Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk 65 miles north of London. It is considered the birthplace and global centre of thoroughbred horse racing and a potential World Heritage Site, it is a major local business cluster, with annual investment rivalling that of the Cambridge Science Park, the other major cluster in the region. It is the largest racehorse training centre in Britain, the largest racehorse breeding centre in the country, home to most major British horseracing institutions, a key global centre for horse health. Two Classic races, an additional three British Champions Series races are held at Newmarket every year; the town has had close royal connections since the time of James I, who built a palace there, was a base for Charles I, Charles II, most monarchs since. The current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, visits the town to see her horses in training. Newmarket has over fifty horse training stables, two large racetracks, the Rowley Mile and the July Course, one of the most extensive and prestigious horse training grounds in the world.
The town is home to over 3,500 racehorses, it is estimated that one in every three local jobs is related to horse racing. Palace House, the National Heritage Centre for Horseracing and Sporting Art, the National Horseracing Museum, Tattersalls racehorse auctioneers, two of the world's foremost equine hospitals for horse health, are in the town, surrounded by over sixty horse breeding studs. On account of its leading position in the multibillion-pound horse racing and breeding industry, it is a major export centre. 1200: Newmarket's name was recorded as Novum Forum, a Latin phrase meaning "new market", the English translation was applied to give the town its present name. February 1605: James I first visited, describing it as a "poor little village". 1606 to 1610: James I built the Newmarket Palace, an estate covering an acre of land from the High Street to All Saints’ churchyard, thus established the town as a royal resort. This made Newmarket into a horseracing town. 1619: Inigo Jones was commissioned to build a new lodge for the Prince of Wales.
It was Italianate in style. 1642: In Newmarket Charles I met a parliamentary deputation that demanded his surrender of the armed forces. "By God not for an hour", Charles replied, "You have asked such of me, never asked of a King!" This started the English Civil War. Newmarket remained Royalist throughout the war. Early June 1647: Charles was captured at Holdenby House in Northamptonshire and brought to Newmarket as a prisoner, he was placed under house arrest in the palace while the whole of Cromwell's New Model Army kept guard over the town. 30 January 1649: Charles I was executed. 1649: A survey showed that the palace was in disrepair. 1650: The palace was sold to John Okey, who demolished most of the buildings. 1660: Restoration of Charles II. 1666 to 1685: Charles II visited Newmarket. 1668: Charles II commissioned William Samwell to build a new palace on the High Street. 1670: John Evelyn said that the palace was "meane enough, hardly capable for a hunting house, let alone a royal palace!" October 1677, October 1695: William of Orange visited Newmarket.
Start of the 19th century: The palace was torn down, but a part survives and is now named Palace House. 19th century: Newmarket south of the High Street spread into the parishes of Woodditton and Cheveley in Cambridgeshire. 1894: The county border was moved to accommodate this, has been further altered since. 15 December 1977: An F111-F jet fighter crashed at Exning near Newmarket because of hydraulic failure. About 2011: Time Team excavated on the site of Charles II's palace at Newmarket, found foundations of racehorse stables; the area of Suffolk containing Newmarket is nearly an exclave, with only a narrow strip of territory linking it to the rest of the county. The town was split with one parish - St Mary - in Suffolk, the other - All Saints - in Cambridgeshire; the Local Government Act 1888 made the entirety of Newmarket urban sanitary district part of the administrative county of West Suffolk. The town falls in the Parliamentary constituency West Suffolk and as of 2010 has been represented by Conservative MP Matthew Hancock, the secretary of state for Health & Social Care.
