Strathmore is a cultural and artistic venue and institution in North Bethesda, United States. Strathmore consists of two venues: the Mansion and the Music Center, it is the home to hundreds of performances and events per year presented by Strathmore Hall Foundation, the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, National Philharmonic, Levine Music, City Dance, interPLAY Orchestra, others. The Strathmore arts complex is connected to an upper floor of the parking garage at the Grosvenor-Strathmore Washington Metro station via an elevated pedestrian walkway, the Carlton R. Sickles Memorial Sky Bridge, named after late Congressman Carlton R. Sickles; the complex is thus accessible for patrons coming from Washington, D. C. as well as the northern part of Montgomery County, Maryland via the Metro rail system. The center's President & CEO is damonte young. More than 5,000 artists and 2 million visitors have attended exhibitions, teas, educational events and outdoor festivals since 1983. Highlights include hosting the first National Kaleidoscope Exhibition, the world premiere of the Rhodes-Nadler Art Collection, the opening of the 1,976-seat Music Center at Strathmore in February 2005, described as “…the best place to hear an orchestra the Washington area has known”.
The Mansion at Strathmore is situated on 11 acres which surround the colonial revival mansion built in 1899 for the Oyster family, sold to Charles Corby in 1908. The Mansion houses small concerts, art exhibitions, the Strathmore Tea Room, the Shop at Strathmore; this is the original Strathmore venue and it remained so for 25 years. The Mansion features a 100-seat Dorothy Maurice C. Shapiro Music room; this room hosts the Music in the Mansion series with performances of chamber music and instrumental recitals and folk music. There is an 1850 Broadwood piano, restored in 1994. There are free outdoor concerts in summer, as well as the Backyard Theater for Children every Thursday morning; the art of Strathmore brings in thousands of visitors each year. There are more than two dozen exhibitions each season from local artists and from collaborations with renowned museums, such as the Baltimore Museum; the Gudelsky Gallery Suite, located at the top of the grand staircase, was named after philanthropists and Martha Gudelsky.
Supported by a donation from the Gudelsky Family Foundation, this gallery features four galleries. It is the only venue of its kind in Montgomery County. There is a Sculpture Garden that winds through the complex's 11 acres; the Neo-Georgian mansion has columned porticos, Palladian windows and a hilltop setting, It was designed by Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and constructed in 1902 as a summer home for Captain and Mrs. James Oyster and their family. In 1908, the Oysters sold the residence and its 99 acres to Charles I. Corby and his wife, Hattie, it was used as a summer home until 1914 when it was remodeled by architect Charles Keene, became the permanent abode for the Corby family. Mr. Corby died in 1926 after acquiring nearly 400 acres of surrounding land and maintaining a operational dairy farm and a private golf course. With the death of Mrs. Corby in 1941, the home was purchased by the Sisters of the Holy Cross in 1943 and became known as St. Angela Hall, serving as a convent and school. In 1977, the Sisters of the Holy Cross sold the mansion to the American Speech and Hearing Association as a temporary headquarters.
In 1979, Montgomery County purchased the property from ASHA for an Arts Center. On June 21, 1983, after major restoration of the facility, Strathmore opened its doors to the public; the Music Center at Strathmore, which seats 1,976, is a concert hall and education center which opened in February 2005. It was funded by a combination of State of Maryland, Montgomery County, private corporate and local resources to provide a modern concert venue for a wide variety of musical events. Anchored by the founding partners and the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, resident artistic partners include the National Philharmonic, Washington Performing Arts Society, CityDance Ensemble, Maryland Classic Youth Orchestras, Levine School of Music; the venue presents over 150 performances a year and over 75 arts and music education classes each week. Designed by William Rawn Associates Architects, Inc. of Boston along with Grimm & Parker Architects of Bethesda, MD, acousticians Kirkegaard Associates of Chicago, Theatre Projects Consultants of South Norwalk, the result is a critically acclaimed venue that Tim Smith from The Baltimore Sun proclaims a, “first-class space for music-making.”
