Isle of Man Constabulary
The Isle of Man Constabulary is the national police service of the Isle of Man, an island of 80,000 inhabitants, situated equidistant from Northern Ireland, Wales and England. The force has about 236 officers in its establishment; as the Isle of Man is not a part of the United Kingdom, the Constabulary is responsible to the Minister of Home Affairs of the Isle of Man Government. The service volunteers itself for inspection by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary for England and Wales; the force is split into five neighbourhood policing teams. Northern NPT covers the North of the island: Ramsey, Bride, Lezayre, Jurby. Western NPT covers Patrick, German and Peel. Southern NPT covers the airport, Castletown, Port St Mary, Port Erin. Eastern NPT covers Braddan, Laxey and Onchan. Douglas NPT covers the borough of Douglas; each NPT is controlled by an inspector who has established a partnership with the local community to help solve issues affecting the local area. A major event for the force is the annual TT races.
The constabulary's headquarters are in Douglas. The present Chief Constable is Gary Roberts. In terms of uniform, the force looks similar to police in the United Kingdom, apart from the Isle of Man custodian helmets worn by male constables and sergeants. White helmets were introduced in 1960 as a summer alternative to the older black helmets. White helmets were used as a summer option in other police forces, but this practice ceased in the UK in 1969 and in New Zealand in the 1990s; the white helmet is now worn year round by officers on foot patrol. Officers on mobile patrol tend to wear peaked caps. Officers of the rank of sergeant and above may carry a "signalling stick"; this is in effect an additional rank indicator. Until recently constables "acting up" in the rank of sergeant were referred to as "carrying the stick". If the "acting" was only short term, the stick was the only indicator of their additional responsibilities; the Isle of Man Constabulary have started to use social media, predominantly Twitter.
During the tenure of Mike Culverhouse, the force was involved in the Manx Bugging Scandal, all senior officers except the Chief Constable were either suspended, retired or dismissed due to the uncovering of widespread bugging. The rank structure of the Isle of Man Constabulary follows the practice of United Kingdom county territorial police forces, except that there are no ranks of chief superintendent or assistant chief constable. There are one superintendent and three chief inspectors, who take responsibility for local neighbourhood policing, island-wide policing, motorsport policing; the last of these covers the TT races and associated motorsports activities. Chief Constable Gary Roberts, 2013 – present Chief Constable Mike Langdon, 2008–2013 Deputy Chief Constable Gary Roberts, 2008–2013 Chief Constable Mike Culverhouse, 1999–2007 Deputy Chief Constable Mike Langdon, 2005–2007 Deputy Chief Constable Neil Kinrade, 2000–2005 Deputy Chief Constable Alan Cretney 1995-2000 Chief Constable Robin Oake, 1986–1999 Deputy Chief Constable Alan Cretney 1995-2000 Chief Constable Frank Weedon, 1972–1986 Chief Constable Christopher Beaty-Pownall, 1955–1972 Superintendent Alfred Kelly MBE Chief Constable Major John Young, 1936–1954 Chief Constable Colonel H W Madoc MVO, 1911–1936 Deputy Chief Constable John Thomas Quilliam, -1920 Chief Constable William Freeth, MVO 1888–1911 Chief Constable Lieutenant Colonel William Paul, 1878–1888 Deputy Chief Constable William Boyde Deputy Chief Constable John Cain Deputy Chief Constable Thomas Cringle Deputy Chief Constable Richard Duke Deputy Chief Constable Charles Joshua Faragher Deputy Chief Constable William Faragher Isle of Man Ambulance Service Isle of Man Civil Defence Corps Isle of Man Coastguard Isle of Man Constabulary Isle of Man Fire and Rescue Service St John Ambulance non-governmental charity Isle of Man Airport Police Aerial roof markings Fraud Squad Isle of Man Airport Police Official website
Cumbria Constabulary is the territorial police force in England covering Cumbria. As of September 2017, the force had 1,108 police officers, 535 police staff, 93 police community support officers, 25 designated officers and 86 special constables. In terms of officer numbers, it is the 7th smallest of the 48 police forces of the United Kingdom. Conversely, its geographic area of responsibility is the 7th largest police area of a territorial police force in the United Kingdom; the force area's size and its population of just under 500,000 people makes it sparsely populated. The only major urban areas are Barrow-in-Furness. There are significant areas of isolated and rural community, the county has one of the smallest visible minority ethnic populations in the country at under 3.0%. Each year Cumbria, which incorporates the Lake District National Park, attracts over 23 million visitors from all over the world; the county has some 700 miles of trunk and primary roads. The Chief Constable is Michelle Skeer.
