National Assembly (Nepal)

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National Assembly
Term limits
Seats 59
Length of term
6 years
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The National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha) is the upper house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal, the lower house being the House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Assembly are established by Part 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. There are a total of 59 members: 8 members are elected from each of the seven states by an electoral college of each state and 3 are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Government of Nepal.[1]

Members serve staggered six year terms such that the term of one-third members expires every two years.


The National Assembly under the 1990 Constitution was dissolved on 15 January 2007 and replaced by a unicameral Interim Legislature. Following two Constituent Assembly elections which also served as an unitary Legislature Parliament, the Constitution of Nepal provisioned for a National Assembly as an upper house.[2]


The qualifications for being a member of National Assembly are laid out in Article 87 of the constitution and National Assembly Election Act, 2017:

  • must be a citizen of Nepal
  • must be at least thirty-five years of age on date of nomination
  • must have name listed on voter list
  • should not have been convicted of a criminal offense involving moral turpitude
  • must not be disqualified by any Federal law
  • must not be holding any office of profit.

Election Procedure[edit]

Each of the seven states elects 8 members each. The electoral college consists of members of the State Assembly and Chairperson/Mayor and Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor of the local bodies within the state. Each State Assembly member vote has a weight of forty eight whereas each Chairperson/Mayor/Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor vote has weight of eighteen. Out of the eight member each state, one must be women, one must be a Dalit and one must be disabled or from a minority community. The election is managed by the Election Commission.


  1. ^ Article 86 (2) Constitution of Nepal
  2. ^ Jivanta Schottli, Subrata K. Mitra, Siegried Wolf (2015). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. p. 258. ISBN 9781135355760.