The Music Center at Strathmore features an undulating roof that outlines the sloping form of the concert hall. Inspired by the rolling hills of the Strathmore grounds, the 190,000-square-foot building is nestled into an 11-acre park-like setting; the German limestone façade is punctuated by large glass walls. A six-story, 64-foot high glass wall in the Lockheed Martin Lobby features 402 panes of glass, opens to the outdoor Trawick Terrace that overlooks the Strathmore campus; the concert hall was designed in the traditional “shoebox” form of many international concert halls. Above the stage, a mechanized canopy of 43 individually controlled acrylic panels can be adjusted to fine-tune sound for clarity and reverberation. Tunable sound-absorbing curtains behind the bronze grilling and banners in the ceiling can be deployed out of sight to dampen or enliven the sound; the Education Center, located at the opposite end of the building, features four expansive rehearsal spaces, including a dance studio with a sprung floor and two re
Cray House (Stevensville, Maryland)
The Cray House is a two-room house in Stevensville, Maryland. Built around 1809, it is a rare surviving example of post-and-plank construction, of a build of small house which once dominated the local landscape. For these reasons it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983; the house was constructed in two stages, with the earliest portion dating to around 1809. The land upon which it stands was once called Steven's Adventure, after Francis Stevens, to whom title was granted in 1694; the first section to be built, using an unusual sort of post-and-plank method, was a three-bay, 1 1⁄2-story house. A frame addition was made to the south end containing three bays. At this time the original roof was replaced by a gambrel roof, which ran the entire length of the house; the resulting structure is quite similar to a house style, once common during the late 18th and early 19th century in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. The house was auctioned publicly in 1914. In 1975 her heirs donated the house, its lot, to the Kent Island Heritage Society, which group have restored and furnished it and opened it to the public.
The earlier section of house remains ordered. The north gable end is a blank wall, the chimney is "paneled", with its brickwork exposed up to the second floor. In these respects, the house is not unique; the modest size of the original house, too, is much in keeping with other houses of its age from the surrounding area. Less common is the post-and-plank construction of the earliest portion of the house, unusual in Tidewater Maryland, examples such as this, where the planks run from corner to corner, were unknown before this example was found; the house has a hall-parlor plan. Despite its small size, however, it was kitted out with full interior trim. In addition to the main dwelling, a smokehouse stands at the rear of the lot; this structure is not original to the site, but was moved to the house as a rare example of a once-common feature of houses in the region. It is operated as a gift shop in conjunction with the house-museum; when first discovered, the Cray House was thought to be a unique survival of an unusual type of post-and-plank construction.
Subsequent investigations have shown that a number of these buildings remain, scattered throughout Tidewater Maryland. All of these buildings are in threatened condition; the majority of the known examples are either small farm buildings or have been adapted as kitchen wings for larger houses. The Cray House, along with two similar buildings in southern Maryland, remain the only examples of such a structure that have remained intact as dwellings; the Cray House is one of a number of historic structures in Stevensville. It is, located in the middle of the historic area, on Cockey Lane. Cray House - Historic Sites Consortium of Queen Anne's County Cray House, Queen Anne's County, including photo from 1978, at Maryland Historical Trust
Belair Stable Museum (Bowie, Maryland)
The Belair Stable Museum is located at 2835 Belair Drive in Bowie, Maryland. It is operated by the City of Maryland; the building once housed the Belair Stud Farm until 1957 when the Woodward family sold the Belair Estate to Levitt & Sons for the construction of Belair at Bowie. This U-shaped sandstone equine stable was built in 1907 for James T. Woodward owner of the Belair Mansion; the elaborate stable building reflects Belair's long and distinguished association with thoroughbred horse racing and breeding. The stable sits on 2 acres located about 1000 feet northeast of the Belair Mansion. Once part of the large estate, the stable building is now surrounded by residential development; the building itself is a U-shaped structure with a 1 1⁄2-story main block and single-story flanking wings, forming an open exercise yard to the center. Harrison, Fairfax; the Belair Stud 1747–1761. Richmond, Virginia: Old Dominion Press. OCLC 3367781. Belair Stable Museum in the City of Bowie, Maryland National Register of Historic Places The City of Bowie, Maryland Belair Stable Historical Marker Maryland Historical Trust
Hampton National Historic Site
Hampton National Historic Site, in the Hampton area north of Towson, Baltimore County, Maryland, USA, preserves a remnant of a vast 18th-century estate, including a Georgian manor house, gardens and the original stone slave quarters. The estate was owned by the Ridgely family for seven generations, from 1745 to 1948; the Hampton Mansion was the largest private home in America when it was completed in 1790 and today is considered to be one of the finest examples of Georgian architecture in the U. S, its furnishings, together with the estate's slave quarters and other preserved structures, provide insight into the life of late 18th-century and early 19th-century landowning aristocracy. In 1948, Hampton was the first site selected as a National Historical Site for its architectural significance by the U. S. National Park Service; the grounds were admired in the 19th century for their elaborate parterres or formal gardens, which have been restored to resemble their appearance during the 1820s. Several trees are more than 200 years old.