The 1972 Local Government Bill as proposed would have transferred the town to Cambridgeshire. The Local Government Commission for England had suggested in the 1960s that the border around Newmarket be altered, in West Suffolk's favour. Newmarket Urban District Council supported the move to Cambridgeshire, but the government decided to withdraw this proposal and keep the existing boundary, despite intense lobbying from the UDC. Racing at Newmarket has been dated as far back as 1174, making it the earliest known racing venue of post-classical times. King James I increased the popularity of horse racing there, King Charles I followed this by inaugurating the first cup race in 1634; the Jockey Club's clubhouse is in Newmarket. Around 3,000 race horses are stabled around Newmarket. By comparison, the human population is of the order of 15,000 and it is estimated that one in three jobs are connected to horseracing in one way or another. Newmarket has 3 main sections of Heath; the grassland of Newmarket's training grounds has been developed over hundreds of years of careful maintenance, is regarded as some of the finest in the world.
"Racecourse side" is located next to the Rowley Mile Racecourse and is a pr
Leominster (UK Parliament constituency)
Leominster was a parliamentary constituency represented until 1707 in the House of Commons of England until 1801 in that of Great Britain, until 2010, when it disappeared in boundary changes, in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1295 to 1885, Leominster was a parliamentary borough which until 1868 elected two Members of Parliament by the bloc vote system of election. Under the Reform Act 1867 its representation was reduced to one Member, elected by the first past the post system; the parliamentary borough was abolished under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the name was transferred to a new county constituency. Following the review by the Boundary Commission for England of parliamentary representation in Herefordshire, no longer connected for such reasons with Worcestershire, two parliamentary constituencies have been allocated to the county. Most of the Leominster seat has been replaced by the North Herefordshire seat, while the remainder of the county is covered by the Hereford and South Herefordshire seat.
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Leominster, the Sessional Divisions of Bredwardine, Kingston, Leominster and Wigmore. 1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Leominster, the Urban Districts of Bromyard and Kington, the Rural Districts of Bredwardine, Kington, Leominster and Wigmore, parts of the Rural Districts of Hereford and Ledbury. 1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Leominster, the Urban Districts of Bromyard and Ledbury, the Rural Districts of Bromyard, Ledbury and Weobley and Wigmore, part of the Rural District of Hereford. 1974-1983: The Municipal Borough of Leominster, the Urban District of Kington, the Rural Districts of Bromyard, Ledbury and Weobley and Wigmore, part of the Rural District of Hereford. 1983-1997: The District of Leominster, the District of Malvern Hills wards of Baldwin, Broadheath, Butterley, Frome, Frome Vale, Hegdon, Hope End, Laugherne Hill, Leadon Vale, Ledbury and Bransford, Marcle Ridge, Martley and Woodbury, the District of South Herefordshire wards of Burghill, Dinmore Hill, Magna, Munstone and Thinghill.
1997-2010: The District of Leominster, the District of Malvern Hills wards of Bringsty, Butterley, Frome, Frome Vale, Hope End, Leadon Vale and Marcle Ridge, the District of South Herefordshire wards of Backbury, Burmarsh, Dinmore Hill, Munstone and Thinghill, the District of Wyre Forest ward of Rock and Ribbesford. In its final form, the constituency consisted of northern Herefordshire and a small part of north-west Worcestershire, the boundaries having been specified when the two were joined as the single county of Hereford and Worcester. In Herefordshire it included the towns of Bromyard and Ledbury as well as Leominster, while the largest settlement of Worcestershire it included was Tenbury Wells. Wigram resigned after causing a by-election. Greenaway resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election. Barkly resigned after being appointed Governor of British Guiana. Arkwright's death caused a by-election. Willoughby resigned after being appointed as a Member of the Council of India, causing a by-election.
Hardy was elected MP for Oxford University and opted to sit there, causing a by-election. Walsh resigned. Seat reduced to one member Arkwright resigned; some records describe Lamb as an Independent Radical. Langford was a Liberal. General Election 1939/40 Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940; the political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X
Dringhouses is a suburb a village, in York and includes the area known as Woodthorpe. Part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is bounded by the Knavesmire, an open area of land on which York Racecourse is situated, to the east, Askham Bogs and the A64 to the south, the York Outer Ring road to the west and the Unitary Authority Wards of Westfield and Holgate to the north; the City of York ward is called Woodthorpe. It had a population of 11,084 at the 2011 Census, it is located two and quarter miles from York City Centre. The name derives from "Drengeshirses" and means "the houses of the drengs", a "dreng" being a man who held land by a particular kind of free tenure, it is a mixture of housing estates and large open spaces, with the East Coast main railway line running through the middle. The population of Dringhouses and Woodthorpe was 10,733; the Old Norse name from which Dringhouses is derived, indicates the villagers were the descendants of Halfdan, the Viking leader who had taken the area from the Angles and had shared the land among his warriors in 876.
