Northamptonshire Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England, in the United Kingdom. The Northampton Police area includes Brackley, Burton Latimer, Daventry, Higham Ferrers, Kettering, Oundle, Rothwell, Towcester and Wellingborough across 914 square miles with a resident population of 710,000, it responds to more than one million phone calls a year, with more than 120,000 of these being emergency 999 or 112 calls. Prior to the establishment of uniformed police forces in the United Kingdom, each parish had a Parish Constable – a person appointed locally who had responsibility for enforcing the law within their own village. In villages and towns, a system known as Watch and Ward was employed, where paid Watchmen guarded towns at night. Northamptonshire Police can trace its earliest roots to 1840 when the Northamptonshire Constabulary and Daventry Constabulary were formed; the establishment of police forces at that time was based upon principles established by Sir Robert Peel, the Home Secretary in 1822 and founder of modern-day policing in most Westminster-based systems of government.
Known as the Peelian Principles, they describe a philosophy that define an ethical police force and include: Every police officer should be issued an identification number, to assure accountability for his actions. Whether the police are effective is not measured on the number of arrests, but on the lack of crime. Above all else, an effective authority figure knows accountability are paramount. Hence, Peel's most quoted principle that "The police are the public and the public are the police”. Upon creation, Northamptonshire Constabulary started with seven superintendents and 35 police constables, who worked in a primitive shift system and were paid 12 shillings a week. In 1930, Northamptonshire Constabulary rolled-out their first motorised vehicles for law enforcement use; the inventory included four motorcycles for police officer use. The vehicles were stationed throughout the county, with one car based in Daventry and the other in Kettering; the motorcycles were stationed in Northampton, Wellingborough and Towcester.
The Northamptonshire Constabulary merged with the borough police forces within Northamptonshire on 1 April 1966 to form Northampton and County Constabulary with an estimated 442 officers and actual strength of 387. The Force was renamed the Northamptonshire Police on 1 January 1975; the Northamptonshire Police and Crime Commissioner is an elected official charged with securing efficient and effective policing within the County. The position replaces the now abolished police authorities; the PCC is elected for four-year terms. The first incumbents were elected on 15 November 2012; the current PCC is Mr. Stephen Mold, elected to office on 5 May 2016 to a term expiring in May 2020; the core functions of the PCC is to secure the maintenance of an efficient and effective police force within Northamptonshire, to hold the Chief Constable to account for the delivery of the police and crime plan. The PCC is charged with holding the police fund and raising the local policing precept from council tax. Lastly, the PCC is responsible for the appointment and dismissal of the Chief Constable.
Shortly after their election to office, the PCC is required to produce a Crime Plan. The plan must include their objectives for policing, what resources will be provided to the Chief Constable and how performance will be measured. Both the PCC and the Chief Constable must have regard to the Police and Crime Plan in the exercise of their duties; the PCC is required to produce an annual report to the public on progress in policing. The Police and Crime Plan 2014-2017 is Northamptonshire Police’s foundation document; the PCC is charged with managing the ` police fund'. The bulk of funding for the police fund comes from the Home Office in the form of an annual grant, though the PCC has the authority to set a precept on the Council Tax to raise additional funds; the PCC is responsible for setting the budget for the Force, which includes allocating enough money from the overall policing budget to ensure that they can discharge their own functions effectively. Police officers and staff operate from the Police Force Headquarters at Wootton Hall in Northampton as well an additional six smaller stations based in: Corby, Kettering, Northampton and Weston Favell.
There are two Justice Centres: Criminal Justice Centre - This is a base for police support staff and has a custody centre. Weekley Wood Justice Centre - This is a base for police support staff and has a custody centre. Weekley Wood is a joint base for administrative staff of the Northamptonshire Fire and Rescue Service; the force is led by the chief constable, is composed of: The chief officers and Force Command Team. Chief officers is a collective term for the chief constable, deputy chief constable and assistant chief constable; the chief constable is the most senior officer within Northamptonshire Police and holds command of the force. The chief constable is accountable to the police and crime commissioner, who appoints chief const
Derbyshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Derbyshire, England. The force covers an area of over 1,000 square miles with a population of just under one million. To police the county the force is divided into two territorial divisions, based in the towns of Buxton and Chesterfield, Derby; the Force Headquarters, near Ripley and close to the A38 road, is Butterley Hall, former residence of Benjamin Outram and once owned by the Butterley Company. The Old Hall and additional buildings in the large grounds house much of the force's central administrative services; the Ops Divisions HQ at Wyatts Way Ripley is now the home of Operational Support Division which encompasses the Road Policing Unit, Air Support, a partnership with Nottinghamshire Police), ARU, Dog Section, Uniform Task Force and Road Policing Support. The Constabulary is led by the Chief Constable assisted by a Deputy and two Assistant Chief Constables; each division is headed by a Chief Superintendent - the Divisional Commander - and each division is divided into Sections, which are led by an Inspector.
