Mentha is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is estimated that 13 to 18 species exist, the exact distinction between species is still unclear. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally. Many other hybrids, as well as numerous cultivars, are known; the genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution across Europe, Asia and North America. Mints are aromatic exclusively perennial herbs, they have wide-spreading underground and overground stolons and erect, branched stems. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, from oblong to lanceolate downy, with a serrated margin. Leaf colors range from dark green and gray-green to purple and sometimes pale yellow; the flowers are white to purple and produced in false whorls called verticillasters. The corolla is two-lipped with four subequal lobes, the upper lobe the largest; the fruit is a nutlet. While the species that makes up the genus Mentha is distributed and can be found in many environments, most grow best in wet environments and moist soils.
Mints can spread over an indeterminate area. Due to their tendency to spread unchecked, some mints are considered invasive; the list below includes all of the taxa recognized as species in recent works on Mentha. No author has recognized all of them; as with all biological classifications of plants, this list can go out of date at a moment's notice. Common names are given for species that have them. Synonyms, along with varieties, are given in articles on the species. Mentha is a member of the tribe Mentheae in the subfamily Nepetoideae; the tribe contains about 65 genera, relationships within it remain obscure. Authors have disagreed on the circumscription of Mentha; some authors have excluded M. cervina from the genus. M. cunninghamii has been excluded by some authors in some recent treatments of the genus. In 2004, a molecular phylogenetic study indicated both of these species should be included in Mentha; the mint genus has a large grouping of recognized hybrids. Synonyms, along with cultivars and varieties where available, are included within the specific species.
All mints thrive near pools of water, lakes and cool moist spots in partial shade. In general, mints tolerate a wide range of conditions, can be grown in full sun. Mint grows all year round, they are fast-growing. Due to their speedy growth, one plant of each desired mint, along with a little care, will provide more than enough mint for home use; some mint species are more invasive than others. With the less invasive mints, care should be taken when mixing any mint with any other plants, lest the mint take over. To control mints in an open environment, they should be planted in deep, bottomless containers sunk in the ground, or planted above ground in tubs and barrels; some mints can be propagated by seed, but growth from seed can be an unreliable method for raising mint for two reasons: mint seeds are variable — one might not end up with what one supposed was planted — and some mint varieties are sterile. It is more effective to plant cuttings from the runners of healthy mints; the most common and popular mints for commercial cultivation are peppermint, native spearmint, Scotch spearmint, cornmint.
Mints are supposed to make good companion plants, repelling pesty insects and attracting beneficial ones. They are susceptible to whitefly and aphids. Harvesting of mint leaves can be done at any time. Fresh leaves should be used or stored up to a few days in plastic bags in a refrigerator. Optionally, leaves can be frozen in ice cube trays. Dried mint leaves should be stored in an airtight container placed in a cool, dry area; the leaf, fresh or dried, is the culinary source of mint. Fresh mint is preferred over dried mint when storage of the mint is not a problem; the leaves have a warm, aromatic, sweet flavor with a cool aftertaste, are used in teas, jellies, syrups and ice creams. In Middle Eastern cuisine, mint is used on lamb dishes, while in British cuisine and American cuisine, mint sauce and mint jelly are used, respectively. Mint is a necessary ingredient in a popular tea in northern African and Arab countries. Tea in Arab countries is popularly drunk this way. Alcoholic drinks sometimes feature mint for flavor or garnish, such as the mint julep and the mojito.
Crème de menthe is a mint-flavored liqueur used in drinks such as the grasshopper. Mint essential oil and menthol are extensively used as flavorings in breath fresheners, antiseptic mouth rinses, chewing gum and candies, such as mint and mint chocolate; the substances that give the mints their characteristic aromas and flavors are pulegone. The compound responsible for the aroma and flavor of spearmint is L-carvone. Mints are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including buff ermine moths. Mint was used as a medicinal herb to treat stomach ache and chest pains. There are several uses in traditional medicine and preliminary research for possible use in treating irritable bowel syndrome. Menthol from mint essential oil is an ingredient of some perfumes. Menthol and mint essential oil are used in aromatherapy which may have clinical use to alleviate post-surgery nausea. Although it is used in many con
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages. They differ from chat rooms in that messages are longer than one line of text, are at least temporarily archived. Depending on the access level of a user or the forum set-up, a posted message might need to be approved by a moderator before it becomes publicly visible. Forums have a specific set of jargon associated with them. A discussion forum is hierarchical or tree-like in structure: a forum can contain a number of subforums, each of which may have several topics. Within a forum's topic, each new discussion started is called a thread and can be replied to by as many people as so wish. Depending on the forum's settings, users can be anonymous or have to register with the forum and subsequently log in to post messages. On most forums, users do not have to log in to read existing messages; the modern forum originated from bulletin boards, so-called computer conferencing systems, are a technological evolution of the dialup bulletin board system.