The headquarters of the force are at Penrith. In terms of operational policing the force is divided into two commands - the Territorial Policing Command and the Crime Command, each headed by a Chief Superintendent; this command is further divided into three geographic Territorial Policing Areas to cover the county, an operational support section and a command and control section. Each TPA is led by a Superintendent and is further divided into districts and teams for the purposes of neighbourhood policing; the major elements of the Territorial Policing Command are as follows: Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas: Carlisle District Eden District Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas: Barrow Borough District South Lakeland District Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas Allerdale District Copeland District Within this section are force wide units which support the TPAs or units from the Crime Command, or provide a specialist service: Roads Policing Firearms Dog section PSG Civil Contingencies Collision Investigation Firearms Licensing Safety Camera/CTO Within this section is the Command and Control Room, including the Force Incident Manager and the call taking centre.
This command is responsible for significant investigations and is predominantly staffed by detectives. The command is divided as follows: Intelligence Force Intelligence Bureau Intelligence Analysis Area Intelligence Units Operations Public Protection Units CID Volume Crimes Force Major Investigations Safeguarding Hub Forensics Cumbria Constabulary is a partner in the following collaboration: North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit Cumberland and Westmorland Constabulary was formed in 1856. In 1947 this force absorbed Kendal Borough Police. Less than 20 years this amalgamated force absorbed Carlisle City Police to form a force broadly the same as today's force called the Cumberland and Carlisle Constabulary. In 1965, it had an establishment of 652 and an actual strength of 617. In 1967 the force name was changed to Cumbria Constabulary. In 1974 the force's boundaries were expanded to include the new non-metropolitan county of Cumbria, in particular Furness and Sedbergh Rural District.
The Home Secretary proposed on 6 February 2006 to merge it with Lancashire Constabulary. These proposals were accepted by both forces on 25 February and the merger would have taken place on 1 April 2007. However, in July 2006, the Cumbria and Lancashire forces decided not to proceed with the merger because the Government could not remedy issues with the differing council tax precepts. Cumbria Constabulary 1968–1980: William Cavey 1980–1987: Barry David Keith Price 1991–1997: Alan Elliott 1997–2001: Colin Phillips 2001–2007: Michael Baxter 2007-2012: Sir Craig Thomas Mackey QPM 2012-2013 Stuart Hyde QPM 2014-2018 Jerry Graham QPM 2018–: Michelle Skeer The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the force's first, to date only, murder of an officer occurred on 10 February 1965. Constable George William Russell, aged 36, was fatally shot when and knowing that colleagues had been fired on, he confronted an armed suspect and called upon him to surrender at a railway station in Kendal.
Russell was posthumously awarded the Queen's Police Medal for gallantry and a memorial plaque has been unveiled on a wall at Carlisle Cathedral. PC Keith Easterbrook was fatally injured in a road traffic accident, while assisting in a vehicle pursuit, when a van he was overtaking pulled out and collided with his police motorcycle, on the A595 near Workington. PC William "Bill" Barker was killed whilst on duty on 20 November 2009. At night during severe weather and flooding across the county, the officer was directing motorists to safety off Northside Bridge, in a dangerous condition, when the bridge was destroyed by the flood and he was swept away and killed, his body found on a beach at Allonby that afternoon. Barker had completed 25 years police service and was a traffic officer attached to the Roads Policing Unit based at Workington. Cumbria Police and Crime Commissioner Policing in the United Kingdom PC John Kent - The first black British police officer, who served with the Carlisle City Police between 1837 and 1844 Official website
Hampshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the counties of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight in South East England. The force area includes Southampton, the largest city in South East England, the naval city of Portsmouth, it covers the New Forest National Park, sections of the South Downs National Park, large towns such as Basingstoke, Andover and Aldershot, the historic city of Winchester. The constabulary, as it is constituted, dates from 1967, but modern policing in Hampshire can be traced back to 1832. In late 2015, the force moved its strategic headquarters to Eastleigh, into a building shared with Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service. At the same time, the force moved its Operational Headquarters to Mottisfont Court in Winchester; the Support & Training Headquarters and control room are located in Netley, near Southampton, in buildings of the former Netley Hospital. The first constituted police force formed in Hampshire was the Winchester City Police, founded in 1832.
