Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponents net to score points. Ice hockey teams usually consist of six each, one goaltender. A fast-paced, physical sport, ice hockey is most popular in areas of North America, Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada, where the game enjoys immense popularity. In North America, the National Hockey League is the highest level for mens hockey, the Kontinental Hockey League is the highest league in Russia and much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the governing body for international ice hockey. The IIHF manages international tournaments and maintains the IIHF World Ranking, there are ice hockey federations in 74 countries. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules were developed, such as shinny and ice polo.
The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey began in the 1880s, and professional ice hockey originated around 1900. The Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion, in international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in mens competition at the Olympics, in the annual Ice Hockey World Championships,177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. In Russia and the Ukraine, where hockey can refer to bandy, the name hockey has no clear origin. The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word hockey when he translated the proclamation in 1720, the 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called hokie—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves. A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage.
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word derives from the Scots Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his caman or hurley is always called a puck. Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times, in Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the closely related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on a surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age. It was played with a curved bat, a wooden or leather ball
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
The city of Bern or Berne is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their Bundesstadt, or federal city. With a population of 141,762, Bern is the fourth-most populous city in Switzerland, the Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014. The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000, Bern is the capital of the canton of Bern, the second-most populous of Switzerlands cantons. The official language in Bern is German, but the language is an Alemannic Swiss German dialect. In 1983, the old town in the centre of Bern became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Bern is ranked among the top ten cities for the best quality of life. The etymology of the name Bern is uncertain and it has long been considered likely that the city was named after the Italian city of Verona, which at the time was known as Bern in Middle High German. As a result of the find of the Bern zinc tablet in the 1980s, it is now common to assume that the city was named after a pre-existing toponym of Celtic origin.
The bear was the animal of the seal and coat of arms of Bern from at least the 1220s. The earliest reference to the keeping of bears in the Bärengraben dates to the 1440s. No archaeological evidence that indicates a settlement on the site of city centre prior to the 12th century has been found so far. In antiquity, a Celtic oppidum stood on the Engehalbinsel north of Bern, fortified since the second century BC, during the Roman era, a Gallo-Roman vicus was on the same site. The Bern zinc tablet has the name Brenodor, in the Early Middle Ages, a settlement in Bümpliz, now a city district of Bern, was some 4 km from the medieval city. The medieval city is a foundation of the Zähringer ruling family, according to 14th-century historiography, Bern was founded in 1191 by Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen. In 1218, after Berthold died without an heir, Bern was made an imperial city by the Goldene Handfeste of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. In 1353, Bern joined the Swiss Confederacy, becoming one of the eight cantons of the period of 1353 to 1481.
The city grew out towards the west of the boundaries of the peninsula formed by the river Aare, the Zytglogge tower marked the western boundary of the city from 1191 until 1256, when the Käfigturm took over this role until 1345. It was, in turn, succeeded by the Christoffelturm until 1622, during the time of the Thirty Years War, two new fortifications – the so-called big and small Schanze – were built to protect the whole area of the peninsula
Lausanne HC is an ice hockey team based in the city of Lausanne, which competes in the National League A - the top tier of Swiss hockey. During the 2004–05 NHL lockout, the HC Lausanne signed National Hockey League players like Martin St. Louis and Andy Roach. During the 2014-15 season, their second in the National League A, founded in 1922, the Lausanne Hockey Club is one of the oldest clubs in Switzerland. They played for sixteen years at Chalet-à-Gobet, in the city heights, in 1938, LHC moved their headquarters to Montchoisi where, in 1941, they merged with Star HC to become the Montchoisi Hockey Club. On November 6,1949, the team of Lausanne chose their original name and it is with this name that they started off in the Swiss national league. Relegated to Nationalliga B in 1954, they powered back to the Nationalliga A on March 2,1957, for the next seventeen years, LHC remained at the Nationalliga B level where they had occasional success. On February 18,1978, in front of over 7,000 fans, Lausanne Hockey Club obtained promotion to Nationalliga A, after three seasons spent in the highest league, LHC, following the loss of a player in a car accident, was relegated to NLB.