From a technological standpoint, forums or boards are web applications managing user-generated content. Early Internet forums could be described as a web version of an electronic mailing list or newsgroup. Developments emulated the different newsgroups or individual lists, providing more than one forum, dedicated to a particular topic. Internet forums are prevalent in several developed countries. Japan posts the most with over two million per day on 2channel. China has many millions of posts on forums such as Tianya Club; some of the first forum systems were the Planet-Forum system, developed at the beginning of the 1970-s, the EIES system, first operational in 1976, the KOM system, first operational in 1977. One of the first forum sites is Delphi Forums, once called Delphi; the service, with four million members, dates to 1983. Forums perform a function similar to that of dial-up bulletin board systems and Usenet networks that were first created starting in the late 1970s. Early web-based forums date back as far as 1994, with the WIT project from W3 Consortium and starting from this time, many alternatives were created.
A sense of virtual community develops around forums that have regular users. Technology, video games, music, fashion and politics are popular areas for forum themes, but there are forums for a huge number of topics. Internet slang and image macros popular across the Internet are abundant and used in Internet forums. Forum software packages are available on the Internet and are written in a variety of programming languages, such as PHP, Java and ASP; the configuration and records of posts can be stored in a database. Each package offers different features, from the most basic, providing text-only postings, to more advanced packages, offering multimedia support and formatting code. Many packages can be integrated into an existing website to allow visitors to post comments on articles. Several other web applications, such as blog software incorporate forum features. WordPress comments at the bottom of a blog post allow for a single-threaded discussion of any given blog post. Slashcode, on the other hand, is far more complicated, allowing threaded discussions and incorporating a robust moderation and meta-moderation system as well as many of the profile features available to forum users.
Some stand alone threads on forums have reached fame and notability such as the "I am lonely will anyone speak to me" thread on MovieCodec.com's forums, described as the "web's top hangout for lonely folk" by Wired Magazine. A forum consists of a tree-like directory structure; the top end is "Categories". A forum can be divided into categories for the relevant discussions. Under the categories are sub-forums and these sub-forums can further have more sub-forums; the topics come under the lowest level of sub-forums and these are the places under which members can start their discussions or posts. Logically forums are organized into a finite set of generic topics driven and updated by a group known as members, governed by a group known as moderators, it can have a graph structure. All message boards will use one of three possible display formats; each of the three basic message board display formats: Non-Threaded/Semi-Threaded/Fully Threaded, has its own advantages and disadvantages. If messages are not related to one another at all, a Non-Threaded format is best.
If a user has a message topic and multiple replies to that message topic, a semi-threaded format is best. If a user has a message topic and replies to that message topic and responds to replies a threaded format is best. Internally, Western-style forums logged in members into user groups. Privileges and rights are given based on these groups. A user of the forum can automatically be promoted to a more privileged user group based on criteria set by the administrator. A person viewing a closed thread as a member will see a box saying he does not have the right to submit messages there, but a moderator will see the same box granting him access to more than just posting messages. An unregistered user of the site is known as a guest or visitor. Guests are granted access to all functions that do not require database alterations or breach privacy. A guest can view the contents of the forum or use such features as read marking, but an administrator will disallow visi
Israel the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west and Egypt to the southwest; the country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition. Israel has evidence of the earliest migration of hominids out of Africa. Canaanite tribes are archaeologically attested since the Middle Bronze Age, while the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah emerged during the Iron Age; the Neo-Assyrian Empire destroyed Israel around 720 BCE. Judah was conquered by the Babylonian and Hellenistic empires and had existed as Jewish autonomous provinces.
The successful Maccabean Revolt led to an independent Hasmonean kingdom by 110 BCE, which in 63 BCE however became a client state of the Roman Republic that subsequently installed the Herodian dynasty in 37 BCE, in 6 CE created the Roman province of Judea. Judea lasted as a Roman province until the failed Jewish revolts resulted in widespread destruction, expulsion of Jewish population and the renaming of the region from Iudaea to Syria Palaestina. Jewish presence in the region has persisted to a certain extent over the centuries. In the 7th century CE, the Levant was taken from the Byzantine Empire by the Arabs and remained in Muslim control until the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Ayyubid conquest of 1187; the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt extended its control over the Levant in the 13th century until its defeat by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. During the 19th century, national awakening among Jews led to the establishment of the Zionist movement in the diaspora followed by waves of immigration to Ottoman Syria and British Mandate Palestine.
In 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency, rejected by Arab leaders; the following year, the Jewish Agency declared the independence of the State of Israel, the subsequent 1948 Arab–Israeli War saw Israel's establishment over most of the former Mandate territory, while the West Bank and Gaza were held by neighboring Arab states. Israel has since fought several wars with Arab countries, since the Six-Day War in 1967 held occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip, it extended its laws to the Golan East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories is the world's longest military occupation in modern times. Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in a final peace agreement. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have been signed.
