Eastern National is a non-profit organization based in Fort Washington, that partners with the National Park Service in the United States. It was created by charter in 1948 to provide quality products and services to the visitors to Americas national parks. As of June 16,2009, Eastern National has donated over $100 million to their partners, in 1947, some park service rangers formed the Eastern National Park & Monument Association at Gettysburg National Military Park. These rangers collected $147 and published one work, Abraham Lincoln in His Own Work and this book was sold at Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site. The organization was officially charted the following year, Eastern National operates interpretive bookstores in over 150 National Park units. EN publishes approximately 100 new products for the National Park Service each year and they operate the Jamestown Glasshouse in Jamestown and partner with other agencies such as the Army Corps of Engineers and the United States Forest Service.
EParks. com is the online store of America’s national parks. Founded in 1947, EN provides critical funding and support for educational and interpretive programs in America’s national parks and they began the national park passport stamp program in 1986, and as of February 1,2006 have sold 1.3 million passport books. To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the program, they created the Passport Explorer, the passport program has developed a following, including the creation of the non-profit National Park Travelers Club. Eastern National Eastern National Bookstore National Park Passport Stamps, A website with information on stamps including pictures
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park is a national historical park operated by the National Park Service that seeks to commemorate the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s. Though the gold fields that were the goal of the stampeders lay in the Yukon Territory, the park comprises staging areas for the trek there. There are four units, including three in Municipality of Skagway Borough, Alaska and a fourth in the Pioneer Square National Historic District in Seattle, a fuller appreciation of the story of the Klondike Gold Rush requires exploration and discovery on both sides of the Canada–United States border. National historic sites in Whitehorse and Dawson City, Yukon, as well as in British Columbia, the visitor center in Skagway is located in railroad depot building at Second and Broadway and is a good place to begin tours either led by a ranger or self-guided. Junior rangers can plan their activities further and earn their badges further up Broadway at the Pantheon Saloon, White Pass & Yukon Route Railway Broadway Depot.
Now serving as the parks Visitors Center and Headquarters, the depot was the first building the railway built for this purpose, the structure served this purpose at least until the 1950s. However, together with the administration building and the railway itself. It was the only railway in the United States taken over for this purpose. The building was transferred to NPS in 1976 with restoration completed in 1984, White Pass & Yukon Route Railway Administration Building. The bottom floor houses the museum while additional park offices are located upstairs. Located next to the depot, the Daily Alaskan noted during the year of its completion in its May 3,1900 edition that it the headquarters was by far the finest wooden structure in the city. As with the depot, it was vacated in 1969, transferred to NPS in 1976, the building serves as the NPS and Parks Canada Trail Center, and is one of the first structures visitors to the park arriving by ship see. Originally it stood on piers by the wharf, completed in 1902, in 1922, it was sold to Martin Itjen who had learned to profit from the summer tourist trade by greeting passers-by and selling tours of the towns attractions.
Relocation of railway tracks in 1946 isolated the house, which after two intermediate moves ended up on Sixth, NPS acquired the structure in 1978, moving it to its current position 300 feet west of its original location. Restoration was completed in 1991 to return the home to the 1921-1941 period, the building was most famously used as a base of operations by con man and outlaw Jefferson Soapy Smith who ended up in Alaska by way of Denver. He and his gang defrauded and tricked miners for only three months before Smith was shot to death in spectacular fashion on the Skagway wharf, Martin Itjen bought the saloon in 1922, and outfitted it as a museum with animatronic figures of Soapy Smith and his associates. Even after selling it in 1950, the museum remained in operation until 1986, donated to NPS in 2007, the building was refurbished to its old glory as it would have been seen by visitors back in 1967, and reopened in April 2016. Verbauwhedes Cigar Store and Cribs, a gunsmith, gas station and travel agency occupied the premises at one time or another through 1977 when NPS purchased the buildings
Lowell National Historical Park
Lowell National Historical Park is a National Historical Park of the United States located in Lowell, Massachusetts. In 2019, the park is scheduled to be included as Massachusetts representative in the America the Beautiful Quarters series, unlike many other mill towns, Lowells manufacturing facilities were built based on a planned community design. Specifically Lowell was planned as reaction to the communities in Great Britain. Lowell attracted both immigrants from abroad and migrants from within New England and Quebec who lived in the dormitories, the textile industry in New England experienced a sharp decline after World War II and by the 1960s, many of the Lowells textile mill buildings were abandoned. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, several important forces came together from which emerged the Lowell National Historical Park, together these circles of interest became a collaborating force led by United States Senator and Lowell native Paul Tsongas to enact legislation for a national park.
