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Napster (streaming music service)

Napster, known as Rhapsody prior to June 14, 2016, is an online music store and subscription service based in Seattle, Washington. On April 6, 2010, Rhapsody relaunched as a standalone company, separate from former parent RealNetworks. Downloaded files come with restrictions on their use, enforced by Helix, Rhapsody's version of digital rights management enforced on AAC+ or WMA files. In the past, the service sold individual MP3s without digital rights management restrictions. In 1999, Tim Bratton, J. P. Lester, Sylvain Rebaud, Alexandre Brouaux, Nick Sincaglia and Dave Lampton were working on a new streaming audio engine; this engine was commercially deployed in the customized radio service, was used in their "celestial jukebox" prototype, called Aladdin. In April 2001, was acquired by, a startup founded in San Francisco by author and entrepreneur Rob Reid, that had built a large online music directory. Aladdin was transformed into the Rhapsody music service during the summer and fall of 2001 and was launched on December 3, 2001.

Rhapsody was the first streaming on-demand music subscription service to offer unlimited access to a large library of digital music for a flat monthly fee, a concept advocated by business theories such as the Open Music Model. At launch, Rhapsody's library was formed of content from Naxos Records and several independent labels. Over the next several months of 2002, they secured licenses from BMG, Warner Bros.. Records, Sony to add their music to the service. In July 2002, Rhapsody added Universal Records to their catalog, signing the last of the five major record labels of the time. RealNetworks announced plans to acquire on April 21, 2003, one week before the launch of the iTunes Music Store on April 28, 2003. The transaction closed on August 3, 2003; the Rhapsody service was known as RealRhapsody shortly after the acquisition, but was since shortened back to "Rhapsody". By 2004, some blogs providing sharing of playlists with comments, with names such as "Rhapsody Radish". In late 2007, Music On the Go partnered with Rhapsody to allow Rhapsody subscribers to access all of Rhapsody's content through MOG.

In February 2010, Rhapsody's owners announced their intention to restructure the company into a independent corporation. Recent problems with the online music subscription service prompted the CEO to make "crucial decisions and think some things through". During this period, dropping the subscription service was considered, but he felt it wasn't the right decision at the time. Instead, the whole Rhapsody team thought of ways to revamp the struggling company and in turn dropped RealNetworks as parent of the company; this was a risky decision, as the company needed the support, but gained the support of MTV Networks and Viacom, other independent companies. Since independence, Rhapsody has started the revamping process with a new logo and subscription price changes; as of January 2011, Rhapsody president Jon Irwin told Reuters the on-demand subscription music service had more than 750,000 subscribers, having added more than 100,000 since becoming an independent company. At that date Rhapsody had a catalog of 11,000,000 songs.

On 3 August 2011, Rhapsody announced that from October 2011 they would no longer re-license DRMed music bought before July 2008. On October 3, 2011, Rhapsody announced plans to acquire Napster with the deal to be completed by November. On May 6, 2014, Rhapsody announced its parent company made its first outside investment and led a Series B round for Dubset Media, the operator of streaming music site Terms of the deal were not disclosed. On April 21, 2016, Rhapsody named Mike Davis. Davis is the first CEO of Rhapsody International, the parent company to Rhapsody and Napster. On July 14, 2016, Rhapsody phased out the Rhapsody brand in favor of Napster and has since branded its service internationally as Napster. In addition to its subscription service, Rhapsody used to sell 256 kbit/s constant bit rate MP3s individually, Rhapsody has since canceled the sales of downloadable songs to focus on its core streaming service; the Rhapsody Music Software, free from Rhapsody, helps organize music collections, synchronize them in MP3 portable media players with the Rhapsody subscription service.

It thus competes with Apple Inc.'s iTunes software. As of September 2013, the latest version of the software is Rhapsody 4. Rhapsody 5 was delayed because the Rhapsody product team felt the company's future success would be in mobile apps and started working on apps for iOS, BlackBerry OS, Verizon Wireless's app store, all of which are deployed as of 2011. List of Internet radio stations List of online music databases Napster Napster

Bang Luang Mosque

Bang Luang Mosque is a historic mosque in Bangkok located in Soi Arun Amarin 7, New Arun Amarin Road, Wat Kanlaya Subdistrict, Thon Buri District, Thonburi side within Kudi Khao Community by the Khlong Bangkok Yai near mouth of Chao Phraya River, it's known as Kudi Khao and Kudi To Yi. This mosque was built in the early Rattanakosin period during the reign of King Phutthayotfa Chulalok by Muslim merchant named "To Yi"; the mosque is painted in white color, which got the Mosque name. It is the only Thai-style mosque in the world, decorated with three-tiered art including Thai and European. There's embodiment of the spirit of the goddess reflecting the devotion of Allah. Furthermore, there're tombs located in front of the mosque and the mosque is now being classified as “Unseen in Bangkok” tourist destination. Bang Luang Mosque is not far away from other religious houses of worship viz Wat Prayurawongsawat, Wat Kalayanamitr, Santa Cruz Church and Kian Un Keng Shrine. Opposite the old mosque is another important one, Tonson Mosque.

