SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

National League West

The National League West is one of the three divisions of the National League of Major League Baseball in North America. This Division was formed for the 1969 season when the National League expanded to 12 teams by adding the San Diego Padres and the Montreal Expos. For purpose of keeping a regular-season of 162 games, half of the teams were put into the new East Division and half into the new West Division. Within each division, the teams played 18 games each against their five division mates, 12 games against the teams in the opposite division, totaling 162 games. Despite the geography, the owners of the Chicago Cubs insisted that their team be placed into the East Division along with the teams in New York City and Pittsburgh; the owners of the St. Louis Cardinals wanted that team to be in the same division with their natural rivals of the Cubs; the league could have insisted on a purely geographical alignment. But the owners were concerned about what they thought would be a large imbalance in the strength of the divisions.

In the previous two seasons prior to realignment, the Cardinals and Cubs finished 1-2-3 in the National League standings. The owners were concerned about putting those teams in the same division, thereby creating one strong division and one weak one. Given all of this, the owners of the Atlanta Braves and the Cincinnati Reds consented to being placed into the West Division though Atlanta and Cincinnati are both in the Eastern Time Zone. Hence, the West Division had teams spread all the way from the East to the Pacific Coast, scattered over three time zones; the East Division was spread over the Eastern Time Zone and the Central Time Zone - despite the fact that the National League had six teams in the Eastern Time Zone and six teams spread between the Central Time Zone and the Pacific Time Zone. All of this increased the traveling distances and times for all of the teams, it made radio broadcasting and TV broadcasts of the games more difficult to schedule; the Braves and the Reds had to travel all the way to California three times during each baseball season, the three teams in California had to travel to Atlanta and Houston three times also.

Sometimes, the trouble could be alleviated for them by playing some games in Chicago, St. Louis, or Pittsburgh on the same long road trips; the 1994 addition of the Central Division would remedy these problems, when the Reds and Braves moved to the NL Central and NL East respectively. The first baseball season of division play, 1969, resulted in what might be considered by many to be two of the best pennant races in Major League baseball history. In the National League West, five of the teams battled for the divisional championship - with only the expansion team, the San Diego Padres, failing to be a contender; the remaining five teams were separated by as few as one-and-one-half games in the standings on August 18, despite the Houston Astros having lost 20 of its first 24 games. Beginning in mid-August the Houston Astros and the Los Angeles Dodgers started collapsing, leaving the Braves, the Reds, the San Francisco Giants in contention. Following a very-long hot streak in July and September, the Braves clinched the divisional championship by winning their next-to-last game.

The Giants finished in a close second place. One of the main factors in the big surge by the Braves was that the slugging outfielder Rico Carty returned to the team after missing the first half of the season while he was recovering from tuberculosis. Carty resumed his starring role, adding to the powerful offensive line-up of the Braves that featured the sluggers Hank Aaron and Orlando Cepeda and the good singles hitter Félix Millán, on base to score a lot of runs. Aaron finished in third place for the N. L. Most Valuable Player Award, the starting pitcher Phil Niekro finished in second place for the N. L. Cy Young Award; this latter pennant race was overshadowed by that of the New York Mets and the Chicago Cubs, with the Mets coming back from trailing by nine-and-one-half games near midseason to overtake the Chicago Cubs for the East championship. The sometimes called "Miracle Mets" won the first National League Championship Series over the Braves three games to none, the Mets defeated the Baltimore Orioles four games to one in the World Series in October 1969.

Arizona Diamondbacks - Joined in 1998 as an expansion team Colorado Rockies - Joined in 1993 as an expansion team Los Angeles Dodgers - Founding member San Diego Padres - Founding member San Francisco Giants - Founding member Atlanta Braves - Founding member - moved to the NL East in 1994. Cincinnati Reds - Founding member - moved to the NL Central in 1994. Houston Astros - Founding member - moved to the NL Central in 1994 to the AL West in 2013. Place cursor over year for division champ or World Series team. A The creation of the division with the expansion of the league - with the Padres added. B With the Rockies added as an expansion team. C With the Braves moved to Eastern Division and the Reds and the Astros moved to the Central Division D With the Diamondbacks added as an expansion team. Before the forming of a third division in both leagues in 1994, the winners of each division competed in a best-of-five series, with the series being lengthened by two possible games in 1985 to a best-of-seven series, dubbed the "League Championship Series" to determine the winner of the league pennant.

This format was to be changed in 1994, though it was not carried out until 1995 due to the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike that started on August 1

PWA Tag Team Championship (Minnesota)

The PWA Tag Team Championship was a professional wrestling tag team championship in Pro Wrestling America. It remained active until 1996; the inaugural champions were The Terminators, who defeated The Warlord and Teijo Khan in Anoka, Minnesota on January 15, 1985 to become the first PWA Tag Team Champions. At 609 days, The Terminators' second reign was the longest while the team's third and final reign was the shortest lasting only 2 days. With three reigns, The Terminators held the most reigns as a tag team and individually. Overall, there were 19 reigns. Key General"P. W. A. Tag Team Title". Wrestling-Titles.com. Puroresu Dojo. 2003. Retrieved 10 December 2012. Palma, Richard. "PWA Tag Team Title History". Wrestling Title Histories by Royal Duncan. Solie.org. Retrieved 10 December 2012. Gary Will and Royal Duncan. " PWA Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. Specific PWA Tag Team Title at Cagewrestling.de

European Platform of Women Scientists

The European Platform of Women Scientists EPWS is an umbrella organisation bringing together networks of women scientists and organisations committed to gender equality in research in all disciplines in Europe 27 and the countries associated to the European Union’s Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development. The Platform welcomes researchers working in any discipline and working in science in its widest sense, ranging from natural to social sciences, but not restricted to, science and technology. EPWS counts more than 100 member organisations, together working for more than 12.000 women researchers all over Europe active in academia and in industrial research. Established as an international non-profit organisation under Belgian law in November 2005 and governed by an international, multidisciplinary Board of Administration of 11 high ranking women scientists, EPWS constitutes a new strategic instrument in European research policy, complementing various initiatives taken at the European level to ensure a better participation of women scientists in research and in the research policy process as well as the inclusion of the gender dimension in research.

The Platform’s main goals are to: Network existing networks of women scientists and networks engaged in promoting women scientists in all disciplines and promote networking among women scientists in Central and Eastern Europe and in the private sector. Increase the participation of women scientists in European research and its decision-making bodies – as project researchers and coordinators, in review and evaluation panels as well as high level expert groups. Increase the participation of women scientists in national and European research programmes in the Seventh EU Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. Promote the understanding and the inclusion of the gender dimension in science and research policy in all scientific fields as well as an inclusive, gender-sensitive notion of excellence and innovation. Official website