In 1978, the United States Congress established the Lowell National Historical Park, the Lowell Historic Preservation District, and the Lowell Historic Preservation Commission. The visitor center provides a free self-guided tour of the history of Lowell, a footpath along the Merrimack Canal from the visitor center is lined with plaques describing the importance of various existing and former sites along the canal. The Boott Mills along the Merrimack River, on the Eastern Canal, is the most fully restored manufacturing site in the district, the Boott Mill provides a walk-through museum with living recreations of the textile manufacturing process in the 19th century. The walking tour includes a detour to a memorial to local author Jack Kerouac, a walkway along the river leads to several additional unrestored mill sites, providing views of restored and unrestored canal raceways once used by the mills. Additionally, the park includes the Patrick J Mogan Cultural Center, which focuses on the lives of Lowells many generations of immigrants
Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park is a United States national park located in the state of Washington, on the Olympic Peninsula. The park has four regions, the Pacific coastline, alpine areas, the west side temperate rainforest. Within the park there are three distinct ecosystems which are sub-alpine forest and wildflower meadow, temperate forest, and the rugged Pacific Shore and these three different ecosystems are in pristine condition and have outstanding scenery. U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt originally created Mount Olympus National Monument on 2 March 1909 and it was designated a national park by President Franklin Roosevelt on June 29,1938. In 1976, Olympic National Park was designated by UNESCO as an International Biosphere Reserve, in 1988, Congress designated 95 percent of the park as the Olympic Wilderness. The coastal portion of the park is a rugged, sandy beach along with a strip of adjacent forest and it is 60 miles long but just a few miles wide, with native communities at the mouths of two rivers.
The Hoh River has the Hoh people and at the town of La Push at the mouth of the Quileute River live the Quileute, the beach has unbroken stretches of wilderness ranging from 10 to 20 miles. While some beaches are sand, others are covered with heavy rock. Bushy overgrowth, slippery footing and misty rain forest weather all hinder foot travel, the coastal strip is more readily accessible than the interior of the Olympics, due to the difficult terrain, very few backpackers venture beyond casual day-hiking distances. The most popular piece of the strip is the 9-mile Ozette Loop. The Park Service runs a registration and reservation program to control levels of this area. From the trailhead at Ozette Lake, a 3-mile leg of the trail is a path through near primal coastal cedar swamp. Arriving at the ocean, it is a 3-mile walk supplemented by headland trails for high tides and this area has traditionally been favored by the Makah from Neah Bay. The third 3-mile leg is enabled by a boardwalk which has enhanced the loops popularity, there are thick groves of trees adjacent to the sand, which results in chunks of timber from fallen trees on the beach.
