Ted Lindsay was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played as a forward for the Detroit Red Wings and Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League. Lindsay scored over 800 points in his Hockey Hall of Fame career, won the Art Ross Trophy in 1950, won the Stanley Cup four times. Referred to as "Terrible Ted", Lindsay helped to organize the National Hockey League Players' Association in the late 1950s, an action which led to his trade to Chicago. In 2017, Lindsay was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Lindsay was born in Ontario, his father, Bert Lindsay, had been a professional player himself, playing goaltender for the Renfrew Millionaires, Victoria Aristocrats, Toronto Arenas. Lindsay played amateur hockey in Kirkland Lake before joining the St. Michael's Majors in Toronto. In 1944 he played for the Memorial Cup champion Oshawa Generals. Lindsay's performance in the Ontario Hockey Association Junior A League earned him an invitation to try out with the Detroit Red Wings of the NHL and he made his big league debut in 1944 at the age of 19.
Lindsay played only one game in the AHL, with the Indianapolis Capitals, during the 1944–45 AHL season. Having played amateur in Toronto, yet playing for Detroit, earned him the enmity of Toronto's owner Conn Smythe with whom he would feud for the length of his career. Playing left wing with centre Sid Abel and right winger Gordie Howe, on what the media and fans dubbed the "Production Line", Lindsay became one of the NHL's premier players. Although small in stature compared to most players in the league, he was a fierce competitor who earned the nickname "Terrible Ted" for his toughness, his rough play caused the NHL to develop penalties for'elbowing' and'kneeing' to discourage hitting between players using the elbows and knees. In the 1949–50 season, he won the Art Ross Trophy as the league's leading scorer with 78 points and his team won the Stanley Cup. Over the next five years, he helped Detroit win three more championships and appeared with Howe on the cover of a March 1957 Sports Illustrated issue.
Lindsay was the first player to lift the Stanley Cup and skate it around the rink, starting the tradition. That same year, Lindsay attended the annual pension plan meeting as the representative of the Red Wings players, where he found that the plan was kept secret; that year when he attended a promotion with football and baseball players, he found out that conditions in the other sports' pro leagues were much better. He was introduced to the lawyers for the players of the other leagues and became convinced that only through an association could the players' conditions be improved. At a time when teams owned their players for their entire careers, the players began demanding such basics as a minimum salary and a properly funded pension plan. While team owners were getting rich with sold out arenas game after game, players were earning a pittance and many needed summer jobs to make a living. All of these men had no more than a high school education and had been playing hockey as a profession all their working lives.
Superstars in the 1950s earned less than $25,000 a year and when their playing days were over, they had nothing to fall back on and had to accept whatever work they could get in order to survive. Lindsay and star defenceman Doug Harvey of the Montreal Canadiens led a small group in an effort to organize the first National Hockey League Players' Association. In secret, all of the players at the time were contacted and asked for their support to form an "association", not a "union", considered going too far. Support was nearly unanimous. Lindsay worked doggedly for the cause and many fellow players who supported the association were benched or sent to obscurity in the minor leagues, he and Harvey became convinced that only a union could win the demands, set up a schedule to get players' support on record to be certified as a union. In a defiant gesture, the Toronto Maple Leafs and Detroit Red Wings were targeted for certification votes. While Montreal's ownership was not opposing a union, Toronto's Conn Smythe was adamantly against it.
In the United States, the four teams were controlled or under obligations to the Norris syndicate. Despite Smythe's efforts, the Toronto Maple Leafs players unanimously voted to organize. Next was the turn of Detroit to organize, the Norrises would fight back; when asked about the formation of the NHLPA, Lindsay remarked: Lindsay, one of the league's top players, was first stripped of his captaincy was traded to the struggling Chicago Black Hawks. Jack Adams planted rumors about Lindsay and false defamatory comments by him against his old team in the press, showed a fake contract to the press, showing an inflated annual salary; the ruse worked and the Red Wings players rejected the union. Harvey suffered a similar fate. Lindsay initiated an anti-trust lawsuit against the league, alleging a monopoly since 1926; the players had a strong case, that could be proved with an exposure of the Norris syndicate's operations, Frank Calder's efforts against the American Hockey Association in 1926 and 1932 involving James E. Norris on the AHA side.
