Coolac, New South Wales
Coolac is a village in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia in Gundagai Council. At the 2011 census, Coolac had a population of 216; the place name Coolac is derived from the local Aboriginal name for a plant, abundant in the area and from the Aboriginal word meaning "native bear". Coolac Post Office opened on 1 June 1870; the 11 kilometre section of the Hume Highway at Coolac was the last two-lane section of highway between Sydney and the Sturt Highway interchange. Since 1986, plans had been drawn-up for the Coolac bypass, with a review of environmental factors report completed in 1997 but construction did not commence until May 2007 with the project opening in August 2009 - Under AusLink. In August 2009, the Coolac bypass was opened; the satirical Bald Archy art competition began in Coolac at the Coolac Festival of Fun, launched by Peter Batey. The home of this competition is now the Museum of the Riverina in Wagga Wagga and it travels to Sydney and Melbourne for exhibition once Maude the Cockatoo, the official judge, selects the winning entries each year.
The Coolac Geological Site 48 kilometres north-east of Coolac, is the best known example in Australia of a substantial ophiolite assemblage. The distinctive rock assemblage over a 130-hectare site provides insights into events in the continental evolution of eastern Australia; the rocks here were part of the oceanic crust and mantle not exposed on the Earth's surface. The rock from the mantle is called Coolac Serpentinite. Media related to Coolac, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
City of Albury
The City of Albury is a local government area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The area covers 305.9 square kilometres to the north of the Murray River. The area extends around 10 to 12 kilometres east and west along the river from the centre of Albury and up to 20 kilometres north. Albury is located 460 kilometres to the south–west of Sydney and 260 kilometres to the north–east of Melbourne; the national Hume Highway passes through the area. Other major road transport links include the Riverina Highway that commences east of Albury and runs west to Deniliquin; the city forms a major crossing point of the Murray River and the railway junction of the Main Southern line with the North East line. Albury was declared a municipality in 1859 and proclaimed a city in 1946; the Mayor of the City of Albury is Cr. Kevin Mack, an independent politician. Suburbs within the City of Albury are: At the 2011 Census, there were 47,810 people in the Albury local government area, of these 48.3% were male and 51.7% were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.3% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Albury area was 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.4% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.2% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 46.1% were married and 12.5% were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Albury Council area between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 9.38%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% population growth in the Albury local government area was on par with the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Albury area was below the national average. At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Albury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 77% of all residents. In excess of 58% of all residents in the City of Albury area nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 Census, higher than the national average of 50.2%.
Meanwhile, as at the Census date, compared to the national average, households in the Albury local government area had a lower than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken. Albury City Council is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: The City of Albury has a sister city with: Wodonga List of Mayors of Albury List of local government areas in New South Wales Albury City Council – official website Local Government & Municipal Knowledge Base – Albury City Council Page
Lands administrative divisions of Australia
Lands administrative divisions of Australia are the cadastral divisions of Australia for the purposes of identification of land to ensure security of land ownership. Most states term these divisions as counties, parishes and other terms; the eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania were divided into counties and parishes in the 19th century, although the Tasmanian counties were renamed land districts in the 20th century. Parts of South Australia and Western Australia were divided into counties, there were five counties in a small part of the Northern Territory; however South Australia has subdivisions of hundreds instead of parishes, along with the Northern Territory, part of South Australia when the hundreds were proclaimed. There were formerly hundreds in Tasmania. There have been at least 600 counties, 544 hundreds and at least 15,692 parishes in Australia, but there are none of these units for most of the sparsely inhabited central and western parts of the country. Counties in Australia have no administrative or political function, unlike those in England, the United States or Canada.
Australia instead uses local government areas, including shires, districts and municipalities according to the state, as the second-level subdivision. Some other states were divided into land divisions and land districts. Below these are groups of land parcels known as registered plans or title plans. Queensland has registered plans. Land can be identified using the number of this plan of subdivision held with the lands department, rather than with a named unit such as a parish. Within these are individual land parcels such as lots; the various cadastral units appear on certificates of title, which are given volume and folio numbers. Detailed maps of these divisions have been required since the introduction of the Torrens title system of a central register of land holdings in South Australia in 1858, which spread to the other colonies. While cadastral data since the 1980s has been digitalised, there remain many old maps showing these divisions held in collections of Australian libraries such as the National Library of Australia, as well as in state libraries.