The mostly unaltered Hoh River, toward the end of the park, discharges large amounts of naturally eroded timber and other drift. The removal of driftwood – logs, dead-heads and root-wads from streams, even today driftwood deposits form a commanding presence, biologically as well as visually, giving a taste of the original condition of the beach viewable to some extent in early photos. Drift-material often comes from a distance, the Columbia River formerly contributed huge amounts to the Northwest Pacific coasts. The smaller coastal portion of the park is separated from the larger, President Franklin D. Roosevelt originally had supported connecting them with a continuous strip of park land
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area is a 70,000 acres protected area designated a National Recreation Area administered by the U. S. Department of the Interiors National Park Service. This section of the river is the core of the historical Minisink region, the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area was established in 1978 after the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers transferred condemned lands along the Delaware River to the National Park Service. It scuttled controversial plans to build a dam and reservoir along the Delaware near Tocks Island. This project would have established a large lake 37-mile long after flooding the valley, the surrounding land was to be organized as the Tocks Island National Recreation Area. These plans encountered resistance from environmental activists, embittered residents displaced after their property was confiscated by eminent domain. After the costly Vietnam War, government appropriations for the project dwindled in the face of opposition, in addition, a geological safety assessment revealed the dam would be built too close to nearby active fault lines.
The recreation area includes parts of Sussex and Warren counties in New Jersey, and Monroe, the Appalachian Trail runs along much of the eastern boundary of the park and is maintained and updated by the New York - New Jersey Trail Conference. The park has significant Native American archaeological sites, in addition, a number of structures remain from early Dutch settlement during the colonial period. Outdoor recreational activities include canoeing, camping, cycling, cross-country skiing, horseback riding and hunting are permitted in season with valid state licenses. The Delaware River is prone to floods—some resulting from snow melt or rain run-off from heavy rainstorms. However, record flooding occurred in August 1955 in the aftermath of two hurricanes that passed over the area within the span of one week. On 19 August 1955, the gauge at Riegelsville, Pennsylvania recorded that the Delaware River reached a crest of 38.85 feet above flood stage. A project to dam the river near Tocks Island was in the works before the 1955 floods, but several deaths and severe damages resulting from these floods brought the issue of flood control to the national level.
The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers proposed the construction of the dam, in addition to flood control and recreation, the dam would be used to generate hydroelectric power and provide a clean water supply to New York City and Philadelphia. Starting in 1960, the area of the Recreation Area was acquired for the Army Corps of Engineers through eminent domain. Approximately 15,000 people were displaced by the condemnation of property along the Delaware River. An estimated 3,000 to 5,000 dwellings and outbuildings were demolished in preparation for the dam project and this included many irreplaceable historical sites and structures connected with the valleys Native American and colonial heritage. The plan was embroiled in controversy and engendered strong opposition by environmental groups and it transferred the property to the National Park Service in 1978
Independence National Historical Park
Independence National Historical Park is a United States National Park in Philadelphia that preserves several sites associated with the American Revolution and the nations founding history. Administered by the National Park Service, the 55-acre park comprises much of Philadelphias most-visited historic district, Independence Hall was the principal meetinghouse of the Second Continental Congress from 1775 to 1783 and the Constitutional Convention in the summer of 1787. Across the street from Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, a symbol of American independence, is displayed in the Liberty Bell Center. Carpenters Hall, the site of the First Continental Congress, is located on Park property as well and it contains City Tavern, a recreated colonial tavern, which was the favorite of the delegates, and John Adams felt was the finest tavern in all America. Most of the historic structures are located in the vicinity of the four landscaped blocks between Chestnut, Walnut, 2nd, and 6th streets. The park contains Franklin Court, the site of a dedicated to Benjamin Franklin.
The park contains historical artifacts, such as the Syng inkstand which was used during the signings of both the Declaration and the Constitution. The park can be reached by taking SEPTAs Market-Frankford Line to the 5th street station, the convention organized a pact among the colonies to boycott British goods starting December 1,1774 and provided for a Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia. On May 10,1775, the Second Continental Congress assembled at the Pennsylvania State House after the Battles of Lexington, Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition in July 1775, which affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and entreated King George III to prevent further conflict. The petition was rejected—in August 1775, the Kings Proclamation of Rebellion formally declared the colonies to be in a state of rebellion. In February 1776, colonists received news that Parliament passed the Prohibitory Act, Congress unanimously adopted its final version of the Declaration on July 4, marking the formation of the United States of America.