The force has an authorised establishment of 1,827 police officers, 350 special constables and 104 Police Community Support Officers The Chief Officers of the force worked in partnership with the 17 publicly elected representatives on the Derbyshire Police Authority, which shared responsibility for budgets and policy, was intended to ensure that the public of Derbyshire had a voice in the policing of their county. Since the introduction of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 the Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner is now responsible for tasks that were once completed by the Police Authority. In November 2012 Alan Charles was elected the Police and Crime Commissioner for Derbyshire for a four-year term. Charles served as Vice Chair of the Derbyshire Police Authority. Derbyshire Constabulary polices an area which ranges from remote rural locations to busy city-centre and suburban environments; the more urbanised east and south of the county, including the market town of Chesterfield and the city of Derby require more officers to respond to the needs of the large resident population, while the more rural north and west require the smaller number of officers to be more mobile.
Calls for service in the rural areas increase during summer as the population is boosted by twenty million visitors each year to the Peak District and its surrounds. Winter weather on the unforgiving high ground around Glossop and Kinder Scout can cause problems for traffic and residents. Derbyshire's different environments lead to different pressures on the police and different concerns for the public. Anti-social behaviour and drug abuse are more prevalent in town and city areas, whereas the rural districts are prone more to travelling crime. In general, Derbyshire has a lower crime rate in comparison to its neighbouring force areas of Greater Manchester Police, South Yorkshire Police, Nottinghamshire Police; these neighbouring areas all contain larger urban centres than Derbyshire and as a result criminals from these areas travel to Derbyshire to commit crime. A recent Home Office report indicated that Derbyshire had the lowest crime levels in the East Midlands region, the force states that crime rates have fallen in Derbyshire by 15% in the last year.
Proposals were made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 to integrate groups of police forces in England and Wales into'strategic' forces, which he saw as being more'fit for purpose' in terms of combating terrorism and organised crime. Under these proposals Derbyshire would have merged with nearby forces to create an'East Midlands Police'. However, these proposals were unpopular with much of the community and the police, for the moment have been deferred, leaving the East Midlands forces to continue independently. In 2010 following the coalition government's drive to reduce spending regional collaboration has been brought back to the table for serious and in depth discussion on how to provide the same or more for less; this may well be the forerunner of a regional force. The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
Since 1828 the following officers of Derbyshire Constabulary were killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress: Parish Constable William Taylor, 1828 Police Constable Joseph Moss, 1879 Police Constable Stevenson, 2013 In 1965, the force had an establishment of 852 and an actual strength of 775. 1873–?: Francis Joseph Parry 1876–1898: Lieutenant-Colonel William Addis Delacombe 1918–c.1927: Major Philip Francis Ross Anley 1954–1967: William Ewart Pitts 1967–1979: Sir Walter Stansfield 1979–1981: James Fryer 1981–1985: Alfred Parrish 1985–1990: Alan Smith 1990–2000: John Newing 2001–2007: David Coleman 2007–2017: Mick Creedon 2017–present: Peter Goodman List of law enforcement agenc
Avon and Somerset Constabulary
Avon and Somerset Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in the county of Somerset and the now-defunct county of Avon, which includes the city and county of Bristol and the unitary authorities of Bath and North East Somerset, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire. As of September 2017 the force had a workforce of 2,630 police officers, 2,275 police staff, 315 police community support officers and 340 special constables; the constabulary provides service for over 1.6 million people and, in terms of geographic area of responsibility, is the 11th largest in England and Wales. The police area covered by Avon & Somerset Constabulary today can trace its policing heritage back to the start of the modern policing system; the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 created municipal boroughs across England and Wales, each with the power to create a borough police force. Prior to this time'policing' was unrecognisable from today's system with watchmen and parish constables providing variable levels of law enforcement, if any, driven by magistrates.