"Bangluang Mosque Bangkok,Fusion of Thai Traditional Art & Islam". Halal

Benny Baker

Benny Baker was an American actor and comedian. He appeared in the films The Hell Cat, Belle of the Nineties, Annapolis Farewell, The Big Broadcast of 1936, Thanks a Million, Millions in the Air, Rose of the Rancho, Drift Fence, Give Us This Night, Panic on the Air, Lady Be Careful, Murder with Pictures, Rose Bowl, Mind Your Own Business, Champagne Waltz, The Crime Nobody Saw, Hotel Haywire, Wild Money, Blonde Trouble, Double or Nothing, That Navy Spirit, Love on Toast, Tip-Off Girls, Army, His Exciting Night, She Married a Cop, The Farmer's Daughter, Sing for Your Supper, Captains of the Clouds, Stage Door Canteen, Up in Arms, Joe Palooka in the Knockout, My Girl Tisa, Jinx Money, Homicide for Three, Rose of the Yukon, Manhattan Angel, The Inspector General, Loan Shark, Models Inc. Feudin' Fools, Public Pigeon No. 1, No Time for Sergeants, Papa's Delicate Condition, For Those Who Think Young, Did I Get a Wrong Number!, Paint Your Wagon The Sting II, The Longshot and 18 Again!, among others.

He died on September 20, 1994, in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California at age 87. Benny Baker on IMDb

George II, Duke of M√ľnsterberg-Oels

George II of Münsterberg-Oels was a Duke of Münsterberg 1536-1542 and Duke of Oels. He held the title of a Count of Glatz. George II was a member of the Münsterberg branch of the Bohemina noble Poděbrady family, he was the twelfth and youngest child of Duke Charles I of Münsterberg-Oels and Anna of Sagan, daughter of Duke John II "the Mad" of Żagań. George was married with Elizabeth Kostka of Postupitz. After his father's death in 1536, George II ruled Münsterberg-Oels jointly with his brothers Joachim and Henry II. In a joint deed dated 25 June 1535, they awarded the city of Srebrna Góra, which belonged to Münsterberg, the status of free mining town. Unlike their father and his brothers followed the Lutheran doctrine. In 1537, they expelled the Catholic priests from Münsterberg and appointed an evangelical vicar. In 1542, Henry and his brothers pledged the indebted Duchy of Münsterberg to their uncle Duke Frederick II of Legnica. John continued to rule the Duchy of Oels and Henry II ruled until 1548 the Duchy of Bernstadt.

Joachim, the oldest of the brothers became Bishop of Brandenburg. George and his brothers continued to use the title of Duke of Münsterberg. George lived with his brother John at the castle in Oels, he died without an heir at the age of 41 years in Oels. He was buried in the Evangelical castle church. In 1554, a Renaissance epitaph, created by the court sculptor Johann Oslew from Würzburg, was erected on his grave, it is a sandstone bas-relief, showing George in full armour, standing on a lion. Hugo Weczerka: Handbuch der historischen Stätten: Schlesien, Stuttgart, 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3, p. 322 and 506 anD genealogical tables on p. 602–603 Dehio-Handbuch der Kunstdenkmäler in Polen: Schlesien, Berlin, 2005, ISBN 3-422-03109-X, p. 687. Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy Poděbrady". Genealogy. EU

Plant of Doom

"Plant of Doom" is an episode of Stingray, a British Supermarionation television series created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson, produced by their company AP Films and broadcast on Associated Television. Written by Alan Fennell and directed by David Elliott, it was the second episode to be filmed but was first broadcast on 23 May 1965, towards the end of the series' original run, as the 34th episode. In this episode, Titan of Titanica, outraged by his slave Marina's defection to the World Aquanaut Security Patrol, plots revenge by ordering his agent X-2-Zero to deliver a dangerous plant to Marina's father. Outraged by Marina's betrayal, Titan turns to the fish god Teufel for guidance. Teufel opens his mouth, causing a nearby plant to emit powerful fumes that consume the surrounding air suffocating Titan. Recovering, Titan realises. At Marineville, Captain Troy Tempest realises that she is feeling homesick. With the permission of Commander Shore, he, Phones and Marina set off in Stingray for the underwater city of Pacifica, ruled by Marina's father Aphony.

