National Basketball Association Christmas games
Games held by the National Basketball Association on Christmas Day, December 25, have been an annual tradition since the leagues second season in 1947. Currently, five games are played on Christmas, unlike the National Football League s traditional Thanksgiving Day games, the NBAs Christmas Day games have no fixed opponents, they feature some of the best teams and players. Very often a rematch of the previous seasons NBA Finals is showcased on Christmas Day, the first NBA game played on December 25 came in 1947, a year after the NBAs inception, when the New York Knicks beat the Providence Steamrollers at Madison Square Garden 89–75. Since then, the NBA has played every year on Christmas Day except in 1998. This makes the NBA the only league to regularly schedule games on December 25, in the early days, regional proximity dictated most of the matchups. Teams would usually play their rivals to cut down on holiday travel. According to Dr. Jack Ramsay, who coached the Portland Trail Blazers from 1976–77 to 1986, Christmas meant being at home with the family and that was a perfect Christmas to me.
He set the record for most coaching victories on Christmas Day with 11, in the early 1980s, the New York Knicks put on a show three years in a row. The Knicks have played more Christmas Day games than any other team and they are 22–29 on the holiday. Their most recent Yuletide appearance came in 2016 when they were defeated by the Boston Celtics, 119-114, the Knicks have a checkered history on the 25th. Their 22 wins are the most by a team on Christmas Day and their 29 losses are the most too. Some players have participated on Christmas Day as both player and coach, Doc Rivers played with the Knicks in 1992 and coached the Boston Celtics from 2008 to 2013. He won his 1, 000th game on Christmas Day in 2008. Kobe Bryant has never coached on Christmas, but he has played 16 games on that day, the most of any player. In fact, he has played often on Christmas than on any other date on the calendar, playing his first in 1996. Many teams and players that have played on this day have special uniforms. From 2009 to 2011, the Knicks wore their third jersey, during the game between the Heat and the Lakers in 2010, players on both teams wore holiday sneakers.
Bryant, Pau Gasol and Lamar Odom wore lime-green Nike kicks while James, from 2008 to 2011, teams playing on Christmas Day wore a patch featuring the NBA logo inside a snowflake. Since the 2012–13 season, the NBA and Adidas produced special uniforms for the Christmas games, All of these uniforms feature a particular theme, such as monochromatic designs and chrome-treated logos
Earvin Magic Johnson Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player and current president of basketball operations of the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He played point guard for the Lakers for 13 seasons, after winning championships in high school and college, Johnson was selected first overall in the 1979 NBA draft by the Lakers. He won a championship and an NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season, Johnson retired abruptly in 1991 after announcing that he had contracted HIV, but returned to play in the 1992 All-Star Game, winning the All-Star MVP Award. After protests from his players, he retired again for four years. Johnsons career achievements include three NBA MVP Awards, nine NBA Finals appearances, twelve All-Star games, and ten All-NBA First and he led the league in regular-season assists four times, and is the NBAs all-time leader in average assists per game, at 11.2. Johnson was a member of the 1992 United States mens Olympic basketball team, after leaving the NBA in 1992, Johnson formed the Magic Johnson All-Stars, a barnstorming team that travelled around the world playing exhibition games.
Johnson was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996, Johnson became a two-time inductee into the Basketball Hall of Fame—being enshrined in 2002 for his individual career, and again in 2010 as a member of the Dream Team. He was rated the greatest NBA point guard of all time by ESPN in 2007 and his friendship and rivalry with Boston Celtics star Larry Bird, whom he faced in the 1979 NCAA finals and three NBA championship series, are well documented. Since his retirement, Johnson has been an advocate for HIV/AIDS prevention and safe sex, as well as an entrepreneur, philanthropist and motivational speaker. Named by Ebony magazine as one of Americas most influential businessmen in 2009, Johnson has numerous business interests. Johnson is part of a group of investors purchased the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2012. Earvin Johnson Jr. was born in Lansing, Michigan to Earvin Sr. a General Motors assembly worker, and Christine, who had six siblings, was influenced by his parents strong work ethic.
