Darien is a city in DuPage County, Illinois, USA. The population was 22,086 at the 2010 census. A south-western suburb of Chicago, Darien was named after a town in Connecticut; the first people to settle in Darien came from New England via the Erie Great Lakes. Among the first to arrive was the Andres Neiman family, they settled along an old stagecoach line in 1835. Andres served as Justice of the Peace, Town Clerk, Dog Catcher, County Commissioner, he established the Andres Inn, near what is the intersection of Lemont Road and I-55. Andres named the area "Cass."Andres and Father Beggs built the First Cass Church, a log cabin design. The church's cemetery, located west of where the church stood, can still be seen today; the church was used as a school house. Elisha and Eliza Smart settled in Darien in 1838 with their 10 children. Elisha joined the Gold Rush and left for California, returning seven years as a rich man, he bought more land and donated it, on which a new Cass Church was built in 1870.
John and Hannah Oldfield came to Cass in 1850. Mr. Oldfield increased his land holdings to 2,000 acres. In 1881, a man named; the factory was moved or closed. Martin Madden was an Irish immigrant, he became a member of the Chicago City Council and was elected to the House of Representatives and served in the United States Congress. In 1903, Mr. Madden built a home to look like the White House in Washington D. C. he called it Castle Eden. Today Castle Eden is part of the Aylesford Retreat Center of the Carmelite Fathers. A group of German Lutherans from Europe came to the area near 67th and Clarendon Hills Road in 1859, they laid out the cemetery behind the church. Today the cemetery is still located at Clarendon Hills Road. In 1899, a new church was built on the northeast corner of 75th Street; the Church was located where the Taco Buona Beef Restaurant now stand. In 1969, the second church was torn down and the present St. John's Lutheran Church was built west of Cass and north of 75th Street. A school was built on the northwest corner of Cass and 75th street in 1860.
It was the first Lace School. It burned down in 1924, was replaced with the present building, it is now a museum, open on the first Sunday of each month from 2:00pm to 4:00pm. By 1890, the Village of Lace was established; the important location at that time was the triangle bordered by Cass Avenue, Plainfield Road and 75th Street. It was called "The Point"; the Point included General Store, Blacksmith Shop and the office of Dr. Roe. A Post Office had been established at The Point in 1884; the future city of Darien was part of the Lace and Cass communities. Residents of the Marion Hills, Brookhaven and Hinsbrook subdivisions wanted to incorporate as a single city; when the incorporation committee reached an impasse on an acceptable name for the new city, acting mayor Sam Kelly suggested the name "Darien". He had visited Darien and found it to be a pleasant and attractive community. Today, Darien is known as "A Nice Place to Live". Darien in Illinois is pronounced with the accent on the first syllable.
According to the 2010 census, Darien has a total area of 6.303 square miles, of which 6.18 square miles is land and 0.123 square miles is water. Darien's City Hall used to be underground until 1994, when it was lifted up. Now only 75% is underground. Darien's City Hall is surrounded on three sides by the village of Downers Grove. Darien is bordered by the cities of Downers Grove, Woodridge and Willowbrook, it has easy access to the three major thoroughfares crossing Chicago's southwest suburbs: Interstate 55, Interstate 355, Interstate 294; as of the census of 2000, there were 22,860 people, 8,735 households, 6,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,782.7 people per square mile. There were 8,929 housing units at an average density of 1,477.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.10% White, 0.97% African American, 0.11% Native American, 9.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 8,735 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.1% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,122, the median income for a family was $95,332. Males had a median income of $70,580 versus $46,352 for females; the per capita income for the city was $39,795. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the po
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, United States, owned by Tribune Publishing. Founded in 1847, self-styled as the "World's Greatest Newspaper", it remains the most-read daily newspaper of the Chicago metropolitan area and the Great Lakes region, it is the eighth-largest newspaper in the United States by circulation. Traditionally published as a broadsheet, on January 13, 2009, the Tribune announced it would continue publishing as a broadsheet for home delivery, but would publish in tabloid format for newsstand, news box, commuter station sales; this change, proved to be unpopular with readers and in August 2011, the Tribune discontinued the tabloid edition, returning to its traditional broadsheet edition through all distribution channels. The Tribune's masthead is notable for displaying the American flag, in reference to the paper's motto, "An American Paper for Americans"; the motto is no longer displayed on the masthead. The Tribune was founded by James Kelly, John E. Wheeler, Joseph K. C.
