Campaign streamers are decorations attached to military flags to recognize particular achievements or events of a military unit or service. Attached to the headpiece of the assigned flag, the streamer is an inscribed ribbon with the name and date denoting participation in a particular battle, military campaign, or theater of war, they are physical manifestations of battle honours, though this does not mean all streamers are battle honours. They should not be confused with a tassel, purely decorative in nature; the armed forces of Germany, the United States and others have engaged in awarding streamers. Prussia, Austria-Hungary and the Soviet Union have used streamers in this manner; the United States Army established campaign streamers in 1920, the United States Marine Corps in 1939, the United States Air Force in 1956. The United States Coast Guard adopted battle streamers in 1968, with the United States Navy following suit in 1971. Many of the practices relative to their display are similar among the services.
There are, differences regarding the number of streamers and use of embroidered devices. The Army carries a separate streamer for each important action in all wars in which that service has participated, each embroidered with the name of the action commemorated; the Army allows 190 streamers, the Air Force, employing the Army system, carries more than 60. Unlike the Army-Air Force practice, the Marines and Navy use one ribbon for each war, campaign, or theater of operations. Specific actions or battles are highlighted by silver stars embroidered on the ribbon; the Marine Corps has 50 streamers, the Navy 36, the Coast Guard uses 43, unadorned by either stars or lettering. Stars on the Marines and Navy streamers follow the practice initiated during the World War II period for ribbons and medals—that is, a bronze service star for each action, a silver star in lieu of five bronze stars; the Navy applies stars to appropriate ribbons throughout its history, whereas the Marine Corps uses stars to commemorate service starting from 1900.
The Navy's Presidential Unit Citation, Navy Unit Commendation, Meritorious Unit Commendation streamers each carry a red number rather than stars, representing the number of times that the respective award has been conferred upon Navy units. U. S. streamers tend to have a flat end, with writing, with the sole exception being those of the USMC, whose streamers have a pointed end with no writing. The fly end of the streamer has a swallowtail. U. S. streamers' sizes vary based upon the military branch that uses them and the size of the flag that they are attached to. They are 3 feet long and 2.75 inches wide. Where a medal has been awarded for a particular war or service, the coloring and design of the streamer are the same as the ribbon from which the medal is suspended. Conflicts and operations for which no medal was issued have ribbons specially designed for use as streamers. Campaigns Additionally, units that have been awarded citation or decoration may carry the associated streamer. Foreign awards are last in precedence.
Current US Army policy allows the display of fourrageres and lanyards during ceremonial occasions on the flagstaff of those units authorized. A foreign unit award medal may be pinned to the applicable foreign award streamer during ceremonial occasions. GeneralAwards and decorations of the United States militaryOther campaign related itemsCampaign medal Campaign clasp U. S. Army campaign streamers U. S. Navy campaign streamers U. S. Marine Corps campaign streamers U. S. Air Force campaign streamers U. S. Coast Guard campaign streamers
Richard Bedford Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett, was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served as the 11th prime minister of Canada, in office from 1930 to 1935, he led the Conservative Party from 1927 to 1938. Bennett's premiership was marked by the Great Depression that it overlapped and by an unsuccessful initiative to establish an imperial preference free trade agreement. Still, he left lasting legacies in the form of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Bank of Canada, was regarded by his political opponents as instrumental in mitigating the worst potential effects of the economic depression in Canada. Bennett was born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, grew up in nearby Hopewell Cape, he studied law at Dalhousie University, graduating in 1893, in 1897 moved to Calgary to establish a law firm in partnership with James Lougheed. Bennett served in the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories from 1898 to 1905, in the Alberta Legislature from 1909 to 1911, he was the inaugural leader of the Alberta Conservative Party from 1905, resigning upon his election to the House of Commons in 1911.
From 1920 to 1921, Bennett was Minister of Justice under Arthur Meighen. He served as Minister of Finance in Meighen's second government in 1926, which lasted just a month. Meighen resigned the Conservative Party's leadership after its defeat at the 1926 election, with Bennett elected as his replacement. Bennett became prime minister after the 1930 election, where the Conservatives won a landslide victory over Mackenzie King's Liberal Party, he was the first prime minister to represent a constituency in Alberta. The main difficulty during Bennett's prime ministership was the Great Depression, he and his party tried to combat the crisis with laissez-faire policies, but these were ineffective. However, over time Bennett's government became interventionist, attempting to replicate the popular "New Deal" enacted by Franklin Roosevelt to the south; this about-face prompted a split within Conservative ranks, was regarded by the general public as evidence of incompetence. Bennett suffered a landslide defeat at the 1935 election, with Mackenzie King returning for a third term.
