Everett Norris Case, nicknamed "Gray Fox", was a basketball coach most notable for his tenure at North Carolina State University, from 1946 to 1964. Born in Anderson, Case graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1923, he compiled a 726-75 record while coaching 23 years in high school basketball, including winning 4 Indiana state championships while coaching in Frankfort, Indiana. Frankfort's Case Arena is named after him. Case is one of only five coaches to win at least 4 state titles in Indiana basketball. Case enlisted in the U. S. Navy in 1941, he was commissioned a senior-grade lieutenant and reported to Annapolis for a four-week training course. He traveled to Chicago for five weeks training before reporting to Naval Pre-flight school at St. Mary's College in California, where he served as assistant athletic director and director of basketball, he served as athletic director at the Alameda Naval Air Station. In 1943, DePauw University began a naval flight preparatory school. An abbreviated basketball schedule was used, Case, now a lieutenant commander, became the athletic director of the program.
Upon leaving the Navy in 1946, Case assumed coaching duties at N. C. State. In 18 years, he compiled a 377-134 record—still the best in school history, he won nine straight conference titles from 1946 to 1955. He won six straight Southern Conference titles before the Wolfpack joined most of the SoCon's other large schools in forming the Atlantic Coast Conference, led the Wolfpack to the first three conference titles, he added a fourth in 1959. Case himself was aptly rewarded, earning three ACC Coach of the Year awards, in 1954, 1955 and 1958. Case's teams finished third in third in the 1950 NCAA Tournament; the ACC Tournament's Most Valuable Player award is named in his honor. N. C. State had begun construction on Reynolds Coliseum in 1941, but all work stopped during World War II. Case persuaded the administration to build a 12,400-seat arena, instead of the 10,000-seat facility planned; the ACC's basketball tournament was Case's idea, with Reynolds Coliseum hosting the first 13 ACC tournaments from 1954 through 1966.
It was Case's idea to get the ACC to recognize the tournament winner as the conference champion—and thus the winner of the conference's lone berth in the NCAA tournament. From 1949 to 1960, it hosted the "Dixie Classic," a holiday tournament that ascended to the top of the state's sporting calendar. Case's teams went on to win seven Dixie Classic titles; when Case came to Raleigh, North Carolina was, like most states in the South, enraptured by college football. However, he is credited with making basketball a craze in the state. For example, in his first year in Raleigh, the fire marshal canceled a game because people were spilling onto the floor of tiny Thompson Gymnasium and climbing in through windows; the other three schools along Tobacco Road--Duke, North Carolina and Wake Forest—responded by upgrading their facilities and recruiting budgets to counter the "red menace" in Raleigh. Case is credited with introducing such practices as cutting down the nets after a championship and shining a spotlight on players as they were introduced.
For a time, it looked as if the Wolfpack would dominate the ACC in the same fashion that Kentucky dominated the Southeastern Conference. However, the Wolfpack's momentum was derailed in 1956, when the NCAA placed N. C. State on four years' probation. Case had his top assistant coach and State's assistant athletic director give Louisiana high school athlete Jackie Moreland cash and gifts to entice him away from his previous agreement to attend Kentucky—a charge he denied; the NCAA, found that Case not only knew about the gifts to Moreland—which included a seven-year medical education—but expressly approved them. Just as that probation ended in 1960, State was placed on probation again—this time for a point-shaving scandal that caused the cancellation of the Dixie Classic. By this time, Case was in failing health, he began the 1964-65 season though he was suffering from inoperable cancer. However, only two games into the season, it was obvious he was unable to continue, he stepped down in favor of assistant Press Maravich.