Counties were used since the earliest British settlement in Australia, with the County of Cumberland proclaimed by Captain Phillip on 4 June 1788. In 1804 Governor King divided Van Diemen's Land into two counties; the parishes date to the surveys conducted after 1825, with the instructions given to Governor Brisbane on 23 Jun 1825 to divide the colony into counties and parishes. At this time there were five counties proclaimed in New South Wales: Cumberland, Camden and Northumberland; the Nineteen Counties in south-eastern New South Wales were the limits of location of the colony in a period after 1829, with the area outside them divided into districts, also into counties and parishes. Counties were established soon after the foundation of other Australian colonies. Many of the counties have English names the names of counties in England, such as Devon, Dorset and Kent Counties in Tasmania. Less some have Aboriginal names such as the County of Yungnulgra in New South Wales, County of Croajingolong in Victoria.
The use of counties and parishes was popular in Australia in the 19th century, with many maps of Australian colonies showing these divisions, towns and cities listed in their county. Legal cases referenced counties, many genealogical records for Australia in the 19th century list the county and parish for location of birth and marriages; the 1911 Britannica describes Australian towns and cities as being in their respective county, including most of the capital cities: Melbourne, County of Bourke. However it is not mentioned that Perth was located in the County of Perth, as by this time county names were infrequently used in Western Australia, where they did not cover all of the settled areas, unlike the other states. Instead the system of land divisions and land districts was used, with most of Perth located in the land districts of Swan and Cockburn Sound, all in the South West Land Division of Western Australia. Counties and parishes are still referenced in property law, in industrial relations instruments, for example in a New South Wales award, which excludes people from the County of Yancowinna.
Similar award examples exist in the other states and territories that have been subdivided into counties. The County of Yancowinna is the only part of New South Wales, in a different time zone to the rest of the state, as mentioned in the Australian Standard Time Act of 1987. Counties are used on paperwork for mortgage securities in banks. Parishes and counties are mentioned in definitions of electoral districts. Counties have since gone out of use in Australia, are used or known by most of the population today. Part of the reason is that counties are based on the size of land, rather than population, so in a large country
Gundagai is a town in New South Wales, Australia. Although a small town, Gundagai is a popular topic for writers and has become a representative icon of a typical Australian country town. Located along the Murrumbidgee River and Muniong, Kimo, Mooney Mooney and Tumut mountain ranges, Gundagai is 390 kilometres south-west of Sydney; until 2016, Gundagai was the administrative centre of Gundagai Shire local government area. In the 2016 census the population of Gundagai was 1,925. Gundagai is an inland town with an elevation of 250 metres. All of the shire is located in the South-West Slopes bioregion and is part of the Riverina agricultural region; the eastern part of the shire is considered part of the South Eastern Highlands bioregion. North Gundagai is situated on top of significant, Jindalee Group, Cambrian period geology from which the chrysotile asbestos bearing Gundagai serpentinite originates indicating prehistoric links to the Gondwana supercontinent; the Shire has been extensively cleared for agriculture and more than 80% of the area is used for dryland cropping and grazing.
Less than 1% of the shire is managed for conservation. There are few remaining examples of the original vegetation cover. Gundagai shire is rural, with a small population. Eighty per cent of the shire's population live in the town of Gundagai. There are four villages in the Shire: Coolac, Tumblong and Nangus, with populations ranging from 40 to 90 people. Gundagai has a warm temperate climate. Under Köppen climate classification, the town has a humid subtropical climate with characteristics of the Mediterranean climate, since one summer month sees rainfall below 40mm; the name'Gundagai' may derive from'Gundagair', an 1838 pastoral run in the name of William Hutchinson to the immediate north of current day Gundagai. The Aboriginal word'gair' was recorded at Yass in 1836 by the naturalist George Bennett and means'bird', as in budgerigar or good bird. In that context'Gundagai' means place of birds but that placename may refer to the area to the north of Gundagai not to Gundagai town; the word'Gundagai' is said to mean cut with a hand-axe behind the knee.
In 1911 the total population of Gundagai Shire was 1,921. It changed little in the course of the twentieth century being 2,308 at the time of the 1981 census and 1,998 at the 2006 census. At the 2016 census, Gundagai recorded a population of 1,925 people. 85.6% of people were born in Australia and 90.4% of people spoke only English at home. The most common ancestries in Gundagai were Australian 38.6%, English 33.2%, Irish 9.8% and Scottish 4.3%. The most common responses for religion were Anglican 39.8%, Catholic 32.5% and No Religion 11.8%. The Gundagai area is part of the traditional lands of the Wiradjuri speaking people, while there is a considerable folklore associated with Aboriginal cultural and spiritual beliefs in the area; the floodplains of the Murrumbidgee below the present town of Gundagai were a frequent meeting place of the Wiradjuri. The first moves to establish'Gundagai' as a township were in 1838 with plans for the new settlement of Gundagae on the Murrumbidgee, about 54 miles beyond Yass... advertised for viewing at the office of the Surveyor-General in Sydney.
