President of Bulgaria
The President of the Republic of Bulgaria is the head of state of Bulgaria and the commander-in-chief of the Military of Bulgaria. The official residence of the President is at Sofia. After the completion of the second round of voting, candidate Rumen Radev was elected President of Bulgaria on 13 November 2016. 1. Vice President of Bulgaria 2. Chairman of the National Assembly There are three living former Bulgarian Presidents: Government of Bulgaria History of Bulgaria Politics of Bulgaria List of heads of state of Bulgaria List of Presidents of Bulgaria List of Bulgarian monarchs Prime Minister of Bulgaria List of Prime Ministers of Bulgaria Media related to Category:Presidents of Bulgaria at Wikimedia Commons President of the Republic of Bulgaria
Municipalities of Bulgaria
The 28 provinces of Bulgaria are divided into 265 municipalities. Municipalities comprise multiple towns and settlements and are governed by a mayor, elected by popular majority vote for a four-year term, a municipal council, elected using proportional representation for a four-year term; the creation of new municipalities requires that they must be created in a territory with a population of at least 6,000 and created around a designated settlement. They must be named after the settlement that serves as the territory's administrative center, among other criteria; the council of a municipality is further permitted to create admininistrative subdivisions: mayoralties and wards or quarters. Mayoralties are overseen by elected mayors and comprises one or more villages or towns. Settlements are overseen by a manager appointed by the mayor of a municipality and thus have fewer responsibilities and less power than a mayoralty. Wards are overseen by elected mayors and must include a population of at least 25,000.
Like municipalities themselves and wards are designated administrative-territorial units, as they have their own elected officials. Settlements, are designated territorial units since their leaders are appointed. Bansko Municipality Belitsa Municipality Blagoevgrad Municipality Garmen Municipality Gotse Delchev Municipality Hadzhidimovo Municipality Kresna Municipality Petrich Municipality Razlog Municipality Sandanski Municipality Satovcha Municipality Simitli Municipality Strumyani Municipality Yakoruda Municipality Aytos Municipality Burgas Municipality Kameno Municipality Karnobat Municipality Malko Tarnovo Municipality Nesebar Municipality Pomorie Municipality Primorsko Municipality Ruen Municipality Sozopol Municipality Sredets Municipality Sungurlare Municipality Tsarevo Municipality Balchik Municipality Dobrich Municipality Dobrichka Municipality General Toshevo Municipality Kavarna Municipality Krushari Municipality Shabla Municipality Tervel Municipality ) Dryanovo Municipality Gabrovo Municipality Sevlievo Municipality Tryavna Municipality Dimitrovgrad Municipality Harmanli Municipality Haskovo Municipality Ivaylovgrad Municipality Lyubimets Municipality Madzharovo Municipality Mineralni Bani Municipality Simeonovgrad Municipality Stambolovo Municipality Svilengrad Municipality Topolovgrad Municipality Ardino Municipality Chernoochene Municipality Dzhebel Municipality Kardzhali Municipality Kirkovo Municipality Krumovgrad Municipality Momchilgrad Municipality Boboshevo Municipality Bobov Dol Municipality Dupnitsa Municipality Kocherinovo Municipality Kyustendil Municipality Nevestino Municipality Rila Municipality Sapareva Banya Municipality Treklyano Municipality Apriltsi Municipality Letnitsa Municipality Lovech Municipality Lukovit Municipality Teteven Municipality Troyan Municipality Ugarchin Municipality Yablanitsa Municipality Berkovitsa Municipality Boychinovtsi Municipality Brusartsi Municipality Chiprovtsi Municipality Georgi Damyanovo Municipality Lom Municipality Medkovets Municipality Montana Municipality Valchedram Municipality Varshets Municipality Yakimovo Municipality Batak Municipality Belovo Municipality Bratsigovo Municipality Lesichovo Municipality Panagyurishte Municipality Pazardzhik Municipality Peshtera Municipality Rakitovo Municipality Sarnitsa Municipality Septemvri Municipality Strelcha Municipality Velingrad Municipality Brezn
Rumen Georgiev Radev is a Bulgarian politician and former Major General, the current President of Bulgaria since January 22, 2017. Radev served as Commander of the Bulgarian Air Force, he won the 2016 presidential election, as an independent candidate supported by the Bulgarian Socialist Party, defeating GERB candidate Tsetska Tsacheva in the second round. Radev was born on June 1963 in Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria, his family is from Slavyanovo in the Haskovo region. In 1982 he graduated from the Mathematical School in Haskovo with a gold medal, he graduated from the Georgi Benkovski Bulgarian Air Force University in 1987 as the top graduate. In 1992, he graduated from the US Air Force Squadron Officer School at Maxwell AFB. From 1994 to 1996, he studied at the Rakovski Defence and Staff College, where he was the top graduate, he holds a Doctor of Military Sciences degree in the field of improvement of tactical training of flight crews and simulation of air combat. In 2003 he graduated from Air War College at Maxwell AFB in the United States with a Master of Strategic Studies with honors.