Earvin Jr. would often help his father on the garbage route, Johnson grew up in Lansing, and came to love basketball as a youngster. His favorite basketball player was Bill Russell, whom he admired more for his many championships than his athletic ability and he idolized players such as Earl Monroe and Marques Haynes, and practiced all day. Magic Johnson came from an athletic family and his father played high school basketball in his home state of Mississippi, and Johnson learned the finer points about the game from him. Johnsons mother, originally from North Carolina, had played basketball as a child. By the time he had reached the grade, Johnson had begun to think about a future in basketball. He had become a dominant junior player, once scoring 48 points in a game
Thursday Night Football
Most of the games kick off at 8,25 p. m. Eastern Time. In 2014, production of the Thursday Night Football games was taken over by CBS Sports under a one-year deal. In addition, NFL Network extended the length of the Thursday telecasts to Week 16 of the season, on January 18,2015, CBS and NFL Network extended the same arrangement for a second season. CBS will air the first 5 games and NBC will air the other 5 games, the games are broadcast on radio via Westwood One, which syndicates the broadcasts to its partner radio stations around the United States. It airs on Fox Sports Latin America, ESPN Brasil, the NFL Networks coverage was not the first time that NFL games were covered on Thursday or Saturday. In 2005, when the NFL negotiated a new set of television contracts, in exchange, Comcast planned to add NFL Network to its digital cable lineup. The channel was added, but NFL Network decided to air the games itself, the other television deals generated $3.735 billion per year over an eight-year period for CBS, Fox, NBC, ESPN and DirecTV.
Thursday Night Football debuted on November 23,2006, with the Kansas City Chiefs handing the visiting Denver Broncos a 19–10 Thanksgiving defeat, each of the game broadcasts were titled either Thursday Night Football or Saturday Night Football, depending on the night on which it aired. This format carried over to the 2007 season, starting in 2008, NFL Network eliminated all but one of the Saturday night games and started their Thursday night package three weeks earlier. This was done to accommodate the schedule and the leagues antitrust exemption that prohibits Saturday games from being held for most of the season. The Thanksgiving matchup was moved from NFL Network to NBCs Sunday Night Football package as part of the new broadcast contract after the 2011 season. In January 2014, it was reported that the NFL was planning to sub-license a package of up to eight Thursday Night Football games to another broadcaster for the 2014 NFL season, the league had negotiated with its existing broadcast partners, along with Turner Sports.
The remaining games would remain exclusive to NFL Network, due to contracts with TV providers requiring at least eight NFL games to air exclusively on the channel per-season. The decision came as the league wished to heighten the profile of its Thursday night games, on February 5,2014, the NFL announced that CBS had acquired the partial rights to Thursday Night Football for the 2014 season. Under the agreement, all of the Thursday Night Football telecasts would be produced by CBS Sports and called by the primary announcing team of Jim Nantz. CBS affiliates were given right of first refusal to air the local simulcast before it is offered to another station, a Saturday doubleheader was added on Week 16, NFL Network aired the early game, while CBS aired the second, prime time game. Among these changes were the removal of a segment featuring Rihanna performing her song Run This Town. Following complaints by Rihanna on Twitter regarding the removal, the song was pulled entirely from future broadcasts, the New York Post reported that this deal would include the sale of a stake in NFL Network itself
American Broadcasting Company
The network is headquartered on Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City. There are additional offices and production facilities elsewhere in New York City, as well as in Los Angeles and Burbank. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC originally launched on October 12,1943, as a radio network, separated from and serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, which had been purchased by Edward J. Noble. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS, in the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop, in 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABCs assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company. The television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States, most Canadians have access to at least one U. S.
ABC News provides news and features content for radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies, the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting Company. The last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, in 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940. The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC Red or NBC Blue, at that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Once Mutuals appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, Edward John Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million.
Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, which was to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCCs approval, the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12,1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, both stations were managed by Don Searle, the vice-president of the Blue Networks West Coast division. The ABC Radio Network created its audience slowly, the network became known for such suspenseful dramas as Sherlock Holmes, Gang Busters and Counterspy, as well as several mid-afternoon youth-oriented programs. S. From Nazi Germany after its conquest, to pre-record its programming, while its radio network was undergoing reconstruction, ABC found it difficult to avoid falling behind on the new medium of television.
To ensure a space, in 1947, ABC submitted five applications for television station licenses, the ABC television network made its debut on April 19,1948, with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia becoming its first primary affiliate
Larry Joe Bird is an American professional basketball executive, former coach and former player, currently serving as president of the Indiana Pacers in the National Basketball Association. Since retiring as a player for the Boston Celtics, he has been a mainstay in the Indiana Pacers organization, Bird was a 12-time NBA All-Star and was named the leagues Most Valuable Player three consecutive times. He played his professional career for Boston, winning three NBA championships and two NBA Finals MVP awards. He was a member of the 1992 United States mens Olympic basketball team won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Bird was voted to the NBAs 50th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1996 and he served as head coach of the Indiana Pacers from 1997 to 2000. In 2003, he assumed the role of president of operations for the Pacers. After a year away from the position, he announced he would return to the Pacers as president of operations in 2013. In addition to being part of the 50–40–90 club, he is the person in NBA history to be named Most Valuable Player, Coach of the Year.
