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Narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by a long-term pattern of exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive need for admiration, a lack of empathy toward other people. People with NPD spend much time thinking about achieving power and success, or on their appearance, they take advantage of the people around them. Such narcissistic behavior begins by early adulthood, occurs across a broad range of situations; the causes of narcissistic personality disorder are unknown. The condition of NPD is included in the cluster B personality disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. A diagnosis of NPD is made by a healthcare professional interviewing the person in question; the condition of NPD should be differentiated from substance use disorder. Treatments for narcissistic personality disorder have not been well studied. Therapy is difficult, because people with narcissistic personality disorder do not consider themselves to have a mental health problem.

About one percent of people are believed to be affected with NPD at some point in their lives. It occurs more in men than women, affects younger as opposed to older people; the narcissistic personality was first described by the psychoanalyst Robert Waelder, in 1925. People with narcissistic personality disorder are characterized by the personality traits of persistent grandiosity, an excessive need for admiration, a personal disdain and lack of empathy for other people; as such, the person with NPD displays arrogance and a distorted sense of personal superiority, seeks to establish abusive power and control over others. Self-confidence is a personality trait different from the traits of narcissistic personality disorder; the person with narcissistic personality disorder exhibits a fragile ego, intolerance of criticism, a tendency to belittle other people, in order to validate his or her own superiority. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition indicates that a person with NPD possesses at least five of the following nine criteria without possessing the commensurate personal qualities or accomplishments for which they demand respect and status: Grandiosity with expectations of superior treatment from other people Continually demeaning and belittling others Exploiting others to achieve personal gain Lack of empathy for the negative impact they have on the feelings and needs of other people Fixation on fantasies of power, intelligence, etc.

Self-perception of being unique and associated with high-status people and institutions Need for continual admiration from others Sense of entitlement to special treatment and to obedience from others Intense envy of others, the belief that others are envious of themNarcissistic personality disorder develops either in adolescence or in early adulthood. True symptoms of NPD are pervasive, apparent in varied social situations, are rigidly consistent over time. Severe symptoms of NPD can impair the person's mental capabilities to develop meaningful human relationships, such as friendship and marriage; the symptoms of NPD impair the person's psychological abilities to function as a social animal, either at work, or at school, or within important societal settings. The DSM-5 indicates that, in order to qualify as symptoms of NPD, the person's manifested personality traits must differ from the cultural norms of society. People with NPD exaggerate their skills and their degree of intimacy with people they consider high-status.

Such a sense of personal superiority may cause them to monopolize conversations, or to become impatient and disdainful when other persons talk about themselves. When wounded in the ego, either by a real or a perceived criticism, the narcissist's displays of anger can be disproportionate to the nature of the criticism suffered. Despite occasional flare-ups of personal insecurity, the inflated self-concept of the NPD person is stable. To the extent that people are pathologically narcissistic, the person with NPD can be a self-absorbed control freak who passes blame and is intolerant of contradictory views and opinions. To protect their fragile self-concept, narcissists use psycho-social strategies, such as the tendency to devalue and derogate and to insult and blame other people with anger and hostility towards people's responses to the narcissist's anti-social conduct; because their fragile egos are hypersensitive to perceived criticism or defeat, people with NPD are prone to feelings of shame and worthlessness over minor incidents of daily life and imagined, personal slights, mask such feelings from people, either by way of feigned humility, or by isolating themselves, or by respon

Killer Elite (film)

Killer Elite is a 2011 action thriller film starring Jason Statham, Clive Owen and Robert De Niro. The film is based on the 1991 novel The Feather Men by Sir Ranulph Fiennes and is directed by Gary McKendry. In 1980, mercenaries Danny Bryce, Hunter and Meier are in Mexico to assassinate a man. Danny is shot when he becomes distracted after realizing he has killed the man in front of the target's young child. Affected by this, Danny returns to his native Australia; the following year, Danny is summoned to Oman to meet The Agent. He learns. If Danny does not complete Hunter's mission, Hunter will be executed. Sheikh Amr, a deposed king of a small region of Oman, wants Danny to kill three former SAS troopers—Steven Harris, Steven Cregg, Simon McCann —for killing his three eldest sons during the Dhofar Rebellion. Danny must videotape their confessions and make their deaths look like accidents, all before the terminally ill sheikh dies; this will allow Bakhait, to regain control of his father's desert region.