Bennett remained leader of the Conservative Party until 1938. He was created Viscount Bennett, the only Canadian prime minister to be honoured with elevation to the peerage. Bennett was born on 3 July 1870, when his mother, Henrietta Stiles, was visiting at her parents' home in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, Canada, he was the eldest of six children, grew up nearby at the Bay of Fundy home of his father, Henry John Bennett, in Hopewell Cape, the shire town of Albert County a town of 1,800 people. His father descended from English ancestors, his great-great-grandfather, Zadock Bennett, migrated from New London, Connecticut, to Nova Scotia c. 1760, before the American Revolution, as one of the New England Planters who took the lands forcibly removed from the deported Acadians during the Great Upheaval. R. B. Bennett's family was poor, subsisting on the produce of a small farm, his early days inculcated a lifelong habit of thrift. The driving force in his family was his mother, she passed this faith and the Protestant ethic on to her son.
Bennett's father does not appear to have been a good provider for his family, though the reason is unclear. He tried to develop some gypsum deposits; the Bennetts had been a prosperous family, operating a shipyard in Hopewell Cape, but the change to steam-powered vessels in the mid-19th century meant the gradual winding down of their business. However, the household was a literate one, they were strong Conservatives. Educated in the local school, Bennett was a good student, but something of a loner. In addition to his Protestant faith, Bennett grew up with an abiding love of the British Empire at its apogee. A small legacy his mother received opened the doors for him to attend the Normal school in Fredericton, where he trained to be a teacher. One day, while Bennett was crossing the Miramichi River on the ferry boat, a well-dressed lad about nine years younger came over to him and struck up a conversation; this was the beginning of an improbable but important friendship with Max Aitken the industrialist and British press baron, Lord Beaverbrook.
The agnostic Aitken liked to tease the Methodist Bennett, whose fiery temper contrasted with Aitken's ability to turn away wrath with a joke. This friendship would become important to his success in life, as would his friendship with the Chatham lawyer, Lemuel J. Tweedie, a prominent Conservative politician, he began to study law during summer holidays. Another important friendship was with the prominent Shirreff family of Chatham, the father being High Sheriff of Northumberland County for 25 years; the son, joined the E. B. Eddy Company, a large pulp and paper industrial concern, was transferred to Halifax, his sister moved there to study nursing, soon Bennett joined them to study law at Dalhousie University. Their friendship was renewed there, became crucial to his life when Jennie Shirreff married the head of the Eddy Company, she made Bennett the lawyer for her extensive interests. Bennett started at Dalhousie University in 1890, gradua
World War I was a global military conflict that embroiled most of the world's great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Entente and the Central Powers. The immediate cause of the war was the June 28, 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb citizen of Austria–Hungary and member of the Black Hand; the retaliation by Austria–Hungary against Serbia activated a series of alliances that set off a chain reaction of war declarations. Within a month, much of Europe was in a state of open warfare, resulting in the mobilization of more than 65 million European soldiers, more than 40 million casualties—including 20 million deaths by the end of the war; when World War I broke out, the United States maintained a policy of isolationism, avoiding conflict while trying to negotiate peace between the warring nations. However, when a German U-boat sank the British liner Lusitania in 1915, with 128 Americans aboard, U.
S. President Woodrow Wilson demanded an end to attacks on passenger ships. Germany complied and Wilson unsuccessfully tried to mediate a settlement, he warned that the U. S. would not tolerate unrestricted submarine warfare, in violation of international law. By the time the United States of America entered the war in 1917—three years after the first shots were fired—several Americans had gone to fight as pilots by joining the Royal Flying Corps; these pilots reported to Canada, after flight training were sent to fight as officers in the British military. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces; the recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is presented posthumously. In all some 121 men received the Medal for their actions in World War I: 92 from the Army, to include 4 from the Air Service, 21 from the Navy, 8 from the Marine Corps.
Among the recipients were Alvin York, who became the basis for the movie Sergeant York, Edward Rickenbacker, who became a flying ace. Ralph Talbot of the Marine Corps became a flying ace and was the first Marine aviator to receive the Medal of Honor. Since the Medal of Honor was established, 19 recipients have received it twice, of whom 5 received both awards during World War I; these 5 men were all Marines who received both the Army and Navy versions of the Medal of Honor for the same action. This was made possible by the practice of attaching some units of the U. S. Marine Corps, a part of the Department of the Navy, to larger U. S. Army commands, making marines in such units eligible for both Navy decorations. Of the other three marines who earned the Medal of Honor during World War I, two were awarded only the Navy version and one, Fred W. Stockham, received only the Army version. In February 1919, the criteria for the award were amended to state that no person could receive more than one Medal of Honor, thus precluding any future double recipients.
This with the † indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously The British Unknown Warrior from World War I The American Unknown Soldier from World War I This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History. General"Who's Who list of Marines". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on February 19, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2008. Willmott, H. P.. World War I. New York: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 978-0-7894-9627-0. OCLC 52541937. Brands, Henry William. T. R.: The Last Romantic. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-06958-3. OCLC 36954615. Owens, Ron. Medal of Honor: Historical Facts & Figures. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company. Pp. 92–98. ISBN 978-1-56311-995-8. Retrieved August 11, 2009. Inline
Grab-Its are microwave-safe cookware identifiable by their tab handle. They were introduced by Corning Glass Works in 1977, under the Corning Ware brand and are now sold in a different form by Corelle Brands. Grab-Its are notable as being among the first cookware designed for microwave use - their design was recognized by the Smithsonian's Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum. Grab-Its resemble porringers. Grab-Its were made available in two sizes, smaller 15 ounce and larger "Grab-A-Meal" 24 ounce versions; the 15 ounce Grab-Its were available with a plastic cover and/or a Pyrex glass lid. 24 ounce versions came with a glass lid only. In addition to microwave use, Corning Ware and Visions Grab-Its made of Pyroceram are safe on the stovetop, in the oven, under a broiler. Newer Corning Ware Grab-Its made of stoneware are safe for oven use only. Grabits were produced and sold by Corning Glass Works, made from opaque Pyroceram glass-ceramic material. Corning introduced Grab-Its under the Visions brand in 1988.
These were made of transparent Pyroceram with an amber tint. A Cranberry variant was introduced in the early 1990s. Not long after the Corning Consumer Products Company was spun off in 1998, Pyroceram-based Grabits were discontinued in the USA with the close of the Martinsburg, WV plant in the early 2000's; the 15 ounce versions were re-introduced in the USA as a stoneware product under the Corning Ware brand a short time later. Amber 15 ounce Visions Grab-Its are still made of transparent Pyroceram in France for sales in select European and Asia-Pacific regions
The 2009 A Championship was the second season of the A Championship. The season was sponsored by Newstalk; the league featured 18 teams. Shamrock Rovers A were the champions while the runners up, Salthill Devon, were promoted to the First Division. 18 teams participated in the 2009 A Championship. 12 of these were the reserve teams of League of Ireland clubs. The 2008 champions UCD A and Limerick 37 A did not enter teams for the 2009 season, they were replaced by Sporting Fingal A and Dundalk A. The six non-reserve teams included Salthill Devon and Tullamore Town, both of whom played in the 2008 season. Cobh Ramblers had been relegated from the 2008 Premier Division but were demoted directly to the A Championship after being refused a First Division licence. Castlebar Celtic, F. C. Carlow and Tralee Dynamos were making their debut at senior national level, they were the first clubs from their respective counties of Mayo and Kerry to play at this level. The regular season was completed by early November.
The format saw the 18 teams split into two groups of nine, divided into southern and northern groups. The two groups used a traditional round-robin format; the two group winners, Shamrock Rovers A and Salthill Devon played off in a final. Shamrock Rovers emerged as champions; as the highest placed non-reserve team, Salthill Devon qualified for a promotion/relegation play-off. However they were subsequently promoted directly to the 2010 First Division after their opponents, Kildare County, withdrew from the League of Ireland before the play-off could be played. 2009 League of Ireland Premier Division 2009 League of Ireland First Division 2009 League of Ireland Cup