They remained there from 1981 to 1984 before falling to the 1, liga while moving to the International Ice Center at Malley where they still play today. They played one season in first League and made a trip to NLB. Three years they reached the finals in 1989 and obtain their promotion to NLB, in 1992, the club’s survival was threatened by a bankruptcy. The team saved itself from relegation to the 1, the season 1993-1994 saw participation in the finals to access the national League A, finals played in five games against Rapperswil, the latter winning it over. At the beginning of the 1994-1995 season, Lausanne Hockey Club was designated as the Nationalliga B favorite to access the NLA, against GCK Lions during the finals and after five games, the decisive match was won by Lausanne 8 to 0. In the 1995-1996 season, after a series of losses the club decided to fire their head coach, the change didn’t prevent Lausanne from being relegated to NLB at the end of the season. During the following four seasons, the LHC occupied the middle of the NLB ranking until 2000-2001 when they were at the head of the championship during almost the whole season, Lausanne won the title of champion of NLB and defeated HC La Chaux-de-Fonds for the promotion games.
Winning against the HCC in six matches, LHC was back in NLA for the 2001-2002 season, after a relegation in the 2004-2005 season, Lausanne played the role of “favorite” for the other teams of the NLB. The club tried to reach a NLA once again through promotion, but failed twice in the promotion games 2008-2009 and the 2009-2010 seasons, losing both times against EHC Biel in seven games. In the 2012-2013 season, after a slow start into the season, Lausanne won the NLB championship for the 7th time. In the following games, Lausanne defeated the SCL Tigers in six games to reach again the NLA for the 2013-2014 season
Valascia is an indoor sporting arena located in Ambrì, Switzerland. The capacity of the arena is 7,000 and was built in 1959 and it is the home arena of the HC Ambri-Piotta ice hockey team of the National League A. The ends of arena are open air, making a hockey being played there partially outdoor, the team is set to move into a newly built arena within the same area in the near future. The Valascia will be demolished as it is located in an avalanche path. Piotta Ambrì Airport Ambrì-Piotta railway station Media related to Pista Valascia at Wikimedia Commons Venue information
Schlittschuh Club Bern is an ice hockey team based in Bern, Switzerland. They play in the National League A, it is the top tier of the Swiss hockey league system, for the 16th time in a row, the club is the most attended team in Europe for the 2016–17 season, averaging 16,399 spectators. They are traditional rivals with HC Fribourg-Gottéron, EHC Biel, the ice hockey section of the Bern Sports Club, which was established on November 3,1930, officially began playing on January 1,1931. Today, SC Bern is a popular team and regularly fills its home stadium. In 2006, they set a new record among European clubs for average attendance, league rules allow only four players without Swiss passports to suit up in a single game. After a disappointing run in the 2006 playoffs, the club replaced head coach Alpo Suhonen with John van Boxmeer, Leuenberger had previously played thirteen seasons of defence with the club, totaling 67 goals,145 assists, and four national championships. His jersey number 16 is one of many that has been retired by SC Bern, on September 30,2008, SC Bern faced off against the National Hockey Leagues New York Rangers to celebrate one hundred years of ice hockey in Switzerland.
Forty-nine years since the Rangers last visit to Switzerland, the beat the home team 8-1 in front of a sellout crowd. Despite the slanted score, SC Bern played a game with a 2-0 score at the end of the second. Former Phoenix Coyotes Canadian-born defenceman Travis Roche scored SC Berns goal early in the third period, SC Bern only allowed two even-strength goals, but could not withstand the Rangers potent power play in the final frame. We played for our pride tonight, said center Sébastien Bordeleau after the exhibition game, christian Dubé wore the captains C because Ivo Rüthemann was injured. During the 2012 NHL lockout, Roman Josi, Mark Streit, Tavares quickly became the PostFinance Top Scorer tallying 42 points in 28 games. During the 2013-14 season, Guy Boucher signed a contract as coach of the SC Bern for the current year, Leuenberger was replaced by former Finnish national team coach Kari Jalonen prior to the 2016-17 campaign. com Retrieved 03-21-07
Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy. It has a population of 71,500, and an urban agglomeration over 145,000, the 9th largest Swiss city, it is the largest in Ticino and largest with an Italian speaking majority outside Italy. The city lies on Lake Lugano, surrounded by the mountains of the Lugano Prealps, the toponym is first recorded in 804, in the form Luanasco, in 874 as Luano, and from 1189 as Lugano. German-language variants of the name were Lowens, Lauwis, the etymology of the name is uncertain, suggestions include derivation from lucus grove, from a vulgar Latin lakvannus lake-dweller and from the god Lugus. The blazon of the coat of arms is Gules, a cross throughout argent. The coat of arms dates from around 1200, the four letters on the coat of arms are an abbreviation of the name Lugano. The shores of Lake Lugano have been inhabited since the Stone Age, within the modern city limits a number of ground stones or quern-stones have been found.
