Osaka City Air Terminal
Osaka City Air Terminal is a multi-purpose commercial complex in Minatomachi, Naniwa-ku, Osaka housing South Osaka's inter-city bus terminal and coach ferry services to Kansai International Airport, JR Namba station and six floors of shops, travel agencies and tourist offices. OCAT is the venue for frequent musical performances and its outdoor Ponte Square area is the meeting place and practice area for Osaka's youthful street dance community. Urban dance competitions are held there every August. Despite the name of the complex, OCAT is not an air terminal itself but part of an extended, inter-connected underground transport hub to Kansai International Airport. Namba Station, the terminal for south Osaka City bound train services is within 15 minutes walking distance from OCAT via the Namba Walk - an underground passageway lined with shops and restaurants. Roof: Roof Garden 6th floor: Offices 5th floor: Namba Municipal Tax Office、Restaurants, Bookstore 4th floor: Osaka Lifelong Learning Center Namba, Namba Municipal Tax Office, Airline offices, Tourist information, Fortune 3rd floor: Liquor and Imported foods, General stores, Relaxation 2nd floor: Bus terminal, UNICEF office 1st floor: Entrance, Fashion Mall, Post Office, Daiso 1st basement: JR Namba Station, Pharmacy, Convenience store, passage to Minatomachi River Place, passage to Namba Walk 3rd and 4th basement: Seijukai Medical Center Osaka Airport Transport Co. Ltd.
Kansai Airport Transportation Enterprise Co. Ltd. Kintetsu Bus Co. Ltd. Nankai Bus Co. Ltd. West JR Bus Company, JR Bus Kanto Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Bus Company, Chugoku JR Bus Company, JR Shikoku Bus Company, Hankyu Bus Co. Ltd. Honshi Kaikyo Bus Co. Ltd. Nihon Kotsu Co. Ltd. Nihon Kotsu Co. Ltd. etc. Gates 1, 2, 3 Sightseeing buses, Tour buses Gate 4 Airport limousine for Osaka International Airport Flying Sneaker Osaka. Gate 10 Only for getting off OCAT Official site
Koreans are an East Asian ethnic group native to Korea and southwestern Manchuria. Koreans live in the two Korean states, South Korea and North Korea, but are an recognized ethnic minority in China, Vietnam and the Philippines, plus a number of former Soviet states, such as Russia and Uzbekistan. Over the course of the 20th century, significant Korean communities have emerged in Oceania and North America; as of 2017, there were an estimated 7.4 million ethnic Koreans residing outside the Korean Peninsula. South Koreans refer to themselves as Hanguk-in, or Hanguk-saram, both of which mean "Korean nation people." When referring to members of the Korean diaspora, Koreans use the term Han-in. North Koreans refer to themselves as Joseon-in or Joseon-saram, both of which mean "Joseon people"; the term is derived from the Joseon dynasty, a Korean kingdom founded by Yi Seonggye that lasted for five centuries from 1392 to 1910. Using similar words, Koreans in China refer to themselves as Chaoxianzu in Chinese or Joseonjok, Joseonsaram in Korean, which are cognates that mean "Joseon ethnic group".
Zainichi Koreans refer to themselves as Zainichi Chousenjin, Chousenjin in Japanese or Jaeil Joseonin, Joseonin in Korean In the chorus of Aegukga, the national anthem of South Korea, the Koreans are referred to as Daehan-saram. Ethnic Koreans living in Russia and Central Asia refer to themselves as Koryo-saram, alluding to Goryeo, a Korean dynasty spanning from 918 to 1392. Koreans are the descendants or an admixture of the ancient people who settled in the Korean Peninsula said to be Siberian or paleo-Asian. Archaeological evidence suggests that proto-Koreans were migrants from Manchuria during the Bronze Age, it is noteworthy to mention that there were people living on the Korean peninsula from the Paleolithic age and Neolithic age, thus it is logical to assume that there was intermingling between these populations. Linguistic evidence indicates speakers of proto-Korean languages were established in southeastern Manchuria and northern Korean peninsula by the Three Kingdoms of Korea period, migrated from there to southern Korea during this period.
The largest concentration of dolmens in the world is found on the Korean Peninsula. In fact, with an estimated 35,000-100,000 dolmen, Korea accounts for nearly 70% of the world's total. Similar dolmens can be found in Manchuria, the Shandong Peninsula and the Kyushu island, yet it is unclear why this culture only flourished so extensively on the Korean Peninsula and its surroundings compared to the bigger remainder of Northeastern Asia. Stephen Pheasant, who taught anatomy and ergonomics at the Royal Free Hospital and the University College, said that Far Eastern people have proportionately shorter lower limbs than Europeans and Black Africans. Pheasant said that the proportionately short lower limbs of Far Eastern people is a difference, most characterized in Japanese people, less characterized in Korean and Chinese people, the least characterized in Vietnamese and Thai people. In a craniometric study, Pietrusewsky found that the Japanese series, a series that spanned from the Yayoi period to modern times, formed a single branch with Korea.
