The National Front is a far-right political party in the United Kingdom. It is headquartered in Kingston upon Hull and is led by David MacDonald. It has no elected representatives at any level of UK government, during its heyday in the 1970s, it had a small number of local councillors, although has never secured a seat in the British Parliament. The NF was founded by A. K. Chesterton in 1967 as a merger between his League of Empire Loyalists and the British National Party and it was soon joined by the Greater Britain Movement, whose leader John Tyndall became the Fronts chairman in 1972. Under Tyndalls leadership, it capitalised on growing concern regarding Asian migration to Britain, rapidly increasing its membership and vote share in areas of East London. Its public profile was raised through street marches and rallies, which resulted in clashes with anti-fascist protesters. In 1982 Tyndall left the party to form his own British National Party, many NF members defected to the BNP, while the Fronts electoral support deteriorated heavily. During the 1980s, the NF split in two, the Flag NF retained the older ideology while the Official NF adopted a radical Third Positionist stance before disbanding in 1990. In 1995, the Flag NFs leadership transformed the party into the National Democrats, although a small splinter group retained the NF name, they continue to contest elections, albeit without success. Ideologically positioned on the extreme or far-right of British politics, the NF has been characterised as fascist or neo-fascist by political scientists. Various different factions have dominated the party at different points in its history, each with their own ideological bent, including Neo-Nazis, Strasserites, the party is ethnic nationalist, and espouses the view that only white people should be citizens of the United Kingdom. It calls for an end to non-white migration into the UK and it promotes biological racism, calling for global racial separatism and condemning mixed race relationships and miscegenation. It espouses anti-semitic conspiracy theories, endorsing Holocaust denial and claiming that Jews seek to dominate the world through both communism and international capitalism. It promotes economic protectionism, Euroscepticism, and an away from liberal democracy, while its social policies oppose feminism, LGBT rights. Along with the BNP, the NF has been described as the most successful group in British politics since the Second World War. During its history, it has established sub-groups like a trade association, a youth group. Only whites are permitted membership of the party, with most of the support coming from White British working and lower middle-class communities in Northern England. The NF has generated much opposition from leftist and anti-fascist groups, the British police and prison services forbid their employees to be members of the party
The logo of the British National Front
The NF was the creation of A. K. Chesterton, a veteran of Britain's fascist movement who sought to unite the country's far-right parties
A National Front march in Yorkshire during the 1970s.
In the 1980s, the NF was taken over by a 'Strasserite' faction influenced by German fascist ideologue Otto Strasser.