Bird was born in West Baden Springs, Indiana to Georgia and Claude Joseph Joe Bird and he was raised in nearby French Lick, where his mother worked two jobs to support Larry and his five siblings. Bird has said that being poor as a child still motivates him to this day and Joe divorced when Larry was in high school, and Joe committed suicide about a year later. Bird received a scholarship to college basketball for the Indiana University Hoosiers in 1974. After less than a month on campus he dropped out of school and he returned to French Lick, enrolling at Northwood Institute in nearby West Baden, and working municipal jobs for a year before enrolling at Indiana State University in Terre Haute in 1975. Indiana State would lose the game 75–64, with Bird scoring 19 points, despite failing to win the championship, Bird earned numerous year-end awards and honors for his outstanding play, including the Naismith College Player of the Year Award. For his college career, he averaged 30.3 points,13.3 rebounds, Bird appeared in one game for the baseball team, going 1-for-2 with 2 RBI.
Bird was selected by the Boston Celtics with the sixth pick in the 1978 NBA draft. He did not sign with the Celtics immediately, instead, he played out his season at Indiana State. After protracted negotiations, Bird inked a five-year, $3.25 million contract with the team, shortly afterwards, NBA draft eligibility rules were changed to prevent teams from drafting players before they were ready to sign, a rule known as the Bird Collegiate Rule. Bird immediately transformed the Celtics into a contender, helping them improve their win total by 32 games from the year before he was drafted
LeBron Raymone James is an American professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association. James has won three NBA championships, four NBA Most Valuable Player Awards, three NBA Finals MVP Awards, two Olympic gold medals, an NBA scoring title, and the NBA Rookie of the Year Award. He has selected to 13 NBA All-Star teams,12 All-NBA teams, and six All-Defensive teams. James played high school basketball at St. Vincent–St, mary High School in his hometown of Akron, where he was highly promoted in the national media as a future NBA superstar. After graduating, he was selected by the Cleveland Cavaliers as the first overall pick of the 2003 NBA draft, James led Cleveland to the franchises first Finals appearance in 2007, losing to the San Antonio Spurs. In 2010, he left the Cavaliers for the Miami Heat in a highly publicized ESPN special titled The Decision, James played four seasons with the Heat, reaching the Finals all four years and winning back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013.
In 2013, he led Miami on a 27-game winning streak, following his final season with the Heat, James opted out of his contract and returned to the Cavaliers. Off the court, James has accumulated wealth and fame from numerous endorsement contracts. His public life has been the subject of scrutiny, and he has been ranked as one of Americas most influential. He has been featured in books and television commercials and he hosted the ESPY Awards, Saturday Night Live, and appeared in the 2015 film Trainwreck. James was born on December 30,1984 in Akron, Ohio to a 16-year-old mother, Gloria Marie James, who raised James on her own. Growing up, life was often a struggle for the family, as a youth, James played Amateur Athletic Union basketball for the Northeast Ohio Shooting Stars. The team enjoyed success on a local and national level, led by James and his friends Sian Cotton, Dru Joyce III, the players were inseparable and dubbed themselves the Fab Four, promising each other that they would attend high school together.