The Hampshire County Constabulary was established seven years in December 1839 as a result of the passing of the County Police Act that year. The force had a chief constable and two superintendents: one was based in Winchester, the second based on the Isle of Wight; the first separate police force on the island was formed in 1837 when the Newport Borough Police was established. A separate Isle of Wight Constabulary was not formed until 1890 when the island was the granted administrative county status. During the 19th century, Hampshire County Constabulary absorbed various borough forces including Basingstoke Borough Police, Romsey Borough Police, Lymington Borough Police and Andover Borough Police; the Isle of Wight Constabulary absorbed the borough forces of Newport and Ryde. Winchester and Portsmouth continued to have independent police forces. In 1914 the Special Constabulary started to perform regular duties'for the continuous preservation of order during the war'. Prior to this Special Constables were only called up to assist at major riots.
In 1943, as part of the Defence Regulations 1942, Hampshire County Constabulary was amalgamated with the Isle of Wight and Winchester City Police forces to form the Hampshire Joint Police Force. The two city forces, Southampton City Police and Portsmouth City Police, remained independent. Although this arrangement was intended only as a wartime measure, it continued after hostilities ended. In 1948, the merger was made permanent, with Hampshire Joint Police Force being renamed Hampshire Constabulary; the name was changed once again to Hampshire and Isle of Wight Constabulary. The Police Act 1964 led to the amalgamation of the city forces into the Hampshire force; this created the present-day Hampshire Constabulary. The last major changes to the police area were in 1974, when the Local Government Act changed a number of local government areas, the responsibility for policing Christchurch was transferred to Dorset Police; the names of forces that have policed the counties of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight since the nineteenth century are illustrated below: In 1965, the force had an establishment of 1,346 and an actual strength of 1,137.
The headquarters moved to their current locations in Eastleigh and Winchester in 2015. The previous facility in Winchester, close to Winchester Prison sat on the site of the first county headquarters, built in 1847. Between 2013 and 2017, a number of police stations were closed and sold, while others had their public facilities closed; the need to reduce costs led to the formation of a Joint Operations Unit with Thames Valley Police which, during the course of 2012, saw the amalgamation of Roads Policing Units, Training and Dog Units of the two forces. The IT departments of the forces merged in early 2011. In April 2015, Hampshire Constabulary announced a "new-look policing model", beginning a major reorganisation. 1840 - 14 Superintendents appointed, each to head a'Division'. 1893 - Chief Constable Peregrine Fellowes, a former Assistant Adjutant General of Australia, in office for less than two years, is fatally injured in Romsey Road, Winchester - outside police headquarters - when, together with other officers, he attempts to stop a runaway horse and trap.