The free land of the Drengs became a Norman manor - owned by Archbishop Walter de Gray who granted it to his brother Robert in 1244 and thence to John, Lord Grey of Rotherfield. The title passed to Sir John Deincourt and his ancestors until it was inherited by the Wilkinson family; the last Lord of the manor, Col. Wilkinson, died on 13 January 1941; the subsequent break-up of the estate meant that most of the land in the village was no longer owned by one family. There was a long dispute over the Wapentake of the Ainsty - which included Dringhouses - from the early Middle Ages. In 1276 the Courts of Edward I dealt with a claim by the York Corporation that:-"... the citizens of York hold the wapentake of Ainsty and the city of York of the King...". The claim was based on a Charter of the reign of King John and the case was lost on the grounds that the extent of the land was not specified and, more that the Charter contained erasures. For this the Mayor was imprisoned for a short time; the claim upheld.
From that date until 1832 the people of the Ainsty and therefore Dringhouses were under the authority of York Corporation. Though Dringhouses was within the parish of Holy Trinity Priory, Micklegate, it formed a separate manor and thus lay outside of the City of York. In St Helen's Road, between 1920 and 1946, the house next to the Cross Keys car park was the Club House for the 15-hole golf course on the Hob Moor, which moved, as the York Golf Club, to Strensall, with the railway workers who used to play there moving to Pike Hills Golf Club; the present shops on Tadcaster Road were a row of cottages known as Meek's Buildings, nicknamed "Washing Tub Row" because those who lived there took in washing for the gentry. Dringhouses village was incorporated into the City in 1937; the present Marriott Hotel stands at the boundary of the village with the city and was the terminus for the trams in their heyday. The electric trams replaced the horse bus in 1911. Goddards House and Garden in Dringhouses is a former home of the Terry family, famed chocolate makers.
This Grade I listed building was built in 1927 and is a visitor attraction and regional office of the National Trust. Hob Moor, which forms part of the Knavesmire and hence Micklegate Stray, is first mentioned in documents in 1374 as'"Yhorkesmore""' and first noted as'"Hobbe Moore"' in 1624 by the cartographer, Samuel Parsons. During the early 17th century, accommodation was constructed to house plague victims on Hob Lane, leading to the Moor; this is indicated by the Plague Stone still visible today. Next to this stone is the'"Hob Stone"' which depicts the shield and effigy of a knight of the de Ros family, reputed to have given his name to the area. In 1745, the York to Tadcaster Turnpike was constructed, which follows the route of the modern Tadcaster Road in the area; the Moor has been used as an area for the Military. In 1644, the Scottish troops, who were part of the Parliamentarian Army, were encamped here during the siege of York. From 1912 to 1920, the Moor was used for training Cavalry troops.
On the eastbound carriageway of Tadcaster Road in Dringhouses is a small brick enclosure, once used as a pinfold. It is located opposite the Royal Chase. Dringhouses is part of the Dringhouses and Woodthorpe Ward in the Unitary Authority of York; as of 2011 it is represented by Labour Councillors Anna Semlyen and Gerard Hodgson and the Liberal Democrat Councillor Ann Reid. It forms part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer and EU Constituency of Yorkshire and the Humber; the figures below were taken from the Census 2001 Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales, from the Office for National Statistics on 29 April 2001. The population in the Ward was 10,733 of which 92.1% were born in England and 3.4% from outside the United Kingdom. The largest Age Group within the population, 22.2%, were between 30 and 44 years old with 21.6% between 45 and 59 years old. Of the total population, 96.7% described their ethnic origin as White-British. The figures show that 79.2% declared they were Christian, whilst 19.9% declared no religious belief at all.
