SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

National Olympic Committee

A National Olympic Committee is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games, they may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies; as of 2020, there are 206 National Olympic Committees. These include each of the 193 member states of the United Nations, one UN observer state, one UN non-member state in free association with New Zealand and two states with limited recognition. There are nine dependent territories with recognized NOCs: four territories of the United States, three British Overseas Territories, one constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and one special administrative region of China. Prior to 1996, rules for recognising separate countries within the IOC were not as strict as those within the United Nations, which allowed these territories to field teams separately from their sovereign state.

Following an amendment to the Olympic Charter in 1996, NOC recognition can only be granted after recognition as an independent state by the international community. Since the rule does not apply retroactively, the dependent territories which were recognised before the rule change are allowed to continue sending separate teams to the Olympics, while the Faroe Islands and Macau send their own Paralympic teams; the only states which thus qualify to participate in the future are the Vatican City, a UN observer state, Niue, a UN non-member state in free association with New Zealand. All other remaining states are ineligible to join the IOC as they are not recognised by a majority of United Nations member countries. Dependent territories such as Curaçao, the Faroe Islands, Gibraltar and New Caledonia can no longer be recognised, so athletes from those territories can only participate in the Olympics as part of their parent nation's national team; this rule applies to territories experiencing a change in status- the Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee was dissolved at the 123rd IOC session in July 2011 as the Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist in 2010.

This section lists the current: 206 National Olympic Committees who are recognised by the International Olympic Committee, so are members of the Association of National Olympic Committees. 8 National Olympic Committees who are recognised by their continental Olympic Associations, but are not recognised by the International Olympic Committee. ANOC members are eligible to enter the Olympic Games, Some National Olympic Committees who are members of a continental Olympic Association but not ANOC members compete in continental-level and subregional tournaments; these committees, are not allowed to participate in the Olympic Games. The five continental associations are: Africa – Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa America – Pan American Sports Organization Asia – Olympic Council of Asia EuropeEuropean Olympic Committees OceaniaOceania National Olympic Committees IOC runs the Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games as competitions in which all IOC-recognised NOCs can participate.

Each continent runs its own championships for their members: ANOCA - African Games PASO - Pan American Games, Pan American Winter Games OCA - Asian Games, Asian Winter Games EOC - European Games ONOC - Pacific GamesWhile not a continental union in itself, the Union of Arab National Olympic Committees organises multi-sport events between Arabic-speaking countries. All 22 national governing bodies that form UANOC are members of both AOC and are eligible to send athletes to either the African or Asian Games. National Olympic Committees from UANOC member countries are noted in the list below. 1: National Olympic Committee is a member of UANOC 1: National Olympic Committee is a member of UANOC 2: National Olympic Committee is a member of OCA but not an ANOC member 3: Official name used by IOC, ANOC and OCA for Republic of China 1: Israel was a member of OCA but left in 1981, it joined the EOC in 1994 1: National Olympic Committee is an associate member of ONOC but not an ANOC member Below is a chronological list of the 206 NOCs recognized by the International Olympic Committee, since its foundation in 1894.

Many of these committees were founded many years before their official recognition, while others were accepted after being founded. Only extant states are listed; the states that have changed their name at some point are listed under their current names. Former states, are not listed, only the current states derived from them: for example, the Czech Olympic Committee representing Bohemia was created and recognized in 1899, it was transformed into the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, was re-recognized in 1993. The NOCs are all members of the Association of National Olympic Committees, split among five continental associations: See the article for each continental association for the complete lists of all NOCs; the Macau Sports and Olympic Committee was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "Macau, China". It has, participated in the Paralympic Games.

The Faroe

Star 67

Star 67 is a 2012 crime thriller directed by Kathi Selvakumar and Triden V Balasingam, featuring Imman Kannan in the lead role. The soundtrack of the film was composed by Senthuran Alagaiya, while cinematography and editing were handled by Kuhenthiran and Triden V. Balasingam, respectively, it was produced by Wotar Sound Pictures. It tasted success at the box office. Imman Kannan Yasotha. M Hamalton Christy Kurungan Manimaran Seeyon Alfons Ganapathy Raveendran Satha Panahai Ramesh Jenisa Malarvilly Varatharaja Kanthasamy Gangatharan Rick Gomes David Kinsman Megs Mulkins Milton Clemento Carrillo Leslie K. Sean Liu Ken Kiruba Caitlin Alexander Murali The soundtrack was composed by Senthuran Alagaiya. All lyrics are written by Triden V. Balasingam. Official Website Official Facebook Page

Miss Rwanda 2012

Miss Rwanda 2012, the third edition of the Miss Rwanda pageant, was held on December 1, 2012 at Gikondo Expo Grounds in Kigali. The winner, Aurore Mutesi Kayiranga succeeded Grace Bahati, Miss Rwanda 2009. Grace Bahati was not invited to hand over his crown to his successor because she gave birth to a son out of wedlock. It's a taboo is present in Rwandan culture. Miss Congeniality - Ange Uwamahoro Miss Photogenic - Fidelis Tega Karangwa Miss Popular - Liliane Mubera Umutesi Miss Innovation - Joe Christa Giraso Carmen Akineza, had finished 1st runner-up of Miss Rwanda 2014. Contestants who competed or will be competing at international beauty pageants: Miss FESPAM2013: Southern Province: Aurore Mutesi Kayiranga Miss Supranational2013: Southern Province: Aurore Mutesi KayirangaMiss Fashion Beauty Universal2014: Southern Province: Carine Utamuliza Rusaro Official website