The various Norris arenas were hiding revenues through ticket scalping and under-reporting arena capacities and actual ticket sales. Rather than face the lawsuit in court, the NHL, in an out-of-court settlement in February 1958, agreed to most of the players' demands, although the pension plan was not exposed until 1989, showing a surplus of $25 million. Although a union was not formed in 1958, a permanent union would be formed in 1
Eric Bryan Lindros is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player. Lindros was born in London, but grew up in Toronto, he played junior hockey in the Ontario Hockey League for the Oshawa Generals prior to being chosen first overall in the 1991 NHL Entry Draft by the Quebec Nordiques. He refused to play for the Nordiques and was traded to the Philadelphia Flyers in June 1992 in exchange for a package of players and draft picks including Peter Forsberg. During his OHL career, Lindros led the Generals to a Memorial Cup victory in 1990. Prior to being drafted in 1991, Lindros captured the Red Tilson Trophy as the Most Outstanding Player in the OHL, was named the CHL Player of the Year. Lindros began his National Hockey League career with the Flyers during the 1992–93 season, he was an exemplary power forward, averaged more than a point per game. His hard-nosed style caused him to miss significant time with injuries, he had many problems with concussions. Lindros captured the Hart Memorial Trophy and Lester B. Pearson Award after the lockout-shortened 1994–95 season.
In August 2001, Lindros joined the New York Rangers via a trade. He signed with the Toronto Maple Leafs for the 2005–06 season before finishing his career in 2006–07 with the Dallas Stars. Internationally, Lindros represented Canada at the World Junior Championships three times, winning gold medals in 1990 and 1991, he is Canada's all-time points leader at the World Junior Championships with 31 points, five points ahead of Jordan Eberle and Brayden Schenn. Lindros has represented Canada's senior team at the World Hockey Championships, leading the squad in scoring at the 1993 tournament. In Olympic play, Lindros represented Canada three times, winning a silver medal in 1992 and gold in 2002. On October 17, Lindros was inducted into the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame where he credited the quality facilities in London, his coaches, his parents for his success. In 2016 Lindros was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. In 2017 he was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Lindros' jersey, #88, was retired by the Flyers in 2018.
As a youth, Lindros played in the 1985 and 1987 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournaments with the Toronto Marlboros and Toronto Young Nationals minor ice hockey teams, respectively. As a teenage power forward playing minor hockey, Lindros became nationally famous both for his scoring feats and his ability to physically dominate players older than himself, he attended Monarch Park and North Toronto Collegiate in Toronto. Both Eric and his younger brother Brett played for the Metro Junior "B" St. Michael's Buzzers before moving up to the OHL. Lindros' play made him the most valued amateur player in North America and he was nicknamed "The Next One", a reference to Wayne Gretzky's moniker "The Great One." Throughout his career, Lindros has been tagged with various other nicknames, including "The Big E." The hype around Lindros during his early career led to an exclusive deal with sports card manufacturer Score. Attempting to leverage this arrangement as much as possible, he was featured on a baseball card showing him as a third baseman for the Toronto Blue Jays, although the closest he came to a professional baseball career was taking batting practice one day with the Blue Jays.
Lindros refused to sign with the Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds after being drafted from St. Michael's. Greyhounds owner Phil Esposito had drafted him anyway, enabling Esposito to sell his share in the team at a higher price. Lindros was traded to the Oshawa Generals instead, when they played the Greyhounds, some Greyhound players wore black armbands in protest of Lindros' refusal to play for their team, he played parts of three seasons for the Generals from 1990 to 1992. During that time, he scored 180 goals, 200 assists, 380 points and had 437 penalty minutes in 157 games played. Lindros helped lead the Generals to the 1990 J. Ross Robertson Cup, a 1990 Memorial Cup victory. During the 1990–91 season, Lindros won the Eddie Powers Memorial Trophy as top scorer, the Red Tilson Trophy as MVP, the CHL Player of the Year award and the CHL Top Draft Prospect Award; the Generals returned to the Robertson Cup finals, facing Sault Ste. Marie; the series was one of the more dramatic in OHL history given Lindros's attitude toward the team, with fans from the Soo loudly jeering him every time he touched the puck.