Davies and Meier agree to help Danny for a share of the money. Danny and Meier sneak into Harris's house. After Harris confesses on videotape, they take him to the bathroom, intending to make it look like he slipped and hit his head. However, Harris's girlfriend knocks on the door. While Danny and Meier are distracted, Harris attempts to break free. In England, Davies questions bar patrons about former SAS members; this is reported to a secret society of former operatives protecting their own. Their head enforcer, Spike Logan, is sent to investigate. Davies discovers Cregg preparing for a long nighttime march in wintry weather on the Brecon Beacons mountain range. Danny infiltrates the base, disguised in uniform, drugs Cregg's coffee. Danny follows Cregg on the march and makes him confess before the drug sends him into shock to die of hypothermia. For their last target, their plan is to crash a remote-controlled truck into McCann's car. With the help of the inexperienced Jake, Meier kills McCann. A gunfight ensues, Jake accidentally kills Meier.

Danny and Davies part ways. Davies is tracked down by Logan's men, is hit by a truck and killed while trying to escape. Danny gives the sheikh the last confession, which he has faked. Hunter is released, while Danny heads back to Australia and reunites with Anne, a childhood acquaintance. Soon, he is informed by the Agent that there is one last man who participated in the sheikh's sons' murders and that this man, Ranulph Fiennes, is about to release a book about his experiences in the SAS. Danny sends Anne to France; the sheikh's son confirms. Logan, traces Danny through the Agent and sends a team to protect the author, but Jake distracts them, allowing Danny to shoot Fiennes, he only wounds the man, taking pictures that appear to show him dead. Logan captures Danny, taking him to an abandoned warehouse, but a government agent arrives and reveals that the British government is behind the events because of the sheikh's valuable oil reserves. A three-way battle ensues, with Danny Logan shooting the government agent.

In Paris, the Agent tries to kidnap Anne for ransom, but Hunter beats the henchman and shoots the Agent in the leg. Hunter spares his life. Danny and Hunter head to Oman to give the sheikh the pictures. However, Logan arrives first, tells the sheikh the pictures are fake and stabs him to death; the sheikh's son does not care. Hunter spots Logan leaving, they chase after him, along with the sheikh's men. After stopping the sheikh's men and Hunter confront Logan on a desert road. Hunter takes some of the money for his family, they leave the remainder, telling Logan that he will need it to start a new life after killing the government agent and acting against the wishes of the Feather Men and the British government. Danny says that Logan must make up his own mind what to do. Danny reunites with Anne; the Internet Movie Database cites a number of locations used for filming. Filming began at Docklands Studios Melbourne in May 2010. In July 2010, Jason Statham's scenes were shot at the Brecon Beacons in Wales.

Robert De Niro filmed a scene in Melbourne's Spring Street set in 1970s Paris. The scene of McCann's death by tanker truck was filmed on Melbourne; the final scene was filmed on Little Collins Street in Melbourne. Some London scenes were filmed in Cardiff—in July 2010, De Niro and Statham were seen filming outside The Promised Land Bar on Windsor Place. Other scenes shot in Cardiff were on Windsor Place, showing the City United Reformed Church, Buffalo bar and various small business buildings. Agent's several meetings with other characters at a stone, columned monument were shot at the Welsh National War Memorial in Alexandra Gardens, Cardiff. A scene where The Welshman leaves a building was shot on Kings Road, showing Kings Road Doctors' Surgery and residential buildings. Another scene was shot at The Blue Anchor Inn in Vale of Glamorgan. In July 2010, filming took place near the Storey Arms outdoor centre in the Brecon Beacons. A number of 1970s period cars were in evidence a bright orange Austin Maxi.

The film, which had a gala-premiere at the 36th Toronto International Film Festival on 10 September 2011, has received negative reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes

Shinden Station (Kyoto)

Shinden Station is a train station in Uji, Kyoto Prefecture, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It has the station number "JR-D11". Shinden Station is served by the Nara Line; the station consists of two side platforms serving two tracks. The station building is on platform 1. There is an overpass between the two platforms; the station does not have a Midori no Madoguchi ticket window, but a POS terminal. From this station, the Nara Line has double tracks in direction for Kyoto, a single track in direction for Nara. According to the Kyoto Prefecture statistical report, the average number of passengers per day is as follows; the station opened on January 25, 1896. The Kansai Railway was nationalised on October 1, 1907. After the privatization of Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987, the station came under the control of JR West; the IC card ticket "ICOCA" can be used since November 1, 2003. Station numbering was introduced on March 17, 2018. Okubo Station on the Kintetsu Kyoto Line Official website