Forrest, publishing the first edition on June 10, 1847. Numerous changes in ownership and editorship took place over the next eight years; the Tribune was not politically affiliated, but tended to support either the Whig or Free Soil parties against the Democrats in elections. By late 1853, it was running xenophobic editorials that criticized foreigners and Roman Catholics. About this time it became a strong proponent of temperance; however nativist its editorials may have been, it was not until February 10, 1855 that the Tribune formally affiliated itself with the nativist American or Know Nothing party, whose candidate Levi Boone was elected Mayor of Chicago the following month. By about 1854, part-owner Capt. J. D. Webster General Webster and chief of staff at the Battle of Shiloh, Dr. Charles H. Ray of Galena, through Horace Greeley, convinced Joseph Medill of Cleveland's Leader to become managing editor. Ray became editor-in-chief, Medill became the managing editor, Alfred Cowles, Sr. brother of Edwin Cowles was the bookkeeper.
Each purchased one third of the Tribune. Under their leadership, the Tribune distanced itself from the Know Nothings, became the main Chicago organ of the Republican Party. However, the paper continued to print anti-Catholic and anti-Irish editorials, in the wake of the massive Famine immigration from Ireland; the Tribune absorbed three other Chicago publications under the new editors: the Free West in 1855, the Democratic Press of William Bross in 1858, the Chicago Democrat in 1861, whose editor, John Wentworth, left his position when elected as Mayor of Chicago. Between 1858 and 1860, the paper was known as the Chicago Tribune. On October 25, 1860, it became the Chicago Daily Tribune. Before and during the American Civil War, the new editors supported Abraham Lincoln, whom Medill helped secure the presidency in 1860, pushed an abolitionist agenda; the paper remained a force in Republican politics for years afterwards. In 1861, the Tribune published new lyrics by William W. Patton for the song "John Brown's Body".
These rivaled the lyrics published two months by Julia Ward Howe. Medill served as mayor of Chicago for one term after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Under the 20th-century editorship of Colonel Robert R. McCormick, who took control in the 1920s, the paper was isolationist and aligned with the Old Right in its coverage of political news and social trends, it used the motto "The American Paper for Americans". Through the 1930s to the 1950s, it excoriated the Democrats and the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt, was resolutely disdainful of the British and French, enthusiastic for Chiang Kai-shek and Sen. Joseph McCarthy; when McCormick assumed the position of co-editor in 1910, the Tribune was the third-best-selling paper among Chicago's eight dailies, with a circulation of only 188,000. The young cousins added features such as advice columns and homegrown comic strips such as Little Orphan Annie and Moon Mullins, they promoted political "crusades", with their first success coming with the ouster of the Republican political boss of Illinois, Sen. William Lorimer.
At the same time, the Tribune competed with the Hearst paper, the Chicago Examiner, in a circulation war. By 1914, the cousins succeeded in forcing out Managing Editor William Keeley. By 1918, the Examiner was forced to merge with the Chicago Herald. In 1919, Patterson left the Tribune and moved to New York to launch his own newspaper, the New York Daily News. In a renewed circulation war with Hearst's Herald-Examiner, McCormick and Hearst ran rival lotteries in 1922; the Tribune won the battle. In 1922, the Chicago Tribune hosted an international design competition for its new headquarters, the Tribune Tower; the competition worked brilliantly as a publicity stunt, more than 260 entries were received. The winner was a neo-Gothic design by New York architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood; the newspaper sponsored a pioneering attempt at Arctic aviation in 1929, an attempted round-trip to Europe across Greenland and Iceland in a Sikorsky amphibious aircraft. But, the aircraft was destroyed by ice on July 15, 1929, near Ungava Bay at the tip of Labrador, Canada.