In a move that stirred controversy, they chose to attend St. Vincent–St. Mary High School, a predominately white private Catholic school, as a freshman, James averaged 21 points and 6 rebounds per game for the St. Vincent-St. The Fighting Irish finished the year 27–0, winning the Division III state title, as a sophomore, he averaged 25.2 points and 7.2 rebounds with 5.8 assists and 3.8 steals per game. For some home games during the season, St. Vincent-St, mary played at the University of Akrons 5, 492-seat Rhodes Arena to satisfy ticket demand from alumni and college and NBA scouts who wanted to see James play. The Fighting Irish finished the season 26–1 and repeated as state champions, for his outstanding play, James was named Ohios Mr. Basketball and was selected to the USA Today All-USA First Team, becoming the first sophomore to do either
NBA on NBC
The NBA on NBC is the branding formerly used for presentations of National Basketball Association games produced by the NBC television network in the United States. NBC held broadcast rights from 1955 to 1962 and again from 1990 to 2002, during NBCs partnership with the NBA in the 1990s, the league rose to unprecedented popularity, with ratings surpassing the days of Magic Johnson and Larry Bird in the mid-1980s. NBCs first tenure with the National Basketball Association began on October 30,1954, on November 9,1989, the NBA reached an agreement with the network worth US$600 million contract to broadcast the leagues games for four years, beginning with the 1990–91 season. On April 28,1993, NBC extended its exclusive broadcast rights to the NBA with a four-year, $750 million contract. NBCs coverage of the NBA began on Christmas Day each season, with the exception of the season in 1990, the 1998–99 season. NBC aired the NBA All-Star Game every year, usually at 6,00 p. m. Eastern Time, in 2002, NBC aired the game an hour earlier due to the Winter Olympics that evening.
Starting in 2000, during the NBA Playoffs, NBC would air tripleheaders on Saturdays and Sundays for the first two weeks of the playoffs, prior to 2000, NBC would air a doubleheader on Saturday, followed by a tripleheader on Sunday. On December 30,2000, NBC aired a rare second December game, the Saturday match was the only time that NBC aired a game between Christmas Day and the start of the regular run of games in February. In 2001, NBC was scheduled to air an October preseason game involving an NBA team playing an international team, during the 2001–02 NBA season, NBC added a significant number of Washington Wizards games to its schedule. When Jordan became injured during the middle of the season, the replaced the added Wizards games with the games that had been originally on the schedule. The theme music for the NBA on NBC broadcasts, Roundball Rock, was composed by new-age artist John Tesh. The instrumental piece, which NBC used for every telecast during the networks twelve-year tenute with the NBA, is used to this day by NBA TV for their live game coverage.
After briefly considering using the theme for its NBA coverage, ABC decided against it, in the early days of the WNBA, NBC used a variant of the theme for its game telecasts of the new league. In 1991, The Dream is Still Alive by Wilson Phillips was played during the end of the season montage, until 1996, NBC would play the rock song Winning It All by The Outfield during its end-of-season montage. From 1997 to 2001, several music pieces were used for the montage. After the 1999 Finals, NBC used Roundball Rock for their montage, the song composed by James Horner is played at the beginning of the montage as well as the end featuring footage from the Los Angeles Lakers dynasty era. This theme song has made a comeback as part of NBCs Olympic basketball coverage in 2008. The pre-game show for NBCs NBA telecasts was NBA Showtime, a title that was used from 1990 until 2000, the video game NBA Showtime, NBA on NBC, by Midway Games, was named after the pregame show
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day is an American federal holiday marking the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, the holiday is similar to holidays set under the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. King was the spokesman for nonviolent activism in the Civil Rights Movement. The campaign for a holiday in Kings honor began soon after his assassination in 1968. President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law in 1983, at first, some states resisted observing the holiday as such, giving it alternative names or combining it with other holidays. It was officially observed in all 50 states for the first time in 2000, the idea of Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a holiday was promoted by labor unions in contract negotiations. Senator Edward Brooke introduced a bill in Congress to make Kings birthday a national holiday, the bill first came to a vote in the U. S. House of Representatives in 1979. However, it fell five short of the number needed for passage. Only two other figures have national holidays in the U. S.
honoring them, George Washington, soon after, the King Center turned to support from the corporate community and the general public. The success of this strategy was cemented when musician Stevie Wonder released the single Happy Birthday to popularize the campaign in 1980 and hosted the Rally for Peace Press Conference in 1981. Six million signatures were collected for a petition to Congress to pass the law, senators Jesse Helms and John Porter East led opposition to the holiday and questioned whether King was important enough to receive such an honor. Helms criticized Kings opposition to the Vietnam War and accused him of espousing action-oriented Marxism, Helms led a filibuster against the bill and on October 3,1983, submitted a 300-page document to the Senate alleging that King had associations with communists. New York Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan declared the document a packet of filth, threw it on the Senate floor, President Ronald Reagan originally opposed the holiday, citing cost concerns.
