Raj Kapoor was an Indian film actor and director of Indian cinema. Born at Kapoor Haveli in Peshawar to actor Prithviraj Kapoor– he was a member of the Kapoor family which produced several Bollywood superstars. Kapoor is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors and filmmakers in the history of cinema. and known as "the greatest showman of Hindi cinema". He received multiple accolades, including 3 National Film Awards and 11 Filmfare Awards in India; the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award is named after Raj Kapoor. He was a two-time nominee for the Palme d'Or grand prize at the Cannes Film Festival for his films Awaara and Boot Polish, his performance in Awaara was ranked as one of the top ten greatest performances of all time by Time magazine. His films attracted worldwide audiences in Asia and Europe, he was called "the Clark Gable of the Indian film industry". The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1971 for his contributions to the arts. India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, was bestowed on him in 1987 by the Government of India.
Kapoor was born into a Punjabi Hindu family in 1924 at Kapoor Haveli, a house owned by his father, in Peshawar, North Western Frontier Province, British India, to Prithviraj Kapoor and Ramsarni Devi Kapoor. He was the eldest of six children in the family, he was the grandson of Dewan Basheshwarnath Kapoor and great-grandson of Dewan Keshavmal Kapoor, part of the famous Kapoor family. His brothers were Shammi Kapoor, he had a sister named Urmila Sial. Two other siblings died in infancy, they on moved from Peshawar into present-day India for residence and for education. His maternal cousin, Juggal Kishore Mehra, was a singer, whose granddaughter, Salma Agha became a Bollywood actress; as Prithviraj moved from city to city early in his career during the 1930s, the family had to move too. Raj Kapoor attended several different schools like Colonel Brown Cambridge School, Dehradun and and Mumbai. At the age of ten, he appeared in Bollywood films in 1935's Inquilab. Ranbir Raj Kapoor's big break came with the lead role in Neel Kamal opposite Madhubala in her first role as a leading lady.
In 1948, at the age of twenty-four, he established his own studio, R. K. Films, became the youngest film director of his time making his directorial debut with Aag starring himself, Kamini Kaushal and Premnath. In 1949 he co-starred alongside Dilip Kumar and Nargis in Mehboob Khan's hit film Andaz, his first major success as an actor, he had his first success as producer and star of Barsaat released that year. He went on to produce and star in several hit films made under his R. K. Banner including Awaara, Shree 420, Jagte Raho and Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai, the last was directed by Radhu Karmakar, his longtime cinematographer, which won Filmfare Award for Best Film; these films established his screen image modeled on Charlie Chaplin's most famous screen persona of The Tramp. Outside of his home productions, his other notable films as a leading actor included Dastan, Aah, Chori Chori, Anari and Dil Hi To Hai, he produced the hit social films Boot Polish. and Ab Dilli Door Nahin. In 1964, he produced and starred in the romantic musical Sangam alongside Rajendra Kumar and Vyjayantimala, his first film in colour.
This was his last major success as a leading actor as his films like Around the World and Sapnon Ka Saudagar with younger starlets Rajshree and Hema Malini were box office flops. In 1965 he was a member of the jury at the 4th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1970 he produced and starred in his ambitious film Mera Naam Joker which took more than six years to complete, his son Rishi Kapoor made his debut in this film playing the younger version of his character. When released in 1970, it was a box office disaster and put Kapoor and his family into a financial crisis. In years it was acknowledged as a cult classic. In 1971, he launched his eldest son Randhir Kapoor in the family drama Kal Aaj Aur Kal starring himself, his son Randhir, his father Prithviraj Kapoor as well as Randhir's to-be wife Babita, he launched his second son Rishi Kapoor's career in 1973 when he produced and directed Bobby, a huge box office success and introduced actress Dimple Kapadia a popular actress. Dimple wore bikinis, quite unique for Indian films then.