Of the population aged between 16 and 74 years old, 69.2% declared they were in some form of employment and 17.2% said they were retired. Of the 4,650 households, 52.3% were Semi-Detached and 31.3% were Detached. The level of household ownership was 84.1%. In past years, the majority of employment was in agriculture; as of 2010, the main employment can be found in the retail and education sectors, as Dringhouses has a large Tesco supermarket and the York College. Employment can be found in the Health Care centre as
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England. The county town is the city of Winchester, its two largest cities and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities. First settled about 14,000 years ago, Hampshire's history dates to Roman Britain, when its chief town was Winchester; when the Romans left Britain, the area was infiltrated by tribes from Scandinavia and mainland Europe, principally in the river valleys. The county was recorded in the 11th century Domesday Book, divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century, the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent and cloth manufacture in the county, the fishing industry, a shipbuilding industry was established. By the 16th century, the population of Southampton had outstripped that of Winchester. By the mid-19th century, with the county's population at 219,210 in more than 86,000 dwellings, agriculture was the principal industry and 10 per cent of the county was still forest. Hampshire played a crucial military role in both World Wars.
The Isle of Wight left the county to form its own in 1974. The county's geography is varied, with upland to 286 metres and south-flowing rivers. There are areas of downland and marsh, two national parks: the New Forest, part of the South Downs, which together cover 45 per cent of Hampshire. Hampshire is one of the most affluent counties in the country, with an unemployment rate lower than the national average, its economy derived from major companies, maritime and tourism. Tourist attractions include the national parks and the Southampton Boat Show; the county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Hampshire takes its name from the settlement, now the city of Southampton. Southampton was known in Old English as Hamtun meaning "village-town", so its surrounding area or scīr became known as Hamtunscīr; the old name was recorded in the Domesday book as Hantescire, from this spelling, the modern abbreviation "Hants" derives.
From 1889 until 1959, the administrative county was named the County of Southampton and has been known as Southamptonshire. Hampshire was the departure point of some of those who left England to settle on the east coast of North America during the 17th century, giving its name in particular to the state of New Hampshire; the towns of Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Portsmouth, Virginia take their names from Portsmouth in Hampshire. The region is believed to have been continuously occupied since the end of the last Ice Age about 12,000 BCE. At this time, Britain was still attached to the European continent and was predominantly covered with deciduous woodland; the first inhabitants were Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. The majority of the population would have been concentrated around the river valleys. Over several thousand years, the climate became progressively warmer, sea levels rose. Notable sites from this period include Bouldnor Cliff. Agriculture had arrived in southern Britain by 4000 BCE, with it a neolithic culture.
Some deforestation took place at that time, although during the Bronze Age, beginning in 2200 BCE, this became more widespread and systematic. Hampshire has few monuments to show from these early periods, although nearby Stonehenge was built in several phases at some time between 3100 and 2200 BCE. In the late Bronze Age, fortified hilltop settlements known as hillforts began to appear in large numbers in many parts of Britain including Hampshire, these became more and more important in the early and middle Iron Age. By this period, the people of Britain predominantly spoke a Celtic language, their culture shared much in common with the Celts described by classical writers. Hillforts declined in importance in the second half of the second century BCE, with many being abandoned. Around this period, the first recorded invasion of Britain took place, as southern Britain was conquered by warrior-elites from Belgic tribes of northeastern Gaul - whether these two events are linked to the decline of hillforts is unknown.
By the Roman conquest, the oppidum at Venta Belgarum, modern-day Winchester, was the de facto regional administrative centre. Julius Caesar invaded southeastern England in 55 and again in 54 BCE, but he never reached Hampshire. Notable sites from this period include Hengistbury Head, a major port; the Romans invaded Britain again in 43 CE, Hampshire was incorporated into the Roman province of Britannia quickly. It is believed their political leaders allowed themselves to be incorporated peacefully. Venta became the capital of the administrative polity of the Belgae, which included most of Hampshire and Wiltshire and reached as far as Bath. Whether the people of Hampshire played any role in Boudicca's rebellion of 60-61 CE is not recorded, but evidence of burning is seen in Winchester dated to around this period. For most of the next three centuries, southern Britain enjoyed relative peace; the part of th
Brussels the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region. Brussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita, it covers 161 km2, a small area compared to the two other regions, has a population of 1.2 million. The metropolitan area of Brussels counts over 2.1 million people, which makes it the largest in Belgium. It is part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people. Brussels grew from a small rural settlement on the river Senne to become an important city-region in Europe. Since the end of the Second World War, it has been a major centre for international politics and the home of numerous international organisations, politicians and civil servants.
Brussels is the de facto capital of the European Union, as it hosts a number of principal EU institutions, including its administrative-legislative, executive-political, legislative branches and its name is sometimes used metonymically to describe the EU and its institutions. The secretariat of the Benelux and headquarters of NATO are located in Brussels; as the economic capital of Belgium and one of the top financial centres of Western Europe with Euronext Brussels, it is classified as an Alpha global city. Brussels is a hub for rail and air traffic, sometimes earning the moniker "Crossroads of Europe"; the Brussels Metro is the only rapid transit system in Belgium. In addition, both its airport and railway stations are the busiest in the country. Dutch-speaking, Brussels saw a language shift to French from the late 19th century; the Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual in French and Dutch though French is now the de facto main language with over 90% of the population speaking it. Brussels is increasingly becoming multilingual.
English is spoken as a second language by nearly a third of the population and a large number of migrants and expatriates speak other languages. Brussels is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, as well as its historical and architectural landmarks. Main attractions include its historic Grand Place, Manneken Pis and cultural institutions such as La Monnaie and the Museums of Art and History; because of its long tradition of Belgian comics, Brussels is hailed as a capital of the comic strip. The most common theory of the origin of the name Brussels is that it derives from the Old Dutch Bruocsella, Broekzele or Broeksel, meaning "marsh" and "home" or "home in the marsh". Saint Vindicianus, the bishop of Cambrai, made the first recorded reference to the place Brosella in 695, when it was still a hamlet; the names of all the municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region are of Dutch origin, except for Evere, Celtic. In French, Bruxelles is pronounced and in Dutch, Brussel is pronounced. Inhabitants of Brussels are known in French in Dutch as Brusselaars.
In the Brabantian dialect of Brussels, they are called Brusseleirs. The written x noted the group. In the Belgian French pronunciation as well as in Dutch, the k disappeared and z became s, as reflected in the current Dutch spelling, whereas in the more conservative French form, the spelling remained; the pronunciation in French only dates from the 18th century, but this modification did not affect the traditional Brussels' usage. In France, the pronunciations and are heard, but are rather rare in Belgium. See also: History of Brussels The history of Brussels is linked to that of Western Europe. Traces of human settlement go back to the Stone Age, with vestiges and place-names related to the civilisation of megaliths and standing stones. During late antiquity, the region was home to Roman occupation, as attested by archaeological evidence discovered near the centre. Following the decline of the Western Roman Empire, it was incorporated into the Frankish Empire; the origin of the settlement, to become Brussels lies in Saint Gaugericus' construction of a chapel on an island in the river Senne around 580.
The official founding of Brussels is situated around 979, when Duke Charles of Lower Lotharingia transferred the relics of Saint Gudula from Moorsel to the Saint Gaugericus chapel. Charles would construct the first permanent fortification in the city, doing so on that same island. Lambert I of Leuven, Count of Leuven, gained the County of Brussels around 1000, by marrying Charles' daughter; because of its location on the shores of the Senne, on an important trade route between Bruges and Ghent, Cologne, Brussels became a commercial centre specialised in the textile trade. The town grew quite and extended towards the upper town, where there was a smaller risk of floods; as it grew to a population of around 30,000, the surrounding marshes were drained to allow for further expansion. Around
Rutland is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire. Its greatest length north to south is only 18 miles and its greatest breadth east to west is 17 miles, it is the fourth smallest in the UK as a whole. Because of this, the Latin motto Multum in Parvo or "much in little" was adopted by the county council in 1950, it has the smallest population of any normal unitary authority in England. Among the current ceremonial counties, the Isle of Wight, City of London and City of Bristol are smaller in area; the former County of London, in existence 1889 to 1965 had a smaller area. It is 323rd of the 326 districts in population; the only towns in Rutland are Oakham, the county town, Uppingham. At the centre of the county is Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir, an important nature reserve serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys. Rutland's older cottages are built from limestone or ironstone and many have roofs of Collyweston stone slate or thatch.
