Massey University is a university based in Palmerston North, New Zealand, with significant campuses in Albany and Wellington. Massey University has 30,883 students, 13,796 of whom are extramural or distance-learning students, making it New Zealand's second largest university when not counting international students. Research is undertaken on all three campuses, more than 3,000 international students from over 100 countries study at the university. Massey University is the only university in New Zealand offering degrees in aviation, dispute resolution, veterinary medicine, nanoscience. Massey's veterinary school is accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association and is recognised in the United States, Australia and Britain, its agriculture programme is the highest-ranked in New Zealand, 19th in Quacquarelli Symonds' world university subject rankings. Massey's Bachelor of Aviation is an internationally recognised and accredited qualification, is the first non-engineering degree to be recognised by the Royal Aeronautical Society, has ISO9001-2000 accreditation.
The New Zealand Agricultural College Act of 1926 established the sixth college of the University of New Zealand at Turitea, across the Manawatu River from Palmerston North City. It drew from the agriculture departments of Victoria University College in Wellington and Auckland University College. In 1927 the college was renamed Massey Agricultural College after former New Zealand Prime Minister William Fergusson Massey, who died in 1925 and had been vigorous in land reform efforts; the Massey Agricultural College Committee first met on 1 February 1927, the Batchelar property, near the present Turitea site, was purchased that June. The college was opened for tuition on 20 March 1928 by O. J. Hawkin. Women were admitted with Enid Hills being the first. With the demise of the UNZ in 1961, it became Massey College, part of Victoria University of Wellington. In 1960 a branch of VUW was established in Palmerston North to teach students by distance education, known as extramural study. In 1963 this branch amalgamated with Massey College to form Massey University College of Manawatu, on 25 September, the Massey University Act 1963 made it an independent university as Massey University of Manawatu, with its present name being adopted in 1966.
Inaugurated in 1993, classes began at Massey's Albany campus in 1994. In December 2010 Massey announced that the Wellington campus would close its School of Engineering and Advanced Technology the next month. Students were offered places at either the Albany or Manawatu campuses with compensation, but those who could not make the move and chose to undertake their degree elsewhere were given no compensation, only a few papers were able to be cross-credited; the College of Health was launched in February 2013 with three broad goals: promoting health and wellbeing and injury prevention and protecting people and communities from environmental risks to health. In December 2016, the Chancellor of the University, Chris Kelly, caused outrage by making several comments in a rural newspaper regarding the gender of those in the veterinarian profession. While outlining changes that were being made to the structure of the University's veterinarian and agricultural degrees, Kelly said that more women passed the first year of the veterinarian degree "because women mature earlier than men, work hard and pass.
Whereas men find out about booze and all sorts of crazy things during their first year... That’s fine, but the problem is one woman graduate is equivalent to two-fifths of a full-time equivalent vet throughout her life because she gets married and has a family, normal." These remarks caused widespread outrage, with Kelly's apology via Twitter and Facebook doing little to calm the situation. Kelly resigned as Chancellor on 14 December 2016, was replaced promptly by Pro Chancellor Michael Ahie. Massey University has campuses in the Manawatu at Palmerston North, at Wellington and on Auckland's North Shore at Albany. In addition, Massey offers most of its degrees extramurally within New Zealand and internationally, it has the nation's largest business college. Research is undertaken on all three campuses. New Zealand's first satellite, KiwiSAT is being designed and built by New Zealand Radio Amateurs with the support of Massey in space environment testing; the Manawatu campus in Palmerston North is based at the Turitea site.
The campus has around 9,000 students. The Turitea site houses the main administrative units of Massey University as well as the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, the College of Sciences, the Business School; the Turitea site is home to the only Veterinary School in New Zealand. In 2013 the College of Education became the Institute of Education and is part of College of Humanities and Social Sciences. In 2016, Massey University sold its Palmerston North-based Hokowhitu Campus. Since 1993 the Auckland campus in Albany has grown in a fast developing part of Auckland's North Shore City. Science and Business are the two largest colleges on the campus with the College of Science housing the New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study on the campus. Around 7,000 students are enrolled at Albany; this campus has grown since and an on-campus accommodation facility opened in semester one 2015. In 1999 the Wellington campus was created through the acquisition of the Wellington Polytechnic. Part of Massey Wellington sits inside the New Zealand Dominion Museum building.