The Greyhounds upset the favoured defending champions in a six-game series, winning the last game on home ice. On March 6, 2008, the Generals retired his jersey number 88, the second number to be retired by the franchise, it was declared Eric Lindros Day in Oshawa. Lindros was selected first overall by the Quebec Nordiques in the 1991 NHL Entry Draft. Lindros had signaled in advance that he would never play for the Nordiques, citing the city's isolation, lack of marketing potential, French character. Despite this, the team selected him anyway. Nordiques owner Marcel Aubut publicly announced that they would make Lindros the centrepiece of their franchise turnaround, refused to trade Lindros, saying that the only way he would play in the NHL would be in a Nordiques uniform. While he awaited a trade, Lindros spent the time playing with the Generals and participated in the 1992 Winter Olympics, winning a silver medal with Canada. At the 1992 NHL Entry Draft, the Nordiques worked out trades involving Lindros with both the Philadelphia Flyers and New York Rangers.
The Flyers trade had the Nordiques receiving Steve Duchesne, Ron Hextall, Kerry Huffman, Mike Ricci, the rights to Peter Forsberg, the Flyers' first-round pick in 1992 and 1993 and $15 million. The trade with the Rangers had the Nordi
Doug Harvey (ice hockey)
Douglas Norman Harvey was a Canadian professional hockey player who played in the National Hockey League from 1947 until 1964, from 1966 until 1969. He is regarded as one of the greatest defencemen to play the game, winning the James Norris Memorial Trophy as the league's top defenceman seven times. In 2017 Harvey was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Harvey played minor league hockey in Oxford Park, Notre Dame de Grace in his native Montreal, Canada began his professional career with the Montreal Royals of the Quebec Senior Hockey League where he played from 1945 to 1947, helping them win the Allan Cup, he played one season with the Buffalo Bisons of the American Hockey League. He made the jump to the Montreal Canadiens of the NHL in the 1947–48 NHL season and remained with the team until 1961. Under coach Dick Irvin, Harvey was named to the All-Star team 11 consecutive times, beginning in the 1951–52 NHL season, he won his first of seven James Norris Memorial Trophies as the league's best defenceman.
In an era when the defenceman's role did not include scoring points, Harvey used his skating speed and passing ability to become a factor in making the Canadiens a high-scoring team. He earned all with Montreal. In 1954, however, he scored a Cup-losing own-goal when he tried to block a shot by Tony Leswick of the Detroit Red Wings with his glove but instead tipped it past goalie Gerry McNeil. McNeil was so crushed by the goal that he retired to coach junior hockey the next season, but returned to the Habs in 1956. Harvey became an outspoken critic of the hockey establishment. In Harvey's day, players were paid a pittance compared to the millions being earned by the team owners. A superstar such as Harvey, who today would be paid millions, was earning less than $30,000 a season at the peak of his career while playing every game in front of sell-out crowds. Harvey was one of the first to help organize the players association which so infuriated the Canadiens’ owners that in 1961 they traded him to the lowly New York Rangers.
One of the individuals secretly blacklisted by the league owners, Harvey responded by winning still another Norris Trophy as a Ranger. He remained with New York until 1963, played for several minor league teams before finishing his NHL career in 1969 with the St. Louis Blues. Harvey served as player-coach during his first season in New York but was never comfortable with this dual role. In addition, he was listed as Coach for the Kansas City Blues, the farm team affiliate for the St Louis Blues in 1967-68. In 1964 Harvey, Gump Worsley, Red Berenson played for the Montreal Jr. Canadiens in a game against the Soviet national team. Harvey played 50 minutes during the 3–2 loss. Well into his forties, with limited education and no other skills besides hockey, Harvey eked out a living playing in the minor-pro leagues and with an assistant coaching tenure in the World Hockey Association. Although he was unanimously voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1973, because of his involvement with the players' association, his sweater number wasn't retired by the Montreal Canadiens until 1985.