He soon needed to use a wheelchair. He died a year and was interred at Raleigh Memorial Park in Raleigh. Case instructed that his body be laid facing US Highway 70 so he could "wave" to Wolfpack teams as they traveled to Durham and Chapel Hill, he was inducted into the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame in 1968, Basketball Hall of Fame on May 3, 1982 and the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in 1964. N. C. State's main athletics office is named for him. In 2011 The Classic: How Everett Case and His Tournament Brought Big-Time Basketball to the South by Bethany Bradsher was published, telling the story of the Dixie Classic basketball tournament with an emphasis on Case's contributions. List of NCAA Division I Men's Final Four appearances by coach Everett Case at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Oscar Palmer Robertson, nicknamed "The Big O", is an American retired professional basketball player who played for the Cincinnati Royals and Milwaukee Bucks. The 6 ft 5 in, 205 lb Robertson played point guard and was a 12-time All-Star, 11-time member of the All-NBA Team, one-time winner of the MVP award in 14 professional seasons. In 1962, he became the first player in NBA history to average a triple-double for a season. In the 1970–71 NBA season, he was a key player on the team that brought the Bucks their only NBA title, his playing career during high school and college, was plagued by racism. Robertson is a two-time Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductee, having been inducted in 1980 for his individual career, in 2010 as a member of the 1960 United States men's Olympic basketball team and president of the National Basketball Players Association, he was voted one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996. The United States Basketball Writers Association renamed their College Player of the Year Award the Oscar Robertson Trophy in his honor in 1998, he was one of five people chosen to represent the inaugural National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame class in 2006.
He was ranked as the 36th best American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN. Robertson was an integral part of Robertson v. National Basketball Ass'n of 1970; the landmark NBA antitrust suit, named after the then-president of the NBA Players' Association, led to an extensive reform of the league's strict free agency and draft rules and, subsequently, to higher salaries for all players. Robertson was born in poverty in Charlotte and grew up in a segregated housing project in Indianapolis. In contrast to many other boys who preferred to play baseball, he was drawn to basketball because it was "a poor kids' game"; because his family could not afford to buy a basketball, he learned how to shoot by tossing tennis balls and rags bound with rubber bands into a peach basket behind his family's home. Robertson attended an all-black high school. At Crispus Attucks, Robertson was coached by Ray Crowe, whose emphasis on a fundamentally sound game had a positive effect on Robertson's style of play; as a sophomore in 1954, he starred on an Attucks team that lost in the semi-state finals to eventual state champions Milan, whose story would be the basis of the classic 1986 movie Hoosiers.
When Robertson was a junior, Crispus Attucks dominated its opposition, going 31–1 and winning the 1955 state championship, the first for any all-black school in the nation. The following year the team finished with a perfect 31–0 record and won a second straight Indiana state title, becoming the first team in Indiana to secure a perfect season and compiling a state-record 45 straight victories; the state championships were the first by an Indianapolis team in the Hoosier tourney. After their championship game wins, the team was paraded through town in a regular tradition, but they were taken to a park outside downtown to continue their celebration, unlike other teams. Robertson stated, " thought the blacks were going to tear the town up, they thought the whites wouldn't like it." Robertson scored 24.0 points per game in his senior season and was named Indiana "Mr. Basketball" in 1956. After his graduation that year, Robertson enrolled at the University of Cincinnati. Robertson continued to excel while at the University of Cincinnati, recording an incredible scoring average of 33.8 points per game, the third highest in college history.
In each of his three years, he won the national scoring title, was named an All-American, was chosen College Player of the Year, while setting 14 NCAA and 19 school records. Robertson's stellar play led the Bearcats to a 79–9 overall record during his three varsity seasons, including two Final Four appearances. However, a championship eluded Robertson, something that would become a repeated occurrence until late in his professional career; when Robertson left college he was the all-time leading NCAA scorer until fellow Hall of Fame player Pete Maravich topped him in 1970. Robertson took Cincinnati to national prominence during his time there, but the university's greatest success in basketball took place after his departure, when the team won national titles in 1961, 1962, just missed a third title in 1963, he continues to stand atop the Bearcats' record book. The many records he still holds include: points in one game, 62. Robertson had many outstanding individual game performances, including 10 triple-doubles.