In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a democratic state. The country has a liberal democracy, with a parliamentary system, proportional representation, universal suffrage; the prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature. Israel is a developed country and an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member, with the 32nd-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2017; the country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Israel has the highest standard of living in the Middle East, has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Furthermore, Israel ranked 11th in the UN's 2018 World Happiness Report. Upon independence in 1948, the country formally adopted the name "State of Israel" after other proposed historical and religious names including Eretz Israel and Judea, were considered but rejected.
In the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term "Israeli" to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively; the name "Israel" in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he wrestled with the angel of the Lord. Jacob's twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. Jacob and his sons had lived in Canaan but were forced by famine to go into Egypt for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moses, a great-great grandson of Jacob, led the Israelites back into Canaan during the "Exodus"; the earliest known archaeological artifact to mention the word "Israel" as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity and the Bahá'í Faith.
Under British Mandate, the whole region was known as Palestine (Hebre
Channel 10 (Israeli TV channel)
Channel 10 known as Israel 10, was an Israeli free-to-air television channel. Operating under the auspices of The Second Authority for Television and Radio, Channel 10 was one of three commercial television channels in Israel, enjoying an average television ratings of Share TV 6.5%. The channel was broadcasting online at the official website. Despite the name, the channel was broadcast on channel 14 from 1 November 2017 until its closure on 16 January 2019. Channel 10 underwent a merger with rival network Reshet 13, this channel ceased transmissions on 16 January 2019; some programs from Channel 10 moved over to Reshet 13. For news programmes, the merged company took resources from Channel 10's news production company, switching from Israel Television News Company; the new channel is mutually owned by some of the channel owners of both networks. Channel 10 began broadcasting on January 28, 2002; the channel offers original drama series, entertainment shows, news shows, lifestyle programs and foreign programs.
The channel got an own news company in 2003. In 2006, during the Second Lebanon War, Channel 10 News exposed a series of malfunctions in the decision making process leading to the war. Two American presidents have granted Channel 10 exclusive interviews, during 2011 alone it aired interviews with US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague, Governor Rick Perry, Dennis Ross, French Presidential Candidate Marine Le Pen and others. In 2011 the Channel encountered financial difficulties and asked the Knesset's finance committee to postpone payment on a tax and royalty debt to the State; the Coalition of Netanyahu's government, in response, ordered all of its MK's to vote against such a postponement. Such tax waivers were given in the past. Israeli and International press published that the Israeli Government has done so in retaliation to an exclusive story published by Channel 10 news, investigating the way in which Netanyahu financed trips abroad, together with his wife.
Following that story, the State Comptroller opened a formal investigation and Prime Minister Netanyahu filled a libel suit against the Channel. From 2013 to 2019, The channel transferred its programs to 16:9 widescreen picture format, which became most of the content's aspect ratio by 2016. In 1 March 2016, the channel's news programs began broadcasting in widescreen as well. A few of the channel's productions and programs still remain in 4:3 aspect ratio, for which the channel switches its broadcast automatically. In November 2008, when Channel 10 found itself in severe financial straits, the SBA gave its present owners until March 1, 2009 to refinance its debt. However, in January 2009 the Knesset's Economic Affairs Committee overturned this decision; the decision meant that Channel 10's shareholders, Yossi Maiman, Ron Lauder and Arnon Milchan, would be replaced as the channel's operators in February 2010. The regular broadcast schedules remained in place; the channel owned a NIS 10 million debt, which the Treasury demanded in cash after agreeing to defer the rest of the channel's NIS 28 million debt.
By July 2009, Channel 10 had cost its shareholders NIS 1.3 billion. It owed about NIS 103 million more for content, license fees and royalties; the shareholders stated. Maiman announced that he and the other partners had no intention of paying any more of the channel's bills, the channel announced that it was canceling planned productions. In August, the channel's directors undertook to invest NIS 19 million in television content, NIS 4 million more than their previous offer, they agreed to invest more of the money for dramatic productions. Artist guild representatives said that they would petition the Israeli High Court of Justice if the agreement did not take them into account. In September, the SBA suspended its search for a new franchisee pending the approval of the Treasury and the Communications Ministry; the controversy over a profile of US American businessman Sheldon Adelson broadcast by Channel 10 risked the withdrawal of financing from Ronald Lauder, the last major funder left at that date.