1987 – 1989: Junior pilot in the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1989 – 1992: Unit deputy commander at the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1992 – 1997: Unit commander at the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1997 – 1999: MiG-29 squadron commander at the Fifth Fighter Airbase – Ravnets 1999 – 2000: Deputy commander for flight preparation at the Fifth Fighter Airbase – Ravnets 2000: Deputy commander for flight training at the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2000 – Study of the Air defence of the Republic of Bulgaria – NATO, Brussels 2000 – 2002: Chief of Staff of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2002 – 2004: Chief of Staff of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2004 – 2009: Commander of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2009 – 2014: Bulgarian Air Force deputy commander 2014 – 2017: Bulgarian Air Force commander Pilot 1st class. Flight experience of L-29, L-39 trainers and MiG-15UTI, MiG-17, MiG-21, MiG-29 fighter jets. Familiarization flights of the F-15, F-16, F/A-18 Hornet, Eurofighter Typhoon, SAAB Gripen, Dassault Rafale.
Flown over 1400 hours. In 2014, he organized aviation show "This we are!" and performed the "Bell" and "Pugachev's Cobra" manoeuvres on a MiG-29. 1987 – Lieutenant 1989 – Senior Lieutenant 1994 – Captain 1997 – Major 1999 – Lieutenant Colonel 2002 – Colonel 2007 – Brigadier General 2014 – Major General 2017 – General Rumen Radev was awarded numerous medals and prizes, including the sign "For loyal service under the flags" – III degree, Honorary sign of the Ministry of Defence "Saint George" – II degree. Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Stara Planina Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Civil Merit Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Military Merit Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of the Madara Horseman Greece: Grand cross of the Order of the Redeemer Malta: Companions of Honour of the National Order of Merit Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz In August 2016, the opposition Bulgarian Socialist Party and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival nominated Radev as a candidate for the November 2016 presidential election.
In the same month, ABR withdrew its presidential nomination of General Radev in favour of Ivaylo Kalfin. On the first round of the election, conducted on November 6, 2016, Radev came first with 25.44% of the vote. He faced GERB candidate Tsetska Tsacheva in the runoff the following Sunday, November 13, he defeated her. On 24 January 2018, Radev condemned the Turkish invasion of northern Syria aimed at ousting U. S.-backed Syrian Kurds from the enclave of Afrin, insisted that the European Union should intervene to stop it. Radev has two children from his first marriage to Ginka Radeva, which ended in a divorce in 2014: a daughter Darina, born in 2001 and a son Georgi, born in 2003, he married Desislava Gencheva, married to the BSP MP Georgi Svilenski. Apart from Bulgarian, Radev is fluent in Russian and English. Media related to Rumen Radev at Wikimedia Commons
Foreign relations of Bulgaria
Foreign relations of the Republic of Bulgaria are the Bulgarian government's external relations with the outside world. Bulgaria has good foreign relations with its neighbors and has proved to be a constructive force in the region under socialist and democratic governments alike. Promoting regional stability, Bulgaria hosted a Southeast European Foreign Ministers meeting in July 1996, an OSCE conference on Black Sea cooperation in November 1995. Bulgaria participated in the 1996 South Balkan Defense Ministerial in Albania and is active in the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative. Bulgaria's main focus is the Euro-Atlantic integration since 1997 and the efforts of the governments since led to admission to NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007, its main allies are Greece and Romania, while it maintains good relations with Serbia and the rest of the Balkans. Republic of Macedonia is important state in Bulgarian foreign and internal policy due to the historical and cultural connections.