But on November 2,1983, Reagan signed a bill, proposed by Representative Katie Hall of Indiana, the bill had passed the House of Representatives by a count of 338 to 90, a veto-proof margin. The holiday was observed for the first time on January 20,1986, the bill established the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday Commission to oversee observance of the holiday, and Coretta Scott King, in 2000, Utah became the last state to have a holiday named after King when Human Rights Day was officially changed to Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Later that year, Mecham proclaimed the third Sunday in January to be Martin Luther King Jr. /Civil Rights Day in Arizona, in 1990, Arizona voters were given the opportunity to vote on giving state employees a paid MLK holiday. That same year, the National Football League threatened to move Super Bowl XXVII, both measures failed to pass, with only 49% of voters approving Prop 302, the more popular of the two options, although some who voted no on 302 voted yes on Prop 301
Stanley Cup Finals
The Stanley Cup Final in ice hockey is the NHLs championship series to determine the winner of the Stanley Cup, North Americas oldest professional sports trophy. The Stanley Cup was first awarded in 1893, originally a challenge trophy, starting in 1915, the Cup was officially held between the champion of the National Hockey Association and the champion of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. After a series of mergers and folds, it became the championship trophy of the National Hockey League in 1926. Today, the round of the NHLs playoffs is a best-of-seven series played between the champions of the Eastern and Western Conferences. The Stanley Cup was first awarded to the Montreal Hockey Club in 1893 when the won the 1893 AHAC season. The team had to defend its champion-title both through league championships and challenge games organised by the Stanley Cup trustees, until 1912, these challenges could take place before or during a league season. After 1912, the ordered that challenges only take place after all league games were completed.
The series was pre-arranged between the two prior to the season after post-season exhibitions held in the their previous seasons. The inaugural series was to be held in the city of the NHA champion, after the series got under way, there was some concern that the series would not produce an official Stanley Cup champion. The Victoria club had not formally applied to the Stanley Cup trustees to challenge for the Cup, however, on March 18, trustee William Foran stated that it was a misunderstanding. Any tension was disffused as Toronto successfully defended the Cup by sweeping a best-of-five series in three games and this began the end of the influence of the Stanley Cup trustees on the challengers and series for the Cup. Victoria vs. Toronto All games played at Arena Gardens in Toronto, part of their 1913 agreement to set up drafting and player rights ownership, the NHA and PCHA leagues agreed to have their respective champions face each other for the Cup. At the same time, the NHA concluded an agreement with the Maritime Hockey League but the MHL champions abandoned their 1914 challenge.
From 1914 onwards, the Stanley Cup championship finals alternated between the East and the West each year, with alternating games played according to NHA and PCHA rules, two years later, the Rosebuds became the first American team to play in the Stanley Cup championship finals. In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first American team to win the Cup, after that season, the NHA dissolved, and the National Hockey League took its place. In 1919, the Spanish influenza epidemic forced the Montreal Canadiens, the format for the Stanley Cup championship changed in 1922, with the creation of the Western Canada Hockey League. Now three leagues competed for the Cup and this necessitated a series between two league champions, with the third having a bye directly to the finals. In 1924, the PCHA and the WCHL merged to form the Western Hockey League, after winning in the 1924–25 season, the Victoria Cougars became the last team outside the NHL to win the Stanley Cup
NBA Friday is a weekly presentation of National Basketball Association games on ESPN. Formerly known as NBA Friday Coast to Coast during doubleheader nights, the program starts the first Friday of the NBA season, in 2006, NBA Friday was preempted from March 10 to March 31, due to ESPN deciding against counter programming the NCAA Tournament. Nearly all NBA Friday telecasts consist of a doubleheader, with one game typically from the east coast at 8,00 p. m and the west coast at 10,30 p. m. The KIA NBA Shootaround Pregame Show, the Toyota Halftime Show, and the Target Postgame Show are the shows that occur before, during. NBA Friday on ESPN is not exclusive, local sports networks may air the game in their market. In that case, the ESPN broadcast on these markets is subject to blackout, december 6,2002 - The Los Angeles Lakers come back from a 30-point deficit to defeat the 17–1 Dallas Mavericks. January 17,2003 - The first meeting between then-Los Angeles Laker Shaquille ONeal and then-Houston Rockets rookie Yao Ming, the game was the second highest rated NBA game on cable ever at the time.