In addition to the mansion and grounds, visitors may tour the overseer's slave quarters. The property was part of the Northampton land grant given to Col. Henry Darnall, a relative of Lord Baltimore, in 1695, his heirs sold the land on April 2, 1745, to Col. Charles Ridgely, a tobacco farmer and trader. The bill of sale records that the property included "... houses, tobacco houses, stables and orchards." By the late 1750s, Hampton included an ironworks. His son, Capt. Charles Ridgely, expanded the family business to include gristmills, apple orchards, stone quarries. During the American Revolutionary War, the ironworks was a significant source of income for the Ridgelys, producing cannons and ammunition for the Continental Army. In 1783, Capt. Ridgely began construction of Hampton Mansion, he said. When it was completed in 1790, the Hampton Mansion was the largest private home in the United States; when Capt. Ridgely died that same year, his nephew, Charles Carnan Ridgely, became the second master of Hampton.
He had 10,590 feet of irrigation pipes laid in 1799 from a nearby spring to provide water to the Mansion and the surrounding gardens, which he was extensively developing. Prominent artisans of the time were hired to design geometric formal gardens, which were planted on the Mansion's grounds between 1799 and 1801. An avid horseman, Charles Carnan began raising Thoroughbred horses at Hampton, where he had a racetrack installed. A 1799 advertisement promoted the stud services of Grey Medley. Another of Ridgely's racehorses, Post Boy, won the Washington City Jockey Club cup. Under Charles Carnan Ridgely, Hampton reached its peak of 25,000 acres in the 1820s; the mansion overlooked a grand estate of orchards, coal mining, marble quarries and mercantile interests. The vast farm produced corn, beef cattle, dairy products and horses. More than 300 slaves worked the fields and served the household, making Hampton one of Maryland's largest slaveholding estates. Six parterres were designed on three terraced levels facing the mansion, planted with roses and seasonal flowers.
In 1820, an orangery was built on the grounds. Charles Carnan Ridgely entertained prominent guests in the Mansion's 51 ft. x 21 ft. Great Hall, such as Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Revolutionary War general, the Marquis de Lafayette. Charles Carnan served as governor of Maryland between 1816–19; when Governor Ridgely died in 1829, he freed Hampton's slaves in his will. The Hampton estate was split among various heirs, with his son, John Carnan Ridgely, inheriting the mansion and 4,500 acres; the ironworks closed and thereafter the Ridgelys' income was derived from farming and their stone quarries. John Carnan added plumbing and gas lighting to the mansion. Eliza Ridgely, John's wife and the subject of Thomas Sully's famous portrait, Lady with a Harp, purchased many artworks and furnishings for the mansion, she was a noted horticulturist and had successively larger and more elaborate gardens cultivated on the grounds, with a large variety of flowers and shrubs grown in the estate's greenhouses and tended by some of the 60 slaves purchased by John Carnan Ridgely.
By the mid-19th century, the Hampton estate had one of the most extensive collections of citrus trees in the U. S. along with various exotic trees and plants gathered by Eliza Ridgely during her frequent travels to Europe and the Orient. In the warm months, the potted citrus plants were brought outside and arranged around the terraced gardens taken into the heated orangery during the winter, she had one section of the garden planted with colorful red, yellow and maroon coleus from Asia. In 1859, Hampton's fame for lavish style was such that the author of a book on landscaping wrote, "It has been said of Hampton that it expresses more grandeur than any other place in America". In January 1861, shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, Charles Ridgely formed the pro-Confederate Baltimore County Horse Guards at Hampton with himself as captain of the militia unit that he described as "states' rights gentlemen." One of his militia's cavalry men, Lieut. John Merryman, was subsequently arrested by the Union Army and imprisoned in May 1861 on a charge of treason, sparking the landmark U.
