & Park that IMx planned to record another group album together for 2011. In October 2012, Marques Houston announced a new album, Famous slated for release August 27
Naked (Marques Houston album)
Naked is the second studio album of American R&B artist, Marques Houston, a former member of the R&B group Immature/IMx. The album was released in the U. S. on May 24,2005 and is available as a clean version, the album sold up to 290,000 copies. Houstons opinion of this album is that, I wanted to give my fans an intimate look at who I am. I called this album Naked because Im not ashamed of my emotions, I just went through a lot of drama, and Im an adult now, so these songs are very deep as a result. In the United States, Naked peaked at number 13 on the Billboard 200, the album features guest appearances by Joe Budden, Rufus Blaq and fellow former Immature/IMx member, Young Rome. The album features guest appearances by Joe Budden, Rufus Blaq and fellow former Immature/IMx member, Young Rome
A songwriter is an individual who writes the lyrics, melodies and chord progressions for songs, typically for a popular music genre such as rock or country music. A songwriter can also be called a composer, although the term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music genre. The pressure from the industry to produce popular hits means that songwriting is often an activity for which the tasks are distributed between a number of people. For example, a songwriter who excels at writing lyrics might be paired with a songwriter with a gift for creating original melodies, pop songs may be written by group members from the band or by staff writers – songwriters directly employed by music publishers. Some songwriters serve as their own publishers, while others have outside publishers. The old-style apprenticeship approach to learning how to write songs is being supplemented by university degrees and college diplomas, a knowledge of modern music technology, songwriting elements and business skills are necessary requirements to make a songwriting career in the 2010s. Several music colleges offer songwriting diplomas and degrees with music business modules, the legal power to grant these permissions may be bought, sold or transferred. This is governed by international copyright law, song pitching can be done on a songwriters behalf by their publisher or independently using tip sheets like RowFax, the MusicRow publication and SongQuarters. Skills associated with song-writing include entrepreneurism and creativity, songwriters who sign an exclusive songwriting agreement with a publisher are called staff writers. In the Nashville country music scene, there is a staff writer culture where contracted writers work normal 9-to-5 hours at the publishing office and are paid a regular salary. This salary is in effect the writers draw, an advance on future earnings, the publisher owns the copyright of songs written during the term of the agreement for a designated period, after which the songwriter can reclaim the copyright. In an interview with HitQuarters, songwriter Dave Berg extolled the benefits of the set-up, unlike contracted writers, some staff writers operate as employees for their respective publishers. Under the terms of work for hire agreements, the compositions created are fully owned by the publisher. In Nashville, young writers are often encouraged to avoid these types of contracts. Staff writers are common across the industry, but without the more office-like working arrangements favored in Nashville. All the major publishers employ writers under contract, songwriter Allan Eshuijs described his staff writer contract at Universal Music Publishing as a starter deal. His success under the arrangement eventually allowed him to found his own publishing company, so that he could. keep as much as possible, songwriters are also often skilled musicians. In addition to selling their songs and musical concepts for other artists to sing, songwriters need to create a number of elements for a song
Harvey Mason Jr.
Harvey Jay Mason Jr. is an American record producer, songwriter and movie producer. He has written and produced songs for performers in the music industry including Aretha Franklin, Michael Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Britney Spears. Dre and Ice Cube in Straight Outta Compton and Mary J. Blige, Mason Jr. was born into a musical family. His father, noted jazz drummer Harvey Mason, Sr. and mother, Sally Mason, Harvey moved with his family to Los Angeles as a child and followed his father to many recording sessions with such greats as Quincy Jones, The Brothers Johnson and Herbie Hancock. Mason Jr. penned his first song at the age of eight for Grover Washington Jr. titled Love Makes It Better, after attending the University of Arizona on a basketball scholarship from 1986–1990 and playing in the 1988 Final Four, he began working as a songwriter/record producer. Some early work included tracks for British pop artist Michelle Gayles album Sensational in 1997 and he co-produced the jazz album Ratamacue with his father, Harvey Mason in 1997. In addition he worked with Mason Sr. s group Fourplay, in 1997, Mason Jr. also penned the track Truthfully which caught the attention of record producer, Rodney Jerkins. The track was produced for Brandys 1998 album Never Say Never, in 2000, Mason Jr. co-wrote the track I Like Them Girls with Damon Thomas for Tyreses album 2000 Watts. The success of song led to a partnership and the formation of Underdog Entertainment. In 2001, he collaborated with British designer and former member of the Spice Girls Victoria Beckham on her album including tracks like Girlfriend. In 2004, The Underdogs signed a deal through BMG under Clive Davis and created Underdog Music Publishing. In 2006, The Underdogs produced the soundtrack to the motion picture “Dreamgirls” which won the Critics Choice Award in 2007 for best movie soundtrack. After a three year hiatus, The Underdogs reunited in 2011 to produce Up 2 You for Chris Browns album F. A. M. E, the Underdogs wrote and produced the song The Living Proof performed by Mary J. Blige for the movie The Help. The Underdogs wrote and produced the single from Chris Browns album Fortune titled Turn Up the Music. In 2012 The Underdogs produced the vocals for the film Pitch Perfect, starring Anna Kendrick and Brittany Snow. In 2014, they produced South Korean girl group Girls Generations hit Mr. Mr. & its labelmate Exos Overdose, as well as the music for biopic Get on Up about the life of James Brown. In 2015, The Underdogs produced the music for the sequel to the widely successful Pitch Perfect movie, Pitch Perfect 2, Mason Jr. formed his independent company Harvey Mason Media in 2008. It encompasses his film and record productions, music publishing, and he produced the title track I Look To You along with Tricky Stewart and the cover of Song for You along with Stargate for Whitney Houstons 2009 album I Look To You
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performers music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has many roles during the recording process, the roles of a producer vary. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, the producer may also pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies budget. A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording. Producers also often take on an entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, contracts. In the 2010s, the industry has two kinds of producers with different roles, executive producer and music producer. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the process of recording songs or albums. In most cases the producer is also a competent arranger, composer. The producer will also liaise with the engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record, indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation actually is music director. The music producers job is to create, shape, and mold a piece of music, at the beginning of record industry, producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1950s and 1960s due to technological developments, the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously, all of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. Examples include the rock sound effects of the 1960s, e. g. playing back the sound of recorded instruments backwards or clanging the tape to produce unique sound effects. These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers, new technologies like multitracking changed the goal of recording, A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound. For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis album Bitches Brew, producers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realise in live performance. Producers became creative figures in the studio, other examples of such engineers includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian Wilson, and Biddu