Crushed against a wall he dies several days from his injuries and is buried in the Fellowes family plot at Westhill Cemetery, Winchester. 1914 - In Andover, the imprisonment of a mother and daughter sparks rioting involving crowds of up to two thousand people. Local officers seek the assistance of the fire brigade who are pelted with stones and retreat to their station; the arrival of mounted officers from Basingstoke fails to quell the disturbances and only after three days do extra officers drafted in from other stations bring the disorder to an end. 1915 - Southampton Police appoint two women police - they were not served in uniform. Miss Annette Tate was one of them 1929 - Hampshire Constabulary acquires its first motorised patrol vehicle - a BSA motorcycle combination. 1943 - Winchester City Police and Isle of Wight Constabulary forced to amalgamate with Hampshire as a war time measure. The amalgamation became permanent in 1947. 1944 - Women Inspector appointed: Miss P Yates. 1957 - On 1 April the name of the force changed from Hampshire Constabulary to Hampshire and Isle of Wight Constabulary 1967 - Southampton Police and Portsmouth Police amalgamated with the Hampshire County Force 1970 - The Isle of Wight Festival takes place at Afton Down attracting huge crowds, estimates varying from five to six hu
Sussex Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Sussex in southern England. Its headquarters is located in Malling House, East Sussex. Policing in the county can be traced back to the first force established in Brighton in 1830. A few years on 13 March 1844 Chief Constable Henry Solomon was murdered in his office by a prisoner he was interviewing, he is believed to be the only chief officer to have suffered such a fate. Prior to 1830 local watchmen were appointed to provide some degree of law enforcement in the area. In 1812, there were some 12 watchmen. By 1814 the number had grown at this time the title of constable was in use for them. By 1868 the force had grown to 100 officers and helmets replaced top hats. In 1918 the first woman was appointed as a police officer in this force and by 1930 it had grown to 216 officers. On 14 September 1933, Brighton Police were the first force to introduce police radios. Forces were established for the counties of East Sussex and West Sussex, as well as separate forces in the boroughs of Brighton, Hove and Hastings.
These forces amalgamated temporarily during the Second World War, from 1943 until 1947, but with the exception of Hove, policing reverted to the old system for another two decades. Hove remained part of East Sussex Constabulary. On 1 January 1968 Sussex Constabulary was created from the amalgamation of Brighton Borough Police, Eastbourne Borough Police, Hastings Borough Police, West Sussex Constabulary and East Sussex Constabulary. In 1974 the amalgamated forces became Sussex Police. Brighton ConstabularyHenry Solomon appointed 18 May 1838 Thomas Hayter Chase appointed 22 May 1844 George White appointed 21 December 1853 Owen Crowhurst appointed 7 December 1876 Isaiah Barnden appointed 8 August 1877 James Terry appointed 6 April 1881 Thomas Carter appointed 27 January 1894 Sir William Gentle appointed 26 September 1901 Charles Griffin appointed 5 June 1920 William James Hutchinson appointed 1 December 1933 Charles Field Williams Ridge appointed 1 July 1956 Albert Edgar Rowsell appointed 28 October 1957 William Thomas Cavey appointed 8 October 1963 Brighton amalgamated with East Sussex Constabulary, West Sussex Constabulary and Eastbourne Constabularies to form Sussex Constabulary, 1968Sussex Constabulary1968–??: Thomas Christopher Williams 1973–1983: George Terry 1983–1993: Roger Birch 1993–2001: Paul Chapple Whitehouse 2001–2006: Kenneth Lloyd Jones 2006–2007: Joseph Edwards 2008–2014: Martin Richards 2014–: Giles York Sussex Police is commanded by Chief Constable Giles York.
The remainder of the command team consists of Deputy Chief Constable Bernie O'Reilly, Assistant Chief Constable Steve Barry, Assistant Chief Constable Laurence Taylor. Forming part of the command team are the Assistant Chief Officer, the Director of Finance and Chief Information Officer although these roles are filled by civilian members of staff; the force consists of each being led by a chief superintendent. As at April 2017 West Sussex was led by Chief Superintendent Steve Whitton, East Sussex by Chief Superintendent Di Roskilly and Brighton & Hove by Chief Superintendent Lisa Bell. Divisions are sub-divided into districts, each led by a chief inspector, providing a local identity for policing; these districts are Chichester, Horsham, Adur & Worthing, Crawley, Mid Sussex, Brighton & Hove, Lewes, Eastbourne and Hastings. Sussex Police is responsible for Gatwick Airport under the command of Superintendent Brian Bracher. Districts are further divided into each led by an inspector; the NPTs are responsible for the bulk of the community work undertaken in an area, look to deal with long term local issues including anti-social behaviour.
Their role stems from the traditional view of'bobbies on the beat' with police community support officers providing a high visibility profile on the street, albeit with limited policing powers. Special Constables serve alongside various teams including NRT, Prevention and on specialist teams such as RPU and Dogs units. Sussex police stated they would try to solve less serious crimes online or by phone and focus resources only on offences with the “biggest impact”. Funding cuts are blamed for this. Police response is covered by Neighborhood Response Teams operating from a number of "hub" stations across the area and providing the initial response to most emergency and prompt attendance calls; these teams are led locally by a sergeant and overall they are managed by an inspector. These teams work seven days a week, 365 days a year. Secondary investigation of crime not dealt with by specialist teams - for example CID - is managed by Response Investigation Teams who work with the NRT. Oversight of Sussex Police was provided by Sussex Police Authority until November 2012, when this role was taken over by a police and crime commissioner following the first elections.