His personal best might have been his line of 45 points, 23 rebounds and 10 assists vs. Indiana State in 1959. Despite his success on the court, Robertson's college career was soured by racism. In those days, southern university programs such as those of Kentucky and North Carolina did not recruit black athletes, road trips to segregated cities were difficult, with Robertson sleeping in college dorms instead of hotels. "I'll never forgive them", he told The Indianapolis Star years later. Decades after his college days, Robertson's stellar NCAA career was rewarded by the United States Basketball Writers Association when, in 1998, they renamed the trophy awarded to the NCAA Division I Player of the Year the Oscar Robertson Trophy; this honor brought the award full circle for Robertson since he had won the first two awards presented. After college and Jerry West co-captained the U. S. basketball team at the 1960 Summer Olympics. The team, described as the greatest assemblage of amateur basketball talent steamrollered the competition to
Howard Andrew "Hobby" Hobson was an American basketball player and coach of football and baseball. He served as the head basketball coach at Southern Oregon Normal School—now Southern Oregon University—from 1932 to 1935, at the University of Oregon from 1935 to 1944 and again from 1945 to 1947, at Yale University from 1947 to 1956, compiling a career college basketball record of 401–257. Hobson's 1938–39 Oregon basketball team won the inaugural NCAA Basketball Tournament. Hobson authored numerous books on the subject of basketball, he was the head football coach at Southern Oregon for 1932 to 1934, tallying a mark of 12–7–1, the head baseball coach at Oregon from 1936 to 1947, amassing a record of 167–75–1. Hobson was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a coach in 1965. Hobson played basketball for four years at Franklin High School in Portland, from which he graduated in 1922. During his time there, he was team captain for two years, led the state championship-winning team in 1921.
He was captain of the University of Oregon's basketball team from 1924 to 1926, in 1925, his team tied Oregon State for the Pacific Coast Conference title. However, they lost in the playoffs. A year the team won the conference title, but lost to the California in the playoffs; this 1926 team was undefeated in the conference, with a win record of 10–0. In the same year, he graduated from the University with a bachelor's degree, he went on to obtain a master's degree in 1929 and a doctorate in 1945, both from Columbia University. Hobson began his coaching career at Kelso High School in Kelso, Washington in 1928, where his team won the league championship. In 1929, he was the head football coach at the Cortland Normal School, now known as State University of New York College at Cortland. From 1930 to 1932, he coached Benson High School in Portland, they won the championship in his final year there. Hobson subsequently led Southern Oregon Normal School to three consecutive league championship victories from 1933 to 1935.
In 1936, Hobson took over as head basketball coach of the University of Oregon Ducks, leading them to three consecutive Pacific Coast Conference titles from 1937 to 1939, culminating in the first-ever NCAA basketball championship in 1939. His 1939 team was known as the "Tall Firs" because of their size: the players averaged about six feet in height, considered tall for a basketball player at the time. Hobson coached Oregon's basketball and baseball teams from 1936 to 1947, when he left to coach basketball at Yale University, he coached at Yale until 1956, during which time his teams shared five Big Three crowns. The 1949 team was the first NCAA Tournament entry in the school's history and won the Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League title for the first time in 16 years. Hobson was the first coach to win championships at a major college level on both coasts, he pioneered intersectional play at Oregon, making the Ducks the first Western team to travel East for games. He repeated this type of intersectional play at Yale, the 1948–49 team was the first Yale team to appear on the Pacific Coast.
His overall record for 27 years as a coach was 495-291. In 1947, Hobson was named President of the National Association of Basketball Coaches. For 12 years, he was a member of the U. S. Olympic Basketball Committee, he served four years as a member and treasurer of the National Basketball Rules Committee and conducted basketball clinics in the U. S. and in 15 foreign countries. On October 13, 1965, Howard Hobson was enshrined as a coach in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, having been inducted into the Portland High School, Helms Foundation, Oregon Sports Hall of Fame, Portland Metro Hall of Fame. In 1988, he attended the 50th anniversary celebration of the founding of the NCAA Tournament. Hobson died on June 9, 1991. List of NCAA Division I Men's Final Four appearances by coach NCAA, NCAA March Madness: Cinderellas and Champions from the NCAA Men's Final Four Chicago: Triumph Books, 2004. ISBN 1-57243-665-4 Hobson, Howard A. Shooting Ducks: A History of University of Oregon Basketball Portland: Western Imprints/Oregon Historical Society Press, 1984.
ISBN 0-87595-142-2 Howard Hobson at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Sprint Center is a multi-purpose arena in downtown Kansas City, Missouri. It is located at the intersection of 14th Street and Grand Boulevard on the east side of the Power & Light District; the arena's naming rights partner is Sprint Telecommunications, headquartered in nearby Overland Park, Kansas. Sprint Center opened on October 10, 2007, a concert by Elton John held three days was the arena's first event; the arena has 72 suites. Sprint Center has replaced Kemper Arena, built in 1974 just a few miles away in the southern portion of the West Bottoms neighborhood. Additionally, the College Basketball Experience, which includes the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame, is connected to and directly north of Sprint Center. Sprint Center hosted the Big 12 Men's Basketball Tournament in 2008 and has done so every year since 2010, it hosted the first and second rounds of the 2009 and 2013 NCAA Men's Tournaments, as well as the regional rounds of the 2017 NCAA Men's Tournament and the 2010 NCAA Women's Tournament.