The crew were rescued by the Canadian science ship CSS Acadia. The Tribune's reputation for innovation extended to radio—it bought an early station, WDAP, in 1924 and renamed it WGN, the station call letters standing for the paper's self-description as the "Worl
Batavia is a city in DuPage and Kane Counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. A suburb of Chicago, it is the oldest city in Kane County. During the latter part of the 19th century, home to six American-style windmill manufacturing companies, became known as "The Windmill City." Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a federal government-sponsored high-energy physics laboratory, where both the bottom quark and the top quark were first detected, is located in the city. Batavia is part of a vernacular region known as the Tri-City area, along with St. Charles and Geneva, all western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 26,045, estimated to have increased to 26,391 by July 2016. Batavia was first settled in 1833 by his family. Called Big Woods for the wild growth throughout the settlement, the town was renamed by local judge and former Congressman Isaac Wilson in 1840 after his former home of Batavia, New York; because Judge Wilson owned the majority of the town, he was given permission to rename the city.
Batavia's settlement was delayed one year by the Black Hawk War, in which Abraham Lincoln was a citizen soldier, Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis were Army officers. Although there is no direct evidence that Lincoln, Taylor, or Davis visited the future site of Batavia, there are writings by Lincoln that refer to "Head of the Big Woods,", Batavia's original name from its first settler, Christopher Payne; the city was incorporated on July 27, 1872. After the death of her husband, Mary Todd Lincoln was an involuntary resident of the Batavia Institute on May 20, 1875. At the time the institute was known as a sanitarium for women. Mrs. Lincoln was released four months on September 11, 1875. In the late 19th century, Batavia was a major manufacturer of the Conestoga wagons used in the country's westward expansion. Into the early 20th century, most of the windmill operated waterpumps in use throughout America's farms were made at one of the three windmill manufacturing companies in Batavia. Many of the original limestone buildings that were part of these factories are still in use today as government and commercial offices and storefronts.
The Aurora Elgin and Chicago Railway constructed a power plant in southern Batavia and added a branch to the city in 1902. The Campana Factory was built in 1936 to manufacture cosmetics for The Campana Company, most notably Italian Balm, the nation's best-selling hand lotion at the time. Batavia is located at 41°50′56″N 88°18′30″W. According to the 2010 census, Batavia has a total area of 9.707 square miles, of which 9.64 square miles is land and 0.067 square miles is water. Batavia Avenue Main Street Randall Road Washington Street/River Street Wilson Street As of the 2000 U. S. census, there were 23,866 people, 8,494 households, 6,268 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,638.4 people per square mile. There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 973.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.21% White, 2.42% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.35% Asian, none Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.
There were 8,494 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. Males had a median income of $55,913 versus $35,083 for females; the per capita income for the city was $38,576. About 2.5% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2008 U.
S. Census Bureau estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,680, the median income for a family was $103,445, the median home value was $329,800. Aldi, Inc. the U. S. subsidiary of Aldi Süd, has its headquarters in Batavia. Fermilab is located just outside the town borders and serves as employment for many of the town's residents. According to the City's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Batavia is an award-winning community. In 2007, BusinessWeek ranked Batavia #21 on a national list of the 50 best places in America to raise kids. In 2009, Batavia was ranked #56 on CNN Money's Best Small Towns in the nation. In 2011, Batavia was voted by RelocateAmerica as one of the Top 100 Places to Live in America. In 2013, Batavia won the Best Street Award from the Illinois Chapter of the Congress of New Urbanism for the City's Streetscape redevelopment of River Street; the River Street design was awarded the Lieutenant Governor's Award for Excellence in Downtown Revitalization at the Illinois Main Street Conference in 2013.
In 2013, the City of Batavia was designated as a Bike Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists. Only six communities in Illinois are designated Bike Friendly Communities. In 2013, Batavia's collection of historic windmills was designated as an Histor
U.S. Route 34
U. S. Route 34 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 1,122 miles from north-central Colorado to the western suburbs of Chicago. Through Rocky Mountain National Park it is known as the Trail Ridge Road where it reaches elevation 12,183 feet, making it the highest paved through highway in the United States; the highway's western terminus is Granby, Colorado at US 40. Its eastern terminus is in Berwyn, Illinois at Illinois Route 43 and Historic US 66. U. S. Route 34 becomes a toll road for a short distance in Colorado, where it passes through Rocky Mountain National Park. In the state of Colorado, U. S. Route 34 runs north from Granby through Rocky Mountain National Park, it passes through Estes Park and Greeley before entering Nebraska east of Wray. Within Rocky Mountain National Park US 34 is known as Trail Ridge Road. Due to its high elevation through the park and over the Continental Divide, Route 34 closes in winter from the Colorado River Trailhead on the west to Many Parks Curve on the east Closure runs from mid-October to Memorial Day weekend in May, can occur at any time in summer due to high alpine snow storms.