As a result of the Act the following borough police forces were created within the current Avon and Somerset Constabulary police area: Bath City Police, Bristol Constabulary, Bridgwater Borough Police, Wells City Police, Glastonbury Borough Police, Chard Borough Police, Yeovil Borough Police. However, outside of the new boroughs there was no modern police. Therefore, the government introduced the County Police Act 1839 which permitted county authorities to set up county forces to police areas outside of the boroughs. Following these Acts, Gloucestershire Constabulary was created in 1839 which covered what is now the north part of the current police area of Avon & Somerset Constabulary. There was still some opposition to the new model of policing however, rural Somerset had no police force until 1856; the County and Borough Police Act 1856 mandated. Somerset Constabulary commenced policing the county in 1856 with Wells City Police and Glastonbury Borough Police merging into the new county force immediately, with Yeovil Borough Police following a year later.
In the 19th century the Local Government Act 1888 required that all boroughs with populations of less than 10,000 amalgamate their police force with the adjoining county constabulary. This signalled the end of Chard Borough Police who merged into Somerset Constabulary on 1 April 1888. In 1940, Bridgwater Borough Police voluntarily became part of Somerset constabulary, the small force having a 101-year history, with the 20 officers of the borough police becoming Somerset County officers upon merger. During the 20th century the number of individual police forces across the United Kingdom was reduced across the country on grounds of efficiency; the Police Act 1964 gave the Home Secretary the power to enforce amalgamations but this was not required when Somerset Constabulary and Bath City Police voluntarily agreed to merge forming the Somerset and Bath Constabulary on 1 January 1967. This resulted in 3 police forces left covering the geographic area, now the responsibility of Avon & Somerset Constabulary.
This situation ended 7 years on 1 April 1974 following the implementation the Local Government Act 1972 which created Avon and Somerset Constabulary following the amalgamation of Somerset and Bath Constabulary with Bristol Constabulary and the southern part of Gloucestershire Constabulary. **First Chief Constable of Avon & Somerset Constabulary upon its formation. Had been Chief Constable of one of the preceding forces – Somerset and Bath Constabulary from 1967, prior to, Chief Constable of Somerset Constabulary from 1955. Colin Port served as the Chief Constable of the Constabulary since January 2005, however after the Police and Crime Commissioner Sue Mountstevens announced on 22 November 2012 that she would invite applications for the role rather than extending his contract, Port decided not to re-apply for the position and retired in March 2013. In January 2013, Port took the PCC to court to seek an injunction to block the interviews of candidates for the post of Chief Constable, however the case did not succeed.
Nick Gargan was appointed as the next Chief Constable in March 2013, however just over a year in mid-May 2014, Gargan was suspended by Commissioner Mountstevens following allegations of'inappropriate behaviour towards female officers and staff'. The enquiry into the allegations was referred to the Independent Police Complaints Commission. Gargan is reported by the Commissioner to have denied the allegations. During the first part of Gargan's suspension, the force was run by Deputy Chief Constable, John Long. Long stood down as acting Chief Constable at the end of August 2015, where he was replaced by Gareth Morgan, serving as Deputy Chief Constable for Long. Gargan resigned from the position in October 2015. Morgan continued serving as acting Chief Constable after Gargan's resignation until Commissioner Mountstevens appointed Andy Marsh, the former Chief Constable of the Hampshire Constabulary, as the new Chief Constable of the Constabulary in February 2016; the constabulary is overseen by the Avon and Somerset Police and Crime Commissioner, a new elected position which replaced the Avon and Somerset Police Authority in November 2012.