With their close historical and economic ties, Bulgaria seeks a mutually beneficial relationship with Russia, on which it is dependent for energy supplies. Sporadic negotiations are underway among Greece and Russia for construction of the Burgas-Alexandroupoli pipeline to transport Caspian Sea oil from the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupoli on the northern Aegean coast. Bulgaria's EU Association Agreement came into effect in 1994, Bulgaria formally applied for full EU membership in December 1995. During the 1999 EU summit in Helsinki, the country was invited to start membership talks with the Union. On January 1, 2007 Bulgaria became a member of the European Union. In 1996, Bulgaria acceded to the Wassenaar Arrangement controlling exports of weapons and sensitive technology to countries of concern and was admitted to the World Trade Organization. Bulgaria is a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. After a period of equivocation under a socialist government, in March 1997 a UDF-led caretaker cabinet applied for full NATO membership, which became a reality in April 2004.
Bulgaria and the United States signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement in 2006 providing for military bases and training camps of the U. S. Army in Bulgaria, as part of the Pentagon's restructuring plan; the HIV trial in Libya resulted in the release of Bulgarian nurses imprisoned by Muammar Gaddafi's government in Libya. French President Nicolas Sarkozy secured the release in exchange for several business deals. In November 2010, Bulgaria's Foreign Minister Nikolay Mladenov formally announced his team proposes to close seven embassies as part of a plan for restructuring and austerity measures. Thus, in 2011, Bulgaria will most shut down its diplomatic missions in Sudan, Zimbabwe, Thailand and Tunisia; the choice is based on a scrutinizing financial analysis and on the necessity to optimize the diplomatic corps, the Ministry says. The staff of the Bulgarian diplomatic corps will be reduced by 15 people in total. In June 2010, media reports claimed that Bulgaria considers closing a total of 30 of its diplomatic missions abroad.
Bulgaria has 83 embassies, 6 permanent representations, 20 consular offices, 2 diplomatic bureaus. The proposed closures have been backed by PM Borisov who described some of Bulgaria's embassies as useless. Bulgaria joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1994 and applied for NATO membership in 1997. During the November 2002 Prague Summit Bulgaria was one of seven former socialist countries invited to join the Alliance. Bulgaria became a member of NATO in March 2004; the country is working toward NATO compatibility in communications and training, has established a Peacekeeping Training Center. In 2003, Bulgaria was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, proving to be one of 3 closest U. S. allies during the Iraqi Crisis, together with the Spain. Bulgaria presided the OSCE in 2004. Major European transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market. List of diplomatic missions in Bulgaria List of diplomatic missions of Bulgaria List of joint US-Bulgarian military bases Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2014 Bulgarian parliamentary election
Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 5 October 2014 to elect the 43rd National Assembly. GERB remained the largest party. A total of eight parties won seats, the first time since the beginning of democratic elections in 1990 that more than seven parties entered parliament. Boyko Borisov became prime minister as head of a coalition with the Reformist Bloc and with outside support from the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival. After the 2013 election, the seat distribution was such that the new coalition government, composed of the Bulgarian Socialist Party and the Movement for Rights and Freedoms and led by Plamen Oresharski, had only half the seats in Parliament, thus prospects of holding early elections were significant; the Oresharski cabinet was confronted by a series of protests starting on 14 June 2013, in response to the election of Delyan Peevski as head of the Bulgarian state security agency DANS. Following the setback suffered by the BSP in the European Parliament election - having picked up 18.94% of the popular vote - opposition parties called for early parliamentary elections.
The leader of the DPS expressed his desire to have the government resign so that early elections can be scheduled for the end of 2014 or the middle of 2015. On 10 June 2014 the leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Sergei Stanishev, demanded the resignation of the government: "We cannot have the responsibility for the existence and actions of this government by ourselves." Following an agreement from the three largest parties to hold early parliamentary elections for 5 October 2014, the cabinet was to resign by the end of July. On Wednesday July 23, Oresharski's government submitted its resignation; the next day parliament voted 180 -- 8. After each party refused to try to form a new government, on 6 August a caretaker government led by Georgi Bliznashki was sworn into office and the 42nd National Assembly was dissolved with an election date set for 5 October. Twenty-two parties and seven coalitions registered to run on election day before the deadline. Two parties were denied registration.
