Nara, Nara

Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture. Eight temples and ruins in Nara remain: Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji, the Heijō Palace, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During the Nara period, Nara was the capital of Japan, the Emperor lived there before moving the capital to Kyoto. By the Heian period, a variety of different characters had been used to represent the name Nara: 乃楽, 乃羅, 平, 平城, 名良, 奈良, 奈羅, 常, 那良, 那楽, 那羅, 楢, 諾良, 諾楽, 寧, 寧楽 and 儺羅. A number of theories for the origin of the name Nara have been proposed, some of the better-known ones are listed here; the second theory in the list, by notable folklorist Kunio Yanagita, is most accepted at present. The Nihon Shoki suggests. According to this account, in September in the tenth year of Emperor Sujin, "leading selected soldiers went forward, climbed Nara-yama and put them in order.

Now the imperial forces flattened trees and plants. Therefore the mountain is called Nara-yama." Though the narrative itself is regarded as a folk etymology and few researchers regard it as historical, this is the oldest surviving suggestion, is linguistically similar to the following theory by Yanagita. "Flat land" theory: In his 1936 study of placenames, the author Kunio Yanagita states that "the topographical feature of an area of gentle gradient on the side of a mountain, called taira in eastern Japan and hae in the south of Kyushu, is called naru in the Chūgoku region and Shikoku. This word gives rise to the verb narasu, adverb narashi, adjective narushi." This is supported by entries in a dialect dictionary for nouns referring to flat areas: naru and naro. Yanagita further comments that the way in which the fact that so many of these placenames are written using the character 平, or other characters in which it is an element, demonstrates the validity of this theory. Citing a 1795 document, Inaba-shi from the province of Inaba, the eastern part of modern Tottori, as indicating the reading naruji for the word 平地, Yanagita suggests that naruji would have been used as a common noun there until the modern period.

Of course, the fact that "Nara" was written 平 or 平城 as above is further support for this theory. The idea that Nara is derived from 楢 nara is the next most common opinion; this idea was suggested by Yoshida Togo. This noun for the plant can be seen as early as in Man ` Harima-no-kuni Fudoki; the latter book states the place name Narahara in Harima derives from this nara tree, which might support Yoshida's theory. Note that the name of the nearby city of Kashihara contains a semantically similar morpheme. Nara could be a loan word from Korean nara; this idea was put forward by a linguist Matsuoka Shizuo. Not much about the Old Korean language is known today, the first written attestation of a word ancestral to Modern Korean nara is as late as the 15th century, such as in Yongbieocheonga, Wolinseokbo, or Beophwagyeongeonhae, there is no evidence that proves the word existed as far back as the 7th century; these 15th-century books used narah, an old form of nara in Korean, its older form might be reconstructed *narak.

American linguist Christopher I. Beckwith infers the Korean narak derives from the late Middle Old Chinese 壌, from early *narak, has no connection with Goguryoic and Japanese na. Kusuhara et al. points out this hypothesis cannot account for the fact there are lots of places named Nara and Naro besides this Nara. There is the idea. In some Tungusic languages such as Orok, na means land or the like; some have speculated about a connection between these Tungusic words and Old Japanese nawi, an archaic and somewhat obscure word that appears in the verb phrases nawi furu and nawi yoru. The "Flat land" theory is adopted by Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, various dictionaries for place names, history books on Nara and the like today, it is regarded as the most likely. There are a number of kofun in Nara, including Gosashi Kofun, Hishiage Kofun, Horaisan Kofun, Konabe Kofun, Saki Ishizukayama Kofun, Saki Misasagiyama Kofun, Uwanabe Kofun. By decree of an edict on March 11, 708 AD, Empress Genmei ordered the court to relocate to the new capital, Nara.