In the area surrounding Lugano, items from the Copper Age, there are Etruscan monuments at Davesco-Soragno and Viganello. Graves with jewelry and household items have been found in Aldesago, Pazzallo, the region around Lake Lugano was settled by the Romans by the 1st century BC. There was an important Roman city north of Lugano at Bioggio, there are fewer traces of the Romans in Lugano, but several inscriptions and coins indicate that some Romans lived in what would become Lugano. Other documents, dating from 804 and 844 refer to Lake Lugano as Laco Luanasco, during the fighting between Guelphs and Ghibellines and the new disputes between Como and Milan, during the 14th and 15th centuries, Lugano was the scene of clashes between opposing forces. After a long rule by the Rusca family, Lugano was freed from the domination of Como, at the same time the link between town and the valley strengthened. By 1405–06 documents attest to a vallis comunitas Lugani et, which was a body that was independent of Como.
The new community included the parishes of Lugano, Riva San Vitale, in 1416 the Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti conquered the region of Lugano and the Rusca valley and made it a fief. A year later, Luganos freedoms were first documented in a series of statutes modeled on those of Como, the town was able to secure complete independence. Between 1433 and 1438 the Duke of Milan, Aloisio Sanseverino sat as a feudal lord over Lugano and he compensated the Rusca family with the ownership of Locarno. Under the reign of his heirs in the following decades rebellions and riots broke out and it was the object of continuous disputes between the Dukes of Como and Milan until it became a Swiss dominion in 1513. Swiss control lasted until 1798 when Napoleon conquered the Old Swiss Confederation, in 1746, the Agnelli brothers opened the first printing press and bookshop in Lugano
Hockey Club Lugano, often abbreviated to HC Lugano or HCL, is a professional ice hockey club based in Lugano, Switzerland. The team competes in the National League A and has won seven Swiss championships, the team is the ninth most attended team in Switzerland for the 2015-16 season with 5,783 spectators. The Resega hockey arena in Lugano is primarily used for ice hockey and is the arena of HC Lugano, HC Lugano Ladies Team, HC Lugano-Ceresio. It was built in 1995, after the demolition of the previous one, and can hold 8,000 people. NLA Championship,1986,1987,1988,1990,1999,2003,2006 NDB Championship,1982 NLA Championship,1985,1989,1991,2000,2001,2004,2016 Spengler Cup,1991,2015,2016 Updated November 6,2015. 1 Alfio Molina – Switzerland – G, 1963–83, number retired February 22,2004,2 Sandro Bertaggia – Switzerland – D, 1985–2003, number retired February 22,2004. 4 Pat Schafhauser – Switzerland – D, paralyzed 1994–95, number retired February 22,2004,33 Petteri Nummelin – Finland – D, 2001–06 and 2008–13, number retired August 31,2013.
44 Andy Näser – Switzerland – F, 1997–2010, number retired August 28,2010, HC Lugano records in the Swiss National League A. The HC Lugano Ladies Team is a semi-professional women’s ice hockey team competes in the Swiss Women’s A League. The club was founded on May 22,1990. They won the Swiss Championship on 2006,2007,2009 and 2010, in 2007 the HC Lugano Ladies Team qualified for the final round of the IIHF European Womens Champions Cup and even won the bronze medal 2010
Bossard Arena is an indoor sporting arena located in Zug, Switzerland. The capacity of the arena is 7,015 spectators and opened in 2010 and it hosts indoor sporting events such as ice hockey. It hosts the EV Zug of the National League A and it replaced Eishalle Herti as the home of EV Zug