The election campaign started on 5 September. Following his party's election victory, Borisov stated that his party would try to form the next government and that he "want to govern, in person"; the newly elected Assembly met for the first time on 27 October. After being tasked by President Rosen Plevneliev to form a government, Borisov's GERB allied with the Reformist Bloc to form a government and had the outside support of the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival; the cabinet of twenty ministers was approved by a majority of 136-97. Borisov was chosen as prime minister by an larger vote of 149-85
Boyko Metodiev Borisov is a Bulgarian politician, serving as the 50th Prime Minister of Bulgaria since 4 May 2017. He had held the post of Prime Minister on two separate occasions, from 2009 until 2013 and from 2014 until January 2017, he was the Mayor of Sofia from 2005 to 2009. Borisov plays as a forward for the football club FC Vitosha Bistritsa. In 2013, he became the oldest player to play for a Bulgarian professional club when he appeared for Vitosha in the B Group, the second division of Bulgarian football. Borisov was born in 1959 in Bankya to Ministry of Internal Affairs official Metodi Borisov and elementary school teacher Veneta Borisova. In 1977, Borisov graduated from Bankya's high school with excellent marks. Between 1982 and 1990, he assumed different positions in the Ministry of Internal Affairs as a firefighter and as a professor at the Police Academy in Sofia; as a National Security Office member, Borisov took part in the protection of crops and haylofts during the name-changing campaign towards ethnic Turks in the 1980s.
From 1985 to 1990, Borisov was a lecturer at the Higher Institute for Police Officers Training and Scientific Research of the Ministry of Interior. Borisov quit the Ministry in 1990. In 1991, he founded a private security company, Ipon-1, guarded “Bulgaria's communist dictator Todor Zhivkov after he was pushed from power in 1989”, as well as for Simeon II. Borisov has been claiming participation in karate championships since 1978, serving as the coach of the Bulgarian national team and a referee of international matches, he said to United States President Barack Obama that he has a 7th dan black belt in karate, but his coach argued this being not true, claimed that Borisov has never been a karate competitor, but only an administrator of the team. He is the chairman of the Bulgarian Karate Federation. Borisov has been a coach for the Bulgarian national karate team for many years. Borisov is divorced, but for a number of years lived with Tsvetelina Borislavova, head of Bulgarian American Credit Bank.
Borisov has a daughter, from his former marriage to the physician Stela. Borisov has a sister, Krasimira Ivanova. Borisov's great-grandfather was executed in the wake of the Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944. Boyko Borisov was the Chief Secretary of the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior between 2001 and 2005, with the rank of General. During that period he is famous for getting the notorious mobster. In the 2005 parliamentary elections he was a parliamentary candidate of the National Movement Simeon II. In 2005 he resigned from that post, instead standing as a candidate in the 2005 mayoral election in Sofia, he was succeeded Stefan Sofiyanski. He was re-elected in the 2007 mayoral election. Borisov founded a new conservative political party, GERB in December 2006. GERB won the first Bulgarian European Parliament elections on 20 May 2007, despite a low poll attendance and turnout of 28.6%, which prompted Borisov to voice his wish for early parliamentary elections. Following a party congress in January 2010, Borisov became the official leader of GERB, thus replacing Tsvetan Tsvetanov, who had served under Borisov at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, as a vice-mayor of Sofia.
Form more information on the cabinet, see First Borisov Government. Borisov's party GERB won the parliamentary election on 5 July 2009 by collecting 39.71% of the popular vote and 116 of the 240 seats in parliament. Since 27 July 2009 Borisov served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria in a GERB-dominated centre-right minority government with parliamentary support from three other parliamentary groups, including the nationalist party "Ataka", he invited several non-party affiliated experts to the government, most prominent among them Simeon Djankov, a former high-ranking World Bank official, Rosen Plevneliev, manager of a large German subsidiary in Bulgaria. Borisov's stated policies were aimed at curbing corruption in the public administration and building an adequate infrastructure. One of the main goals in this direction was the expansion of the national motorway network, of which Lyulin was the first motorway to be completed; the government has approved a strategy for the development of the energy sector until 2020, which includes the completion of gas interconnectors with Greece and Turkey and expanding renewable energy capacities.
The Borisov government stopped the Belene Nuclear Power Plant project after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The acquisition of European funds has increased from 2.6% to 20%. Specialised police actions have tackled corruption in the administration and a number of high-profile members of the organised crime have been imprisoned, though there has been little improvement in the rule of law. At the same time the government has received criticism from other EU members due to the erosion of media freedom, falling attractiveness for investors and continuing mafia activities; these criticisms have been leveled against Deputy Prime Minister Tzvetan Tzvetanov, formally under investigation for wiretapping members of the government and parliament. During his court trial, his actions were found to be justified. Media leaks raised suspicions. According to France24, “Once in powe
The Tarnovo Constitution was the first constitution of Bulgaria. It was adopted on 16 April 1879 by the Constituent National Assembly held in Veliko Tarnovo as part of the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria, it remained the fundamental law of Bulgaria after the country was elevated to a kingdom in 1908. Based on the Belgian charter of 1831, the constitution was bourgeois-liberal in character, was considered advanced for its time, it defined the function and competence of the central organs of state authority according to the principle of separation of powers among an executive, a legislative, a judiciary branch. It provided for ministerial responsibility, immunity of the deputies, inviolability of private property; the constitution included a clause that formally established the Bulgarian Orthodox Church as the official religion of the nation, although people of other religions were considered equal to those who followed the official faith. With amendments in 1893 and 1911 that strengthened royal power, the Tarnovo Constitution remained in use until 4 December 1947, when it was replaced by the Dimitrov Constitution.
According to the constitution of 1879, Bulgaria was declared to be a constitutional, hereditary monarchy with a parliament whose members were elected by the people. The monarch bore the title of Prince and not tsar, as it was during the First and the Second Bulgarian Empire, since the treaty of Berlin from 1878 restricted Bulgaria’s independence to a certain degree and made it a de facto vassal state of Turkey; the Prince was supposed to be male and of Orthodox religion, although, in a legal act, an exception to the religious restriction was made when electing Alexander of Battenberg as the first Prince. The Prince had the power to initiate a legislative campaign and to coordinate the activities of the prime minister and the cabinet. Although the ministers were entitled to act as if they were representing the Prince, by signing with their own signature they agreed to take responsibility for what resulted from their actions; the Prince’s signature was required for a bill to become law after it had passed through parliament.
In 1908, when Prince Ferdinand Saxe-Coburg-Gotha proclaimed the independence of Bulgaria, he raised the country to a kingdom and assumed the title "tzar". The Tarnovo Constitution was amended to change the official name of the country to the "Kingdom of Bulgaria" and substituting the word "Prince" with "tzar" wherever it occurred throughout the document. In accordance with its constitution, Bulgaria promulgated equality for all its citizens and, despite being a monarchy, prohibited the promotion of any kind of aristocratic titles. Censorship was prohibited. Article 61, which dealt with slavery and human trafficking, was one of the reasons why the Tarnovo Constitution was considered to be liberal and ahead of its time: The Constitution declared property rights to be sacrosanct and implied that all citizens, except for the monarch and his successor, must pay taxes to the state. All citizens were obliged to serve in the military. All citizens were allowed freedom of association, were free to form political parties or start their own companies.
The Tarnovo Constitution prohibited punishment of a citizen whose case had not been examined by a court. This rule was ignored by the “People’s Tribunal” of 1945, during the Soviet occupation of the country; the tribunal did not hold the statute of а court yet passed on more than 10,000 sentences to people who were seen as a threat by the Bulgarian Communist Party, coming to power at the time. The article prohibiting censorship was suspended in the 1880s by a law enforced by the Russian general Sobolev. Similar regulations were in effect in the late era of Stefan Stambolov's government. In 1881, the Grand National Assembly was manipulated by the principal Alexander I of Battenberg in order to suspend the entire constitution. During the next seven years, the monarch had unlimited power and issued a series of ordinances which were only technically approved by the ministers; this period, which Bulgarian historians refer to as a regime, ended in 1888 when the constitution was restored. The Tarnovo Constitution was temporarily suspended several times more, most notably during the Coup d’état of 1934 led by Kimon Georgiev and the Coup d’état of 1944 organized by the Bulgarian Communist Party.
The Referendum of 1946 led to the transition from a constitutional monarchy to a people’s republic. The referendum took place during the Soviet occupation of the country, was technically illegal since the Tarnovo Constitution did not provide for a change in the type of government; the Tarnovo Constitution was permanently abolished in 1947 when another one, bearing the name of the communist party’s leader Georgi Dimitrov, came into effect. The Dimitrov Constitution was a Communist document that allowed censorship and the establishment of a one-party system while depriving citizens of certain fundamental rights including the right of private property; the text of the Constitution in Bulgarian at the site of the Bulgarian Parliament. Translation of the Constitution into English can be found in Wright, Herbert F. ed. "Bulgaria", The Constitutions of the States at War 1914-1918, Washington: Government Printing Office, pp. 87–104, retrieved 2012-12-24