The Wellington campus specializes in Design and Communication and Journalism. It has over 4,000 students. Extramural study first began in 1
Twizel is the largest town in the Mackenzie District, in the Canterbury Region of New Zealand's South Island. The town was founded in 1968 to house construction workers on the Upper Waitaki Hydroelectric Scheme. Twizel has a resident population of 1,280; the present town was built in 1968 as a greenfields project to service the Upper Waitaki Hydroelectricity Scheme. The name comes from the nearby Twizel River, in turn named for Twizel Bridge in Northumberland by John Turnbull Thomson, Chief Surveyor of Otago in the mid 1800s; the Waitaki hydro scheme consisted of 50 kilometres of canals, two dams, four powerhouses, the formation of Lake Ruataniwha, producing 848 MW of electricity. At the height of the project in the 1970s, population peaked of around 6,000; the town was laid out in a'Scandinavian' fashion, featuring looping roads and pedestrian ways, making it far more direct to walk than use a car. Shops and recreational parkland formed a hub in the centre of the town, around which the residential area were built.
A previous version of this layout had been tried at Otematata. Accommodation was segregated: in addition to single men's quarters in the middle of town, there was a series of different houses available, with the smallest for workers, staff houses for teachers and professionals, the largest for engineers and other high-status residents; as the intention was for the town to revert to farmland, there were many'temporary' features. For example, instead of putting in kerbing and footpaths at the edge of the road, a single expanse of seal was contoured in a flat'W' shape: the seal was highest at the outer edge and in the middle, with a lower area serving as a channel and delineation between the roadway and footpath. Most of the town's telephone local loop is strung above ground to save the task of burying and removing the lines. Most houses were prefabricated, intended to be portable; some were brought from Otematata, some were moved to Clyde for the next hydroelectricity project. However, in 1983, as the hydroelectric project was winding up, residents fought to save the town itself.
Twizel is now a tourist town for visitors. Nearby Lake Ruataniwha supports sailing, water skiing and prominent rowing events such as the Maadi Cup, while the Ohau Skifield and the Round Hill Ski Area attract winter tourists. Twizel is on the route of the Alps to Ocean Cycle Trail; the area boasts one of the world's cleanest and darkest skies, has long drawn astronomers to Twizel and the surrounding area, with several existing astro-tourism ventures, such as at Lake Tekapo and Omarama, catering to their needs during the development of two additional observatories in Twizel and at Mount Cook Village. Since 2012, Twizel has been a part of the Aoraki Mackenzie International Dark-Sky Reserve, one of only five such reserves in the world recognised by the International Dark-Sky Association. Twizel Area School is the sole school in Twizel, catering for Year 1 to 13 students. Established in 1986 following the merger of Twizel Primary School and Twizel High School, the school has a roll of 207 students as of August 2018.
State Highway 8 is the main highway serving the town, served by the nearby Pukaki Airport. Sheridan, Marion. Dam Dwellers – End of an Era. Twizel: Sheridan Press. Pp. 392 pages. ISBN 0-473-03402-6. Http://www.twizel.info OFFICIAL Twizel website
Otago University Rowing Club
Otago University Rowing Club is a rowing club affiliated with the University of Otago, New Zealand and was formed in 1929 to provide students of the university the opportunity to compete against other universities in New Zealand. This remains the main aim of the club, although limited membership is now available for persons not studying at the University of Otago. Otago University Rowing Club was established on 16 April 1929; the first President, Professor D W Carmalt Jones, continued until 1944. Carmalt Jones had rowed for Corpus Christi College, Oxford University, captained the College Eight in 1898, he loved rowing and believed the combination of disciplined exercise and teamwork was invaluable to the developing young man. His sonnet, Summer Eights, celebrates rowing; the Club started rowing from the Otago Rowing Club's Kitchener St shed. In 1931 the Club moved to the North End Boating Club, on the Harbour-side a short walk from the University, has since built a new location on the North End of Magnet St, purpose built through OUSA funding for sole use by university rowers.
The Club colours, a Cambridge Blue singlet with a 4-inch gold band were adopted in 1931. The Club had 60 members in the mid 1930s; the strong relationship with North End was seen in the joint membership of coaches, Glengarry and Rennick. The first Club Eight, purchased in 1939, was named Carmalt Jones to honour the Club President. In this boat Otago won the Hebberley Shield, awarded to the winners of the New Zealand University Men's Open Eight on Easter Saturday 1939 on the Otago Harbour. At the Tournament Ball Carmalt Jones presented the Shield, the first time it had been competed for; the Hebberley Shield is now the most desired prize in New Zealand University Rowing. Members of the Club represent New Zealand at many levels, including Under 23, Elite and New Zealand University. In 2009, an Eight competed in China. Scullers, Elyse Fraser and Fergus Fauvel competed at the World University Rowing Championships in August 2010. Fauvel was placed fifth in the men's Sculls; this year Bryce Lisa Owen are competing in the World University Rowing Championships.
