click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Namsan (Seoul)

Nam Mountain is a peak, 262 metres high, in the Jung-gu district of south central Seoul, South Korea. Although known as Mongmyeoksan, or 목멱산 / 木覓山 in the past, it is now referred to as Mt. Namsan, it offers picnic areas and views of downtown Seoul's skyline. The N Seoul Tower is located on top of Mt. Namsan; the mountain and its surrounding area is Namsan Park, a public park maintained by the city government, which has panoramic views of Seoul. It is the location of a smoke signal station called Mongmyeoksan Bongsudae', part of an emergency communication system during much of Seoul's history until 1985. From 1925 to 1945 the Shinto shrine known as Chōsen Jingū was situated on Mt. Namsan. In 2011 a survey was conducted by Seoul Development Institute, which included 800 residents and 103 urban planners and architects, it ranked Mt. Namsan as the most scenic location in Seoul by 62.8 percent of residents and 70.9 percent of the experts surveyed. The park and the fountain were used as the filming location for Seoul Broadcasting System's drama Lovers in Paris.

Namsan is mentioned in South Korea's National Anthem. N Seoul Tower: Ntower's height reaches 480 metres above sea level, it sits in the 90 square metres of Mt. Namsan So. N Seoul Tower observation deck: N Seoul Tower has an observation deck. Namsan Hanok Village: Seoul restored 24,180 acres of terrain, damaged for a long time and rejuvenated the traditional garden, relocated and restored five Traditional Hanok buildings. Namsan Cable Car: It was the first existing cable car facility in Korea, it was first opened on May 12, 1962 and is the longest-running cable car in Korea that runs without a day's rest. Namsan cable car Index of Korea-related articles List of mountains in Korea List of parks in Seoul Life In Korea profile Official English-language site of Namsan Park

State, County, and Municipal Workers of America

The State and Municipal Workers of America was an American labor union representing state and local government employees. It was created by the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1937 along with United Federal Workers of America. SCMWA's leaders Abram Flaxer and Henry Wenning had been leaders of the Association of Workers of Public Relief Agencies in New York City prior to the formation of SCMWA. In 1946, the CIO merged SCMWA with United Federal Workers of America to form the United Public Workers of America. In 1950, UPWA was purged from the CIO along with other radical unions. SCMWA is sometimes confused with the American Federation of State and Municipal Employees. AFSCME was an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor, SCMWA was formed following the creation of the CIO. SCMWA was active in many states, organizing state and local government workers decades before the enactment of public sector collective bargaining laws. In 1943, SCMWA negotiated the first collective bargaining agreement for school district teachers and staff.

In 1937, a number of AFSCME local unions, composed of caseworkers, disaffiliated from that union and joined the Congress of Industrial Organizations. The CIO allowed these local unions to form the State and Municipal Workers of America, charged the new organization with competing with AFSCME at the state and local levels for membership. Most of the leaders and many of the members of these local unions were sympathetic to the beliefs and goals of the Communist Party USA. Former AFSCME executive board member Abram Flaxer was appointed the new union's president, former AFSCME Secretary-Treasurer David Kanes held the same post in SCMWA. SCMWA membership grew quickly: It more than doubled the number of local unions in a year, its members rose from 25,000 in 1937 to more than 48,000 in 1946. In comparison, AFSCME's membership grew from 13,259 in 1947 to more than 73,000 in 1946. On April 25, 1946, SCMWA merged with the United Federal Workers of America to form the United Public Workers of America.