In 1975 he acted alongside his son Randhir again in Dharam Karam, which Randhir directed. In the latter half of the 1970s and early 1980s he produced and directed films that focused on the female protagonists: Satyam Shivam Sundaram with Zeenat Aman, Prem Rog with Padmini Kolhapure and Ram Teri Ganga Maili which introduced Mandakini, he acted in fewer films by the late 1970s and early 1980s but played a notable supporting role alongside Rajesh Khanna in Naukri and as the titular character alongside Sanjay Khan in Abdullah. He played a detective in two comedy films: Do Jasoos and Gopichand Jasoos, both directed by Naresh Kumar. In 1979 he was a member of the jury at the 11th Moscow International Film Festival. Raj Kapoor's last major film appearance was in Vakil Babu where he appeared with his younger brother Shashi. A film he had shot and completed in 1982 titled Chor Mandali in which he appeared opposite fellow veteran actor Ashok Kumar remained unreleased due to a legal dispute. H
Gulzarilal Nanda was an Indian politician and economist who specialized in labour issues. He was the 2nd Prime Minister of India for two short periods following the deaths of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966. Both his terms ended after the ruling Indian National Congress's parliamentary party elected a new prime minister, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1997. Nanda was born on 4 July 1898 in Sialkot in the Punjab Province of British India into a Punjabi Hindu family. Nanda received his education in Lahore, Amritsar and Allahabad. Nanda worked as a research scholar on labour problems at Allahabad University, became a Professor of Economics at National College in Bombay in 1921; the same year, he joined the Indian Non-Cooperation Movement against the British Raj. In 1922, he became secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association where he worked until 1946, he was imprisoned for Satyagraha in 1932, again from 1942 to 1944.. He was honored with "Proud Past Alumni" in the list of 42 members, from "Allahabad University Alumni Association", NCR, Ghaziabad Chapter 2007–2008 registered under society act 1860 with registration no.
407/2000. He married Lakshmi, with whom he had a daughter. In the British Raj, Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937, served as parliamentary secretary to the Government of Bombay from 1937 to 1939; as Labour Minister of the Bombay Government during 1946–50, he piloted the Labor Disputes Bill in the state assembly. He served as a Trustee of the Kasturba Memorial Trust, he served as secretary of the Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh, Chairman of the Bombay Housing Board. He was a member of the National Planning Committee, he was instrumental in organising the Indian National Trade Union Congress, became its president. In 1947, Nanda went to Geneva, Switzerland as a government delegate to the International Labor Conference, he worked on The Freedom of Association Committee of the Conference, visited Sweden, Switzerland and the UK to study labour and housing conditions in those countries. In March 1950, Nanda joined the Indian Planning Commission as its vice-chairman. In September 1951, he was appointed Planning Minister in the Indian Government.
He was given charge of the portfolios of Irrigation and Power. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from Bombay in the general elections of 1952, was reappointed Minister for Planning and Power, he led the Indian Delegation to the Plan Consultative Committee held in Singapore in 1955, the International Labor Conference held in Geneva in 1959. Nanda was elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1957 elections, was appointed Union Minister for Labour and Planning, as Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, he visited the Federal Republic of Germany and Austria in 1959. Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1962 elections from the Sabarkantha constituency in Gujarat, he initiated the Congress Forum for Socialist Action in 1962. He was Union Minister for Labour and Employment in 1962–1963, Minister for Home Affairs in 1963–1966. Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1971 elections from the Kaithal in Haryana. Nanda was the Prime Minister of India twice for thirteen days each: the first time after the death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, the second time after the death of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966.
Both his terms were uneventful, yet they came at sensitive times because of the potential danger to the country following Nehru's death soon after a war with China in 1962 and Shastri's death after a war with Pakistan in 1965. Nanda died on 15 January 1998 at the age of 99. From 25 November 1997, when former Malawi President Hastings Banda died until his own death, Nanda was the world's oldest living former head of state. Kalhan, Promilla. Gulzarilal Nanda: A Life in the Service of the People. Allied Publishers
A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda
Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda, PVSM, AVSM was an Indian Navy Admiral who served as the 8th Chief of the Naval Staff from 1 March 1970 until 28 February 1973. He led the Indian Navy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and executed a naval blockade of both West and East Pakistan, helping India achieve an overwhelming victory during the war, he is one of the most notable commanders in the history of the Indian Navy. Nanda was born on October 1915 in Punjab, he was raised on Manora Island at the entrance to the Port of Karachi. He was the eldest of seven children. Prior to joining the navy, Nanda worked for the Karachi Port Trust. At a young age, Nanda was married to a lady chosen by his parents; the marriage was harmonious and lasted all their lives, during which they were fated to suffer many vicissitudes together, ranging from the partition of India which uprooted them from their native land, to the heights of honour when Nanda became chief of the Indian Navy, to disrepute in years, to the death of their daughter, son-in-law and grand-daughter in a helicopter crash in 2001 when Nanda and Sumitra were both in their eighties.