For years, Harvey battled alcoholism while suffering from bipolar disorder. In 1985 he was offered a job with the Montreal Canadiens as a scout. For three years, Harvey lived in the private railway car of Olive and John Diefenbaker, purchased years earlier by Joe Gorman, T. P. Gorman's son, placed at the Connaught Park Racetrack entrance. Harvey's last Stanley Cup victory came in 1986, when the Montreal Canadiens were once again the winners, he died three years due to cirrhosis of the liver, only a week after his 65th birthday, was interred in the Notre-Dame-des-Neiges Cemetery in Montreal. In 1998, he was ranked number 6 on The Hockey News' list of the Top 100 NHL Players of All Time, he was the highest-ranking deceased player on the list at the time. The government of Canada honoured Doug Harvey in 2000 with his image placed on a Canadian postage stamp. In 2002, a book on his life was published. Titled Doug: The Doug Harvey Story, it was written by William Brown, with a foreword by his former teammate Jean Béliveau.
His #2 jersey was retired by the Montreal Canadiens on October 26, 1985. The former Confederation Arena renamed itself to Doug Harvey Arena in 1986
2012–13 NHL season
The 2012–13 NHL season was the 96th season of operation of the National Hockey League. The regular season began on January 19, 2013 and ended on April 28, 2013, with the playoffs to follow until June; the season start was delayed from its original October 11, 2012 date due to a lockout imposed by the NHL franchise owners after the expiration of the league's collective bargaining agreement. After a new labor agreement was reached between the owners and the National Hockey League Players' Association, training camps opened on January 13, 2013 and a 48-game season started on January 19. Similar to the 1994–95 season, the shortened regular season was limited to intra-conference competition; the season calendar opened with the 2012 NHL Entry Draft on June 22–23, 2012, held at the Consol Energy Center in Pittsburgh. On September 13, 2012, all 29 league ownership groups authorized commissioner Gary Bettman to lock out the National Hockey League Players' Association upon the expiration of the NHL collective bargaining agreement on September 15.
The action marked the fifth labor dispute in twenty years for the league, following a 1992 strike, lockouts in 1994–95 and 2004–05, as well as a referees lockout in 1993. In preparation for the lockout, NHL teams assigned all of their eligible players to their American Hockey League farm clubs. Although Bettman acknowledged the 2005–12 CBA was fair, he stated that he was demanding concessions as a result of the late 2000s recession though the league experienced significant growth at that time. Sports media reported on July 14 on the NHL's first offer to the players; the offer included: a drop in players' share of "hockey-related revenues" from 57 per cent to 46 per cent. The NHLPA made an attempt to strike down the lockout as illegal in Quebec; the NHL season entered a lockout after the expiration of the CBA on September 15, 2012, prior to the planned start of the pre-season. Locked-out players began signing with the Kontinental Hockey League, Czech Extraliga, the SM-liiga, the Elitserien, the last of which resisted signing locked-out players.
The NHL canceled all regular-season games scheduled up to January 14, 2013, including the 2013 NHL Winter Classic. The 2013 NHL All-Star Game was canceled. On January 6, 2013, after a 16-hour negotiating session, the owners and players union reached a tentative agreement for a 10-year deal. NHL owners ratified the CBA on January 9, 2013, followed three days by the deal's ratification by NHLPA members, the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the two parties, marking their official agreement on the labor pact; the NHL announced a 48-game schedule, starting on January 19, 2013 and ending on April 28, 2013, consisting of intra-conference competition. The relocation of the Atlanta Thrashers from the American southeast to the Canadian prairies, where the franchise is now known as the Winnipeg Jets, in the summer of 2011 resulted in discussions within the league on how to realign the league's 30 teams. Following several months of speculation, the NHL's Board of Governors voted in favor of a radical realignment plan that would have reduced the six current divisions in two conferences into four conferences.