Pietrusewsky found, that Korean and Yayoi people were highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people. Park Dae-kyoon et al. said that distance analysis based on thirty-nine non-metric cranial traits showed that Koreans are closer craniometrically to Kazakhs and Mongols than Koreans are close craniometrically to the populations in China and Japan. Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and three major Y-chromosome haplogroups; the reference population for Koreans used in Geno 2.0 Next Generation is 94% Eastern Asia and 5% Southeast Asia & Oceania. Korea Foundation Associate Professor of History, Eugene Y. Park said that many Koreans seem to have a genealogical memory blackout before the twentieth century. Park said.
Park said that, through "inventing tradition" in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, families devised a kind of master narrative story that purports to explain a surname-ancestral seat combination's history to the extent where it is next to impossible to look beyond these master narrative stories. Park gave an example of what "inventing tradition" was like from his own family's genealogy where a document from 1873 recorded three children in a particular family and a 1920 document recorded an extra son in that same family. Park said that these master narratives connect the same surname and ancestral seat to a single, common ancestor. Park said that this trend became universal in the nineteenth century, but genealogies which were published in the seventeenth century admit that they did not know how the different lines of the same surname or ancestral seat are related at all. Park said that on
Shiomibashi Station is a train station in Naniwa-ku, Osaka Prefecture, operated by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway. Shiomibashi Station is the terminus of the Koya Line, has the station number "NK06-5"; the station has an island platform with two tracks. Sakuragawa Station Osaka Dome - 1km away List of railway stations in Japan Official website
Osaka Loop Line
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka. Part of a second, proposed outer second loop line, the Osaka Higashi Line, from Hanaten to Kyuhoji was opened on March 15, 2008, the line from Shigino to Shin-Ōsaka opened in March 2019; this entry covers the original central loop line. This loop line consists of two tracks around the heart of metropolitan Osaka. Most trains consist of 8 carriages, with distinctive orange colour with white JR graphics on the front and sides; the train schedule varies, but on average, two trains leave Tennōji Station and Ōsaka Station every seven minutes, in opposite directions. On this line, JR West operates several types of trains; the line serves as a link between Ōsaka Station in northern Osaka, Tennōji in southern central Osaka. Some Limited Express trains linking north and south of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area use the line as a bypass between the Tōkaidō Main Line in the north and the Hanwa Line in the south.
Traffic is heavier in the eastern half, Osaka - Kyōbashi - Tennōji, than in the western half via Nishi-Kujō. The loop shaped Osaka Loop Line is unable to use the'up' and'down' train direction convention applied in Japanese railways, e.g. trains traveling to Tokyo are usually'up' trains and vice versa. Instead, the words "outer circle" and the "inner circle" are used to refer to the direction; the outer is clockwise, the inner counterclockwise. If rules, such as the registration of the line at Ministry of Land and Transport apply, the inner loop is down. Local trains are operated all day; some operate over the complete loop, while some serve the eastern half between Osaka and Tennōji via Kyōbashi. Eight-car EMUs of 201 series and 323 series are used. Trains of the Sakurajima Line are now operated through to the loop line to/from Kyōbashi and Tennoji. Eight-car 201 series and 323 series EMUs are used. Through trains to the Kansai Main Line began operated in 1973. "Yamatoji Rapid" and "Regional Rapid" trains originate at Tennōji on the loop, passing the loop as "inner" via Osaka, after stopping at Tennōji after a complete circuit, exit the loop onto the Kansai Main Line and terminate at Kamo, Nara or Ōji.
In the loop, Yamatoji Rapids pass some stations. For "Yamatoji Rapid", 6 or 8-car 221 series EMUs are used, while 8-car 103 series of light green livery and 6 or 8-car 221 series are for "Regional Rapid". Trains to the Hanwa Line, "Kansai Airport Rapid" for Kansai Airport and Kishūji Rapid for Wakayama originate at either Tennoji or Kyobashi, together with other types of rapid trains, operate on the inner loop via Osaka, pausing at Tennoji and exiting from the loop; this pattern commenced in 1989, but increased in 1994 on the opening of Kansai Airport. 8-car 223 series and 225 series EMUs in 4+4 formations are used for Kansai Airport and Kishūji rapids. 113 series 4-car units were used for rapids of Shin-Ōsaka - Kii-Tanabe in early morning and late night. They were withdrawn in 2010. Charged Limited Expresses such as Haruka for Kansai International Airport, south bound Kuroshio on the Hanwa Line and Kisei Main Line heading for the scenic southern Wakayama Prefecture utilise the Osaka Loop Line to bypass the Tōkaidō Main Line and reach the Hanwa Line.