The origin of the name of the county is unclear. In a 1909 edition of Notes and Queries Harriot Tabor suggested "that the name should be Ruthland, that there is a part of Essex called the Ruth, that the ancient holders of it were called Ruthlanders, since altered to Rutland", its first mention, as "Roteland", occurs in the will of Edward the Confessor. The northwestern part of the county was recorded as Rutland, a detached part of Nottinghamshire, in Domesday Book, it was first mentioned as a separate county in 1159, but as late as the 14th century it was referred to as the'Soke of Rutland'. It was known as Rutlandshire, but in recent times only the shorter name is common. Rutland may be from Old English hryþr or hrythr "cattle" and land "land", as a record from 1128 as Ritelanede shows. However, A Dictionary of British Place-Names by A D Mills gives an alternative etymology, "Rota's land", from the Old English personal name and land land, it is from the alternative interpretation of red land that the traditional nickname for a male person from Rutland, a "Raddle Man", derives.
Earl of Rutland and Duke of Rutland are titles in the peerage of England held in the Manners family, derived from the historic county of Rutland. The Earl of Rutland was elevated to the status of Duke in 1703 and the titles were merged; the family seat is Leicestershire. The office of High Sheriff of Rutland was instituted in 1129, there has been a Lord Lieutenant of Rutland since at least 1559. By the time of the 19th century it had been divided into the hundreds of Alstoe, Martinsley and Wrandike. Rutland covered parts of three poor law unions and rural sanitary districts: those of Oakham and Stamford; the registration county of Rutland contained the entirety of Oakham and Uppingham RSDs, which included several parishes in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire – the eastern part in Stamford RSD was included in the Lincolnshire registration county. Under the Poor Laws, Oakham Union workhouse was built in 1836–37 at a site to the north-east of the town, with room for 100 paupers; the building operated as the Catmose Vale Hospital, now forms part of the Oakham School.
In 1894 under the Local Government Act 1894 the rural sanitary districts were partitioned along county boundaries to form three rural districts. The part of Oakham and Uppingham RSDs in Rutland formed the Oakham Rural District and Uppingham Rural District, with the two parishes from Oakham RSD in Leicestershire becoming part of the Melton Mowbray Rural District, the nine parishes of Uppingham RSD in Leicestershire becoming the Hallaton Rural District, the six parishes of Uppingham RSD in Northamptonshire becoming Gretton Rural District. Meanwhile, that part of Stamford RSD in Rutland became the Ketton Rural District. Oakham Urban District was created from Oakham Rural District in 1911, it was subsequently abolished in 1974. Rutland was included in the "East Midlands General Review Area" of the 1958–67 Local Government Commission for England. Draft recommendations would have seen Rutland split, with Ketton Rural District going along with Stamford to a new administrative county of Cambridgeshire, the western part added to Leicestershire.
The final proposals were less radical and instead proposed that Rutland become a single rural district within the administrative county of Leicestershire. Rutland became a non-metropolitan district of Leicestershire under the Local Government Act 1972, which took effect on 1 April 1974; the original proposal was for Rutland to be merged with what is now the Melton borough, as Rutland did not meet the requirement of having a population of at least 40,000. The revised and implemented proposals allowed Rutland to be exempt from this. In 1994, the Local Government Commission for England, conducting a structural review of English local government, recommended that Rutland become a unitary authority; this was implemented on 1 April 1997, when Rutland County Council became responsible for all local services in Rutland, with the exception of the Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service and Leicestershire Police, which are run by joint boards with Leicestershire County Council and Leicester City Council.
