Palmgrove National Park
Palmgrove is a national park in south-central Queensland, Australia. It lies 458 km north-west of Brisbane, it is listed as a National Park under the Nature Conservation Act 1992, so giving it the highest level of protection possible under the Act. It was established in order to protect ecosystems of exceptional scientific value, it is located within the Dawson River catchment area. Palmgrove lies in moderately dry, dissected sandstone country; the vegetation includes a variety of eucalypt woodland and forest communities as well as vine and Acacia thickets. The area is isolated. Threatened ecosystems present in the park include: Acacia harpophylla - Eucalyptus cambageana open forest to woodland on fine-grained sedimentary rocks Semi-evergreen vine thicket on fine grained sedimentary rocks Acacia harpophylla and/or Casuarina cristata open forest on fine-grained sedimentary rocks Macropteranthes leichhardtii thicket on fine grained sedimentary rocks Semi-evergreen vine thicket in sheltered habitats on medium to coarse-grained sedimentary rocksNorthern quolls have been recorded in the park.
The park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it supports an isolated, the westernmost, population of black-breasted buttonquails, listed as vulnerable. The rare and threatened ecosystems contained in the park are buttonquail habitat. Glossy black cockatoos considered to be vulnerable, are present. Protected areas of Queensland
Castle Tower National Park
Castle Tower is a national park in the Gladstone Region, Australia. 407 km northwest of Brisbane. The vegetation in the park is predominantly Open eucalypt woodland. There are some stands of hoop pine. Mount Castle Tower can be seen from Lake Awoonga; the park has limited access with permission required from Gladstone Area Water Board to cross their property. There are no facilities for visitors. Boyne Valley, Queensland Protected areas of Queensland
Bollon is a town and locality in Shire of Balonne, Australia. At the 2011 census, Bollon had a population of 334. Bollon is in South West Queensland, 634 kilometres west of the state capital, Brisbane. Bollon is situated on the Balonne Highway, between St George and Cunnamulla on the banks of Wallam Creek. A stand of River red gums along the creek is home to a large colony of koalas; the town was established in 1879 and the town is thought to be named after either the indigenous name for Wallam Creek or a type of stone axe. Bollon State School opened on 27 July 1885. In 2010, Narkoola National Park was established in the west of the town's boundaries to preserve plant communities of the Mulga Lands bioregion. Bollon has showground and a park. Bollon State School is a government co-educational primary at 60-74 Main Street. In 2015, the school had an enrolment of 32 students with 3 teachers and 6 non-teaching staff. Balonne Shire Council operates a library in Main Street, next to the Civic Centre; the Bollon branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms at 17 Main Street.
Media related to Bollon, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons Town map of Bollon, 1982
Sundown National Park
Sundown is a national park in Queensland, Australia, 198 km south west of Brisbane. The park contains a number of peaks higher than 1,000 m, it is the source of the Severn River, the starting point of the Darling River. This Severn River is a separate river from the New South Wales river of the same name; the river has cut a 10 km long gorge through hard trap rock. Some of the Severn River's tributaries contain waterfalls; the area has a complex geological history. Before it was a national park the land was mined for molybdenite, tungsten, copper and tin. Disused mines are contaminated. Shellfish fossils can be found on the summit of Mount Donaldson, 1,038 m above sea level; the trap rock which underlays most of the park contains granite intrusions which has caused some fracturing. In the north of the park stringybark, yellow box, brown box and Tenterfield woollybutt are the most common trees. Along the river red river gum, river oak, tea-tree and bottlebrush are found; some areas of the park were cleared for the production of wool.
At least 150 species of bird have been noted in the park, including the northernmost population of superb lyrebirds. The park is home to the most northerly population of wombats along with nearby Girraween National Park. Tiger quolls and platypus are other species that may be found. In the south east of the park at Broadwater campground. Bush camping is permitted. Camping permits and fees apply in both cases. There are a number of long walking tracks in the park. Access to the park from New South Wales is via a turn-off into Mingoola Station Road at the Mingoola School, along the Bruxner Highway. Turn right into Glenyon Dam Road and another right into Permanents Road, which promptly enters the park; this section is the most developed with the Broadwater Camping Area providing toilets, boil-your-own hot showers, short walking tracks, sheltered tables and taps with river and rain water provided at the ranger station. This section is accessible for 2WD and motorhomes/caravans/campertrailers under 5 meters.
Protected areas of Queensland Sundown National Park - Queensland Holidays, Tourism Queensland
Capricornia Cays National Park
Capricornia Cays is both a national park and a scientific national park in Queensland, located 486 km and 472 km north of the state capital Brisbane respectively. Collectively they comprise 241 ha of coral cays. Popular recreational activities in the park includes bird and turtle watching as well as camping, swimming, boating and diving. Capricornia Cays National Park is noted for its biological diversity and for provided habitat for a number of endangered plants and animals. In particular the cays are recognized as having the largest breeding population of endangered loggerhead turtles in the South Pacific. Access to the islands via boat is available from Gladstone, Bundaberg and 1770; the cays form an Important Bird Area because they support more than 1% of the world populations of black noddies and wedge-tailed shearwaters, making up the majority of the east Australian breeding populations of these species, sometimes more than 1% of the world population of brown boobies. Seasonal closures in some areas is imposed to protect breeding seabirds.