On the loop, aside from Tennōji, limited numbers of trains stop only at Nishi-Kujō. Between the Tōkaidō Main Line and the Osaka Loop Line, trains utilse the "Umeda freight line" which crosses west of Ōsaka Station, not stopping at Osaka because no passenger facilities are installed on the freight line, until it merges the main line at Shin-Ōsaka; this route was introduced in 1989 on the completion of a bypass track from the Hanwa Line to platforms of the Kansai Main Line at Tennōji. Until no through operations were possible from the Hanwa Line. 281 series EMUs are used for Haruka, 283 series EMUs, 287 series EMUs and 289 series EMUs for Kuroshio. After the abandonment of the Naniwa freight terminal, freight trains on the line operate only between Fukushima and Nishikujō, from the "Umeda Freight Line" to Ajikawaguchi on the Sakurajima Line. Listed counterclockwise: All stations are in the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture. TrainsLoop: Osaka Loop Line local trains Yumesaki: JR Yumesaki Line through local trains Reg R: Regional Rapid Service Yamatoji R: Yamatoji Rapid Service Dir R: Direct Rapid Service BR: B Rapid Service Kishuji R: Kishuji Rapid Service Kansai Apt.
R: Kansai Airport Rapid Service R: Rapid Service StationsS: Trains stop. Outer: Outer track trains stop. Number: Track numbers to arrive at and depart from. |, ↑: Trains pass. 201 series 323 series The first of a fleet of 21 new 323 series eight-car EMU trains were introduced from 24 December 2016, scheduled to replace the fleet of 23 103 and 201 series trains by 2018. 221 series 223 series 225 series 281 series 283 series 287 series 289 series Locomotives seen hauling freight trains include the M250 series, EF65, EF66, EF81, EF210 and DE10. 101 series 103 series 113 series 381 series 72 series DD51 A special discount rate is applied for travels within the Os
JR Namba Station
JR Namba Station is a railway station in Namba, Naniwa Ward, Japan, adjacent to Namba Station and Ōsaka Namba Station operated by the West Japan Railway Company. JR Namba is the western terminus of the Kansai Main Line; the station has two underground island platforms serving four tracks. The station opened as Minatomachi Station on March 1, 1899; the station was renamed JR Namba on September 1994, the day Kansai International Airport opened. New underground facilities opened on March 22, 1996, replaced the former above-ground station. Osaka City Air Terminal Minatomachi River Place FM Osaka Sankei Shimbun Osaka Head Office Osaka City Air Terminal JR Namba ekimae List of railway stations in Japan
Parks Tower (Namba Parks)
Parks Tower is a 30- floor-and-149- meter high skyscraper located in the Namba Parks complex in the Namba district, Naniwa-ku, Japan. It was designed by Nikken Sekkei Ltd. and constructed by Takenaka Corporation in 2003. The building earned the nickname "PS3 Building" in 2010 as it bore a striking resemblance to the original PlayStation 3 console. List of tallest buildings in Osaka Parks Tower
Osaka Prefectural Gymnasium
Osaka Prefectural Gymnasium is an indoor sporting arena located in Namba, Japan. It first opened in 1952 and the current building was constructed in 1987, it is the venue of a professional sumo tournament held in March every year. The capacity of the arena is 8,000 people, its total revenue for the 2006 fiscal year was 260 million yen. In April 2008 the Japan Sumo Association made clear its surprise at plans by the prefectural government to demolish the gymnasium and sell the vacant lot. In March 2012, the arena was renamed Bodymaker Colosseum after the naming rights were sold to sports apparel company BB Sports for the next three years; the name was changed back in April 2015. In June 2015, the Edion Corporation signed a three-year deal for the arena's naming rights, renaming it Edion Arena Osaka; the Osaka Prefectural Gymnasium is featured in the manga/anime series Fighting Spirit as one of the venues the boxers fight at. It is included in the video game adaptation of the series, Victorious Boxers.
Namba Station - Nankai Electric Railway, Osaka Metro Ōsaka Namba Station - Kintetsu Namba Line, Hanshin Namba Line JR Namba Station - West Japan Railway Company Kansai Main Line Official website