National Assembly of Cambodia

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National Assembly
រដ្ឋសភា
Assemblée nationale
6th National Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Heng Samrin (CPP)
Since 21 March 2006
Nguon Nhel (CPP)
Since 6 September 2018
Khuon Sodary (CPP)
Since 6 September 2018
Structure
Seats 125
Assemblee cambodge 2018.svg
Political groups
     CPP (125)
Length of term
Five years
Elections
Parallel voting
D'Hondt method
Last election
29 July 2018
Next election
30 July 2023
Meeting place
Cambodia National Assembly chamber.jpg
Website
national-assembly.org.kh

The National Assembly (Khmer: រដ្ឋសភា, French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Cambodia. It is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being referred to as the upper house.

The National Assembly is an elected body consisting of 125 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs). Members are elected for five-year terms by party-list proportional representation, using provinces as constituencies of 1 to 18 members, and the D'Hondt method of seat distribution. A political party must secure 63 seats to obtain and preserve a majority.

The National Assembly is headed by the President, currently occupied by Heng Samrin of Kampong Cham. The sixth mandate will be inaugurated on 5 September 2018, presided by King Norodom Sihamoni.

History[edit]

National Assembly building
Parliament session in 2013
Members of the sixth National Assembly of Cambodia with King Norodom Sihamoni, 5 September 2018.

The current National Assembly originated as the Constituent Assembly, a legislative body elected during the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC). After the 1993 election, the Assembly met and adopted a new constitution for Cambodia. After enactment of the 1993 Constitution, the Constituent Assembly was renamed the National Assembly.

  • Cambodia held its first elections in history on 1 September 1946. The Democrats won a majority of seats in the legislature.
  • Cambodia was proclaimed a constitutional monarchy on 6 May 1947.

Qualification[edit]

The qualifications to be a candidate for the National Assembly are outlined in Article 76 of the 1993 Constitution.

Power and privileges[edit]

Law Adoption

  • Adopt and Amend laws for Cambodia and approve the national budget and administration accounts. (Article 90)
  • Approve or repeal international treaties and conventions. (Article 90)
  • Initiate legislation. (Article 91)

Vote of confidence

  • Shall pass a vote of confidence in the Royal Government. (Article 90)
  • Dismiss any members of the Council of Ministers, or the Royal Government, by a motion of censure passed by an absolute majority vote of all Members of the National Assembly. (Article 98)

Oversight

  • Shall have the right to propose questions to the Royal Government. The replies by the ministers or by the Prime Minister may be given orally or in writing. The replies shall be provided within seven days after the day the question is received. (Article 96)
  • Oversee royal government performance and invite high-ranking officials to clarify important special issues to the National Assembly. (Article 89)
  • The commissions of the National Assembly may invite any minister to clarify issues in fields under his/her responsibility. (Article 97)
  • Oversee the law enforcement.

Representative

  • The Members of the National Assembly shall represent all the Khmer people, not only citizens from their constituencies. (Article 77)
  • Play an important role in helping citizens have their voice in society and to bring people’s concern and needs for decisions to the National Assembly.
  • Intervene and solve problems faced by citizens.
  • Member of Parliament have the right to express opinions in the exercise of his/her duties protected by “Parliamentary Immunity” and shall not be prosecuted, detained or arrested because of opinions expressed in the exercise of his/her duties, except in case of flagrante delicto offences. (Article 80)

Commissions[edit]

Committee[1] Chairperson
Commission on Human Rights, Complaints, and Investigation Pa Socheatvong
Commission on Economics, Finance, Banking and Auditing Cheam Yeap
Commission on Planning, Investment, Agriculture, Rural Development, Environment, and Water Resources Chea Vandeth
Commission on Interior, National Defense, and Civil Service Administration Hun Neng
Commission on Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, Information, and Media Chheang Vun
Commission on Legislation and Justice Pen Panha
Commission on Education, Youth, Sport, Religious Affairs, Culture and Tourism Hun Many
Commission on Health Care, Social & Veterans' Affairs, Youth Rehabilitation, Labor, Vocational Training & Women's Affairs Lork Kheng
Commission of Public Works, Transport, Telecommunication, Post, Industry, Commerce, Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction Nin Saphon
Commission on Investigation and Anti-Corruption[2] Pen Simorn

Composition[edit]

Province MPs
Banteay Meanchey Province 6
Battambang Province 8
Kampong Cham Province 10
Kampong Chhnang Province 4
Kampong Speu Province 6
Kampong Thom Province 6
Kampot Province 6
Kandal Province 11
Kep Province 1
Koh Kong Province 1
Kratié Province 3
Mondulkiri Province 1
Phnom Penh 12
Preah Vihear Province 1
Prey Veng Province 11
Pursat Province 4
Ratanakiri Province 1
Siem Reap Province 6
Preah Sihanouk Province 3
Stung Treng Province 1
Svay Rieng Province 5
Takéo Province 8
Tboung Khmum Province 8
Oddar Meanchey Province 1
Pailin Province 1
Total 125

Elections[edit]

See most recent election at: Cambodian general election, 2018

Assemblee cambodge 2018.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Cambodian People's Party 4,889,113 76.85 125 +57
FUNCINPEC 374,510 5.89 0 0
League for Democracy Party 309,364 4.86 0 0
Khmer Will Party 212,869 3.35 0 New
Khmer National United Party 99,377 1.56 0 New
Grassroots Democratic Party 70,567 1.11 0 New
Beehive Social Democratic Party 56,024 0.88 0 New
Khmer Anti-Poverty Party 55,298 0.87 0 0
Khmer United Party 48,785 0.77 0 New
Cambodian Nationality Party 45,370 0.71 0 0
Khmer Republican Party 41,631 0.65 0 New
Cambodian Youth Party 39,333 0.62 0 New
Dharmacracy Party 29,060 0.46 0 New
Khmer Economic Development Party 23,255 0.37 0 0
Khmer Rise Party 22,002 0.35 0 New
Ponleu Thmey Party 13,509 0.21 0 New
Cambodia Indigenous People's Democracy Party 10,197 0.16 0 New
Our Motherland Party 9,174 0.14 0 New
Democratic Republican Party 8,591 0.14 0 0
Reaksmey Khemara Party 4,212 0.07 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 594,659
Total 6,956,900 100 125 +2
Registered voters/turnout 8,380,217 83.02
Source: National Election Committee

Presidents of the National Assembly[edit]

Name Period Political Party
1 Son Sann 1993 BLDP
2 Chea Sim 1993–1998 CPP
3 Norodom Ranariddh 1998–2006 FUNCINPEC
4 Heng Samrin 2006–Present CPP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parliament issues list of components in fifth legislature". 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  2. ^ Khy, Sovuthy (August 9, 2014). "Assembly Rules Amended In First Bipartisan Sitting". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved August 10, 2014. 

External links[edit]