Australian-born Hamilton Hume and British immigrant William Hovell passed through the region in November 1824 when they passed to the south, near the future site of Tumut. Hovell recorded seeing trees marked by steel tommyhawks. On 25 September 2011, the Right Reverend Trevor Edwards, Vicar General of the Anglican Church and Assistant Bishop of the Diocese of Canberra and Goulburn, dressed in traditional white mid-nineteenth century garb, led the commemorative church service for the 150th anniversary of the laying of the foundation stone of St John's Anglican, Gundagai. Bishop Edwards noted that following on the path of the explorers Hume and Hovell, the first Gundagai settlers found a wonderful land on which to establish a town, gazetted in 1838 but until 1850, relied on ministry from Yass. A local settler named'Warby' is recorded as having followed Hume and Hovell's tracks to the junction of the Murrumbidgee and Tumut Rivers and having taken up a pastoral lease of 19,200 acres... at a rent of thirty-three pounds per annum....
He called the property'Minghee' called'Mingay'. Charles Sturt travelled through the area in 1829 at the start of his voyage in search of an inland sea believed to exist in outback Australia. Sturt again passed through Gundagai on the return leg of this journey in 1830, returned in 1838 in company with the Hawdon and Bonney overlanding parties. At the time of Sturt's 1829–1830 journey, he found several settlers in the district: Henry O'Brien at Jugiong, William Warby at Mingay and the Stuckey Brothers and Henry at Willie Ploma and Tumblong; these settlers were beyond the limits of location as the district was not within the Nineteen Counties. In April 1835 William Adams Brodribb junior moved to New South Wales and became a partner in a cattle station at Maneroo. In 1836 he overlanded the second draft of cattle to Melbourne. On returning from Port Phillip Brodribb relocated to what became the site of Gundagai. In August Brodribb petitioned for a punt over the Murrumbidgee near his Gundagai hut, in January 1838 Deputy Surveyor General Samuel Perry reported that'a better site could not have been chosen for a Town of the first class' in reference to Gundagai.
Lady Jane Franklin, the wife of the governor of Tasmania, Sir John Franklin, travelled through Gundagai on 27 April 1839 and noted Andrews' store and public house establishment, that had a neat verandah and shuttered hut. Edward John Eyre, Australian explorer and Governor of Jamaica, left Sydney in late 1838 i
Griffith, New South Wales
Griffith is a major regional city in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area, located in the north-western part of the Riverina region of New South Wales, known as the food bowl of Australia. It is the seat of the City of Griffith local government area. Like the Australian capital and the nearby town of Leeton, Griffith was designed by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. Griffith was named after the first New South Wales Minister of Public Works. Griffith was proclaimed a city in 1987, had a population of 19,144 in 2016, it can be accessed by road from Sydney and Canberra via the Hume Highway and the Burley Griffin Way and from Melbourne, via the Newell Highway and either by using the Kidman Way or the Irrigation Way. Griffith can be accessed from other places like Adelaide, New South Wales, Bathurst through the Mid-Western Highway and the Rankins Springs road from Rankins Springs and the Kidman Way from Goolgowi. Griffith and other towns were created as part of the New South Wales State Government's Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area project, a plan to supply irrigation from the Murrumbidgee river in order to open up western New South Wales for farming.
The town plan for Griffith, nearby Leeton, was designed by Walter Burley Griffin in 1914, an unusual geometric pattern centred on a set of circular streets, with broad avenues radiating out in an octagonal arrangement. The streets were surveyed according to that plan, Griffith was declared a town in 1916; the main dam of the scheme was the large Burrinjuck Dam on the Murrumbidgee between Gundagai and Canberra, but was not completed until 1928. The Berembed Weir, near Narrandera, was built in 1912, diverting water from the Murrumbidgee River into the Bundidgerry Creek into the Main Canal of the MIA at Narrandera; the Canal a river in its own right, flows through the MIA, supplying water to the entire area flows through Griffith as part of the geometric plan, peters out to the northwest of the town in rice farms. The water supply was further enhanced with the construction of the Snowy River scheme by the Australian Federal Government in the 1950s and 1960s; the Blowering Dam, a large dam near Tumut stores a significant amount of water to be released down the Murrumbidgee for irrigation around Leeton and the newer Coleambally area south of the Murrumbidgee and Griffith.
