Athletics at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres
The men's 100 metres at the 2000 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program were held at the Stadium Australia from September 22 to 23. In the first round, the first three runners from each of the ten heats, together with the eight next fastest runners from all heats, automatically qualified for the second round. In the second round, these forty-one runners competed in five heats, with the first three from each heat and the single next fastest runner qualifying for the semifinals. In the semifinals, only the first four runners from each of the two heats advanced to the final. Prior to the competition, the existing World and Olympic records were. No new records were set during the competition; the qualification period for athletics took place between 1 January 1999 to 11 September 2000. For the men's 100 metres, each National Olympic Committee was permitted to enter up to three athletes that had run the race in 10.27 seconds or faster during the qualification period. If an NOC had no athletes that qualified under that standard, one athlete that had run the race in 10.40 seconds or faster could be entered.
All times are Australian Eastern Daylight Time Qualification rule: The first three finishers in each heat plus the ten fastest times of those who finished fourth or lower in their heat qualified. Wind: −0.6 m/s Wind: −0.6 m/s Wind: +0.4 m/s Wind: –0.5 m/s Wind: –0.5 m/s Wind: +0.2 m/s Wind: +0.3 m/s Wind: +1.9 m/s Wind: +0.3 m/s Wind: –0.7 m/s Wind: –1.2 m/s Qualification rule: The first three finishers in each heat plus the next fastest overall sprinter qualified. Wind: −1.7 m/s Wind: +0.3 m/s Wind: +0.8 m/s Wind: +0.8 m/s Wind: +0.2 m/s Qualification rule: The first four runners in each semifinal heat moves on to the final. Wind: +0.4 m/s Wind: +0.2 m/s Wind: –0.3 m/s Official Report of the 2000 Sydney Summer Olympics
Namibia at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Namibia competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom from July 27 to August 12, 2012. This was the nation's sixth consecutive appearance at the Olympics. Namibian National Olympic Committee sent a total of 9 athletes to the Games, 5 men and 4 women, to compete in 5 sports. Three Namibian athletes had competed in Beijing, including marathon runner Beata Naigambo, the oldest member of the team, at age 32, trap shooter Gaby Ahrens, who became the nation's first female flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Namibia marked its Olympic return in freestyle wrestling after an eight-year absence. Namibia, failed to win a single Olympic medal for the fourth consecutive time. Namibia made its debut at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona and appeared at all subsequent Games before the 2012 Summer Olympics in London - the country's sixth Olympics. Namibia sent its greatest number of athletes - 11 - to the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney; the country's most successful athlete is 100 and 200 metres runner Frankie Fredericks who won silver in both disciplines at Namibia's inaugural Olympics in Barcelona in 1992, at the Atlanta Olympics four years later.
Fredericks, the only Namibian athlete to win an Olympic medal as of 2012, missed the Sydney Olympics in 2000 due to an Achilles injury and was unsuccessful in his attempts to win further medals at his final Olympics in Athens in 2004. Nine athletes were selected by Namibia to participate at the 2012 Olympics. Trap shooter Gaby Ahrens bore the flag for the country at the opening ceremony of the Games, she was joined in the Namibian Olympic team by cyclists Marc Dan Craven. Namibian athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Women Namibia has qualified two boxers. Men Namibia has qualified the following cyclists for the Games.
Namibia has earnt 1 quota place for shooting events. Shilimela received a bye into the last 16, where he faced Dzhamal Otarsultanov of Russia, losing 0-3 on points. Shilimela received a bye through the first round of the repechage again lost 0-3 on points to North Korean Yang Kyong-il in the second round. Key: VT - Victory by Fall. PP - Decision by Points - the loser with technical points. PO - Decision by Points - the loser without technical points. Men's freestyle
Frank "Frankie" Fredericks is a former track and field athlete from Namibia. Running in the 100 metres and 200 metres, he won four silver medals at the Olympic Games, making him Namibia's so far only Olympic medalist, he won gold medals at the World Championships, World Indoor Championships, All-Africa Games and Commonwealth Games. He is the world indoor record-holder for 200 metres, with a time of 19.92 seconds set in 1996. Fredericks has broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres 24 times, he holds the third-fastest non-winning time for the 200 metres. In August 1996, Fredericks ran 19.68 seconds in the Olympic final in Georgia. He is the oldest man to have broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres. On 12 July 2002 in Rome, Fredericks won the 200 metres in a time of 19.99 seconds at the age of 34 years 283 days. He is serving as a council member in the IAAF. On March 3, 2017, Fredericks was implicated in the IAAF corruption scandal, stemming from a large cash payment he received in 2009. Born in Windhoek on 2 October 1967, Frankie Fredericks was awarded a scholarship at Brigham Young University in the US in 1987.