Route 34 transverses Fall River Milner Pass in the Front Range of Colorado. In the state of Nebraska, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road along the southern portion of Nebraska, it overlaps other routes for the majority of its routing. U. S. 34 passes through Hastings, Grand Island and Lincoln before entering Iowa east of Plattsmouth over the Plattsmouth Bridge. U. S. Route 34 from between Hastings and Grand Island is known as the Tom Osborne Expressway, named for the former Hastings resident, Nebraska Cornhuskers football coach, Congressman. In Lincoln, U. S. 34 overlaps with Interstate 180 from its junction with Interstate 80 into downtown where it becomes North 9th/North 10th Streets east as "O" Street. The segment from the Lancaster County/Cass County border to Nebraska Highway 1 south of Elmwood is the Bess Streeter Aldrich Memorial Highway, after the former author and Elmwood resident. In the state of Iowa, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road across southern Iowa.
It enters Iowa west of Glenwood and passes through Glenwood, Red Oak and Creston before intersecting Interstate 35 at Osceola. East of Osceola, it continues through Chariton and Georgetown onto Albia before meeting U. S. Route 63 at a traffic circle in Ottumwa. East of Ottumwa to Burlington, the highway overlaps Iowa Highway 163; this segment of highway is an expressway with some freeway segments. As of November 12, 2008, it bypasses Fairfield and bypasses Mt. Pleasant, with a portion of this concurrent with U. S. Route 218, the Iowa route for the Avenue of the Saints, it continues southeast towards Burlington bypassing New London and Danville and Middletown. The freeway segment through Burlington was completed in the 1970s, it crosses the Mississippi River on the Great River Bridge into Illinois, completed in the early 1990s. In 2015, a 15-mile segment of U. S. Route 34 in Montgomery and Adams counties won the Sheldon G. Hayes Award for the highest quality asphalt pavement in the nation. Much of this route was known as the Bluegrass Highway and parallels tracks of what was the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad and is now the BNSF.
Amtrak's California Zephyr passenger rail service parallels this route. U. S. 34 in the state of Iowa is designated the Red Bull Highway in honor of the 34th Infantry Division. In the state of Illinois, U. S. Route 34 enters at the Mississippi River across from Iowa, it passes through or around the cities of Monmouth, Princeton, Oswego, Naperville, Downers Grove, Clarendon Hills, Western Springs, La Grange, Brookfield and Riverside and continues in a southwest-northeast direction to its eastern terminus at Illinois Route 43 and Historic US 66 in Berwyn. Through much of the Chicago area, the highway is known as "Ogden Avenue", after William Butler Ogden, Chicago's first mayor; the entire highway in Illinois is named the Walter Payton Memorial Highway after Pro Football Hall of Famer Walter Payton, who wore #34 for the Chicago Bears. The highway is 211.37 miles long within the state. Nebraska and Iowa are planning a new U. S. Route 34 bridge which would reroute U. S. 34 north of the Platte River concurrent with U.
S. 75 turn east to cross the Missouri River south of Bellevue, Nebraska. It would align with the current U. S. 34 alignment near Iowa. Colorado US 40 in Granby US 36 in Deer Ridge Junction US 36 in Estes Park US 287 in Loveland I‑25 / US 87 in Loveland US 85 in Evans; the highways travel concurretly to Greeley. I‑76 / US 6 northeast of Wiggins; the highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Log Lane Village. US 385 in Wray Nebraska US 6 west of Culbertson; the highways travel concurrently to Hastings. US 83 in McCook; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 283 in Arapahoe US 136 north-northwest of Edison US 183 in Holdrege US 281 in Hastings; the highways travel concurrently to Grand Island. I‑80 south of Grand Island US 81 in York; the highways travel concurrently to north of York. I‑80 / I‑180 / US 77 in Lincoln. I-180/US 34 travels concurrently through the city. US 75 east of Union; the highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of La Platte. Iowa I‑29 / US 275 north-northwest of Pacific Junction.