The arena was the home of the former Kansas City Command of the Arena Football League. The city of Kansas City has entered into discussions with the National Hockey League and the National Basketball Association about possible expansion or relocation of a professional hockey and/or basketball franchise for the arena. Ground was broken for the arena on June 24, 2005, construction completed on October 11, 2007; the final design, by the Downtown Arena Design Team, was selected in August 2005. The construction manager responsible for the entire project was M. A. Mortenson Company, based out of Minneapolis, Minnesota; the complete exterior glass facade system, all metal panels for the adjacent buildings and all accessory metal cladding was custom designed and supplied by Overgaard Ltd. Hong Kong to Architectural Wall Systems, the Des Moines, Iowa based glazing contractor who installed the building envelope. In total there are 13,000 m² of double insulated glass and 5,000 m² painted aluminum curtain wall panels.
In addition there are 200 tons of system profiles and accessories. All of the 2,404 individual glass units on the main building were produced sequentially and assembled prior to shipping; the 5 million lbs of rebar used in construction was detailed and supplied by The Carter-Waters Corporation of Kansas City. The arena features a work of public art, The Moons, by artist Chris Doyle, commissioned by the Kansas City Municipal Arts Commission; the Big 12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was held at Sprint Center in 2008, marking the tournament's return to Kansas City after three years in Dallas and Oklahoma City. After returning to Oklahoma City in 2009, the Sprint Center again hosted the tournament in 2010 and 2011, it is scheduled to be the tournament host site through 2020. Because of Kansas City's proximity to the University of Kansas in neighboring Lawrence, Jayhawk fans who fill the arena for Big 12 Tournament games refer to the arena as "Allen Fieldhouse East" in reference to Kansas' home arena in Lawrence, Allen Fieldhouse.
However, due to Iowa State's recent Big 12 Tournament success - winning four tournament championships in a six-year span - and their fanbase's huge migration to the annual event, the Sprint Center is referred to by Iowa State fans as "Hilton South", after Iowa State's home venue, Hilton Coliseum. The arena houses the College Basketball Experience and the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame, at 1301 Grand Boulevard and connected to Sprint Center; the arena's exterior is made of glass, the interior has a 360-degree LED video screen. This facility allows Kansas City to draw most concerts touring the United States. Sprint Center opened on budget on October 10, 2007 at 10:10 am. A tour lasted from 10:10 am – 10:10 pm for those who wanted to see it to grab a ticket at the box office; the tour consisted of the College Basketball Experience, two open concession stands: "Taco Taco" and "Oak Street Pizza". UMB Bank is the only ATM in the new arena because it is a Sprint Center Founding Partner along with Farmland, The University of Kansas Hospital, QuikTrip, Olevia.
There are other Sprint Center Founding Partners: H&R Block, American Century Investments, YRC Worldwide, Time Warner Cable of Kansas City. On October 13, 2007, Elton John performed the inaugural concert to a crowd that sold out in less than 90 minutes. Garth Brooks performed nine sold-out shows on November 5–12 & 14, 2007. All shows sold out in under two hours; the November 14 show was broadcast live in movie theatres across the United States. Tina Turner performed her first live concert in 8 years to a sold-out crowd at the Sprint Center on October 1, 2008 as part of her 50th Anniversary Tour, she returned to the Sprint Center a week on Oct. 8 to perform an additional show. The February 27, 2010 concert of Elton John & Billy Joel holds the record for highest grossing show at the arena. Roger Waters performed The Wall Live, the highest-grossing tour of all time by a solo artist, at The Sprint Center on October 30, 2010, to a sold-out crowd. Foo Fighters performed at the arena on August 30, 2011 and August 21, 2015.