The Club Coach in 2010, Grant Craies, is a former Cambridge University coach. Nathan Cohen is a two-time world champion and Olympic champion rower. Current members Alistar Bond and Fiona Bourke are part of the New Zealand Elite Team Competing in the World Rowing Championships in Amsterdam. Alumni Rowers Rebecca Scown and Louise Trappitt are competing. Today the Club is housed in the Otago University Students Association Aquatic Centre, at the end of Magnet Street Dunedin; the Centre has a large boat bay for the Club's fleet of boats and an indoor rowing tank - the only one of its kind in New Zealand, as well as 24 Concept II and 4 row-perfect ergometers, 4 spin bikes and boasts a large function centre, used for both functions and as a training space. The Club held the Hebberley Shield from 2002 to 2009, a record setting run, now again in 2013-2014. Http://www.ourc.org.nz http://www.ousa.org.nz http://www.universityrowing.org.nz
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
2010 World Rowing Championships
The 2010 World Rowing Championships were World Rowing Championships that were held from 31 October to 7 November 2010 on Lake Karapiro near Cambridge, New Zealand. The annual week-long rowing regatta was organised by FISA. Held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer, they were held in the year in the southern hemisphere. In non-Olympic years the regatta is the highlight of the international rowing calendar; the World Rowing Championships were held at Lake Karapiro in 1978. Rowing's international body said Lake Karapiro's 2010 World Rowing Championships raised the bar for the rest of the world and more international events would be held there; the 2010 World Rowing Championships turned out to be one of the most impressive championships ever. Of the 161 races at the championships, Robert Treharne Jones, FISA commentator. Commentated 88 of them, “by far my favourite race was the men’s pair, it was an awesome race and it was all that it was billed to be and more. Although it was a six boat final it was one on one between New Zealand and Great Britain and to have them so close all the way.
The crowd were on their feet. The event was great from every point of view. I can’t fault it; the organisers worked hard to get everything right.”It was predicted that it would take at least 70,000 people to make back the £16m price tag. The event lost $2.2m and a report by SPARC found that a lack of clarity around roles and responsibilities of the Karapiro 2010 Board was a factor, alongside others relating to shortcomings in governance, inadequate financial management, less revenue than expected from ticket sales. SPARC chief executive Peter Miskimmin said the review was a stark reminder for everyone involved in hosting major events in New Zealand, including the Government agencies which invest in them. “The Karapiro 2010 Board was committed to putting on a world-class event, they achieved that. Operationally the event was a huge success." Miskimmin said, adding that the findings of the SPARC review would be used to develop additional good practice guidelines for those running future major events.
With the roaring success of the world championships behind them, Rowing New Zealand is eager to make further use of their world-class facility at Lake Karapiro. To interpret abbreviations in medals tables see Glossary of rowing terms. FISA publishes results online. Non-Olympic classes Non-Olympic classes Non-Paralympic classes Official website Linked website Rowing In New Zealand & Rowing Championships 2010 on Te Ara Encyclopaedia of New Zealand News article at New Zealand Herald website News article at Stuff website World Rowing Championships 2010: Team GB pick up sculling golds
2012 Summer Olympics
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event, held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom. The first event, the group stage in women's football, began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, followed by the opening ceremonies on 27 July. 10,768 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees participated. Following a bid headed by former Olympic champion Sebastian Coe and then-Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, London was selected as the host city on 6 July 2005 during the 117th IOC Session in Singapore, defeating bids from Moscow, New York City and Paris. London became the first city to host the modern Olympics three times, having hosted the Summer Games in 1908 and in 1948. Construction for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, with an emphasis on sustainability; the main focus was a new 200-hectare Olympic Park, constructed on a former industrial site at Stratford, East London.
The Games made use of venues that existed before the bid. The Games received widespread acclaim for their organisation, with the volunteers, the British military and public enthusiasm praised highly; the opening ceremony, directed by Danny Boyle, received widespread acclaim throughout the world, particular praise from the British public and a minority of ranging criticisms from some social media sites. During the Games, Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympic athlete of all time, winning his 22nd medal. Saudi Arabia and Brunei entered female athletes for the first time, so that every eligible country has sent a female competitor to at least one Olympic Games. Women's boxing was included for the first time, thus the Games became the first at which every sport had female competitors; these were the final Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Jacques Rogge. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and host Great Britain. Several world and Olympic records were set at the games.