US 34/US 275 travels concurrently to east-southeast of Glenwood. US 59 north of Emerson US 71 north of Villisca US 169 in Afton
St. Charles, Illinois
St. Charles is a city in DuPage and Kane counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. It lies 40 miles west of Chicago on Illinois Route 64; as of the 2010 census the population was 32,974, as of 2017 the population had dropped to an estimated 32,714. The official city slogan is "Pride of the Fox", after the Fox River that runs through the center of town. St. Charles is part of a tri-city area along with Geneva and Batavia, all western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition. St. Charles was the location of the Native American community for the chief of the Pottawatomie that inhabited the area. A city park overlooking the river was dedicated to this Native American past. After the Black Hawk War in 1832, the entire area of the Fox Valley was opened to American settlement. Evan Shelby and William Franklin staked the first claim in what is now St. Charles in 1833, they came back in 1834 with their families from Indiana, were joined by over a dozen other families that year. The township was known as Charleston, but this name was taken by the downstate city of Charleston, Illinois so the name of St. Charles was adopted in 1839.
St. Charles became incorporated as a city February 9, 1839 and reincorporated October 17, 1874. Several "stations" of the slavery-era Underground Railroad were in St. Charles homes, complete with tunnels and false doorways. Most accounts lead back to a local blacksmith who set up shop in a building now known as 305 W Main St; this was most "the hub," This address is the easiest to visit from the dozen "stations" known. As of 2015 a fine dining establishment holds residence at that address bearing a name in honor of that Blacksmith. St. Charles was a isolated place early on in its existence; the village was located three days away from Chicago, the Fox River was not navigable for large boats. By the 1850s, St. Charles had begun construction of a plank road to Sycamore but turned down an offer by the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad to construct a line through the town, built in nearby Elgin. Lack of regional connections in the early years kept the town small. St. Charles was without a railroad until 1871 when a branch line from Geneva was constructed, was without a direct connection to Chicago until the 1880s with the coming of the Chicago Great Western Railway.
Streetcar lines along the Fox River between Elgin and Aurora were built through the city in 1896, operated by the Aurora and Fox River Electric company. A direct automobile route to Chicago, which became Route 64, was constructed in 1920. Four Illinois state routes, including Routes 38, 25 and 31 now run through the city. Two major Kane County roads cut through the city. St. Charles was the place of settlement for diverse groups of European immigrants, including those from Ireland and Sweden during the 1840s and 1950s, groups from Belgium and Lithuania. According to the 2010 census, St. Charles has a total area of 14.934 square miles, of which 14.61 square miles is land and 0.324 square miles is water. The Fox River runs though downtown. Potawatomie Park, which sits on the river is the largest park in St. Charles and a popular destination for both tourists and citizens tri-city area. According to the 2000 census, population density is 1,993.9 inhabitants per square mile. There are 11,072 housing units at an average density of 791.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city is 93.81% White, 1.66% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. 5.50 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 10,351 households out of which 36.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% are married couples living together, 8.0% have a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% are non-families. 23.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.13. In the city the population is spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females, there are 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $75,181, the median income for a family is $94,704.
Males have a median income of $55,864 versus $35,134 for females. The per capita income for the city is $33,969. 3.4% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.4% of those under the age of 18 and 3.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The Illinois Youth Center St. Charles, a juvenile correctional facility of the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice, is in St. Charles, it opened in December 1904. The public education system in St. Charles is operated by the Community Unit School District 303, which has thirteen elementary schools: Anderson, Bell-Graham, Davis, Ferson Creek, Fox Ridge, Munhall, Norton Creek and Wild Rose. Including Davis Primary, Richmond Intermediate split elementary schools. There are two middle schools: Wredling.
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti