National Assembly (Nepal)

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National Assembly
राष्ट्रिय सभा
Coat of arms or logo
Emblem of Nepal
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairperson
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina, CPN UML
Since 15 March 2018
Vice Chairperson
Shashikala Dahal, Maoist Centre
Since 18 March 2018
Structure
Seats 59
National Assembly Nepal 2018.svg
Political groups

Government (39)

Opposition (17)

Others (3)

  •   Nominated : 3
Length of term
6 years
Elections
Indirect single transferable vote
Last election
06 February 2018
Next election
2024
Meeting place
Nepalese Constituent Assembly Building.jpg
International Convention Centre, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Website
na.parliament.gov.np/np
Emblem of Nepal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nepal

The National Assembly (Nepali: राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha) is the upper house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal, the lower house being the House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Assembly are established by Part 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. There are a total of 59 members: 8 members are elected from each of the seven states by an electoral college of each state, and three are appointed by the President on recommendation of the government.[1]

Members serve staggered six year terms such that the term of one-third members expires every two years.

History[edit]

The National Assembly under the 1990 Constitution was dissolved on 15 January 2007 and replaced by a unicameral Interim Legislature. Following two Constituent Assembly elections which also served as an unitary Legislature Parliament, the Constitution of Nepal provisioned for a National Assembly as an upper house.[2]

Maha Sabha[edit]

Mahasabha (Nepali: महासभा) was the Upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Kingdom of Nepal during 1959 - 1962.[3]

The Revolution of 1951 made the process to enact a new constitution entitled Interim Government of Nepal Act 1951, which was able to transfer all executive powers back to the Shah kings from Rana regime.[4]

King Mahendra was unable to resist the increasingly well-orchestrated political demands by the Nepali National Congress for a more democratic and representative government, and was forced to promulgate a new constitution.[4]

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959 proclaimed on 12 February 1959. The constitution describes about Mahasabha (Nepali: महासभा) as below:

There shall be a Parliament which shall consist of His Majesty and two Houses, to be known respectively as the Senate (Maha Sabha) and the House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha). (Article No. 18, Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959)[3]

The constitution of Kingdom of Nepal, 1959 lasted till 16 December 1962, on 16 December 1962 a new Constitution Constitution of Kingdom of Nepal, 1962 proclaimed and Parliament of Kingdom of Nepal became unicameral.[5] Mahasabha couldn't continue more than two years.

Membership[edit]

The qualifications for being a member of National Assembly are laid out in Article 87 of the constitution and National Assembly Election Act, 2017:

  • must be a citizen of Nepal
  • must be at least thirty-five years of age on date of nomination
  • must have name listed on voter list
  • should not have been convicted of a criminal offense involving moral turpitude
  • must not be disqualified by any Federal law
  • must not be holding any office of profit.

Election Procedure[edit]

Each of the seven states elects 8 members each.

The electoral college consists of members of the State Assembly and Chairperson/Mayor and Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor of the local bodies within the state, each State Assembly members vote has a weight of forty eight whereas each Chairperson/Mayor/Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor vote has a weight of eighteen.

Out of the eight members from each state, three must be women, one must be a Dalit, and one must be a disabled person or from a minority community, each elector gets four ballots: one for the three open seats, one for the three female seats, one for the dalit seat and one for the disabled or minority seat. The three open seats and the three female seats are filled by STV, the two other seats by FPTP.

The election is conducted by the Election Commission.[6]

Membership by party[edit]

Party Members
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 27
Nepali Congress 13
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) 12
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal 2
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal 2
Nominated 3
Total 59

List of members[edit]

Province No. 1[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Parshuram Megi Gurung Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Haricharan Shiwakoti Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Ramesh Jung Rayamajhi Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Nainakala Ojha Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Bina Pokharel Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Women 4 March 2018
Sarita Prasai Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Khem Raj Nepali Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Dalit 4 March 2018
Om Prasad Bantawa Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 2[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Jitendra Dev Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Ramesh Prasad Yadav Rastriya Janata Party Nepal Open 18 March 2018[8]
Suman Raj Pyakurel Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Shashikala Dahal Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Women 4 March 2018
Mukta Kumari Yadav Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Pramila Kumari Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal Women 4 March 2018
Ramprit Paswan Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal Dalit 4 March 2018
Brijesh Chandra Lal Rastriya Janata Party Nepal Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 3[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Ram Bahadur Thapa Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Open 4 March 2018
Balram Baskota Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Radheshyam Adhikari Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Parvati Rawal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Udaya Sharma Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Dhana Khatiwada Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Singha Bahadur Bishwakarma Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Dalit 4 March 2018
Ramchandra Rai Danuwar Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 4[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Ganesh Timilsina Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Dina Nath Sharma Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Open 4 March 2018
Surendra Raj Pandey Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Shanti Adhikari Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Dipa Gurung Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Brinda Rana Magar Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Khim Bahadur BK Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Dalit 4 March 2018
Prakash Pantha Nepali Congress Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 5[edit]

Name Party Categorty Date of appointment[7]
Khim Lal Bhattarai Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Chandra Bahadur Khadka Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Open 4 March 2018
Durga Prasad Upadhyaya Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Komal Oli Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Mina Budha Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Anita Devkota Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Ram Lakhan Harijan Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Dalit 4 March 2018
Raj Kumar Kunwar Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Karnali[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Bhairab Sundar Shrestha Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Thagendra Puri Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Kali Bahadur Malla Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Open 4 March 2018
Kabita Bogati Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Nanda Sharma Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Yutul Lama Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Women 4 March 2018
Nar Pati Luwar Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Dalit 4 March 2018
Jeevan Budha Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 7[edit]

Name Party Category Date of appointment[7]
Sher Bahadur Kunwar Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Open 4 March 2018
Hari Ram Chaudhari Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Open 4 March 2018
Badri Pandey Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Tara Devi Joshi Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Kamala Oli Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Indu Kadariya Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Women 4 March 2018
Chakra Prasad Snehi Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Dalit 4 March 2018
Mahesh Kumar Mahara Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Nominated[edit]

Name Affiliation Date of appointment[9]
Bimala Paudel Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 10 March 2018
Ram Narayan Bidari Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) 10 March 2018
Yuba Raj Khatiwada Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 10 March 2018

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article 86 (2) Constitution of Nepal
  2. ^ Jivanta Schottli, Subrata K. Mitra, Siegried Wolf (2015). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. p. 258. ISBN 9781135355760. 
  3. ^ a b "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959" (PDF). www.constitutionnet.org/vl/item/constitution-kingdom-nepal-1959. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "The Interim Constitution, 1951". www.couuntrystudies.us. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "Nepal-Salient Features of the New Constitution" (PDF). www.icwa.in. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  6. ^ IFES FAQs on Elections in Nepal: 2018 National Assembly Elections
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "55 members of National Assembly take oath". The Himalayan Times. 2018-03-04. Retrieved 2018-03-29. 
  8. ^ "NA member Yadav takes oath". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-03-29. 
  9. ^ "Three NA members take oath of office". Retrieved 2018-03-29.