The couple were the parents of several children, including a son, Suresh Nanda and Beena Mehra, wife of Major Pradeep Kumar Mehra, founder of Usha Stud Farm on the outskirts of Delhi. Nanda enlisted into the Royal Indian Navy Volunteer Reserve during World War II on 11 October 1941, he stayed in the Navy despite large-scale demobilization at the end of the war. After independence in 1947, he opted to join the Indian Navy. In 1948, he was appointed First Lieutenant on board INS Delhi under the command of Captain H. N. S Brown, with Lieutenant Commander Ram Dass Katari as his Executive Officer. Promoted to acting commander on 30 June 1949, he served as the Director of Personnel Services from 1949 to 1951. In 1951, he took command of INS Ranjit, he was the commanding officer of the navy's Frigate Squadron. He was transferred back to Naval Headquarters as Chief of Personnel, he was promoted to Commodore in 1957, sent to England to commission the Fiji class cruiser, INS Mysore, as her commanding officer.
He was appointed Director General of the Naval Dockyards and undertook a major expansion of the dockyards. He attended the Imperial Defence College and was appointed Chief of Materials upon his return. Nanda was promoted to Rear Admiral and appointed Deputy Chief of Naval Staff in May 1962, he was appointed Managing Director of Mazagon Dock Limited in December 1964 and undertook preparations for the construction of Nilgiri class frigates, the first major naval vessels to be constructed in India. Given the difficulty India had in negotiating the purchase of INS Vikrant from the UK, Nanda supported the acquisition of equipment from the Soviet Union; the 1962 Sino-Indian War was fought over the Himalayas and the Navy did not have a major role. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, the Navy was ordered to stay within Indian waters; when the Pakistan Navy bombarded Dwarka, Nanda recognized the need to raise the Navy's profile and capabilities. In March 1970, Admiral Nanda took command as the 8th Chief of the Naval Staff of the Indian Navy.
He was determined to change the mindset of the service from defence to attack. He got the opportunity to demonstrate this capability the following year during the war with Pakistan. Nanda was instrumental in framing India's Naval strategy during the war, he feigned a defensive deployment southeast towards the Andaman Islands, instead moving his Eastern fleet northwards into the Bay of Bengal and enforcing a naval blockade against East Pakistan. His strategy against West Pakistan was to strike hard against Pakistan's main port of Karachi, he is recognized as the mastermind behind Operation Python. The plan for the operations included towing the limited-range Vidyut class missile boats designed for coastal defence, to about 250 nautical miles south of Karachi during the day, out of range of the Pakistan Air Force aircraft; the missile boats closed in on Karachi port at night and attacked naval targets as well as the oil tank farm at Keamari. Operation Trident was executed on 4 December 1971, sinking the Pakistan Navy destroyer PNS Khaibar, minesweeper PNS Muhafiz, an ammunition carrying ship MV Venus Challenger and irreparably damaging another destroyer PNS Shah Jahan as well as destroying numerous oil storage tanks.
Operation Python was again carried out on 8 December 1971. On the Eastern front, Nanda made the decision to deploy the aircraft carrier INS Vikrant into the shallower waters of the Gulf of Bengal off Dhaka, to prevent the risk of a submarine attack; when concerns were raised about Vikrant's boilers being cracked, he took personal responsibility for the risk of a boiler explosion and catapult failure on the carrier. His gambit paid off, as Vikrant was able to enforce the blockade of East Pakistan without any such damage to the carrier; the success of the naval blockades on two fronts is considered one of the primary factors in India's overwhelming victory during the war. Admiral Nanda retired from the Indian Navy on 30 August 1973. Admiral Nanda was revered in the Indian Navy for his bold decision-making and for defeating bureaucracy in his quest to improve the living conditions of his sailors and their families. For his heroism at sea, he was at times called India's Nelson, he was awarded the Ati Vishisht Seva Medal in 1961 and the Param Vishisht Seva Medal in 1966.
He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1972. Following his retirement, Nanda took an executive role with Crown Corporation, an arms trading firm headed by his son Suresh Nanda
Ashish Nanda was Director of Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad,Nanda joined IIMA as Director on 2 Sept 2013. Upon taking charge, Nanda described IIMA as "a hidden jewel."In addition to his administrative responsibilities, Professor Nanda teaches in PGP, PGPX, Executive Education Programmes at the Institute. Before joining IIMA, Nanda was Robert Braucher Professor of Practice at Harvard Law School for seven years. Before that, he was a Harvard Business School faculty member for 13 years, he was Officiating Director, IIM Nagpur from its inception in 2015 to 2017 and Fellow, Harvard Business School Executive Education from 2013 to 2017. He is Harvard Law School Executive Education. Nanda's vision for IIMA is "to educate leaders of enterprises." His strategic thrust at the Institute has been to connect proactively with five constituencies, nurture a high performance culture at the Institute grow the Institute in strategic areas. Nanda led significant fund raising efforts at IIMA, he was involved in discussions leading to drafting of the IIM Bill, which affords IIMs strategic and operational autonomy.