January 31,2003 - NBA legend Michael Jordan plays his game in Chicago. The game airs on ESPN2, though ESPN pre-empted programming to air the starting lineups, november 19,2004 - Pacers–Pistons brawl. February 10,2012 - Jeremy Lin scored a career-high 38 points as the New York Knicks defeated the Los Angeles Lakers 92-85
National Football League on television
The television rights to broadcast National Football League games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any American sport. Television brought professional football into prominence in the era after World War II. This has raised questions about the impartiality of the coverage of games and whether they can criticize the NFL without fear of losing the rights. Since the 1960s, all season and playoff games broadcast in the United States have been aired by national television networks. Until the broadcast contract ended in 2013, the television networks CBS, NBC. From 2014 to 2022, the networks will pay $39.6 billion for the same broadcast rights. The NFL thus holds broadcast contracts with four companies that control a combined vast majority of the television product. League-owned NFL Network, on television, broadcasts a selected number of games nationally. Under the current contracts, regionally shown games on Sunday afternoons are televised on CBS and Fox, which primarily carry games of AFC and NFC teams respectively.
Nationally televised regular season games on Sunday and Monday nights are aired on NBC and ESPN, while NBC, CBS and NFL Network share Thursday night games during the regular season. During the postseason, ESPN airs one game, NBC airs two, while CBS and Fox air the rest of the AFC and NFC games, the Super Bowl rotates annually among CBS, and NBC as of 2007. Some preseason games will air nationally, under the NFLs anti-siphoning rules for cable games, these stations usually will air simulcasts of ESPN and/or NFL Network games in their local markets if the local team is playing. The NFL regular season begins in September, and ends in December or early January. Each team plays 16 games during a 17-week period, the majority of each weeks games are played on Sunday afternoon. In addition, there are usually single nationally televised games each on Thursday night, Sunday night and these primetime games are broadcast across the country over one national over-the-air broadcast or cable network, where there are no regional restrictions, nor any other competing NFL contest.
All playoff games, the Super Bowl, and the Pro Bowl are nationally televised on either Saturday or Sunday in January/early February, scheduling during the NFL preseason is more lenient in that most games usually start based on the local time. Thus, games on the West Coast are usually played after 7 p. m. Pacific Time, the handful of primetime, nationally televised preseason games are still played at approximately 8 p. m. Eastern Time. The television rights to the NFL are the most expensive rights of not only any American sport, the Super Bowl often ranks among the most watched shows of the year
NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament
The tournament was created in 1939 by the National Association of Basketball Coaches, and was the idea of Ohio State University coach Harold Olsen. Played mostly during March, it has one of the most famous annual sporting events in the United States. The tournament teams include champions from 32 Division I conferences, and 36 teams which are awarded at-large berths, the 68 teams are divided into four regions and organized into a single-elimination bracket, which pre-determines, when a team wins a game, which team it will face next. Each team is seeded, or ranked, within its region from 1 to 32, after an initial four games between eight lower-ranked teams, the tournament occurs during the course of three weekends, at pre-selected neutral sites across the United States. The Final Four is usually played during the first weekend of April and these four teams, one from each region, compete in a pre-selected location for the national championship. The tournament has been at least partially televised since 1969, the games are broadcast by CBS, TBS, TNT, and truTV under the trade-name NCAA March Madness.
Since 2011, all games are available for viewing nationwide and internationally, such as in the Philippines, as television coverage has grown, so too has the tournaments popularity. Currently, millions of Americans fill out a bracket, attempting to predict the outcome of all 67 games of the tournament. With 11 national titles, UCLA has the record for the most NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championships, the University of Kentucky is second, with eight national titles. The University of North Carolina is in place, with six titles, while Duke University. The University of Connecticut is sixth with four national titles, the University of Kansas and University of Louisville are tied with three championships. During that time Villanova, Michigan, UNLV, Arkansas, Connecticut, Syracuse, the NCAA has changed the tournament format several times since its inception, most often representing an increase of the number of teams. This section describes the tournament as it has operated since 2011, for changes during the course of its history, and to see how the tournament operated during past years, go to Format history, below.
A total of 68 teams qualify for the tournament played during March, thirty-two teams earn automatic bids as their respective conference champions. Of the 32 Division I all-sports conferences, all 32 currently hold championship tournaments to determine which team receives the automatic qualification. The Ivy League was the last Division I conference that did not conduct a tournament, through the 2015–16 season, if two or more Ivies shared a regular-season championship, a one-game playoff was used to decide the tournament participant. Since 2017, the league conducts their own postseason tournament, the committee determines where all sixty-eight teams are seeded and placed in the bracket. The tournament is divided into four regions and each region has at least sixteen teams, the committee is charged with making each of the four regions as close as possible in overall quality of teams from wherever they come from