Once known as Heijō or Heijō-kyō, the city was established as Japan's first permanent capital in 710 CE. Heijō, as the ‘penultimate court’, h

John MacDonald of Inverness

Pipe Major John MacDonald was a Scottish bagpipe player. John MacDonald was born on 26 July 1865 at Glentruim, near Kingussie in Scotland, to Alexander Macdonald and Jane Lamont, who had married in 1961, he was the third of nine or ten children. John was first taught by his father, an accomplished player and Piper to MacPherson of Glentruim, his uncles William and Duncan, he was taught by Malcolm Macpherson. After leaving school he was employed as a gamekeeper, until in 1899 he joined the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Cameron Highlanders as a Pipe major in a part-time role, moved to Inverness, he gave lessons around Scotland arranged by the Piobaireachd Society, in from 1910 became involved in formal Army teaching with the Army School of Bagpipe Music and Highland Drumming. For much of his life he worked as a travelling whisky salesman, a job he held at various intervals until 1947; when the First World War broke out he was not accepted. On 9 January 1917 he married Christina Dick Todd, but she died in August 1919, in 1923 he married Helen Gibb, a widow.

Helen died in 1932, they had no children. Macdonald received an MBE in the 1932 New Year Honours, he died on 6 June 1953 in Inverness, was buried in Forres. In 1890 he won the Gold Medal at the Northern Meeting in Inverness. In 1897 he won the Gold Medal at the Argyllshire Gathering in Oban. Having won both Gold Medals he was eligible to compete in the Clasp competition at Inverness, which he won in 1903, 1908. 1924, 1927, 1929, 1933, 1934. He won the Senior Piobaireachd at Oban nine times, he taught many top pipers including Donald Macleod, who he gave weekly lessons to for 27 years, Robert Nicol


Takahiro is a masculine Japanese given name. Takahiro can be written using different kanji characters and can mean: 高広, "high, broad" 隆弘, "noble, vast" 隆宏, "noble, wide" 隆博, "noble, gain" 孝広, "filial piety, broad" 貴弘, "precious, vast" 貴裕, "precious, abundant" 貴洋, "precious, ocean" 尭弘, "?, vast"The name can be written in hiragana or katakana. Takahiro, a vocalist of the Japanese pop music band EXILE Takahiro Aoh, a Japanese professional boxer Takahiro Arai, a Japanese professional baseball player Takahiro Endo, Japanese footballer Takahiro Fujimoto, a Japanese medley swimmer Takahiro Fujioka, Japanese baseball player Takahiro Hōjō, a Japanese actor and musician Takahiro Itō, Japanese actor and voice actor Takahiro Izutani, a Japanese composer of video game music and guitarist Takahiro Kasuganishiki, a Japanese sumo wrestler Takahiro Kimura, a Japanese animator and character designer Takahiro Ko, Japanese footballer Takahiro Konagawa, a Japanese guitarist and musical composer Takahiro Mahara, a Japanese pitcher Takahiro Matsumae, a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period Takahiro "Tak" Matsumoto a guitarist of the Japanese rock band B'z Takahiro Mazuka, Japanese sprinter Takahiro Mizushima, a Japanese voice actor Takahiro Miyashita, a former member of the Japanese rock band Anzen Chitai Takahiro Mori, a Japanese medley swimmer Takahiro Moriuchi, a vocalist of the Japanese rock band One Ok Rock Takahiro Nishijima (隆弘), a member of the J-pop group AAA Takahiro Nishikawa, a former member of the J-pop band Dreams Come True Takahiro Ōhashi, Japanese shogi player Takahiro Ohata, Japanese handball player Takahiro Sakurai, a Japanese voice actor Takahiro Sasaki, multiple people Takahiro Satō, Japanese manga artist Takahiro Shimoyama, Japanese basketball player Takahiro Shoda, a Japanese baseball player Takahiro Sunada, a Japanese marathon runner Takahiro Suwa, a Japanese professional wrestler Takahiro Taguchi, Japanese footballer Takahiro Tanaka, multiple people Takahiro Toyokawa, Japanese shogi player Takahiro Ueda, Japanese writer Takahiro Ueno, a Japanese professional drifting driver Takahiro Watanabe, Japanese sprinter Takahiro Yamada, multiple people Takahiro Yamaguchi, Japanese footballer Takahiro Yamamoto, a Japanese volleyball player Takahiro Yodogawa, Japanese footballer Takahiro Yokomichi, Japanese politician