The top four teams in each conference would qualify for the 2013 Stanley Cup playoffs, while for the regular season, each team would face its non-conference opponents twice: once each at home and on the road. Conference opponents would face each other six times each; the plan was designed to better balance each grouping of teams by time zone, as well as to cut the costs of travel western teams face. However, on January 6, 2012, the league announced that the National Hockey League Players' Association had rejected the proposed realignment, delaying any future changes until at least 2013–14. NHLPA officers expressed a desire to see a draft schedule for the realignment, which the league had not completed; the NHL announced the revised salary cap on June 28, 2012. The salary cap figure is in effect until the end of the current collective bargaining agreement with the Player's Association; the salary cap for players' salaries rose $5.9 million to $70.2 million per franchise. The salary floor, the minimum which franchises must spend, rose to $54.2 million.
As part of the newly agreed upon CBA, the salary cap for teams will be $64.3 million per franchise, with a floor of $44 million. On October 24, 2012, the New York Islanders announced that the team had signed a 25-year lease with the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, starting in 2015 after the team's current lease for the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum expires; the arena constructed as the home for the National Basketball Association's Brooklyn Nets, is intended to be expanded to meet NHL standards. With the ratification of the new collective bargaining agreement, several rule changes took effect this season. Officials no longer had to be certain that contact had been made with the hands in deciding whether or not to assess a slashing minor. Making contact with the opponent's facemask will result in a minor penalty. Both players facing-off are prohibited from batting the puck with their hand in an attempt to win the face-o
2012–13 NHL lockout
The 2012–13 NHL lockout was a labour dispute between the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association that began at 11:59 pm EDT on September 15, 2012. A tentative deal on a new collective bargaining agreement was reached on January 6, 2013, with its ratification and signing of a memorandum of understanding on the agreement completed by January 12, 2013, 119 days after the expiry of the previous CBA; the owners of the league's franchises, led by NHL commissioner Gary Bettman, declared a lockout of the members of the NHLPA after a new agreement could not be reached before the expiry of the NHL collective bargaining agreement on September 16, 2012. The lockout shortened the 2012–13 NHL season scheduled to begin on October 11, 2012, from 82 to 48 games, a reduction of 41.5 percent. The revised season started on January 19, 2013 and ended on April 28, 2013. At issue for the owners were desires to reduce the players guaranteed 57% share of hockey-related revenues, introduce term limits on contracts, eliminate salary arbitration, change free agency rules.
The union's initial offers focused on increased revenue sharing between owners and a fixed salary cap, not linked to league revenues. As the deadline for a work stoppage approached, the union unsuccessfully challenged the league's ability to lock out players of three Canadian teams – the Edmonton Oilers and Calgary Flames, the Montreal Canadiens; the dispute was the third lockout in the 19 years since Bettman became Commissioner in 1993, following player lockouts in 1994–95 and 2004–05, with the latter case leading to the cancellation of the entire season. This was the third labour dispute for NHLPA executive director Donald Fehr who, as head of the Major League Baseball Players' Association, led his union through a lockout in 1990 and a strike in 1994–95. During the lockout, many NHL players went to other leagues in North Europe. Many businesses in the United States and Canada located near NHL arenas lost money as a result of the games not played. All games on the original 2012–13 NHL calendar up to January 14, 2013 were cancelled, including the 2013 NHL Winter Classic between the Detroit Red Wings and the Toronto Maple Leafs, rescheduled for 2014.