233 mollusc species have been recorded from the islands. Capricornia Cays National Park protects eight vegetated coral cays in the Capricorn and Bunker group of islands of the southern Great Barrier Reef: Erskine Island Heron Island Lady Musgrave Island - Open for visiting, capable of 40 campers. Masthead Island - Open for visiting, capable of 60 campers, however this is limited to 30 from October to March each year to allow a less disrupted egg laying ground for turtles. North West Island - Open for visiting, capable of 150 campers. Tryon Island - Currently closed to public access due to a tree infection, the island has the capacity for 30 campers. Wilson IslandThe cays are built by corals; the area is of significance as a fishery for king prawns These eight islands are part of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and all surrounded by reefs. Vegetation on the cays is dominated by the flowering tree species, Pisonia grandis. A further six cays form Capricornia Cays National Park: One Tree Island Wreck Island Fairfax Islands, Hoskyn Islands There is no public access to these cays.
Area: 0.44 km2 Coordinates: 23°20′07″S 151°57′24″E Managing authorities: Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service IUCN category: Ia Protected areas of Queensland Capricornia Cays National Park
International Union for Conservation of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, field projects and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation, it tries to influence the actions of governments and other stakeholders by providing information and advice, through building partnerships. The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
IUCN has a membership of over 1400 non-governmental organizations. Some 16,000 scientists and experts participate in the work of IUCN commissions on a voluntary basis, it employs 1000 full-time staff in more than 50 countries. Its headquarters are in Switzerland. IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations, plays a role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity, it was involved in establishing the World Wide Fund for Nature and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. In the past, IUCN has been criticized for placing the interests of nature over those of indigenous peoples. In recent years, its closer relations with the business sector have caused controversy. IUCN was established in 1948, it was called the International Union for the Protection of Nature and the World Conservation Union. Establishment IUCN was established on 5 October 1948, in Fontainebleau, when representatives of governments and conservation organizations signed a formal act constituting the International Union for the Protection of Nature.
The initiative to set up the new organisation came from UNESCO and from its first Director General, the British biologist Julian Huxley. The objectives of the new Union were to encourage international cooperation in the protection of nature, to promote national and international action and to compile and distribute information. At the time of its founding IUPN was the only international organisation focusing on the entire spectrum of nature conservation Early years: 1948–1956 IUPN started out with 65 members, its secretariat was located in Brussels. Its first work program focused on saving species and habitats and applying knowledge, advancing education, promoting international agreements and promoting conservation. Providing a solid scientific base for conservation action was the heart of all activities. IUPN and UNESCO were associated, they jointly organized the 1949 Conference on Protection of Nature. In preparation for this conference a list of gravely endangered species was drawn up for the first time, a precursor of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
In the early years of its existence IUCN depended entirely on UNESCO funding and was forced to temporarily scale down activities when this ended unexpectedly in 1954. IUPN was successful in engaging prominent scientists and identifying important issues such as the harmful effects of pesticides on wildlife but not many of the ideas it developed were turned into action; this was caused by unwillingness to act on the part of governments, uncertainty about the IUPN mandate and lack of resources. In 1956, IUPN changed its name to International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Increased profile and recognition: 1956–1965 In the 1950s and 1960s Europe entered a period of economic growth and formal colonies became independent. Both developments had impact on the work of IUCN. Through the voluntary involvement of experts in its Commissions IUCN was able to get a lot of work done while still operating on a low budget, it established links with the Council of Europe. In 1961, at the request of United Nations Economic and Social Council, the United Nations Economic and Social Council, IUCN published the first global list of national parks and protected areas which it has updated since.
IUCN's best known publication, the Red Data Book on the conservation status of species, was first published in 1964. IUCN began to play a part in the development of international treaties and conventions, starting with the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Environmental law and policy making became a new area of expertise. Africa was the focus of many of the early IUCN conservation field projects. IUCN supported the ‘Yellowstone model’ of protected area management, which restricted human presence and activity in order to protect nature. IUCN and other conservation organisations were criticized for protecting nature against people rather than with people; this model was also applied in Africa and played a role in the decision to remove the Maasai people from Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. To establish a stable financial basis for its work, IUCN participated in setting up the World Wildlife Fund
Shire of Balonne
The Shire of Balonne is a local government area in South West Queensland, over 500 kilometres from the state capital, Brisbane. It covers an area of 31,150.3 square kilometres, has existed as a local government entity since 1879. It is headquartered in St George. Ula Ula Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 1271; the name Ula Ula is believed to be derived from an Aboriginal word meaning water lilies, or ripples on waterA separate municipality, the Borough of St George was gazetted on 31 July 1884, but on 13 March 1886 it was abolished and amalgamated back into Ula Ula Division. On 11 March 1903, Ula Ula Division was renamed Balonne Division, after the Balonne River; the name Balonne is believed to be of Aboriginal origin running stream. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Balonne Division became Shire of Balonne on 31 March 1903; the area contains the Balonne, Boomi, Little Weir, Maranoa and Narran rivers, which attract fishermen seeking both yellowbelly and Murray cod.
The Shire of Balonne includes the following settlements: St George Alton Bollon Boolba Dirranbandi Hebel Mungindi Nindigully Thallon Annual events include: Fishing competitions A golf carnival Motorbike endurance rallies Country shows and rodeos Wool and flower shows 1927: David Robert Roberts 2008–2016: Donna Stewart 2016: Richard MarshOther notable members of the council include: Eddie Beardmore, council member for 15 years and deputy chairman for 8 years Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Balonne Through Rural Libraries Queensland, Balonne Shire Council operates libraries at St George, Dirranbandi and Thallon. "Balonne Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland