For people with the surname, see Capizzi. Capizzi is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 100 kilometres southeast of Palermo and about 100 kilometres southwest of Messina. Capizzi borders the following municipalities: Caronia, Cesarò, Mistretta; the origins of Capizzi are unclear, although ancient. Capitium is mentioned by Cicero and Ptolemy, appears from the former to have been a place of some importance, he mentions it in conjunction with Haluntium and other towns in the northern part of the island, Ptolemy enumerates it among the inland cities of Sicily. Its situation on the southern slope of the mountains of Caronia, about 26 kilometres from the Tyrrhenian Sea, the same distance from Gangi, accords well with the ancient indications; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray
Brolo is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 130 kilometres east of Palermo and about 60 kilometres west of Messina. Brolo borders the following municipalities: Ficarra, Piraino, Sant'Angelo di Brolo; until 1960 the economy was based on agriculture, the main produces including olives and lemons. Now the economy is based on buildings houses and some summer tourism. During the Roman era Brolo was called Brolium, meaning "garden" or "Park" in Latin, was crossed by the Via Valeria. In the Middle Ages it had a castle on the sea, around which from the 11th century, a fishermens' settlement arose. Bianca Lancia and wife of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen lived in the castle during the 13th century according to some historians. Brolo was the scene of an amphibious landing during the Battle of Sicily in World War II. Www.brolo.it/
Castelmola is a comune in the Province of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 170 kilometres east of Palermo and about 40 kilometres southwest of Messina. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,107 and an area of 16.4 square kilometres. Castelmola borders the following municipalities: Gaggi, Mongiuffi Melia, Taormina
Francavilla di Sicilia
Francavilla di Sicilia is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina on the island of Sicily, southern Italy. It has a population of about 3,900 people and is situated in the southern part of the province, close to the northern slopes of Mount Etna; the distance to Messina is about 50 kilometres, the town is about 70 kilometres from Catania airport, in the valley of the River Alcantara between Taormina and Randazzo. Taormina and the Mediterranean Sea are about 15 kilometres to the southeast. Neighboring towns and villages include: Antillo, Castiglione di Sicilia, Fondachelli-Fantina, Montalbano Elicona, Motta Camastra, Novara di Sicilia and Tripi. In the vicinity of the town artefacts have been found dating back to the 5th century BC. In 1092 the Abbey of San Salvatore di Placa was built, the town grew around it. On June 20, 1719 a major battle was fought between Spanish and Austrians in the War of the Quadruple Alliance, leaving 8000 dead and wounded. Gole dell'Alcantara, a canyon on the river Alcantara, which over the centuries found its way through the lava stones of Mount Etna and which flows close to the town.
Between Francavilla and Motta Camastra it reaches its most remarkable point: a canyon cave-like, about 50 metres deep and including characteristic lava rocks. Chiesa dell'Annunziata in the centre of the town. Convent of the Capuchins, near the cemetery. Ruins of the medieval castle on the hill above the town. Archaeological excavations, including ancient Greek findings from the 6th-century BC onwards. Last Sunday of August: Celebration of Saint Euplio. December 4: Celebration of the town's patron saint, Saint Barbara. Good Friday procession Nativity Play Carnival Gaetano Cipolla: American linguist and author, principal of Legas Publishing Official website
Furnari is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 178 kilometres east of Palermo and about 54 kilometres west of Messina. Furnari borders the following municipalities: Falcone, Mazzarrà Sant'Andrea, Terme Vigliatore, Tripi
Alcara li Fusi
Alcara li Fusi is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 120 kilometres east of Palermo and about 80 kilometres west of Messina. A Alcara li Fusi borders the following municipalities: Cesarò, Militello Rosmarino, San Fratello, San Marco d'Alunzio; the village is 398 metres above sea level on the slopes of the Nebrodi Mountains. They extend from the peaks of Mount Crasto, which lies to the northeast at about 1,300 metres above sea level, to the plateau of Miraglia and Mount Soro, which rises to 1,847 metres; the territory is rich in watercourses. The central habitation is found on the bank to the right of the river below magnificent rocky outcrops of calcareous origin; the left side of the Rosmarino is instead constituted by reliefs rich in vegetation which reach the ridge of the Nebrodi Mountains and the summit of Mount Soro. One alleged legend, reported by historical scholars in past centuries but without any references on the popular tradition, narrates about the foundation of the village by Patrone, a Greek from the city of Turio in Magna Graecia following Aeneas, who had reached the coast after having landed with some companions.