In addition, the 2013 All-Star Game, scheduled for January 27, was cancelled. The revised 48-game schedule resulted in the cancellation of 510 regular season games, comprising 41.5 percent of the season. The owners identified their key issues in their first offer, presented on July 13, 2012, their offer retained the framework established following the 2004–05 NHL lockout but made numerous changes to player salary and movement rights: Reduce the players' share of hockey-related revenues from 57 percent to 46 percent, while redefining hockey-related revenues, so that the players' share would be reduced to 43 percent based on the definition in the expired CBA. Set a maximum term of four years on all new players' contracts. Eliminate signing bonuses and set a uniform salary for each year of a contract, thus eliminating front-loading of contracts. Extend entry-level contracts for players entering the league from three years to five. Extend qualification for unrestricted free agency from seven years in the league to ten.
The players' union waited a month to offer a counter-proposal as it requested additional financial data from the league. When the union proposed it on August 14, it de-linked it from revenue, it proposed a fixed cap for three years, followed by a players' option to return to the terms of the expired CBA in the fourth year. Fehr suggested their proposal could save the league as much as $465 million and would feature an enhanced revenue sharing system that would help lower-revenue teams; the two parties exchanged a pair of offers as the deadline for a lockout approached. The union's last offer before the expiry of the collective bargaining agreement continued to call for an unlinked salary cap that would increase over a five-year term. Donald Fehr argued that if the league continued to see revenue increase at the seven percent average of the 2005–2012 CBA, the players' share of revenues would drop from the 57 percent they received in 2011–12 to a low of 52 percent in 2015–16, but increase in the final two years of the deal back to 54 percent.
The NHL countered with a time-limited offer where it would continue with the existing definition of hockey-related revenue and a linked salary cap that would pay the players 49 percent of revenues in 2012–13 and fall to 47 percent by the sixth year of the deal. Each side rejected the others' offer, some veteran players expressed willingness to sit out an entire season if necessary; the National Hockey League locked its players out when the CBA expired, on September 19, cancelled all preseason games for the month of September. Several players signed contracts to play in European leagues for the duration of the dispute; the NHLPA challenged the NHL's right to lock out the players in two Canadian jurisdictions. Sixteen members of the Montreal Canadiens unsuccessfully sought a temporary injunction from the Quebec Labour Relations Board that would prevent the team from locking its players out of practice facilities and would have required the Canadiens to pay its players regardless. Twenty-one members of the Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers sought similar relief from the Alberta Labour Relations Board, but the board ruled in favour of the NHL.
Having cancelled the remainder of the preseason, regular season games up to November 1, on October 16, Bettman offered a 50–50 revenue split in the owners' latest CBA proposal. Two days the Players' Association presented three counterproposals. Both sides were still far a
The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League; the Oilers were founded in 1971 by W. D. "Wild Bill" Hunter and Dr. Chuck Allard; the team played its first season in 1972, as one of the twelve founding franchises of the major professional World Hockey Association. They were intended to be one of two WHA Alberta teams, along with the Calgary Broncos. However, when the Broncos relocated to Cleveland, before the WHA's first season began, the Oilers were renamed the Alberta Oilers, they returned to their current name in the following year, subsequently joined the NHL in 1979 as one of four franchises absorbed through the NHL merger with the WHA. After joining the NHL, the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup on five occasions: 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88 and 1989–90. Along with the Pittsburgh Penguins, they are tied for the most championships won by any team since the NHL-WHA merger and the most won by any team that joined the league in or after 1967.
Among all NHL teams, only the Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times since the League's 1967 expansion. For their success in the 1980s, the Oilers team of this era has been honoured with dynasty status by the Hockey Hall of Fame. However, the Oilers began to struggle shortly after the 2004–05 NHL lockout, having missed the playoffs every year since 2006, with the exception of 2016–17; the Oilers have drafted 12 first round selections since 2007, 10 of which were within the first 10 draft choices overall, 6 of those picks were within the first 4 picks overall, 4 of those 6 were first overall selections. In the NHL Entry Draft Edmonton Selected first overall Taylor Hall, Ryan Nugent-Hopkins, Nail Yakupov and Connor McDavid with those picks, only two of those players remain with the Oilers today; the Oilers are one of two NHL franchises based in Alberta. Their close proximity to each other has led to a fierce rivalry known as the "Battle of Alberta". On November 1, 1971, the Edmonton Oilers became 1 of the 12 founding WHA franchises.