From his base on Lemoy Island, Surface Agent X-2-Zero alerts Titan to Stingray's movements. Sensing an opportunity to get his revenge, Titan dispatches X-2-Zero to Pacifica with the plant, now sealed in a jar. Meanwhile, he has a Mechanical Fish attack Stingray to delay Troy and Marina. After a tense chase and Phones destroy the Mechanical Fish with Stingray's torpedoes. Reaching Pacifica, X-2-Zero, posing as a simple messenger, presents the plant to Aphony as a symbol of good faith and informs him of Marina's imminent return, he leaves before Stingray arrives. As Aphony treats Troy and Marina to a lavish meal, Marina takes an interest in the plant. After the meal, it appears that she wishes to stay in Pacifica, so Troy and Phones start the journey back to Marineville alone. However, Marina has a last-minute change of heart and swims after Stingray, bringing the plant on board with her. On returning to Marineville she gives it to Atlanta as a present. Returning to her quarters, Atlanta takes the plant out of its jar.

She is saved from death when Troy breaks into the room. Suspicion falls on Marina; the team decide to test Marina's loyalty by summoning her to Atlanta's quarters with the plant still present. Marina passes out, proving her innocence. Troy disposes of the plant and the team apologise to Marina for doubting her. Troy and Shore watch as Atlanta teaches Marina how to play the piano; the original script for "Plant of Doom", which Fennell wrote before principal photography on Stingray had begun, contained enough material for an episode 50 minutes long and was subsequently cut. Some of the deleted material was intended to remind viewers of the romance triangle between Marina and Atlanta, while hinting at the possibility of Phones being attracted to Marina; the original script explained how X-2-Zero travels from Lemoy to Titanica. During the filming, Elliott did not always follow the scripted camera movements, replacing elaborate tracking shots with simpler establishing shots; the underwater chase sequence features a complex model shot in which Stingray leaps out of the sea, followed by the Mechanical Fish.

Although the speed and precise movements required made the shot a technical challenge, to the surprise of special effects director Derek Meddings it was filmed in a single take. The shot was incorporated into the series' title sequence. Chris Bentley notes the unusual position of "Plant of Doom" in the original episode running order, pointing out that as it is set after the pilot it should have been transmitted as the second episode. Ian Fryer of FAB magazine suggests that ATV regarded "Plant of Doom" as a good episode and held it back for reasons of audience measurement: because viewing figures tend to fall in the middle of a series, episode running orders may be changed so that "stronger" episodes air at the start and end of a series and "weaker" ones in the middle; the BBC repeats of Stingray in the 1990s and 2000s used the running order devised by original distributors ITC, which matches the order of production. For these repeats "Plant of Doom" was broadcast as the second episode. Writing for the fanzine Andersonic, Vincent Law suggests that the focus on Marina's desire to return home makes "Plant of Doom" an unusual episode of Stingray, noting that most of the episodes were "written as straightforward adventures, the heroes' journey taking precedence over their needs".

"Plant of Doom" on IMDb "Plant of Doom" at

Narmala Shewcharan

Narmala Shewcharan is a Guyanese-born novelist and anthropologist who lives in the UK. She holds a PhD from Brunel University, she trained as a journalist at the University of Guyana. She was awarded a writing fellowship by the Ragdale Foundation in Chicago and commenced work during this residency on her novel, Tomorrow is Another Day. Tomorrow is Another Day was published in 1994 and shortlisted in that year for the Guyana Prize for Literature; the book fictionalises some of her encounters and perceptions during the turbulent 1980s period of the Burnham dictatorship, focusing on ordinary people's entanglement in the politics of the times and their efforts to assert their agency. She has written two other novels, she has written a number of plays, including Janhjat: Bola Ram and the Long Story, adapted for television and shown on MBC Channel 93 in Guyana, On the Wings of a Woodant and Going Berbice. She began writing poetry and short stories at an early age and was awarded a Guyfesta Prize for her poetry.

Her poems and short stories were published extensively in the Guyana Chronicle in the 1980s. Donnell, Alison. 2006. Twentieth-Century Caribbean Literature: critical moments in Anglophone literary history. London: Routledge. Gafoor, Ameena. “The depiction of Indian female experience in the contemporary novel of the Anglophone Caribbean.” Guyana Chronicle, 27 April 2003. Johnson, Nadia Indra. 2009. "Modernizing Nationalism: Masculinity and the Performance of Anglophone Caribbean Identities". University of Miami: Open Access Dissertations. Muneshwar, Tanita Amanda. 2010. "stories written: The construction of identity through politics and education in the novels of contemporary Indo-Guyanese women". M. A. Thesis. York University. Pirbhaia, Mariam. 2001. "The Question of Cultural Conviction for ‘This time generation’: The Indo-Guyanese Response to Contemporary Caribbean Experience in Rooplall Monar's Janjhat and Narmala Shewcharan's Tomorrow is Another Day". World Literature Written in English 39.1: 37-53. Pirbhaia, Mariam.

2010. "The Jahaji-Bhain Principle: A Critical Survey of the Indo-Caribbean Woman's novel, 1990-2000". The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 45: 37