Though there were several controversies, the 2012 games were deemed successful with the rising standards of competition amongst nations across the world, packed stadiums and smooth organisation. Furthermore, the focus on sporting legacy and post-games venue sustainability was seen as a blueprint for future Olympics. By 15 July 2003, the deadline for interested cities to submit bids to the International Olympic Committee, nine cities had submitted bids to host the 2012 Summer Olympics: Havana, Leipzig, Madrid, New York City and Rio de Janeiro. On 18 May 2004, as a result of a scored technical evaluation, the IOC reduced the number of cities to five: London, Moscow, New York and Paris. All five submitted their candidate files by 19 November 2004 and were visited by the IOC inspection team during February and March 2005; the Paris bid suffered two setbacks during the IOC inspection visit: a number of strikes and demonstrations coinciding with the visits, a report that a key member of the bid team, Guy Drut, would face charges over alleged corrupt party political finances.
Throughout the process, Paris was seen as the favourite as this was its third bid in recent years. London was seen as lagging behind Paris by a considerable margin, its position began to improve after the appointment of Lord Coe as the new head of London 2012 on 19 May 2004. In late August 2004, reports predicted a tie between Paris. On 6 June 2005, the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities, they did not contain any scores or rankings, but the report for Paris was considered the most positive. London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in 2004. New York and Madrid received positive evaluations. On 1 July 2005, when asked who would win, Jacques Rogge said, "I cannot predict it since I don't know how the IOC members will vote, but my gut feeling tells me that it will be close. It will come down to a difference of say ten votes, or maybe less."On 6 July 2005, the final selection was announced at the 117th IOC Session in Singapore.
Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New Madrid. The final two contenders were Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the 2012 Games with 54 votes to 50. Tragically, the celebrations in London were short-lived, being overshadowed by bombings on London's transport system less than 24 hours after the announcement; the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games was created to oversee the staging of the Games after the success of the bid, held its first board meeting on 3 October 2005. The committee, chaired by Lord Coe, was in charge of implementing and staging the Games, while the Olympic Delivery Authority was in charge of the construction of the venues and infrastructure; the latter was established in April 2006. The Government Olympic Executive, a unit within the Department for Culture and Sport, was the lead government body for coordinating the London 2012 Olympics, it focused on oversight of the Games, cross-programme programme management and the London 2012 Olympic Legacy before and after the Games that would benefit London and the United Kingdom.
The organisation was responsible for the supervision of the £9.3 billion of public sector funding. In August 2011, security concerns arose surrounding the hosting of the Olympic Games in London due to the 2011 England riots, with a few countries expressing fear over the safety of the Games, in spite of the International Olympic Committee's assurance that the riots would not affect the Games; the IOC's Coordination Commission for the 2
A silver medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of, or plated with, silver awarded to the second-place finisher, or runner-up, of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The outright winner receives the third place a bronze medal. More silver is traditionally a metal sometimes used for all types of high-quality medals, including artistic ones. In 1896, winners' medals were in fact silver; the custom of gold-silver-bronze for the first three places dates from the 1904 games and has been copied for many other sporting events. Minting the medals is the responsibility of the host city. From 1928 to 1968 the design was always the same: the obverse showed a generic design by Florentine artist Giuseppe Cassioli with text giving the host city. From 1972–2000, Cassioli's design remained on the obverse with a custom design by the host city on the reverse. Noting that Cassioli's design showed a Roman amphitheatre for what was a Greek games, a new obverse design was commissioned for the Athens 2004 Games.
Winter Olympics medals have been of more varied design. In The Open Championship golf tournament, the Silver Medal is an award presented to the lowest scoring amateur player at the tournament. In many sports with an elimination tournament, including those with a third place playoff, silver is the only medal given to a team that loses, whereas gold and bronze are earned by teams winning their final matches. Notable athletes such as Jocelyne Larocque removed their runners-up/silver medals right after receiving them; some countries present civilian decorations known as Silver Medals. These include: Austria′s Silver Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria Italy′s Silver Medal of Military Valor South Africa′s Silver Medal for Merit The Civil Air Patrol′s Silver Medal of Valor in the United States; the Zoological Society of London awards a Silver Medal "to a Fellow of the Society or any other person for contributions to the understanding and appreciation of zoology, including such activities as public education in natural history, wildlife conservation."
The Royal Academy of Engineering awards a Silver Medal "for an outstanding and demonstrated personal contribution to UK engineering, which results in successful market exploitation, by an engineer with less than 22 years in full-time employment or equivalent." Runner-up Medal Designs for all Olympic Games