The original owners were "Wild Bill" Hunter and partner, Dr. Charles A. "Chuck" Allard who, a decade also brought the SCTV sketch comedy TV series to Edmonton. Hunter owned the Edmonton Oil Kings, a junior hockey franchise, founded the Canadian Major Junior Hockey League. Hunter's efforts to bring major professional hockey to Edmonton via an expansion NHL franchise had been rebuffed by the NHL. So, he looked to the upstart WHA instead, it was Hunter. This was a name, used as a nickname for the Edmonton Oil Kings in the 1950s and 1960s. Hunter served as head coach during the 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76 seasons, the Oilers' mascot, Hunter, is named in his honour. After the newly founded Calgary Broncos folded prior to commencement of the inaugural WHA season, the Oilers were renamed the Alberta Oilers as it was planned to split their home games between Edmonton and Calgary. For financial reasons or to allow for a less complicated return of the WHA to Calgary, the team played all of its home games in the Edmonton Gardens and changed its name back to the Edmonton Oilers the following year.
They won the first game in WHA history 7–4 over the Ottawa Nationals. The Oilers drew fans with players such as defenceman and team captain Al Hamilton, goaltender Dave Dryden and forwards Blair MacDonald and Bill Flett. However, a little-noticed move in 1976 would have an important impact on the history of the franchise; that year, journeyman forward Glen Sather was acquired by the Oilers. It turned out to be his final season as a player and was named player-coach late in the season, moving to the bench full-time after the season. Sather would be the coach or general manager of the Oilers for the next 23 years. Although the Oilers' on-ice performance for most of the WHA's history was mediocre, they remained well-supported and financially stable by WHA standards. In 1976, Hunter and Allard sold the franchise to Vancouver real estate tycoon Nelson Skalbania, who would become notorious for flipping property, both real and franchised. Skalbania soon made Peter Pocklington a full partner sold his shares to him the following year.
The team's fortunes improved in 1978 when Pocklington acquired underage player Wayne Gretzky, as well as goaltender Eddie Mio and forward Peter Driscoll, for cash, from Skalbania's folded Indianapolis Racers. His first year of WHA experience prevented Gretzky from being an official 1979–80 NHL rookie). However, Edmonton failed to win the championship, as they fell to the Winnipeg Jets in the Avco World Trophy Final. Dave Semenko of the Oilers scored the last goal in WHA history in the third period of the final game, which they lost 7–3; the Oilers joined the NHL for 1979–80, along with fellow WHA teams Hartford Whalers, Quebec Nordiques and the Jets following a merger agreement between the two leagues. Of these four teams, only Edmonton has avoided renaming; the Oilers lost most of the players from 1978–79 when the NHL held a reclamation draft of players who had bolted to the upstart league as they were allowed to protect two goaltenders and two skill players. Gretzky was not el
Philip Anthony "Phil" Esposito, OC is a Canadian broadcaster, former professional ice hockey executive and player. A member of the Hockey Hall of Fame, he played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Chicago Black Hawks, Boston Bruins and New York Rangers, he is considered one of the greatest players of all time, is the older brother of fellow Hall-of-Famer Tony Esposito, a goaltender. After retiring as a player, Esposito served as head coach and general manager of the New York Rangers before co-founding the Tampa Bay Lightning, he was the principal studio analyst for the NHL on Fox 1995–1998. He now serves as Tampa Bay's radio colour commentator. In 2017 Esposito was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Esposito signed with the Chicago Black Hawks as a teenager and was assigned to the Sarnia Legionnaires Jr.'B' hockey team for the 1960–61 season. In just 32 games with the Legionnaires, he scored 61 assists, for 108 points, it was a scoring pace of 3.3 points per game.