Both shows were picketed by the Westboro Baptist Church to which the band offered counter protests of their own. Jason Aldean's perf
James Arthur Boeheim is an American college basketball coach, the head coach of the Syracuse Orange men's team of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Boeheim has guided the Orange to ten Big East regular season championships, five Big East Tournament championships, 33 NCAA Tournament appearances, including five Final Four appearances and three appearances in the national title game. In those games, the Orange lost to Indiana in 1987 on a last-second jump shot by Keith Smart, to Kentucky in 1996, before defeating Kansas in 2003 with All-American Carmelo Anthony. Boeheim served as an assistant coach for the United States men's national basketball team at the 1990 FIBA World Championship, the 2006 FIBA World Championship, the 2008 Summer Olympics, the 2010 FIBA World Championship, the 2012 Summer Olympics, the 2016 Summer Olympics. In addition, Boeheim has served as the chairman of the USA Basketball 2009–12 Men's Junior National Committee, as well as the 2007–08 President of the National Association of Basketball Coaches, where he serves on the board of directors.
Boeheim was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in September 2005. As a result of the Syracuse athletics scandal, in 2015 the NCAA vacated 101 of his wins. Boeheim announced that he would retire in March 2018. However, following the departure of his long-time assistant coach and expected successor Mike Hopkins, Boeheim extended his contract with Syracuse beyond 2017 for an unknown period of year. After suffering from cancer in 2001, Boeheim and his wife founded the Jim and Juli Boeheim Foundation, devoted to child welfare, cancer treatment, prevention. Boeheim was born in a small town about 57 miles west of Syracuse, he graduated from Lyons Central High School. Boeheim enrolled in Syracuse University as a student in 1962, graduated with a bachelor's degree in social science. During his freshman year, Boeheim was a walk-on with the freshman basketball team. By his senior year, he was the varsity team captain and a teammate of All-American Dave Bing, his freshman roommate; the pair led coach Fred Lewis's Orange to a 22–6 overall win-loss record that earned the team's second-ever NCAA Tournament tournament berth.
While at Syracuse, he joined the Delta Upsilon fraternity. After graduating from Syracuse, Boeheim played professionally with the Scranton Miners of the Eastern Professional Basketball League, during which he won two championships and was a second-team all-star. In 1969, Boeheim decided to coach basketball and was hired as a graduate assistant at Syracuse under Roy Danforth. Soon thereafter he was promoted to a full-time assistant coach and was a member of the coaching staff that helped guide the Orange to the 1975 NCAA Tournament, where Syracuse University made its first Final Four appearance. In 1976, Danforth left to become the head basketball coach and athletic director at Tulane University. A coaching search led to nought, Boeheim was promoted to head coach. Apart from his brief stint in the pros, Boeheim has spent his entire adult life at Syracuse, as either a student, assistant coach or head coach, a rarity in modern-day major collegiate athletics. In 2018, CBSSports.com writer Matt Norlander emphasized this in a piece where he speculated on potential successors for Boeheim, stating:Boeheim does not have a parallel in major college athletics.
There has never been a Division I coach in men's basketball, women's basketball or football who has spent more than 40 years at their alma mater and never coached anywhere else. Boeheim's the only one. There is no coaching figure more synonymous and affiliated with only one school. Norlander noted that Boeheim entered the 2018–19 season with nearly as many wins on his official coaching record, more when counting wins vacated by the NCAA, than all other permanent Syracuse head coaches combined, in his various roles at Syracuse had been involved in over half of all men's basketball games in school history. In 1986 Boeheim was offered the head coaching job at Ohio State but turned it down to stay at Syracuse. During a Syracuse vs. Georgetown game in the early 1980s, Hoyas star Patrick Ewing was nearly struck by an orange, at times had endured racial taunts from the SU student section. Boeheim borrowed a microphone and threatened to forfeit the game if fans continued to throw objects at Ewing. In 42 years as head coach at Syracuse, Boeheim has guided the Orange to postseason berths, either in the NCAA or NIT tournaments, in every year in which the Orange have been eligible.
The only times the Orange missed the postseason was in 1993 when NCAA sanctions barred them from postseason play despite a 20–9 record and in 2015 when Syracuse University self-imposed a one-year postseason ban related to the 2015 NCAA sanctions against the University's sports programs. During his tenure, the Orange have never had a losing season, have appeared in three NCAA national championship games and won the national title in 2003. Boeheim has been named Big East coach of the year four times, has been named as District II Coach of the Year by the National Association of Basketball Coaches ten times. In 2004, Boeheim received two additional awards; the first was during the spring when he was awarded the Clair Bee Award in recognition of his contributions to the sport of basketball. During the fall of the same year Boeheim was presented with Syracuse University's Arents Award, the University's highest alumni honor. Boeheim's coaching style at Syracuse is unusual in that, whereas many highly-successful coaches prefer the man-to-man defense, he demonstrates a preference for the match-up 2–3 zone.
