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Coordinates: 27°34′00″N 105°18′54″E / 27.566721°N 105.314941°E / 27.566721; 105.314941

Nanzhong (Chinese: 南中; pinyin: Nánzhóng) is the ancient name for a region in southwest China that covers parts of present-day Yunnan, Guizhou and southern Sichuan provinces.[1]

During the Three Kingdoms period (220–280) of China, the Nanzhong region was part of the territory of the state of Shu Han (or simply Shu); in 225, some local governors rebelled against Shu rule while the Nanman tribes made intrusions into Nanzhong. In response, the Shu regent Zhuge Liang led imperial forces on a campaign in Nanzhong and succeeded in quelling the rebellions and pacifying the Nanman tribes; in legend, Zhuge Liang captured and released the Nanman leader Meng Huo seven times until the latter finally swore allegiance to Shu.[2]


  1. ^ Herman, John (2009). "The Kingdoms of Nanzhong: China's Southwest Border Region Prior to the Eighth Century". T'oung Pao. 95 (4): 241–286. doi:10.1163/008254309X507052. ISSN 0082-5433. 
  2. ^ Peng, Wenbin (2011). "Ethnic Memory and Space: Legends of Zhuge Liang in Southwest China". Inner Asia. 13 (1): 141–159. doi:10.1163/000000011797372797. ISSN 1464-8172.