The impetus for the merger was the relative failure of the UFWA to attract new members, SCMWA absorbed the smaller federal union. United Public Workers of America National Federation of Federal Employees American Federation of Government Employees Billings, Richard N. and Greenya, John. Power to the Public Worker. Washington, D. C.: R. B. Luce, 1974. Fink, Gary. Labor Unions. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1977. Galenson, Walter; the CIO Challenge to the AFL: A History of the American Labor Movement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960. Lyons, John F. Teachers and Reform: Chicago Public Education, 1929-1970. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 2008. National Association of Social Workers. Social Work Year Book. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1939. "New Union Urges Wider Labor Law." New York Times. April 26, 1946. Slater, Joseph E. Public Workers: Government Employee Unions, the Law, the State, 1900-1962. Ithaca, N. Y.: ILR Press, 2004. Spero, Sterling D. Government As Employer. New York: Remsen Press, 1948.

Spero, Sterling D. and Blum, Albert A. Government As Employer. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1972

Baard Owe

Baard Arne Owe, sometimes credited Bård Owe, was a Norwegian-born actor who has acted in many Scandinavian films and TV series. He moved to Denmark in 1956, there he lived and worked right up to his death. Owe is known for his role as pathologist Dr. Bondo in the TV series Riget, directed by Lars von Trier, as well as for his portrayal of Gertrud's young, manipulative lover in Carl Theodor Dreyer's last film, Gertrud. In his years Owe has made somewhat of a comeback in his native Norway, most notably when in 2007 he starred in the internationally acclaimed movie O'Horten. In addition, Owe invented ToDo, a training system for actors. Owe used anatomical and psychological techniques from mensendik and kungfu to teach actors how to access their inner source of expression. Owe was married to actress Marie-Louise Coninck. Owe died of lung cancer at his home aged 81 on 11 November 2017. Jetpiloter Gøngehøvdingen Den hvide hingst Sikken familie Hvis lille pige er du? Gertrud Gys og gæve tanter Krybskytterne på Næsbygård Søskende Brødrene på Uglegården Smukke Arne og Rosa Det var en lørdag aften Christa Sønnen fra Vingården Violer er blå Strømer Brand-Børge rykker ud Forræderne Suzanne og Leonard Notater om kærligheden Europa Drengene fra Sankt Petri Sort høst Riget I To mand i en sofa Portland Ørnens øje Riget II Dykkerne Hotellet Charlie Butterfly Wallander - Mörkret Andre Omgang O' Horten Wallander - Cellisten Hodejegerne Copenhagen Good Favour Baard Owe on IMDb

Abdulai Conteh

Dr Abdulai Osman Conteh is a lawyer and politician from Sierra Leone. Dr. Abdulai Osman Conteh was born on 5 August 1945 in Pepel, Port Loko District, British Sierra Leone. Raised in Freetown, he attended the Albert Academy and Fourah Bay College before travelling to the UK for further studies. Dr. Conteh has the following educational qualifications: Ph. D, 1974, King's College, Cambridge, he worked for the SL Law Officers Department. Dr. Conteh went into private practice and taught Law at Fourah Bay College for several years, he is from the Susu people of Kambia, Sierra Leone, was part of the All Peoples Congress party. Dr. Conteh is married to Radia Labi Conteh and they have 6 children. Conteh's public service in Sierra Leone has included holding the offices of Minister of Foreign Affairs, he served as a member of Parliament from Kambia District from 1977 to 1992. In late 2007, Conteh was nominated as a candidate to become Chairperson of the African Union Commission in early 2008, but he was not successful, with Jean Ping of Gabon being elected.

In January 2000, Conteh became the Chief Justice of the Belize Supreme Court. In 2007 and 2010, Conteh authored two decisions affirming the common law doctrine of aboriginal title and the existence of Maya customary land tenure in the Toledo District of Belize. Only the villages of Conejo and Santa Cruz were parties to the 2008 ruling; the ruling voided all government leases, concessions and contracts adverse to the Maya tenure. The "landmark victory" is predicted to have "far-reaching implications" for "logging and petroleum concessions in what the Maya community claims is over 500,000 acres of ancestral homeland." The government appealed the decision to the Caribbean Court of Justice, where on the eve of the hearing it conceded all of Justice Conteh's original holdings. The CCJ awarded the Maya damages for violation of their constitutional right to have their property protected. Conteh turned 65 on 5 August 2010, forcing him to retire since his contract was not renewed by Prime Minister Dean Barrow.