During his college career, Fredericks earned numerous All-American citations and won three NCAA championships. In 1990, after his country had become independent of South Africa, Fredericks could participate in international competition. At the World Championships in 1991, Fredericks won a silver medal in the 200 m, finishing behind Michael Johnson, placed 5th in the 100 m; the following year, at the Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympics, Fredericks became Namibia's first Olympic medalist when he finished second in both the 100 m and 200 m. He won the silver medal in the men's 100-metre dash, with a time of 10.02 seconds, just.06 seconds behind the gold medal winner. In 1993, in Stuttgart, he became the nation's first World Champion. At the 1994 Commonwealth Games, he won gold in the 200 m and bronze in the 100 m, his time of 19.97 seconds in the 200 metres is the current Commonwealth Games record. At the 1995 World Championships 100 m, after crossing the line he went to help his friend Linford Christie who pulled a muscle in the race and signalled for help.
This act of kindness endeared him to many athletics fans. For the 1996 Summer Olympics, Fredericks was among the title favourites for both the 100 m and 200 m, he reached both finals, again finished second in both. In the 100 m, he was beaten by Donovan Bailey, who set a new World Record, in the 200 m he was beaten by Michael Johnson, who set a new World Record. At the time, Fredericks's second-place run was the third fastest run in history, beaten only by Johnson. At the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Frankie once again missed out on the chance of gold in the 100 m. Suffering from injuries, Fredericks had to withdraw from the 1999 and 2001 World Championships, the 2000 Summer Olympics. Fredericks won the 200 m at the inaugural Afro-Asian Games in 2003. In the 200 m final at the 2004 Summer Olympics he finished 4th. After the end of 2004 outdoor season, Fredericks retired from competition, he had run the 100 m under 10 seconds 27 times, remained the 10th best in history until recently.
In 2004 Fredericks became a member of the International Olympic Committee. In 2009 Fredericks became the head of the Athletics Namibia in a controversial leadership contest. In 2012 Fredericks was nominated to be a member of the International Olympic Committee. Frankie Fredericks is a member of the ‘Champions for Peace’ club, a group of 54 famous elite athletes committed to serving peace in the world through sport, created by Peace and Sport, a Monaco-based international organisation. On March 3, 2017, French newspaper Le Monde reported that Fredericks was under investigation for a $299,300 USD payment from Pamodzi Sports Consulting, a company owned by Papa Massata Diack; the payment went to Yemi Limited, a company set up by Fredericks in the Seychelles, a tax haven, was made on Oct. 2, 2009, the same day as Rio was announced as the winning bid for the 2016 Olympics. Fredericks has denied that the payment has anything to do with the Olympic bid, but instead says it was fees paid for consulting services he provided for "a relay championships" and marketing programs related to an African championships and other IAAF programs.
When the allegation was made Fredericks was the chair of the 2024 Olympic bid evaluation committee. On March 6, 2017, Fredericks stepped down from his position in the IAAF task force, evaluating if or when to re-admit Russia's national sport body RusAF after a widespread doping scandal. On March 7, 2017 the Ethic Commission of the IOC recommended a provisionally suspension of Fredericks from his IOC-related duties. Prior to the IOC Executive meeting Fredericks while maintaining his innocence withdrew from his position as the Chair of the 2024 Olympic bidding process "in the best interests" of the process. List of champions of Africa of athletics IAAF doping controversy Frank Fredericks at IAAF Frank Fredericks at the International Olympic Committee Website of the Frank Fredericks Foundation Fredericks says goodbye – a career tribute – IAAF website, 13 October 2004
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Cycling at the 2000 Summer Olympics
At the 2000 Summer Olympics, 3 different bicycle racing disciplines were contested: Road cycling, track cycling, mountain biking. OR = Olympic record, WR = World record Sources Official Olympic Report
Boxing at the 2000 Summer Olympics
The boxing competition at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney was held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre in Darling Harbour. The event was only open to men and bouts were contested over four rounds of two minutes each. Five judges scored the fighters in real time and the boxer with the most points at the end was the winner. Like other Olympic combat sports, two bronze medals are awarded; as a result, the quarter-final equates to a bronze medal match, a semi-final to a silver medal match, the final to a gold medal match. 48 medals are therefore available. Men competed in the following twelve events: Light flyweight Flyweight Bantamweight Featherweight Lightweight Light welterweight Welterweight Light middleweight Middleweight Light heavyweight Heavyweight Super heavyweight 310 boxers from 77 nations participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics. Official Olympic Report Official Results – Boxing Results on Amateur Boxing Archived 22 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Shooting at the 2000 Summer Olympics
The shooting competitions at the 2000 Summer Olympics were carried out at the Sydney International Shooting Centre in Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia during the first week of the Games, from Saturday 16 September 2000 to Saturday 23 September 2000. While the rifle and running target rules were unchanged from the Atlanta Games, two new shotgun events were added, raising the number of individual Olympic shooting events to an all-time high of seventeen. A total of 408 shooters, 262 men and 146 women, from 103 nations competed at the Sydney Games: Official Report of the XXVII Olympiad – Shooting. Retrieved 2008-09-06