The police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Avon and Somerset Police and Crime Panel, consisting of elected councillors from the police area. The first police and crime commissioner, elected on 15 November 2012 and took
North Yorkshire Police
North Yorkshire Police is the territorial police force covering the non-metropolitan county of North Yorkshire and the unitary authority of York in northern England. The force comprises three area command units; as of March 2013 the force had a strength of 1,370 police officers, 158 Special Constables, 173 PCSOs and 1,095 police staff. The force was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, was a successor to the York and North East Yorkshire Police taking part of the old West Riding Constabulary's area; the York and North East Yorkshire Police had covered the North Riding of Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire and the county borough of York. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with West Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and Humberside Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region. However, these proposals were dropped, it was announced in January 2007 that the Chief Constable, Della Cannings, would be retiring from the force on 16 May 2007 due to illness.
Della Cannings made the headlines on a number of occasions. She was not allowed to purchase wine from Tesco in Northallerton in March 2004 until she had taken off her hat and epaulettes, as it was illegal to sell alcohol to on-duty police officers. In October 2006 it was revealed that more than £28,000 had been spent to refurbish a shower in her office. On 19 April 2007, it was announced that Grahame Maxwell was to become the new Chief Constable of North Yorkshire Police. Grahame Maxwell began his career with Cleveland Police and served in all ranks up to Chief Superintendent when he became District Commander in Middlesbrough. After completing the Strategic Command Course in 2000, he was appointed as an Assistant Chief Constable with West Yorkshire Police and during his four years there served as the ACC Specialist Operations and ACC Territorial Operations. Mr Maxwell was promoted to Deputy Chief Constable with South Yorkshire Police in January 2005 and become the Chief Constable of North Yorkshire Police on 17 May 2007.
Dave Jones QPM, was appointed as chief constable in 2013 after serving as Assistant Chief Constable at the Police Service of Northern Ireland, where he had command of the Rural Division. He was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in the 2017 New Year Honours List and retired from the role in 2018. In July 2017, the force's headquarters was moved from Newby Wiske to Alverton Court in Northallerton; the new headquarters is a brand new, purpose-built facility, designed with the police in mind. The previous headquarters at Newby Wiske is a grade II listed building and was becoming difficult to upgrade into the 21st century; the memorial stones commemorating those who have served the police in the region have been moved to the new headquarters from Newby Wiske. These include those who have died in the First and the Second World Wars and those who have died in the line of duty. In August 2018, it was confirmed that Lisa Winward would become the new chief constable with immediate effect. Winward joined the police in 1993 and has been serving in the North Yorkshire police service since 2008.
Police vehicles used include the Ford Focus and Vauxhall Astra. The "Traffic" section use Audi A4 and BMW 530d. Mercedes and Ford Transit police vans present, as are Nissan 4x4s and Land Rover Discoveries in some areas; the traffic section use motorcycles. The force covers over 6,000 miles of road; the Firearms Support Unit use the BMW X5. The force has a new livery from March 2009, consisting of a high visibility panels of yellow and blue on all vehicles, new vehicles include Ford Focus estates and Ford Transit Connect vans. North Yorkshire Police Authority had 9 councillors, 3 justices of the peace, 5 independent members, it was abolished in November 2012 to be replaced by a Crime Commissioner. 1974–1977: Robert Boyes 1977–1979: John Woodcock 1979–1985: Kenneth Henshaw 1985–1989: Peter Nobes 1989–1998: David Burke 1998–2002: David Kenworthy 2002–2007: Della Cannings 2007–2012: Graham Maxwell 2012–2013: Tim Madgwick 2013–2018: Dave Jones 2018–: Lisa Winward The Police Memorial Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty, since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
The following officers of North Yorkshire Police are listed by the Trust as having died attempting to prevent, stop or solve a crime, since the turn of the 20th century: Acting DC Norman Garnham, 1977 PC David Ian Haigh, 1982 Sgt David Thomas Winter, 1982 Special Constable Glenn Thomas Goodman, 1992 North Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner List of police forces in the United Kingdom Policing in the United Kingdom North Yorkshire Police North Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner Operation Countryman 2 is Launched
Sajid Javid is a British politician and a former Managing Director at Deutsche Bank. A member of the Conservative Party, he was appointed Home Secretary on 30 April 2018, he has been the Member of Parliament for Bromsgrove in Worcestershire since the general election of 2010. Born in Rochdale, Javid studied Economics and Politics at the University of Exeter where he joined the Conservative Party. Working in banking, he rose to become a Managing Director at Deutsche Bank, he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Bromsgrove in 2010 and was promoted to Economic Secretary to the Treasury and Financial Secretary to the Treasury. He served in the Cabinet as Culture Secretary from 2014-15, Business Secretary and President of the Board of Trade from 2015-16 and Communities Secretary from 2016-18, he was appointed to his current role as Home Secretary in June 2018, following the resignation of Amber Rudd for misleading the Home Affairs Select Committee over targets for removal of illegal immigrants during the Windrush scandal.