Barrow's decision not to offer Conteh a renewal was condemned by the Belize Bar Association in a resolution criticising the "unseemly manner in which the tenure of the chief justice has been treated by the government of Belize." His retirement became a "national political issue because the Chief Justice is popular with the masses of the Belizean people, is regarded by many as fair-minded and fearless. Several of his landmark rulings on constitutional issues are considered "anti-government" and "anti-establishment," and many were made under the former Musa administration." In December 2008, Dr. Conteh was appointed as a Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Cayman Islands. In 2010, he was appointed to the Court of Appeal of the Bahamas, where he served until November, 2015. Belizelaw.org

Former General Post Office, Colombo

The former Colombo General Post Office, at 17 Janadhipathi Mawatha, Colombo Fort, was the headquarters of the Sri Lanka Post and the office of the Postmaster General for over one hundred years, from 1895 until 2000. The first permanent post office in the country was established by the British in Colombo in 1882, when the country was a crown colony, it was housed in several different locations until the construction of the General Post Office building at 17 Kings Street, Colombo Fort, opposite the-then Governor's residence at King's House in 1895. The site, bounded by Kings Street, Prince Street, Baille Street, was a former rock quarry; the building was designed by Herbert Frederick Tomalin of the Public Works Department and built by Arasi Marikar Wapchi Marikar. Tomalin was an English engineer/architect, who migrated to Ceylon in June 1886 to take up a position in the Ceylon Civil Service, his first position was as a District Engineer however as a result of his involvement in a number of government buildings in Colombo and his architectural qualifications he was entrusted with the job of designing and supervising the construction of the GPO.

In 1922 he returned to England. Marikar, a local mason/builder and the paternal grandfather of Sir Razik Fareed, constructed a number of landmark buildings in Colombo, including the National Museum of Colombo, Colombo Fort Clock Tower, former Colombo Town Hall, Galle Face Hotel and Colombo Customs building. Construction commenced on this two-storey Edwardian style building, with the official laying of the foundation stone on 29 August 1891 and was not completed until July 1895, although partial occupation of the building occurred in January that year; the cost of construction was Rs. 372,961.65 with the steelwork fabricated by Messrs Walker and Sons Company and the granite sourced from quarries in Ruwanwella and Ratnapura. It took a workforce of 375, including 180 specialist craftsmen five years to build; the building was constructed in a typical Colonial renaissance architectural style, with its 775 m2 basement designed along Doric lines, the 1,721 m2 ground floor incorporating Ionic architecture whilst the matching upper floor features Corinthan influences.

The main entrance stairs lead into a public hall, the floor of, laid with multi-coloured intaglio tiles, the escalier at the rear of the hall was finished with polished granite and the plaster ceiling had papier-maché enrichments. The ground floor contained the parcel and postage stamp counters, the money order and savings bank counters, the registration and poste restante counters; the offices of the Postmaster-General, Superintendent of Telegraphs and the Resident Postmaster's quarters were located on the second floor, together with the Telegraph Department and Telephone Exchange. The building served not only as the post office but as the country's first telegraph and telephone exchanges, the Ceylon Post and Telecommunications Department having acquired the Oriental Telephone Company in January 1896 for a sum of Rs. 42,666. The first public telephone booth in the country was installed in the GPO on 16 August 1909. On 21 January 2000 the building was formally recognised by the Government as an archaeological protected monument in Sri Lanka.