Historians believe that the Old State House Bell, now known as the Liberty Bell, was one of the bells rung to mark the reading of the Declaration on July 8. After 1781, the government operated under the Articles of Confederation. This resulted in the Philadelphia Convention, which met from May 14 to September 17,1787 at the Pennsylvania State House, the Convention was dominated by controversies and conflicting interests, but the delegates forged a Constitution that has been called a bundle of compromises. At the convention, delegate James Madison presented the Virginia Plan, large states supported this plan, but smaller states feared losing substantial power under the plan. Roger Sherman combined the two plans with the Connecticut Compromise, and his measure passed on July 16,1787 by seven to six—a margin of one vote, other contentious issues were slavery and the federal regulation of commerce, which resulted in additional compromises. The Residence Act of 1790 empowered President George Washington to locate a permanent capital along the Potomac River, robert Morris, a representative from Pennsylvania, convinced Congress to designate Philadelphia as the temporary capital city of the United States federal government.
From December 6,1790 to May 14,1800, the same block hosted federal, county, Congress Hall, which was originally built to serve as the Philadelphia County Courthouse, served as the seat of the United States Congress
Rocky Mountain National Park
The park is situated between the towns of Estes Park to the east and Grand Lake to the west. The eastern and westerns slopes of the Continental Divide run directly through the center of the park with the headwaters of the Colorado River located in the northwestern region. The main features of the park include mountains, alpine lakes, the Rocky Mountain National Park Act was signed by then–President Woodrow Wilson on January 26,1915, establishing the park boundaries and protecting the area for future generations. The Civilian Conservation Corps built the main route, named Trail Ridge Road. In 1976, UNESCO designated the park as one of the first World Biosphere Reserves, in 2016, more than four and a half million recreational visitors entered the park, which is an increase of about nine percent from the prior year. The history of Rocky Mountain National Park began when Paleo-Indians traveled along what is now Trail Ridge Road to hunt and Arapaho people subsequently hunted and camped in the area.
In 1820, the Long Expedition, led by Stephen H. Long for whom Longs Peak was named, approached the Rockies via the Platte River. Settlers began arriving in the mid-1800s, displacing the Native Americans who mostly left the area voluntarily by 1860, lulu City and Gaskill in the Never Summer Mountains were established in the 1870s when prospectors came in search of gold and silver. The boom ended by 1883 with miners deserting their claims, the railroad reached Lyons, Colorado in 1881 and the Big Thompson Canyon Road—a section of U. S. Route 34 from Loveland to Estes Park—was completed in 1904. The 1920s saw a boom in building lodges and roads in the park, prominent individuals in the effort to create a national park included Enos Mills from the Estes Park area, James Grafton Rogers from Denver, and J. Horace McFarland of Pennsylvania. The national park was established on January 26,1915, Precambrian metamorphic rock formed the core of the North American continent during the Precambrian eon 4. 5–1 billion years ago.
During the Paleozoic era, western North America was submerged beneath a sea, with a seabed composed of limestone. Concurrently, in the period from 500–300 million years ago, the region began to sink while lime, eroded granite produced sand particles that formed strata—layers of sediment—in the sinking basin. About 300 million years ago, the land was uplifted creating the ancestral Rocky Mountains, fountain Formation was deposited during the Pennsylvanian period of the Paleozoic era, 290–296 million years ago. Over the next 150 million years, the uplifted, continued to erode. Wind, rainwater and glacial ice eroded the mountains over geologic time scales. The Ancestral Rockies were eventually buried under subsequent strata, the Pierre Shale formation was deposited during the Paleogene and Cretaceous periods about 70 million years ago. The region was covered by a deep sea—the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway—which deposited massive amounts of shale on the seabed
A park ranger, park warden, or forest ranger is a person entrusted with protecting and preserving parklands – national, provincial, or local parks. Parks may be defined by some systems in this context, and include protected culturally or historically important built environments. Different countries use different names for the position, Warden is the favored term in Canada and the United Kingdom. Within the United States, the National Park Service refers to the position as a park ranger, the U. S. Forest Service refers to the position as a forest ranger. Other countries use the park warden or game warden to describe this occupation. The profession includes a number of disciplines and specializations, and park rangers are required to be proficient in more than one. In medieval England, rangers were officials employed to range through the countryside providing law and their duties were originally confined to seeing that the Forest Law was enforced in the outlands, or purlieus, of the royal forests.
Their duties corresponded in some respects with that of a mounted Forester, the term ranger seems to correspond to the Medieval Latin word regardatores which appeared in 1217 in the Charter of the Forest. Regardatores was rendered as rangers in the English translations of the Charter, others translate regardatores as regarders. A regard is considered to be an inspection of the forest, the earliest letters patent found mentioning the term refer to a commission of a ranger in 1341. Documents from 1455 state that England had “all manner and singular Offices of Foresters and Rangers of our said Forests”. One of the first appearances of ranger in literature is in Edmund Spensers poem The Shepheardes Calendar from 1579, walk not widely, as they were wont, for fear of rangers, the office of Ranger of Windsor Great Park appears to have been created in 1601. In North America rangers served in the 17th through 18th-century wars between colonists and Native American Indian tribes, Rangers were full-time soldiers employed by colonial governments to patrol between fixed frontier fortifications in reconnaissance providing early warning of raids.
During offensive operations, they acted as scouts and guides, locating villages, during the Revolutionary War, General George Washington ordered Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton to select an elite group of men for reconnaissance missions. This unit was known as Knowltons Rangers, and was the first official Ranger unit for the United States, considered the historical parent of the modern day Army Rangers. The word was resurrected by Americans in the 19th and 20th centuries from the old British use for the Wardens - royally appointed - who patrolled the deer parks and hunting forests in England. There is much debate among scholars about which area was the world’s first national park, clark served as the Guardian of Yosemite for 24 years. Others point to Harry Yount who worked as a gamekeeper in Yellowstone National Park in 1880-1881
El Malpais National Monument
El Malpais National Monument is a National Monument located in western New Mexico, in the Southwestern United States. The name El Malpais is from the Spanish term Malpaís, meaning badlands, due to the extremely barren and it is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways. The lava flows, cinder cones, and other features of El Malpais are part of the Zuni-Bandera volcanic field. This volcanically active area on the southeast margin of the Colorado Plateau is at the intersection of the Rio Grande Rift Basin, with its deep normal faulting, and these two features provide the crustal weaknesses that recent magmatic intrusions and Cenozoic volcanism are attributed to. Taylor to the north, and the Zuni Mountain anticline to the northwest, some of the oldest Douglas Fir trees on earth, of the Pseudotsuga subspecies Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir, can be found living in El Malpais Monument. The area around El Malpais was used for resources and travel by Oasisamerica cultures, Native Americans, archaeological sites remain in the park.
The Department of Defense did use the site as a range to train pilots during World War II. After the war, the Bureau of Land Management became the administrator of the area, in 1987, President Reagan created El Malpais National Monument and designated it a unit of the National Park Service. It is jointly managed with the nearby El Morro National Monument, El Malpais has many lava tube caves open to explore with a free caving permit, available at NPS-staffed facilities. There are currently four caves accessible by permit and Xenolith caves in the El Caldron area, a nearby scenic overlook at Sandstone Bluffs offers spectacular panoramic views over the monuments lava flows. The U. S. National Park Service protects and they operate two Visitor Centers with natural history displays, literature and staff with helpful information. El Malpais Visitor Center is just south of Exit 85 off I-40 in Grants, the El Malpais Information Center is 28 miles down Highway 53 south of I-40 Exit 81. The adjacent El Malpais National Conservation Area is protected and managed by the U. S.
Bureau of Land Management and they staff the El Malpais National Conservation Area Ranger Station 8 miles down State Highway 117 south of I-40 Exit 89. The Cibola National Forest conserves large natural areas, the second portion of the book Brave New World by Aldous Huxley takes place on the savage reservation, which is located on land encompassing the parks area. The malpais is the setting for a story, Flint by Louis LAmour. Flint is a business man who thinks he is dying of cancer. A scene in Cormac McCarthys novel Blood Meridian takes place on the malpais, the Volcanic Eruptions of El Malpais, A Guide to the Volcanic History and Formations of El Malpais National Monument. BLM, El Malpais National Conservation Area website Offbeat New Mexico – El Malpais TopoQuest USGS Quad Map
Sequoia National Park
Sequoia National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada east of Visalia, California, in the United States. It was established on September 25,1890, the park is south of and contiguous with Kings Canyon National Park, the two are administered by the National Park Service together as the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. They were designated the UNESCO Sequoia-Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve in 1976, the park is famous for its giant sequoia trees, including the General Sherman tree, the largest tree on Earth. The General Sherman tree grows in the Giant Forest, which five out of the ten largest trees in the world. The Giant Forest is connected by the Generals Highway to Kings Canyon National Parks General Grant Grove, the parks giant sequoia forests are part of 202,430 acres of old-growth forests shared by Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Indeed, the preserve a landscape that still resembles the southern Sierra Nevada before Euro-American settlement. Many park visitors enter Sequoia National Park through its entrance near the town of Three Rivers at Ash Mountain at 1,700 ft elevation.
The last California grizzly was killed in this park in 1922, the California Black Oak is a key transition species between the chaparral and higher elevation conifer forest. At higher elevations in the front country, between 5,500 and 9,000 feet in elevation, the landscape becomes montane forest-dominated coniferous belt, found here are Ponderosa, Jeffrey and lodgepole pine trees, as well as abundant white and red fir. Found here too are the giant sequoia trees, the most massive living single-stem trees on earth, between the trees and summer snowmelts sometimes fan out to form lush, though delicate, meadows. In this region, visitors often see deer, Douglas squirrels, and American black bears. There are plans to reintroduce the bighorn sheep to this park, the vast majority of the park is roadless wilderness, no road crosses the Sierra Nevada within the parks boundaries. 84 percent of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks is designated wilderness and is only by foot or by horseback. Sequoias backcountry offers a vast expanse of high-alpine wonders, covering the highest-elevation region of the High Sierra, the backcountry includes Mount Whitney on the eastern border of the park, accessible from the Giant Forest via the High Sierra Trail.
On the floor of canyon, at least two days hike from the nearest road, is the Kern Canyon hot spring, a popular resting point for weary backpackers. From the floor of Kern Canyon, the trail ascends again over 8,000 ft to the summit of Mount Whitney, in the summertime, Native Americans would travel over the high mountain passes to trade with tribes to the East. By the time the first European settlers arrived in the area, smallpox had spread to the region. The first European settler to homestead in the area was Hale Tharp, Tharp allowed his cattle to graze the meadow, but at the same time had a respect for the grandeur of the forest and led early battles against logging in the area
Founded in 1971 to take over most of the remaining U. S. passenger rail services, it is partially government funded yet operated and managed as a for-profit corporation. Amtrak serves more than 500 destinations in 46 states and three Canadian provinces, operating more than 300 trains each day over 21,300 miles of track, some track sections allow trains to run as fast as 150 mph. In fiscal year 2015, Amtrak served 30.8 million passengers and had $2.185 billion in revenue, nearly two-thirds of passengers come from the 10 largest metropolitan areas, 83% of passengers travel on routes shorter than 400 miles. Its headquarters is at Union Station in Washington, D. C, the name Amtrak is a portmanteau of the words America and trak, the latter itself a sensational spelling of track. From the mid-19th century until about 1920, nearly all intercity travelers in the United States moved by rail, historically, U. S. passenger trains were owned and operated by the same privately owned companies that operated freight trains.
About 65,000 railroad passenger cars operated in 1929, from 1920 into the 20th century, passenger rails popularity diminished and there was a series of pullbacks and tentative recoveries. Rail passenger revenues declined dramatically between 1920 and 1934 because of the rise of the automobile, in the same period, many travelers were lost to interstate bus companies such as Greyhound Lines. However, in the mid-1930s, railroads reignited popular imagination with service improvements and new, diesel-powered streamliners, such as the gleaming silver Pioneer Zephyr and Flying Yankee. Even with the improvements, on a basis, traffic continued to decline. World War II broke the malaise, passenger traffic soared sixfold thanks to troop movements, in 1946, there remained 45 percent fewer passenger trains than in 1929, and the decline quickened despite railroad optimism. Passengers disappeared and so did trains, few trains generated profits, most produced losses. Broad-based passenger rail deficits appeared as early as 1948, and by the mid-1950s, by 1965, only 10,000 rail passenger cars were in operation,85 percent fewer than in 1929.
Passenger service was provided on only 75,000 miles of track, the 1960s saw the end of railway post office revenues, which had helped some of the remaining trains break even. The causes of the decline of rail in the United States were complex. Until 1920, rail was the practical form of intercity transport. By 1930, the companies had constructed, with private funding. In 1916, the amount of track in the United States peaked at 254,251 miles, some rail routes had been built primarily to facilitate the sale of stock in the railroad companies, they were redundant from the beginning. These were the first to be abandoned as the financial positions deteriorated
National Park Passport Stamps
At nearly all of the 417 American National Park units, one or more National Park Passport Stamps can be acquired at no cost at park visitor centers and ranger stations. The stamps are similar in nature to passport stamps stamped in a national passport. The stamps serve as a record of each park visit, the Passport to Your National Parks program is run by Eastern National, a non-profit organization. The program began in the middle of 1986, collectors of the stamps have formed a non-profit social club, the National Park Travelers Club, a group which holds annual conventions. The 2015 convention will be held at Chamizal National Memorial, Passport books, sold by Eastern National, provide a place for park visitors to collect National Park cancellation stamps. Over 1,300,000 Passport books have been sold, the 3.25 x 5.5 passport book provides five pages for each of the nine regions where the passport user can place ink stamp cancellations and can affix one featured stamp per page. A featured stamp collectors passport would therefore be filled after five years of use as long as the stamps were added to the book each year.
In 2006, for the programs 20th anniversary, the Passport Explorer was released, due to its binder format, the Passport Explorer allows the user to easily add extra pages for additional cancellation stamps and featured stamps. The National Park Service is administratively divided into regions, each region provides oversight and guidance to the park units within its geographic area. While the NPS currently divides the various parks and other units among seven regions, in addition to the cancellation stamps, each year the National Parks Passport Program releases a set of ten full-color collector stamps featuring a photo and description of one park per region. Passport holders can affix these adhesive stamps to their Passport book in a space below which they can stamp the corresponding cancellation. The Park units featured on the stamp sets change each year, the stamp sets, dating back to their inception in 1986, are still readily available at most park unit gift shops for under $10, or on the internet through Eastern National.
Originally, the stamps were only available in the region they represented, save for Colonial National Historical Park. In 1986 the stamps were printed on cardboard, which distorted the passbook due to the combined thickness of the cardboard. Each stamp would be mounted onto its respective page with a lightweight, since 1987, the annual stamp series have been minted on a single sheet of adhesive-backed glossy paper, of a quality similar to that of conventional postage stamps. National Park Passport Stamps Blog Passport Cancellation Locations PDF of the Passport cancellation locations Opinion Piece on Passport Stamps