Katy Bourne was elected police and crime commissioner for Sussex Police on 15 November 2012, with a majority of 24,426. The police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Sussex Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in the police area. Sussex Police used to operate an MD-902 helicopter, callsign Hotel 900 jointly with the South East Coast Ambulance Service, providing both policing and emergency medical support to Sussex and beyond. Today all police aviation in Wales is conducted by the National Police Air Service; the closest NPAS base to Sussex Police is at Redhill Aerodrome in neighbouring Surrey. The helicopters cal
Humberside Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing an area covering the East Riding of Yorkshire, the city of Kingston upon Hull, North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire. The current Chief Constable is Lee Freeman, the Assistant Chief Constable Lincolnshire from 2013 - 2015 before transferring to Humberside in May 2015. Following the sudden departure of Justine Curran, he took over as the Deputy Chief Constable in February 2017 before being appointed into the role as a Chief Constable In June 2017. Humberside Police was created in 1974 following a merger of previous forces under the Local Government Act 1972, along with the non-metropolitan county of Humberside, it was a successor to the Hull City Police, part of the areas of the York and North East Yorkshire Police, the old Lincolnshire Constabulary and the West Yorkshire Constabulary. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with North Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and West Yorkshire Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region.
These proposals have since been'put on hold' by the government. Following the abolition of Humberside in 1996, the local council members of the Police Authority were appointed by a joint committee of the councils of the East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire. On 21 November 2012 the Police Authority was made redundant by the introduction of the Police and Crime Commissioner; the Humberside Police Authority, at the time it ceased to exist, had 17 members in total. 1974–1976: Robert Walton 1976–1991: David Hall 1991–1999: D. Anthony Leonard 1999–2005: David Westwood 2005–2013: Timothy Stancliffe Hollis 2013–2017: Justine Curran 2017–: Lee Freeman From March 2013 to February 2017 the Chief Constable of Humberside Police was Justine Curran Chief Constable of Tayside Police in Scotland before the introduction of the national Police Scotland service on 1 April 2013, her appointment was unanimously approved by the Humberside Police and Crime panel after Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner, Matthew Grove, proposed her for the post.
Curran took over the position from Tim Hollis CBE QPM who retired from the service in March 2013. On 11 November 2015, it was revealed that Curran had claimed for more than £39,000 in expenses for her relocation from Tayside to Humberside in March 2013. After Keith Hunter was elected as Police and Crime Commissioner in May 2016, Curran was given six months to improve the force after it was rated inadequate by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. Nine months after a further HMIC inspection which identified further "significant failings", Hunter asked Curran to consider her position, she announced her retirement, she left on 20 February 2017. In August 2017, it was revealed that Hunter had "lost confidence" in Curran and was "completely undermined" by her when it was decided to withhold the findings of an HMIC investigation which revealed further inadequacies within the force. Hunter sought legal advice, Curran was allowed to retire before the statutory procedure to remove a Chief Constable was started.
Lee Freeman, a former Assistant Chief Constable in Lincolnshire from August 2013 who had joined Humberside in May 2015, took over as Deputy Chief Constable on Curran's departure. He was appointed temporary Chief Constable in May 2017 and the position was made permanent on 26 June 2017. Humberside uses a wide variety of vehicles and unmarked. ProViDa is the standard in-car video unit used. All of the vehicles within the force have now changed to the recognisable Battenberg livery as opposed to the traditional livery. All vehicles within the force now use LED lightbar technology, as opposed to the older halogen rotating light bars; the LED lightbars are much clearer to see, provide a lot more illumination, along with front spots and rear reds. The main vehicles used are: • Peugeot Cars – A recent addition to the fleet in late 2016, multiple Peugeot 308 vehicles have been introduced across the force for general patrol and purposes replacing the aging Proton Impian, not being converted to run on LPG to save money.
