NatWest Markets

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NatWest Markets Plc
Subsidiary undertaking
IndustryInvestment Banking
Founded2016 (1992)
Headquarters250 Bishopsgate,
London EC2M 4AA, United Kingdom
Key people
Frank Dangeard, Chairman
Chris Marks, Chief Executive
ProductsRisk Management, Rates, Financing, Currencies
ParentThe Royal Bank of Scotland Group
Websitenatwestmarkets.com

NatWest Markets is the investment banking arm of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group. It was created from the Group's corporate and institutional banking division in 2016, as part of a structural reform intended to comply with the requirements of the Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013 and to give the NatWest brand greater prominence; the Act implements the Independent Commission on Banking recommendation that domestic retail banking should be "ring-fenced" from riskier trading activities by 2019.[1] The ring-fenced group, NatWest Holdings, was created at the same time.

To give it legal form, The Royal Bank of Scotland Plc was renamed NatWest Markets Plc in 2018; at the same time Adam and Company Plc (which held a separate PRA banking licence) was renamed The Royal Bank of Scotland Plc, with Adam and Company continuing as an RBS private banking brand.[2]

History[edit]

The NatWest Markets name was previously used from 1992 to 1997, the remnants of which were absorbed into the RBS Group on the acquisition of National Westminster Bank in 2000.[3]

NatWest Markets' origins lie in County Bank, the merchant banking subsidiary of National Provincial Bank formed in 1965;[4] the original County Bank was formed in Manchester in 1862 and, in 1935, merged into District Bank, which was acquired by National Provincial Bank in 1962.[5] The merchant bank acquired various stockbroking and jobbing firms, becoming County NatWest when the banking system was deregulated in 1987; it was later consolidated with corporate banking to form NatWest Markets.[6] NatWest Markets acquired US-based Greenwich Capital in 1996 and became Greenwich NatWest following disposal of large parts of the business.[7]

County NatWest[edit]

The bank's expansion strategy hit trouble with the stock market crash of 1987 and involvement in the financial scandal surrounding the collapse of Blue Arrow; the Department of Trade and Industry report on the affair was critical of the bank's management and resulted in the resignation of several members of the board, including then chairman Lord Boardman.[8]

In the early 1990s, County NatWest merged with NatWest's treasury and foreign exchange divisions to form NatWest Markets. In 1996, NatWest Markets acquired private equity firm Hambro Magan.[9]

Greenwich NatWest[edit]

In 1997, NatWest Markets revealed that a £50m loss had been discovered; this was revised to £90.5m after further investigations. Investor and shareholder confidence was so badly shaken that the Bank of England had to instruct the board of directors to resist calls for the resignation of its most senior executives in an effort to draw a line under the affair.[10]

The bank's internal controls and risk management were severely criticised in 2000 and its aggressive push into investment banking questioned, after a lengthy investigation by the Securities and Futures Authority;[11] the bank's move into complicated derivative products that it did not fully understand seemed to indicate poor management. By the end of the year parts of NatWest Markets had been sold, others becoming Greenwich NatWest in 1998.[12]

Operations[edit]

NatWest Markets provides global market access to corporate and institutional customers, offering trading, risk management and financing solutions through its trading and sales operations in London, Singapore and Stamford and sales offices in Dublin, Hong Kong, San Francisco and Tokyo.[13]

NatWest Markets Securities[edit]

Established in 1981, US broker-dealer, Greenwich Capital Markets was acquired by Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan in 1988 and divested to National Westminster Bank in 1996.[14] From 1998 until 2000, when NatWest was taken over by the RBS Group, it was part of Greenwich NatWest under the joint management of co-chief executives Gary Holloway and Konrad "Chip" Kruger.[15]

Greenwich Capital Markets became RBS Securities (trading as RBS) in 2009, prior to which it had used the marketing name RBS Greenwich Capital,[16] it is a direct subsidiary of RBS Holdings USA (until 2009, known as Greenwich Capital Holdings), whose direct parent is Delaware-registered NatWest Group Holdings Corporation, which was formed in 1996 to facilitate the purchase. Based in Stamford, Connecticut, it specialises in fixed income arbitrage and other fixed income strategies. Renamed NatWest Markets Securities Inc. in 2018, it is Financial Industry Regulatory Authority registered and a member of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation.

NatWest Markets Securities Japan[edit]

Registered in Hong Kong and regulated and authorised by the Japanese Financial Services Agency, NatWest Markets Securities Japan Limited operates through its Tokyo branch. Previously a direct subsidiary of RBS, it provides credit trading, bonds, swaps and related financial services. In conjunction with RBS Group's acquisition of parts of ABN AMRO Bank (later RBS N.V.), the two firms' Tokyo branches were consolidated in 2009.

The business was established as County Securities Japan in 1986; it became County NatWest Securities Japan in 1987, NatWest Securities Japan in 1995, Greenwich NatWest Securities Japan in 1998 and RBS Securities Japan in 2001, before adopting the present name in 2018.

NatWest Markets N.V.[edit]

NatWest Markets N.V. (former RBS N.V.) has been repurposed to provide continuity of service to EU customers following the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RBS brings back NatWest Markets name as part of 'ring-fencing' BBC News, 30 September 2016
  2. ^ Treanor, Jill RBS to strengthen NatWest brand The Guardian, 30 September 2016
  3. ^ Slater, Steve RBS renames investment bank as NatWest Markets Reuters, 30 September 2016
  4. ^ Cooper, John The Management and Regulation of Banks (p. 58) Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers, 1984
  5. ^ Pohl, Manfred (ed.) Handbook on the History of European Banks (p. 1232) Aldershot: Edward Elgar Publishing, 1994
  6. ^ Stockdale, Lydia County champions: County Bank and its property alumni Property Week, 25 January 2008
  7. ^ Mullin, Keith ECB taper talk and a walk down memory lane International Financing Review, 5 October 2016
  8. ^ Stanley, Christopher Cultural Contradictions in the Legitimation of Market Practice: Paradox in the Regulation of the City in Budd, Leslie and Whimster, Sam (eds.) Global Finance and Urban Living: A Study of Metropolitan Change (pp.158–160) Routledge, London, 1992
  9. ^ "NatWest pays for corporate finance credibility". The Independent. 11 October 1996. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  10. ^ Wolfe, Eric (October 2001). "Case Study: NatWest Markets" (PDF). BancWare ERisk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008.
  11. ^ SFA Disciplines NatWest and Two Individuals Financial Services Authority, 18 May 2000
  12. ^ Natwest Group Announces £1,011m Profit for 1997 PR Newswire Europe, 1998
  13. ^ NatWest Markets Factbook The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, 23 February 2018
  14. ^ Bray, Nicholas NatWest Agrees to Acquire Greenwich Capital of the U.S. Wall Street Journal, 11 June 1996
  15. ^ Stevenson, Tom NatWest Markets will split into two The Independent, 1 August 1997
  16. ^ RBS Announces the Renaming of US Broker-Dealer BusinessWire, 1 April 2009

External links[edit]