The GPO was moved in May 2000, for security reasons during the Civil War to the current Sri Lanka Post headquarters, a modern nine storey building, at 10 D. R. Wijewardene Mawatha, which hosts the Postal Museum. Sri Lanka Post was only given 24 hours to vacate the building, occupied by the Presidential Security Division; the building was used to stage the fourth annual Colomboscope, a multi-disciplinary arts festival in August 2016. The event featured installations from Sri International artists and performers. In June 2017 the United Postal Trade Union went on a three-day strike in order to stop the government's plans to sell the Nuwara Eliya and Galle Fort post offices to private developers, seek the re-location of the Colombo General Post Office back to its original building in Colombo Fort; the strike was called off following written assurances being provided by the Government that they would address the union's concerns. Postage stamps and postal history of Sri Lanka Other General Post Offices Sri Lanka Post Liyanage, Michael.

The History of the Sri Lanka Post Office: 1815-1987. Colombo: Union of Post & Telecommunication Officers, Sri Lanka

Plan Dog memo

The Plan Dog memorandum was a 1940 American government document written by Chief of Naval Operations Harold Rainsford Stark. It has been called "one of the best known documents of World War II." Confronting the problem of an expected two-front war against Germany and Italy in Europe and Japan in the Pacific, the memo set out the main options and suggested fighting a defensive war in the Pacific and giving strategic priority to defeating Germany and Italy. The memo laid the basis for the American policy of Europe first. During the Interwar Period, the Joint Planning Committee, which became the Joint Chiefs of Staff, devised a series of contingency plans for dealing with the outbreak of war with various countries; the most elaborate of them, War Plan Orange, dealt with the possibility of war with Japan. In light of the events of the late 1930s American planners realized that the United States faced the possibility of a two-front war in both Europe and the Pacific. War Plan Orange was withdrawn, five "Rainbow" plans were put forward.

Unlike the earlier colored plans, which had assumed a one-on-one war, the Rainbow plans contemplated both the possibility of fighting multiple enemies and the necessity of defending other western hemisphere nations and aiding Britain. The memorandum built upon the conditions described in the Rainbow Five war plan, it described four possible scenarios for American participation in World War II, lettered A through E: A - War with Japan in which would have no allies B - War with Japan in which would have the British Empire... as ally. C - War with Japan in which she is aided by Germany and Italy, in, or is not aided by allies. D - War with Germany and Italy in which Japan would not be involved, in which would be allied with the British. E - consider the alternative of now remaining out of the war, devoting to building up defense of the Western Hemisphere; the memorandum, submitted to Roosevelt on November 12, 1940, recommended option D, the origin of its name: "I believe that the continued existence of the British Empire, combined with building up a strong protection in our home areas, will do most to ensure the status quo in the Western Hemisphere, to promote our principal national interests.

As I have stated, I believe that Great Britain requires from us great help in the Atlantic, even on the continents of Europe or Africa, if she is to be enabled to survive. In my opinion Alternatives, will most not provide the necessary degree of assistance, therefore, if we undertake war, that Alternative is to be the most fruitful for the United States if we enter the war at an early date; the offensive measures adopted would be purely naval. Should we intervene, final victory in Europe is not certain. I believe that the chances for success are in our favor if we insist upon full equality in the political and military direction of the war." The memo suggested that until hostilities broke out, the US should adopt policy A: Until such time as the United States should decide to engage its full forces in war, I recommend that we pursue a course that will most increase the military strength of both the Army and the Navy, to say, adopt Alternative without hostilities. "The strategy of Plan Dog gained the support of the army and implicitly of President Roosevelt, though he never formally endorsed it.

Thus at the end of 1940 a powerful consensus for strategic focus on Germany developed at the highest levels of the American government. At a meeting on January 17, 1941, Roosevelt concluded that the primary objective must be maintenance of the supply lines to Britain and ordered the navy to prepare for the escort of convoys." A few weeks after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, at the Arcadia Conference, the United States adopted the recommendations of the memo in the form of the "Europe first" policy. Although the United States did not go on the defensive in the Pacific, as the memo recommended, the European Theatre was given higher priority in resource allocation throughout the war; the memorandum was declassified in February, 1956. Digitized Copy of the Memo