From the start of the MIA, citrus and other fruit and vegetables were grown in abundance around Griffith. In the 1950s the irrigation area expanded to include large rice farms. Vineyards were established early, wineries followed, beginning with McWilliam's Wines at Hanwood and Yenda, two villages just outside the city. From its earliest days, the MIA was populated by Italian workers, some of whom were employed by Australian farmers to run steamboats on the Murrumbidgee and Murray Rivers. 60% of today's Griffith population claim Italian background. These include the initial settlement of Italians from the boat crews and other Italians who came out to Australia in the Depression, or from a second wave of immigrant Italians who came to Griffith in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In the 1970s, Griffith was associated with drug distribution and organised crime, as depicted in 2009 by Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities. However, Griffith is now associated with good wine and food as a result of its diverse population, with notable contributions by Italian-Australians.
Griffith's multi-ethnic population is now absorbing new national groups, including a significant Sikh Indian community. The city is sister city with the Italian city of Treviso in the Veneto Region. Many Italians in Griffith are from the Calabria Region of Italy; the Italian influence expanded the range of fruit and vegetables, significantly increased the number of wineries and the range of wines produced by the existing wineries in the region, such as McWilliam's. De Bortoli and other wineries were established by Italian immigrants, today they are well known around Australia. In recent times they have been joined by one of the country's best known wine labels, Yellow Tail, produced by Casella Family Brands. Casella, DeBortoli, McWilliam's, Warburn and Berton Vineyards are now among the top 20 wine producers in Australia. Griffith is the cathedral city of the Anglican Diocese of Riverina; the foundation stone of the Parish Church of St Alban the Martyr was dedicated in 1954. It was proclaimed as a cathedral in 1984.
Griffith has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Scenic Drive: Hermit's Cave Griffith has a semi-arid climate under the Köppen climate classification with hot summers and cool winters. Extreme temperatures at Griffith Airport AWS have ranged from 46.0 °C on 23 January 2001 to −5.9 °C on 17 July 1977. During a heatwave on 10 February 2017, temperatures reached a new record high for February. Griffith is the regional service centre for the vast Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area, one of the most productive agricultural regions in Australia. Thanks to irrigation, Griffith is rich in agriculture and the city is known as Australia's "Wine and Food Country". Griffith has experienced strong commercial growth in recent years. Griffith's main streets are Banna Avenue and Yambil Streets but commercial growth has occurred throughout the city. Shopping centre developments include: Griffith City Plaza Griffin Plaza Griffith Central Griffith Lifestyle Centre The Gateway Centre Griffith Woolworths Complex Griffith City Central Driver Shopping Complex Griffith is home to the Riverina's largest employer, the Baiada Group.
Griffith has several wineries, including De Bortoli Wines and Casella Family Brands (makers
Muttama, New South Wales
Muttama is a rural community in the central east part of the Riverina. It is situated about 24 kilometres south of Cootamundra and 17 kilometres north of Coolac; the name Muttama is derived from the local Aboriginal word meaning "like it" or "take it". Mining in the area began in the 1860s and Muttama prospered with the discovery of gold at Muttama Reef in 1882. Muttama Reef Post Office opened on 1 February 1876, was renamed Muttama in 1889, closed on 12 October 1979; the village was served by a railway station on the Tumut branch from 1886-1975, when passenger services were discontinued. All goods traffic on line was suspended after flooding in 1984. Media related to Muttama, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons Muttama Railway Siding
Electoral district of Cootamundra
Cootamundra is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Cootamundra is a regional electorate encompassing the local government areas of Bland Shire, Narrandera Shire, Coolamon Shire, Temora Shire, Junee Shire, Weddin Shire, Cowra Shire, part of Hilltops Council and Cootamundra-Gundagai Regional Council. Cootamundra first existed as an electorate from 1904 to 1941; the district elected one member between 1904 and 1920 and between 1927 and 1941. In 1920, it absorbed Burrangong and Yass and elected three members under proportional representation. In 1927, Young and Temora, were separated from it and Cootamundra reverted to being a single member electorate. Cootamundra was recreated for the 2015 state election, combining the western part of the abolished district of Burrinjuck with the eastern part of the abolished district of Murrumbidgee