In reality there is no historical evidence which can link Alcara with Turio or rather identify Alcara with the Greco-Roman city of Turiano documented on fountains in the village, besides the denomination of the "Castle Turio," the remains of a fortification which dominates the village. Without any historical evidence is the identification of Alcara with the greco-Byzantine city of Demenna which in any case could reasonably be localized in the area of the Nebrodi, including the area between San Marco d'Alunzio and Longi. Controversial is the locality of the greco-sicanian city of Crasto which according to various local historians fluctuates from Western Sicily, Southern Sicily, Eastern Sicily, but that should not deviate too much from the area between Agrigento and Imera, despite the presence of rocky outcrops of "Crasto" just above the habitation of Alcara. According to local oral history, which takes as its source scholars of the 16th, 17th, 18th centuries, the habitation would have its origin following the destruction by the Saracens of Crasto and Démena in 855.
Following this, a part of the inhabitants transferred to an area more within the valley. The same version of the story is given, moving a little the position of the mythical cities for other centers within the Nebrodi Mountain region; the improbability of the identification with Krastos and the controversial localization of Demenna, does not exclude that the actual habitation was born by the progressive abandonment of the settlement located more towards the mountain, a common phenomenon in Apennine regions. To this conclusion could be brought for example the remains of human settlement present until a few years at Crasto; the settlement took the Arab name of Akaret during the Islamic domination in Sicily. It does not seem improbable that the Arabs after the difficult conquest of this area of the Nebrodi had called for a network of fortifications for control of the territory; the first real historic reference of the existence of Alcara is from a document from 1096, a certificate from Count Roger, written in Greek, which indicated Alcara as a possession of the bishop of Messina.
The oldest quarter of the village, rising at the foot of the Turio Castle took the name of Motta in this period, referring to the typical model of Norman fortifications which included a tower surrounded by a wall, named "motte". It is therefore probable that to give an urban structure to a settlement having had a spread out character, was the Norman period. However, it does not seem possible, at the moment, to determine the structure of the walls of the "Motta"of which there are only small tracts. In 1359, under the reign of Frederick IV of Sicily, the fortification and its property were assigned to Vinciguerra d'Aragona; the name of the village became "Alcara Valdemone", due to its belonging to the administrative subdivision of Val Demone though it was documented in time different versions of the name such as "L'Arcara", "Arcara", "L'Arcara". In the 15th century is attested a Jewish community older and consistent in this area of the Nebrodi, confirming that Alcara was a commercial and economic center.
The community would have disappeared by the 17th century with the expulsion of all Jews from Sicily not converted. In 1812, with the abolition of the constituencies which had up till divided Sicily, it took the name of Alcara "Li Fusi" since it was a center of production of spindles used for spinning. There are attested in the eighteen hundreds different variants such as "Alcare de fusa", "Alcara dei fusi", "Alcara de li fusi", Alcara delle Fusa"; such denominations were due to the necessity of distinguishing this inhabited center from another "Alcara" or "L'Alcara" which for the same reason took the name of Lercara Friddi. On May 17, 1860, at Alcara there was a peasant revolt which anticipated a similar and more famous one at Bronte. Laborers, enraged by desperate living conditions, feeding upon expectations of a ransom and s
Castroreale is a village in the Metropolitan City of Messina, southern Italy. It has around 2,702 inhabitants but over 80 churches, with some houses dating to the 13th century, it is 8.5 kilometres from 30 kilometres from Messina. It has a tower, last remain of a castle, built by Frederick II of Aragon in 1324; the name Castroreale comes from Latin, means "royal fortress". Pina Menichelli