He has recommended that management education capacity should be expanded in India not only by opening new institutions, but by growing existing ones. Nanda has led an initiative for greater diversity in admissions to IIMA, leading to an increase in the proportion of women students and students with non-engineering backgrounds in IIMA, he announced. Nanda has Ph. D. in Business Economics, AM in Economics, Post Graduate Diploma in Management, B. Tech. in Electrical Engineering. He has received IIT Delhi Distinguished Alumni Award, Henry B. Arthur Fellowship, Harvard University Centre in Ethics and the Professions Fellowship, President of India Gold Medal, IIMA Director's Gold Medal. In 2016, he was conferred Distinguished Global Thinker Award by IILM. Nanda’s research and advisory work focus on leadership in the context of professional services and institutions of higher education, he has published several case studies and articles and is a coauthor of Professional Services: Cases & Text. During his stint as Director, IIMA, Nanda has written on, participated in conferences and task forces related to administration of higher education institutions Indian professional schools.
Nanda has advised professional service organizations including asset management, investment banking, advertising, executive search, public relations, real estate organizations. He has taught in executive development program tailored for professionals and senior government officials, he has been a non-executive director on boards of public companies, private firms and not-for-profit organizations. Nanda was born in New Delhi in a family from West Punjab, he is married to faculty at Tufts Dental School, Boston. The couple has a son, Pranav Nanda, a neurosurgery resident at Massachusetts General Hospital. Official website
Ananya Sritam Nanda known as Ananya Nanda is an Indian playback singer from Bhubaneswar, Odisha. She was the winner of Indian Idol Junior Season 2. Ananya's father Prasanna Kumar Nanda,is a director in a government industrial department and mother Prasanti Mishra,is a Housewife. Ananya considers her elder sister Amrita Pritam Nanda, as her inspiration. Ananya, training in singing under Hindustani exponents Guru Pandit Dr. Chitta Ranjan Pani and Guru Nilamani Ojha, she started her study from DAV Public School, Pokhariput and now she is studying at KIIT International School, Bhubaneswar. Nanda won the Season 2 of Indian Idol Junior, in 2015. During competing in Indian Idol Junior she got a two year record deal with Universal Music India. After winning Idian Idol Junior, she has released her debut album'Mausam Mastana' under label Sony Music, the song was sang by veteran playback singer Asha Bhosle from 1982 movie Satte Pe Satta, she has started as Bollywood playback singer in film ‘M. S. Dhoni: The Untold Story’ for the music director Amaal Mallik.
She is regular playback singer for Ollywood Industry, has sung in many films like ‘Agastya’, Kathadeli Matha Chuin. When she won the competition received calls to visit Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and Naveen Patnaik, Chief minister of Odisha. Ananya Nanda on IMDb Ananya Nanda on Gaana Ananya Nanda on Hungama
Prashanta Nanda is an Odia movie actor and politician in the Indian state of Odisha. He is a Member of Parliament at Rajya Sabha the Upper house of Indian Parliament from Odisha, he worked in the Odia film industry as an actor, screenwriter and playback singer. He was the former Minister of State of Odisha. In 1962, he debuted in the movie Nua Bou. Nanda worked as an actor, screenwriter and playback singer. Nanda acted as male lead and directed the Hindi film Naiyya released in the year 1979. In 2009, his film Jianta Bhoota was released, he was Odisha state Vice President. He resigned from his membership in August 2007. After that he joined the Nationalist Congress Party and became a member of Biju Janata Dal. In 2013, it was announced that he had joined other Bollywood and international celebrities in the TeachAIDS initiative, a state-of-the-art approach to worldwide HIV prevention, developed at Stanford University. Ghara Sansara In 1962 his debut movie Nua Bou was awarded National Film Awards. Jianta Bhoota was released, produced by Akshay Parija.won the National Film Award under National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Environment/Conservation/Preservation Film category.
FitFat Bioscope award, 2005 Odisha Filmfare Award, 2015 Prashanta Nanda on IMDb