• Vauxhall Cars – There are several Vauxhall Astra vehicles within the force which are used for general patrol and by IRT. All Vauxhall vehicles are marked with the Battenberg livery and have LED lights. There are several Vauxhall Vivaro vans which are used for patrol and prisoner transport; these are fully marked with the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Vauxhall vehicles are used for the dog section, however these are Vauxhall Zafira models; some community teams have a Vauxhall Corsa as a marked up patrol vehicle. • Proton Cars – These are used for general patrol and by IRT, these are nearly all phased out as of January 2018. The majority are Impians, with the Proton Persona phased out some years ago. Proton vehicles are being replaced across the force by Vauxhall and now Peugeot vehicles and much of the Proton fleet are now vehicles bought in 2010. All Proton vehicles have the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Humberside Police won the top award in the National Energy Efficiency Awards by running the vast majority of its fleet on Liquified Petroleum Gas.
Most Protons are dual fuel, running unleaded petrol. • Mercedes Benz Sprinter – These vans are used for Public Order and crowd situations as well as for transporting prisoners. The latest shape vans are now coming onto divisions to re
Greater Manchester Police
Greater Manchester Police is the police force responsible for law enforcement within the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester in North West England. GMP is the fifth largest police service in the United Kingdom after the Metropolitan Police Service, Police Scotland, Police Service of Northern Ireland and West Midlands Police; as of September 2017, Greater Manchester Police employed. The GMP headquarters are at Central Park, on Northampton Road, in the Newton Heath area of Manchester. Greater Manchester Police was directly created from two amalgamated city police forces and Salford Police and parts of what were Lancashire Constabulary, Cheshire Constabulary and West Yorkshire Constabulary on 1st April 1974; the city forces were Manchester Borough Police which formed in the late 1830s and Salford Borough Police which began in 1844. Upon Manchester gaining city status in 1853, its police force changed its name to Manchester City Police to reflect its status. In 1926, Salford became a city, resulting in Salford Borough Police becoming Salford City Police.
These two city forces operated until 1968 when, as a result of compulsory amalgamation, as per the Police Act 1964, Salford City Police merged with Manchester City Police, resulting in the new force of Manchester and Salford Police. This new force lasted only 6 years, when in 1974 the Local Government Act 1972 created the Metropolitan County of Greater Manchester and with it, Greater Manchester Police. An increase of 284,241 acres in terms of policing area and 2,267,090 people over the abolished Manchester and Salford Police. Indirectly GMP can trace its heritage to a number of other borough forces, each with their own significant history, abolished in the late 1960s and, amalgamated into the county forces of Lancashire and Cheshire; these two county forces only policed these boroughs for around 6 years before Greater Manchester was created and GMP took over responsibility for providing police services. In the historic Lancashire county area these borough police forces were Bolton Borough Police, Oldham Borough Police, Rochdale Borough Police and Wigan Borough Police.
In the historic Cheshire county area this included Stockport Borough Police. The first Chief Constable of GMP was William James Richards. Richards had been the chief constable of the short lived Manchester and Salford Police and before that chief constable of Manchester City Police. Following his retirement on 30 June 1976, James Anderton became the new chief constable on 1 July 1976. James Anderton was a controversial figure during his 15 years in office due to his outspoken style of leadership and hardline views on crime and morality. In 1991 David Wilmot succeeded James Anderton. In 2002 Michael Todd was appointed to Chief Constable until his death, by suicide, in 2008. There was much press coverage of the death of the Chief Constable Michael J. Todd in March 2008. Todd was seen as a man of action and got more "bobbies on the beat", with himself doing so. GMP's Assistant Chief Constable became the Acting Chief Constable until the appointment of Peter Fahy head of Cheshire Police, as Chief Constable in September 2008.