In an exhibition game on November 7, 2005 against Division II school Saint Rose from Albany, New York, Boeheim wa
James Naismith was a Canadian physical educator, Christian chaplain, sports coach, innovator. He invented the game of basketball at age 30 in 1891, he founded the University of Kansas basketball program. Naismith lived to see basketball adopted as an Olympic demonstration sport in 1904 and as an official event at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, as well as the birth of the National Invitation Tournament and the NCAA Tournament. Born and raised on a farm near Almonte, Naismith studied physical education at Montreal’s McGill University before moving to the United States, where he designed the game of basketball in late 1891 while teaching at the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. Seven years after inventing basketball, Naismith received his medical degree in Denver in 1898, he arrived at the University of Kansas becoming the Kansas Jayhawks' athletic director and coach. While a coach at Kansas, Naismith coached Phog Allen, who became the coach at Kansas for 39 seasons, beginning a lengthy and prestigious coaching tree.
Allen went on to coach legends including Adolph Rupp and Dean Smith, among others, who themselves coached many notable players and future coaches. Despite coaching his final season in 1907, Naismith is still the only coach in Kansas men's basketball history with a losing record. Naismith was born on November 1861, in Almonte, Canada West to Scottish immigrants, he never never signed his name with the "A" initial. The "A" was added by someone in the administration at the University of Kansas. Struggling in school but gifted in farm labour, Naismith spent his days outside playing catch, hide-and-seek, or duck on a rock, a medieval game in which a person guards a large drake stone from opposing players, who try to knock it down by throwing smaller stones at it. To play duck on a rock most Naismith soon found that a soft lobbing shot was far more effective than a straight hard throw, a thought that proved essential for the invention of basketball. Orphaned early in his life, Naismith lived with his aunt and uncle for many years and attended grade school at Bennies Corners near Almonte.
He enrolled in Almonte High School, in Almonte, from which he graduated in 1883. In the same year, Naismith entered McGill University in Montreal. Although described as a slight figure, standing 5 ft 10 ½ in and listed at 178 lb, he was a talented and versatile athlete, representing McGill in Canadian football, rugby and gymnastics, he played centre on the football team, made himself some padding to protect his ears. It was for personal use, not team use, he won multiple Wicksteed medals for outstanding gymnastics performances. Naismith earned a BA in a diploma at the Presbyterian College in Montreal. From 1891 on, Naismith taught physical education and became the first McGill director of athletics, but left Montreal to become a physical education teacher at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. At the Springfield YMCA, Naismith struggled with a rowdy class, confined to indoor games throughout the harsh New England winter, thus was perpetually short-tempered. Under orders from Dr. Luther Gulick, head of physical education there, Naismith was given 14 days to create an indoor game that would provide an "athletic distraction".
Firstly, he analyzed the most popular games of those times. Secondly, he saw that most physical contact occurred while running with the ball, dribbling or hitting it, so he decided that passing was the only legal option. Naismith further reduced body contact by making the goal unguardable, namely placing it high above the player's heads. To score goals, he forced the players to throw a soft, lobbing shot that had proven effective in his old favorite game duck on a rock. Naismith put his thoughts together in 13 basic rules; the first game of "Basket Ball" was played in December 1891. In a handwritten report, Naismith described the circumstances of the inaugural match; this was about 10 feet from one at each end of the gymnasium. I put the 13 rules on the bulletin board just behind the instructor's platform, secured a soccer ball, awaited the arrival of the class... The class did not show much enthusiasm, but followed my lead... I explained what they had to do to make goals, tossed the ball up between the two center men and tried to keep them somewhat near the rules.
Most of the fouls were called for running with the ball, though tackling the man with the ball was not uncommon." In contrast to modern basketball, the original rules did not include what is known today as the dribble. Since the ball could only be moved up the court by a pass early players tossed the ball over their heads as they ran up court. Following each "goal", a jump ball was taken in the middle of the court. Both practices are obsol