Javid was born in Rochdale, one of five sons of parents of Pakistani descent. His father worked as a bus driver, his family moved from Lancashire to Stapleton Road, Bristol, as his parents took over a shop there, the family lived in a two-bedroom flat above it. His father's business was in a notoriously crime-ridden part of Bristol; as a teenager, Javid developed an interest in financial markets, following the Thatcher government's privatisations. At the age of fourteen, he borrowed £500 from a bank to invest in shares and became a regular reader of the Financial Times. From 1981 to 1986, Javid attended a state comprehensive near Bristol; when he witnessed a video showing an assault on a Syrian refugee, he remarked that it was reminiscent of bullying he had experienced at school. Speaking in 2014, Javid said that while at school: "I was naughty, more interested in watching Grange Hill than homework". Javid subsequently attended Filton Technical College from 1986 to 1988, the University of Exeter from 1988 to 1991.
At university, he studied Economics and Politics and during this time he joined the Conservative Party. Aged 20, Javid attended the annual Conservative Party Conference for the first time and campaigned against the Thatcher government's decision that year to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism, he was handing out leaflets against the policy. He has since stated. Javid's time in the US working for an Investment Bank included a spell as an aide to Rudy Giuliani's winning 1993 New York mayoral campaign. Javid is a trustee of the London Early Years Foundation, was a governor of Normand Croft Community School, has led an expedition to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, to show his support of Help the Aged. Javid joined Chase Manhattan Bank in New York City after graduation, working in South America. Aged 25, he became vice president, he returned to London in 1997, joined Deutsche Bank as a director in 2000. In 2004, he became a managing director at Deutsche Bank and, the following year, global head of Emerging Markets Structuring.
In 2007, he relocated to Singapore as head of Deutsche Bank's credit trading, equity convertibles and private equity businesses in Asia, was appointed a board member of Deutsche Bank International Limited. He left Deutsche Bank in 2009 to pursue a career in politics, his earnings at Deutsche Bank would have been £3,000,000 a year at the time he left and the Evening Standard once estimated his career change would have required him to take a 98% pay cut. On 28 May 2009, the sitting MP for Bromsgrove, Julie Kirkbride, announced that she would be standing down at the next general election in light of the expenses scandal, her resignation was confirmed in December 2009. After a selection contest held by the Bromsgrove Conservative Association on 6 February 2010, in which he received over 70% of the votes cast by its members, Javid was announced as the official Conservative & Unionist Party Parliamentary Candidate for the 2010 general election; the other candidates up for selection included Baroness Stowell.
On 6 May 2010, Javid received 22,558 votes. In terms of the number of votes cast in the constituency, this was an increase on the majority of 10,080 at the previous general election, though was a reduction when compared both to the actual number of votes his predecessor had received and to the Conservatives' percentage share of the vote. According to former Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, those MPs first elected in 2010 "are the best new MPs for over thirty years", he identified Javid as one of six Conservative MPs that he believed had "already made an impact in the first term". Javid was one of six new MPs profiled by the Financial Times, was named as the Newcomer of 2010 by the ConservativeHome website. In an analysis of the 2010 intake of MPs by Westminster consultancy firm Guide Public Affairs, Guide to the Next Prime Minister, published in August 2011, Javid ranked third, was the top-scoring Conservative. In October 2012, Iain Dale in The Daily Telegraph included Javid in his list of "Top 100 most influential figures from the Right".
