Names and titles of Muhammad

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Muhammad
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The names and titles of Muhammad,[1] names and attributes of Muhammad,[2] 99 Names of Muhammad (Arabic: اسماء النبيʾAsmāʾ an-Nabī) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad used by Muslims, which are found mainly in the Qur’an and hadith literature.

Names and honorifics[edit]

Muhammad is often referenced with these titles of praise or epithet:

  • an-Nâbî, "The Prophet"
  • Rasûl'Allâh, "The Messenger of Allah"
  • al-Habeeb, "The Beloved"
  • al-Mustafā, "The Chosen One"[3]
  • al-Amîn, "The Trustworthy"[4]
  • as-Sadîq, "The Honest"[5]
  • ar-Rauf, "The Kind"[6]
  • Uswa-e-Hasanah, "The Model of Conduct"[7]
  • al-Insān al-Kāmil, "The Perfect Man"[8]
  • Khairul Bashar, "The Best of Mankind"[9]
  • Khātim an-Nâbîyīn, "The Seal (Last) of the Prophets"[10]
  • Rahmatun lil-'Alameen (Arabic: رَحـمـةٌ لِّـلـعَـالـمـيـن‎, "Mercy or Compassion to the Worlds (all creation)"[11]
  • as-Shaheed, "The Witness"[12]
  • al-Mubashir, "The Bearer of Good Tidings"[13]
  • an-Nadhir, "The Warner"[13]
  • al-Mudhakkir, "The Reminder"[14]
  • ad-Dā‘ī, "The One Who Calls (unto God)"[15]
  • al-Bashir, "The Announcer"[16]
  • an-Nūr, "The Light Personified"[17]
  • as-Siraj-ul-Munir, "The Light-Giving Lamp"[18]
  • al-Kareem, "The Noble and Generous One"[19]
  • Ni`mat-ullah, "The Divine Favour"[20]
  • An-Nabiyyil-Ummi, "The Unlettered Prophet, the Universal Prophet"[21]
  • al-Muzzammil, "The Enwrapped"[22]
  • al-Muddathir, "The Shrouded"[23]
  • al-'Aqib, "The Last (Prophet)"[24][25]
  • al-Mutawakkil, "The One who Puts his Trust (in God)"[26]
  • Qutham, "Of Perfect Character. Gifted With Every Merit."
  • al-Mahi, "The Remover (of Disbelief)"[27]
  • al-Hanif, "The One of Primordial Religion"
  • Nâbîyyu at-Tawbah, "The Prophet of Penitence"
  • al-Mu`azzaz, "The Strengthened One, the One Made Invulnerable"
  • al-Muwaqqar, "Held in Awe"
  • al-Fatih, "The Opener"
  • al-Hashir, "The Gatherer (First to be Resurrected) on the Day of Judgement"[25]
  • al-Shafî`, "The Intercessor"[28][29]
  • al-Mushaffa`, "The One Whose Intercession Shall be Granted"[30]
  • al-Mujtaba (Arabic: اَلْـمُـجْـتَـبَى‎, "the Chosen One")[31]

He is also known by these names:

  • Abu'l-Qasim (Arabic: أَبـو الـقَـاسـم‎, "Father of Al-Qasim")
  • Abu't-Tahir, "Father of the Pure"
  • Abu't-Tayyib, "Father of the Pleasant"
  • Abu `Abd Allah, "Father of `Abd Allah"
  • Abu Ibrahim, "Father of Ibrahim"
  • Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib, "(Grand)Son of `Abd al-Muttalib"
  • Ahmad, "Most Deserving of Praise"[32]
  • Hamid, "Praiser (of God)"
  • Mahmood, "Praiseworthy"
  • `Abd-Allah, "Servant of Allah"[33]
  • Last Prophet[34]
  • Last Messenger[35]
  • Final Prophet[36]
  • Final Messenger[37]

In Turkey, he is often called Hazrat (Saint) Muhammed, or "Peygamber Efendimiz" (Our messenger).[38] In Iran, he is often called Hazrat (saint) or peyghambar (messenger).

When spoken or written in English, Muhammad's name is conventionally followed by the honorific phrase Blessings of God be upon Him and Peace (often abbreviated "PBUH" or simply "p"). The phrase renders Arabic صلى الله عليه وسلم, which is also found transcribed acronymically as "SAWS", however Islamic Scholars repeatedly emphasize the need to say and write the blessing in full, wherever it is written, either as Arabic or one's own language, and the use of such acronyms is considered inappropriate. The practice of sending blessings and salutations upon Muhammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم, is encouraged by a well-known verse of the Quran. [39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Names and Titles of Prophet Muhammad". Journey of a Seeker Of Sacred Knowledge. January 20, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ Yeniterzi, Emine. "The Names and Attributes of Prophet Muhammad in Divine Literature". Last Prophet. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ Quran 22:75
  4. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:52:237
  5. ^ Quran 33:22
  6. ^ Quran 9:128
  7. ^ Quran 68:4
  8. ^ "Ibn al-'Arabi, Muhyi al-Din (1164-1240)". Muslim Philosophy. Retrieved January 18, 2013.  4. The 'perfect man' and the Muhammadan reality
  9. ^ Quran 33:21
  10. ^ Quran 33:40
  11. ^ Quran 21:107
  12. ^ Quran 33:45
  13. ^ a b Quran 11:2
  14. ^ Quran 88:21
  15. ^ Quran 12:108
  16. ^ Quran 2:119
  17. ^ Quran 5:15
  18. ^ Quran 33:46
  19. ^ Quran 69:40
  20. ^ Quran 16:83
  21. ^ Quran 7:157–158
  22. ^ Quran 73:01
  23. ^ Quran 74:01
  24. ^ Sahih Muslim, 4:1859
  25. ^ a b Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
  26. ^ Quran 9:129
  27. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
  28. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:93:601
  29. ^ Quran 3:159Quran 4:64Quran 60:12
  30. ^ Quran 19:87Quran 20:109
  31. ^ "Mujtaba, A Quranic Name for Boys". quranicnames.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21. 
  32. ^ Quran 61:6
  33. ^ Quran 25:1
  34. ^ Muhammad and Christ, Maulana Muhammad Ali - 2011
  35. ^ Muhammad The Messenger of God: M. Fethullah Gülen - 2014
  36. ^ Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Mohammad Saleem Kayani - 2007, Tafsir of Surah al-Fātihan and Surah al-Baqarah - Page 244
  37. ^ Islam for Beginners: What You Wanted to Ask But Didn't, p 13, Mirza Yawar Baig - 2011
  38. ^ Schimmel, Annemarie (1990). Islamic Names: An Introduction (Islamic Surveys). Edinburgh University Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-85224-563-7. 
  39. ^ "Islam / Muslim". Woodlands Junior. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Chiabotti, Francesco, Names, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014. ISBN 1610691776