Until the end of 2011 the fate of the channel remained unknown. In mid January 2012, the channel was given another year to regulate its financial obligations. In December 2014, the channel was days away from closing down. On the night of 27/28 December 2014, the station ceased regular broadcasting, showing instead a picture of Benjamin Netanyahu and the message "In three days, Channel 10 will close; the prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, who serves as the communications minister, refuses to find a solution." In January 2015, the station was allowed to function without a new permanent license for another six months, under the authority of the Attorney General. A permanent decision was postponed until after the Knesset elections scheduled for March 17 and the formation of a new government. A major reason quoted for the move was ensuring the expression of a wide range of political opinions on TV during the election campaign. In May 2015, the RGE Media Group of Leonard Blavatnik, Aviv Giladi and Udi Recanati acquired 51% of Channel 10.
A month after, the station got a 15-year license from the Second Television and Radio Authority Council. In June 2018, due to financial issues caused by the 2017 Channel 2 split, RGE filed a merger with Reshet's Channel 13; as a part of the merger plan, Channel 10 News was to become a part of Channel 13, some programs from Channel 10 would join Reshet 13. This channel would stop
Givatayim is a city in Israel east of Tel Aviv. It is part of the metropolitan area known as Gush Dan. Givatayim was established in 1922 by pioneers of the Second Aliyah. In 2017 it had a population of 59,518; the name of the city comes from the "two hills" on which it was established: Borochov Hill and Kozlovsky Hill. Kozlovsky is the highest hill in the Gush Dan region at 85 meters above sea level; the city was expanded in the 1930s so that today it is situated on 4 hills, Kozlovsky, the railroad workers, Rambam Hill. Archaeological ruins date settlement on the site of what is now Givatayim back to the Calcolithic period; the modern town was founded on April 2, 1922 by a group of 22 Second Aliyah pioneers led by David Schneiderman. The group purchased 300 dunams of land on the outskirts of Tel Aviv that became the Borochov neighborhood, the first workers' neighborhood in the country, it was named for founder of the Poalei Zion workers' party. Another 70 families joined the group, receiving smaller plots.
The land was purchased with their private savings, but was voluntarily transferred to the Jewish National Fund, which organized Jewish settlement at the time, in keeping with the pioneers' socialist beliefs. Givatayim is credited for a number of breakthroughs in the early Jewish settlement movement, including establishing the first cooperative grocery store that still functioned in the same location into the 1980s. Over time, more neighborhoods developed: Sheinkin, Givat Rambam, Kiryat Yosef, Arlozorov. All these neighborhoods were merged to form a local council in August 1942. Givatayim was declared a city in 1959. Givatayim is located east of Tel Aviv, is bordered on the north and east by Ramat Gan. Givatayim has 9 elementary schools and 4 high schools; the city has Israel's highest rate of secondary school matriculation. and the highest rate of "Bagrut" rate in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area. Mayor Ruven Ben-Shachar initiated a special high school exam assistance program that after 3 years resulted in an 11% increase of high school test results in 2010.
Eurocom Tower, under construction in Givatayim, is a 70-story skyscraper which will be Israel's tallest building upon completion. It is part of a complex that includes a 50-story office building. A large square will connect to surrounding areas with underground passes; the complex will be located near its Diamond Exchange District. In addition to Eurocom Tower, other high-rise projects are planned for the city. According to former Givatayim mayor Reuven Ben-Shahar, the municipality's policy is to promote high-rise construction on the city's outer edges, while preserving the fabric of residential neighborhoods deeper within the city, including the city center. Shimon Ben-Zvi Kuba Kraizman Yizhak Yaron Efi Stenzler Iris Avram, replaced the previous mayor due to his early resignation after he became the chairman of KKL - the Jewish National Fund Reuven Ben-Shahar Ran Kunik Reuven Ben-Shahar was the first candidate from Kadima that won a city election and the first mayor in Givatayim, not from the Israeli Labor Party.
Dvora Bochman, artist Oded Kattash, basketball player and coach Tzipora Obziler, tennis player Mickey Rosenthal, Labor Party Member of the Knesset Yuval Semo and comedian Givatayim is twinned with: Sfântu Gheorghe, Romania Oradea, Romania Arad, Romania Chattanooga, Tennessee Harbin, China Vác, Hungary Esslingen am Neckar, Germany Official website
HaHadashot 13 is a brand name of Israeli television news programmes produced for Reshet 13 by Hadashot 10 Ba'am, a subsidiary of Reshet. The company was a subsidiary of Channel 10, produced news programmes under the name of Channel 10 News until the Reshet-Channel 10 merger that took effect on 16 January 2019; the company produces the prime time news bulletin at 8 pm IST, all its current affairs programmes for Reshet 13. In March 1, 2016, Channel 10 News began broadcasting in 16:9 aspect ratio. Reshet 13 Channel 10 Ya'akov Eilon Miki Haimovich Tamar Ish-Shalom Guy Zohar Tali Moreno Oshrat Kotler Nana 10 Official website