Dale wrote: "His fast rise up the greasy pole into George Osborne's inner circle is not only proof of this man's ambition but his talent." Nicholas Watt in The Guardian has suggested that Javid could rise to the top. In The Times' 2014 right-wing power list, Javid moved up 18 places to #
Lincolnshire Police is the territorial police force covering the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England. Despite the name, the force's area does not include North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire, which are covered by Humberside Police instead. In terms of geographic area the force is one of the largest in the England and Wales covering 2,284 square miles; the population of the area covered by the force is 736,700. As of 2010 the force employs over 2,500 people; as at May 2016, there were 200 Special Constables and 149 PCSO's. Lincolnshire Constabulary was formed in 1856 under the County and Borough Police Act 1856. Several other borough police forces used to exist in the county, but these were combined with the Lincolnshire force. Under the Police Act 1946, Boston Borough Police and Grantham Borough Police were merged, while Lincoln City Police and Grimsby Borough Police were absorbed under the Police Act 1964. Lincolnshire lost part of its area to the new Humberside Police in 1974.
In 1965, the force had an establishment of 918 officers and an actual strength of 883. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with the other four East Midlands forces to form a strategic police force for the entire region; these proposals were ended by John Reid in June 2006. The police authority received £287,600 from the Home Office for costs of preparing the ill-fated merger. In 2008 the Lincolnshire Police Authority experienced a funding crisis; the authority claimed that the central government grant was insufficient to provide efficient policing in Lincolnshire, due to the unfavourable working of the formula used by the government to assess police grants. The authority decided to reduce the shortfall by making a 79% increase in its precept; the government announced its intention to "cap" this demand, resulting in a net 26% increase. The Chief Constable is Bill Skelly. Lincolnshire Police has an establishment of about 1,100 police officers. In 2011, the force underwent major changes to its organisation.
There were three "divisions" with Lincoln and Grantham hosting the divisional headquarters of each. The county is divided into four "districts" for the purposes of policing; these areas each pair two district/borough council areas into one policing district, are: Lincoln & West Lindsey North & South Kesteven Coast & Wolds Boston & South Holland. The force has round the clock armed. Front line officers in Lincolnshire carry Taser electronic incapacitating devices; these use electricity to cause neuromuscular incapacitation to render subjects incapable of free bodily movement for a short period of time whilst the device is operating. Taser is carried in addition to PAVA incapacitant spray. Officers used CS spray, however this was removed from service due to it being flammable. PAVA is a non flammable spray liquid. Officers from Lincolnshire are detached to EMSOU, East Midlands Special Operations unit; the force has its own underwater search unit that consists of one part-time team of around ten officers and this unit is based permanently at the Lincolnshire Police Headquarters.
As with all police forces, Lincolnshire Police has many specialist departments aside from the officers and PCSOs that respond to calls from the public. These include the Roads Policing Unit, Dog section, Public Protection Unit, Scenes Of Crime, Custody suites, the Force Control Room. In addition to this are other support departments such as IT and HR. Officers and Police Staff forming these departments are based across the county, but most having their main office at Force Headquarters in Nettleham. Lincolnshire Police operates a Special Constabulary that has 200 officers from the rank of Special Constable to Special Superintendent. Officers are based throughout the county out of local police stations. Lincolnshire Special Constabulary has offices deployed in specialist units such as wildlife crime and Safer Roads unit; as of July 2018 Lincolnshire Special Constabulary is recruiting. 1856–1901: Captain Philip Bicknell. 1901–03: Major Charles Brinkley. 1903–31: Captain Cecil Mitchell-Innes. 1931–34: Colonel Gordon Herbert Ramsay Halland.
1934–54: Sir Raymond Hatherell Fooks. 1954–56: Herman Graham Rutherford. 1956–69: John William Barnett, OBE. 1970–73: George Walter Roberts Terry. 1973–77: Lawrence Byford, QPM. 1977–83: James Kerr. 1983–?: Stanley William Crump, QPM.?–1994: Neville Gilbert Ovens, QPM. 1994–98: John Peter Bensley, QPM. 1998–2003: Richard John Nicholas Childs, QPM. 2003–08: James Anthony Lake. 2008–12: Richard Philip deJordan Crompton 2012–17: Neil Rhodes 2017: Bill Skelly Lawrence Byford - father of Mark Byford Arthur Troop - police sergeant who started the International Police Association on 1 January 1950, with initial resistance from his superiors. Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner List of police forces in the United Kingdom Policing in the United Kingdom Lincolnshire Police Lincolnshire Police Authority explain their big incre
Lancashire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Lancashire in North West England. The force's headquarters are near the city of Preston; as of October 2018 the force had just under 3,000 officers as well as 2,000 Police Staff - of which 272 are police community support officers. After many complaints over a number of years over the crime ridden state of Lancashire it was decided in 1839 that a combined county police force was required to police the county. In the same year the force was founded and Captain John Woodford was made chief constable with two assistant chief constables, 14 superintendents and 660 constables. Over the next 50 years the police force saw many changes including the introduction of the police helmet and, during the 1860s, the force lost its first officer, PC Jump, who died after being shot by a group of men that he and a colleague were searching. By the end of the century the force had developed a detective department who were allowed to wear plain clothes.