Police Constable Ian Rodgers was the first GMP officer to be killed in the line of duty in 1975. His death occurred in a railway incident at Stockport. Since the formation of GMP 20 officers have been died in the line of duty. GMP assisted with the reconstruction of Manchester following the 1996 Manchester bombing, with Garry Shewan. In the 1990s, Manchester had gained the deriding tag of'Gunchester', in reference to the city's high gun crime rate at the time. Greater Manchester Police faced the problem of gun crime in Manchester in the deprived districts in south Manchester. Key gang leaders were jailed for life in 2009 and by 2011, the city had shaken off the tag. On 14 October 2010, Greater Manchester Police posted details of all calls made to them in a 24-hour period on Twitter; the service posted details of every incident reported to its officers in 24 hours to demonstrate how much of their time is spent on what the Chief Constable called "social work" instead of fighting crime. They repeated this exercise on 14 October 2014.
GMP have used social media as a helpful force rather than a hindrance. In the 2011 England riots, with criticism of the role social media such as Twitter and Facebook had in instigating the riots, GMP stated that support on social media had resulted in many responses from members of the public in trying to catch suspects. GMP naming and shamed any convicted individuals over the riots. From November 2012 to May 2017 the Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner was Tony Lloyd; the police and crime commissioner was scrutinised by the Greater Manchester Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in the police area. Before November 2012 the Greater Manchester Police Authority was the police governance. However, under new plans for an elected Mayor of Greater Manchester announced by George Osborne in November 2014, the position of Police and Crime Commissioner was removed and its responsibilities subsumed into the mayoral office; the first Mayoral election took place in 2017, in which Andy Burnham was elected Mayor of Greater Manchester.
The area GMP polices is split into geographical divisions, with each Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester being assigned one. As of 2016, the two divisions covering the City of Manchester were merged, form
States of Jersey Police
The States of Jersey Police is the official police service of Jersey. It was established in its current form by the Police Force Law, 1974 and consists of around 240 officers; this was. A body of paid and uniformed town police was set up in Saint Helier in 1854, which became the nucleus of the Paid Police established to operate Island-wide in 1951 by the Paid Police Force Law; the Paid Police was renamed the States of Jersey Police in 1960. The States Police supports the system of elected Honorary Police in each parish, in place in the Island since 1204; the States of Jersey Police are the only officers with Island-wide powers and provide a professional response to all serious crime in the Island. Under a memorandum of understanding with the twelve parish forces the latter handle minor matters and traffic control, but Centeniers remain the only officers able to bring charges; the fictional Bureau des Étrangers department of the States of Jersey Police featured in the British TV series Bergerac.
An investigation into allegations of historical child abuse had begun in 2006. Several sites in the grounds of Haut de la Garenne, a former children's home, were excavated in 2008 and finds of human remains and other items were announced amid sensational international publicity. In September 2008, Detective Superintendent Mick Gradwell of Lancashire Police took over as Senior Investigating Officer in the abuse enquiry. In August 2008 David Warcup, Deputy Chief Constable of Northumbria Police, took over as Deputy Chief Officer of the States of Jersey Police; the new team launched a review of the investigation to date and subsequently in November 2008, the Deputy Chief Officer, David Warcup, expressed "much regret" that misleading information had been released throughout the conduct of the enquiry and that there was "no evidence" of any child murders at Haut de la Garenne. Detective Superintendent Gradwell retired in August 2009 at the end of his contract and returned to the UK. On retiring, he described the investigation prior to the time he took over as a "poorly managed mess" and, in particular, the decision to excavate at Haut de la Garenne as being without justification and as "a complete and total waste of public money and effort".
As a result of the wider investigation, disregarding the controversial excavations at Haut de la Garenne, charges were brought against three individuals, convictions obtained in court in 2009. The former Chief Officer of the States of Jersey Police, Graham Power, was suspended in November 2008 pending an inquiry into his handling of the historic abuse inquiry, in the wake of the public withdrawal by police of claims of evidence. In August 2009, it was announced that Graham Power, still on suspension but contesting his suspension through legal process, had been suspended again in relation to the keeping of secret files on politicians, an affair unrelated to the historic abuse inquiry. Graham Power retired and was replaced in the interim by David Warcup, who subsequently announced his own departure in July 2010. In 2013, plans to build a new headquarters building were approved; the new building which supersedes the old headquarters located in Rouge Bouillon, was opened on 7 March 2017, sits on land, occupied by a part of Green Street car park.
Law of Jersey Courts of Jersey Bailiff of Jersey Official police websiteStates of Jersey website