S. Supreme Court case, Ex parte Merryman; as the Civil War rage
His Lordship's Kindness
His Lordship's Kindness known as Poplar Hill, is a historic plantation estate on Woodyard Road east of Clinton, Maryland. It was built in the 1780s for Prince George's County planter Robert Darnall; the five-part Georgian mansion retains a number of subsidiary buildings including a slave's hospital and a dovecote. The property is now operated as a museum by a local nonprofit preservation group, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970. Colonel Henry Darnall was granted 7,000 acres of land in Prince George's County, Maryland in 1703 by Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, which Darnall named in recognition of Lord Baltimore's gesture. Darnall built a house for his family on a nearby property, known as The Woodyard, between 1683 and 1711. On Henry Darnall's death in 1711, the properties passed to his son, Henry Darnall II, forced to dispose of much of his father's accumulated 35,000 acres of property to clear his debts before leaving the country, his son, Henry Darnall III received the remaining 1,300 acres from his father, including 300 acres of the original grant with a mansion, which became known as Poplar Hill by the 1740s.
Henry III, was found in 1761 to be embezzling money from one of his appointed positions, causing a bond to be forfeited and for fines to be paid by Henry's guarantors, his brother John Darnall, Charles Carroll of Annapolis. Henry III's brother Robert Darnall found the means to buy back the original grant and replaced the original house with the present structure, completed in 1786. Darnall, who died childless in 1803, left the property to his nephew Robert Sewall. Sewall in turn left the property to his son Robert Darnall Sewall; the son in turn left the property to two nieces and Ellen Daingerfield of Alexandria, Virginia, in 1853. In 1865 Susan Daingerfield married future US Senator John Strode Barbour. Through the next hundred years, the property passed through a number of hands, including David K. E. Bruce, Chandler Hale, the Catholic Archdiocese of Washington, his Lordship's Kindness is a five-part ensemble with a hipped-roof central block measuring 56 feet wide by 48 feet deep. The central block is 2½ stories tall, with dormers in the rear elevation.
It is connected to two -1/2 story end pavilions by single-story hyphens. The eastern pavilion contained the kitchen; the kitchen retained an interior balcony. The main block features a projecting bay containing the recessed entry door with fanlight and pediment, a large Palladian window on the second story; the facade's other windows have stone sills and flat arch lintels. The rear, or garden elevation is composed, but lacks the projecting bay, the door is less elaborately detailed. A center hall extends from the front to the garden doors. Narrow lateral halls run out to the wings, with the center hall, subdivide the first floor into four rooms; the center hall is bisected with the main stairway to the rear on the east side. The plan of the first floor is repeated with four bedrooms; the John M. and Sara R. Walton Foundation operate the property as a historic house museum. Guided tours of the historic house are offered from March through December; the facilities are available for rental. List of National Historic Landmarks in Maryland National Register of Historic Places listings in Prince George's County, Maryland Poplar Hill on His Lordship's Kindness - official site His Lordship's Kindness, Prince George's County, including photo in 1974, at Maryland Historical Trust Poplar Hill, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 3 drawings, 48 photos, 19 data pages, 3 photo caption pages, at Historic American Buildings Survey Poplar Hill, Pigeon Cote, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 6 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Poplar Hill, Privy, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 8 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Poplar Hill, Slave Hospital, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 2 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Building Survey Poplar Hill, Smokehouse, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 2 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Poplar Hill, Wash House, 7606 Woodyard Road, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
Hancock's Resolution is a historic two-storey gambrel-roofed stone farm house with shed-roofed dormers and interior end chimneys located on a 15-acre farm at 2795 Bayside Beach Road in Pasadena, Anne Arundel County, United States. In 1785 Stephen Hancock, Jr. built the original stone section as the main house for what was a 410-acre farm. Additions to the house were built in 1855 and in about 1900. Stone and frame outbuildings remain, including a one-storey gable-roofed stone dairy. Hancock's Resolution remained in Hancock family ownership until the deaths in the 1960s of Mary Hancock and her brother, Henry Hancock, who left the property to Anne Arundel County to be preserved. Hancock's Resolution underwent a thorough restoration in 2000 and is now open to the public as a house museum. On October 10, 1975, Hancock's Resolution was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Included in the designation were the additions and the Hancock family graveyard. Hancock's Resolution, Anne Arundel County, including photo from 2002, at Maryland Historical Trust Hancock's Resolution house museum website Hancock Family Descendants site for Hancock's Resolution Find A Grave listing for Hancocks Resolution Family Cemetery