In a playoff game, he scored 12 points in one game as the Legionnaires advanced to the Western Ontario final before being eliminated. After a sparkling junior season with the St. Catharines Teepees of the Ontario Hockey Association in 1962, Esposito spent two seasons with Chicago's minor league affiliate, the St. Louis Braves, scoring 90 points in his first season and 80 points in only 46 games in his second. Midway through the 1964 season, Esposito was called up to the parent Black Hawks to make his NHL debut. Centreing for the great Bobby Hull beginning in the 1965 season, he proved himself a quality playmaker, twice finishing amongst the League-leading scorers over the next three seasons. In 1967, Esposito was dealt with Ken Hodge and Fred Stanfield to the Boston Bruins in a blockbuster trade. While Hodge and Stanfield rose to become stars in Boston, Esposito blossomed into the greatest scorer of his day. In 1969, he became the first NHL player to score 100 points in a season, far eclipsing the "century" mark with a record 126.
He would fall a single point shy in 1970 reached triple digits again the next five years running. Along the way, he captured the Art Ross Trophy as the top regular season scorer in 1969 and 1971 to 1974, led the League in goals six straight seasons between 1969–70 and 1974–75. Esposito was named to the NHL's First All-Star team six consecutive times, won the Hart Memorial Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player in 1969 and 1974, his Boston fans, celebrating his scoring touch during his heydey, displayed bumper stickers that read, "Jesus saves, Espo scores on the rebound." Esposito, while not a fast or graceful skater, was best known for his unmovable presence in front of the opposition net from which he could score from all angles. Esposito has said, "Scoring is easy. You stand in the slot, take your beating and shoot the puck into the net." He possessed a combination of skating and stickhandling ability and long reach that enabled him to "rag the puck," holding onto it for long periods of time in the face of opponents' checks and thus enabling his team to kill off penalties.
During his prime, Esposito centred one of the most renowned forward lines in history, featuring Ken Hodge on his right wing and Wayne Cashman on his left. Esposito and fellow superstar Bobby Orr led the Bruins to Stanley Cup victories in 1970 and 1972, first-place finishes in the League in 1971, 1972 and 1974. During 1970–71, Esposito shattered the record for most goals in a season, finishing with 76; the mark stood until 1982, when Wayne Gretzky scored his 77th, 78th and 79th goals against the Buffalo Sabres on February 24, 1982, at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium. Esposito was on hand to present the game puck to Gretzky. Esposito set the single-season point-scoring record in 1971 with 152, a mark raised by Gretzky to 215. Only three others have reached the 150 point plateau — Mario Lemieux, Steve Yzerman and Bernie Nicholls — and only Gretzky, Brett Hull, Teemu Selänne and Alexander Mogilny have matched or bettered Esposito's 76 goals in a season; the 1970 season saw Esposito shatter the single season mark for shots on goal, tallying 550.
Only one other player has come within 100 shots of this record, Alexander Ovechkin in 2008–09, in a season, four games longer than when it was set. As of January 1, 2019, Esposito ranked second in all-time regular season goals for Boston with 459. Esposito ranks second in all-time Bruin playoff goals with 46. Used to kill penalties, Esposito scored 20 shorthanded goals for Boston over his career. After his performance in the Summit Series, where he was the inspirational leader for Canada and its leading scorer in the series, Esposito won the 1972 Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's outstanding male athlete of the year and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada, he scored the first goal of the series and he scored or assisted four times in the deciding game. During that series, his scolding of Canadian fans, who booed the national team after a 5–3 loss to the Soviet Union in Game Four, was credited with firing up his teammates: "If the Russian fans boo their players in Moscow like you people are booing us, I'll come back and apologize to every one of you, but I don't think that will happen.
We are doing our best. All of us guys are disheartened... We came out here. They're a good hockey team, we don't know what we could do better, but I promise we will figure it out, but it's ridiculous – I don't think it is fair that we should be booed." Esposito played for Canada in the inaugural Canada Cup in 1976, on a line with Hall-of-Famers Bobby Hull