The first detective appointed was John Wallbank. In 1917 the force first allowed female officers although it was only in the 1950s that they were allowed uniforms, not until the 1970s were they paid at the same rate as their male counterparts. In 1948 the force's dog section was established with many differing breeds being used, but by the 1950s it was established that the German shepherd was the most suitable. In 1965, the force had an establishment of 3,784 officers and an actual strength of 3,454, making it the second largest police force and the largest county force in Great Britain; the force went through major changes in the 1970s when the force was reduced to cover the new re-bordered Lancashire with the other areas coming under the jurisdiction of Greater Manchester Police and Merseyside Police. On 10 October 2007 the Home Office announced that Lancashire Constabulary had ranked joint first, with Surrey, out of 43 forces by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabularies. All 43 police forces were assessed on seven areas - tackling crime, serious crime, protecting vulnerable people, neighbourhood policing, local priorities and resources and efficiency.
The Radio Branch or Wireless Workshops pioneered many techniques in the use of radio by the police. In 1925 they had radio communications between constabulary headquarters in Preston and six divisional headquarters. A year a van was equipped with a transmitter. Tests were done with radio communication to cars in the 1930s. In 1939 four fixed stations provided coverage over much of the county. At the start of World War II divisional headquarters were equipped with transmitter-receivers as a back-up to the telephone system; this was used in 1941 when the telephone system in Liverpool was put out of action by bombing, Lancashire Constabulary's radio system was sole means of communications with the city for a time. After the war they were involved in the move to VHF FM by the UK police. In 1961 a personal radio scheme was installed in Chorley with Motorola VHF personal radios imported from the USA after a demonstration in Stretford in 1959; this led in 1963 to the design of the Lancon VHF personal radio manufactured by GEC.
Under proposals made by the home secretary on 6 February 2006, it was to be merged with Cumbria Constabulary. These were accepted by both forces on 26 February, the merger would have taken place on 1 April 2007. However, in July 2006, both Cumbria and Lancashire constabularies decided not to proceed with the merger because the government failed to remedy issues with the council tax precept which left both forces unable to proceed. Over recent years, Lancashire Constabulary has developed a reputation for leading the way in intelligence analysis and holds an annual intelligence analysis conference in Blackpool attended by a large number of analysts from other UK police forces and law enforcement agencies. Other forces are now looking to Lancashire as a pioneering force in IT support. In particular in 2007 Cumbria police secured their own version of Lancashire's intelligence, police investigation and work management system SLEUTH. At the end of 2017 Lancashire Constabulary formed the Tactical Operations Team, composed of the Roads Policing Unit, Dog Unit, Mounted Branch, Armed Response Unit and Operational Support Unit.
The force is split into three geographical and two based at the force HQ at Hutton. The split is approximate, divisions are deliberately vague, giving a seamless approach to policing in the Lancashire area; the geographical divisions and their headquarters are as follows: Western The headquarters are in Blackpool from where this division is responsible for the Fylde area stretching from Bispham down to Kirkham. Lancaster is assigned with the policing of Morecambe and the Wyre area. A new divisional HQ was opened in 2018. Southern The headquarters are in Lancaster Road, with a secondary base at Chorley Magistrates' Court: it polices the Preston, South Ribble and West Lancashire areas. Eastern Based in Ainsworth Street, this division is assigned to police the Blackburn with Darwen, Ribble Valley and Accrington, Burnley and Rossendale areas. G Division Headquarters. H Division Operations Support and Operations Planning, which encompasses Motorway, Armed Response, Air Support and various other functions.
Lancashire Constabulary partners with the North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit and the North West Motorway Police Group. Th