Rutland regained a separate Lieutenancy and shrievalty, thus regained status as a ceremonial county. Rutland wa
Uppingham is a market town in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England, located on the A47 between Leicester and Peterborough, about 6 miles south of the county town, Oakham on the A6003 road. The market square is transformed once a year into the only fatstock show still to be held in temporary penning in a traditional market town; the first recorded show was in 1889. In 2011, 140 sheep, 24 pigs and 20 cattle were entered; the event attracts farmers from all over the area who exhibit their prize livestock and toast their acquaintances afterwards in The Falcon Hotel. A little over 1 mile to the north-west at Castle Hill are the earthwork remains of a medieval motte and bailey castle; the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Uppingham is 14th century. It is known for the early ministry of Jeremy Taylor. Uppingham Workhouse was first recorded in 1777 with space for 40 inmates; until 1834 it was a parish workhouse, but in 1836 the Uppingham Poor Law Union began, a new Union workhouse was built on Leicester Road to house 158 people to a design by architect William Donthorne.
In the World War I, the building was used as an auxiliary hospital staffed by a Voluntary Aid Detachment. The workhouse was closed in 1929, taken over by Uppingham School which uses the building as a boarding house for 60 girls called Constables; the Eyebrook Reservoir near Uppingham was used by Avro Lancasters flying from RAF Scampton as the final practice run for Guy Gibson's 617 Squadron Dambusters prior to Operation Chastise, the attack on the Ruhr valley Dams on the night of the 16/17 May 1943. The main local authority is Rutland County Council, responsible for most local services. Uppingham ward, which includes the neighbouring parish of Beaumont Chase, has three councillors out of a total of 26 on the County Council. In addition, Uppingham Town Council, based at Uppingham Town Hall, is responsible for some services such as allotments and open spaces. There are 15 councillors including the mayor, Councillor Miranda Jones. Schools in Uppingham include Uppingham School, an independent school founded in 1584 and a state secondary school, Uppingham Community College and two primary schools: Leighfield and Uppingham Church of England School.
A proposal to replace the primaries with a newly built school was rejected in 2007. There is no railway station in Uppingham; the nearest railway station at present is Oakham – 6 miles north – on the cross-country line between Birmingham and Peterborough. Alternatively, Corby station 9 miles south on the Oakham branch of the Midland Main Line provides frequent services to London. Uppingham railway station, at the end of a branch line from Seaton, was opened in 1894 and was located at the end of Queen Street. Passenger services were withdrawn in 1960 and the line closed in 1964; the station area has now been redeveloped as an industrial estate. Although the operational railway line runs closest to Uppingham at Manton Junction, it has no station. An east-west A47 bypass opened in June 1982, providing a link to Leicester; the A6003 runs through the town and provides connections to Oakham and Kettering. There are bus services to Oakham, Leicester and Stamford. Uppingham plays host to a number of different sports.
C play their games at Tod's Piece. Uppingham Town Cricket Club's new ground opened in 2011. Uppingham School's new sports centre was opened by Lord Coe in 2010. Uppingham Town Partnership is a not-for-profit community group with the support of Uppingham Town Council and Rutland County Council, dedicated to ensuring Uppingham is a great place to live and play. It's volunteers organise annual events like Uppingham Feast Day held each year in June and Christmas in Uppingham held each year in December; the group of volunteers supports and raises funds for other organisations such Uppingham Films which screens movies in the Town Hall throughout the year, Uppingham in Bloom which has become a multiple gold-medal winner with Britain in Bloom, for its attractive and innovative floral displays, which it has created and cared for throughout the town. Uppingham School Uppingham Community College Leighfield School Uppingham Church of England Primary School Uppingham Town Council Uppingham Town Partnership Christmas in Uppingham Uppingham Films Uppingham in Bloom Love Uppingham Uppingham Town Council