Mount Royal University
Mount Royal University is a public university in Calgary, Canada. Mount Royal University was founded in 1910 following a charter by the Alberta provincial government. Mount Royal became a post-secondary institution in 1931 as Mount Royal Junior College offering transfer courses to the University of Alberta and to the University of Calgary. In 1972 Mount Royal moved from several buildings in downtown Calgary to a new campus in Lincoln Park on land used as an air force base. A war memorial honour roll is dedicated to Mount Royal alumni who have volunteered for active service in the Canadian Forces. Mount Royal University was granted university status in 2009 by the provincial government; the university offers 12 degrees and 32 majors with an average class size of 29 students. In 2017, Mount Royal University was awarded the Ashoka Changemaker Campus designation joining 44 universities which are leading higher education in the area of social innovation and changemaking. Faculty of Arts Economics and Policy Studies English and Cultures Humanities Interior Design Psychology Sociology and Anthropology Bisset School of Business Accounting Aviation Finance General Management Human Resources Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Business Marketing Social Innovation Supply Chain Management School of Communication Studies Broadcast Media Studies Information Design Journalism Public Relations Faculty of Health and Education Child Studies and Social Work Education Health and Physical Education School of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Science and Technology Biology Chemistry and Physics Earth and Environmental Sciences Mathematics and Computing Faculty of Continuing Education and Extension Institute for Community Prosperity Institute for Environmental Sustainability Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Institute for Scholarship of Teaching and Learning International Education Centre for Community Disaster Research Centre for Child Well-Being Iniskim Centre Trico Changemakers Studio Mount Royal University opened the Riddell Library and Learning Centre on September 7, 2017 replacing the previous library which opened in 1972.
The Riddell Library is named after Calgary businessman Clay Riddell who contributed a sizeable donation to the project. The $100 million dollar facility features more than 16,000-square-metres of space, 34 study rooms, 1,700 seats, access to 3D printing, a cafe. Notable alumni of the university include: Doris Anderson, she continued her advocacy efforts as Chair of the Advisory Council on the Status of Women, President of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women and President of Fair Vote Canada. Dallas Arcand. In 2007, he was awarded first prize at the Annual World Championship Hoop Dancing Competition in Phoenix. Paul Brandt, he was a pediatric nurse in 1996 when the release of his first single My Heart Has a History, propelled him to international musical success. John de Chastelain. Chris Gailus. After leaving Calgary in 2000, he worked in Dallas and New York before joining the Global BC team in Vancouver as weekend anchor. Bret Hart. Kent Hehr. Norman Kwong. 20, 2005. He was the first person of Chinese heritage to serve in either profession.
Alvin Law. Bruce Mcculloch, he is best known for his work as a member of The Kids in the Hall and as a writer for Saturday Night Live. Kirby Morrow. Dave Pierce. Alison Redford. Kavan Smith. Yuja Wang; the PropheC Indo-Canadian Singer Mount Royal University Students' Association of Mount Royal University Mount Royal Staff Association Mount Royal Faculty Association The Reflector - Mount Royal's Independent Student Newspaper CMRU Radio
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies; the city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 1,267,344 in 2018, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. In 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada; the economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services and television, transportation and logistics, manufacturing, aerospace and wellness, tourism sectors. The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country's 800 largest corporations. In 2015, Calgary had the highest number of millionaires per capita of any major city in Canada.
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games. Calgary has been recognized for its high quality of life. In 2018, The Economist magazine ranked Calgary the fourth-most liveable city in the world in their Global Liveability Ranking. Calgary is classed as a Beta global city. Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Scotland. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden" used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow", or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm"; the indigenous peoples of Southern Alberta referred to the Calgary area as "elbow", in reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow River and the Elbow River. In some cases, the area was named after the reeds that grew along the riverbanks, which were used to fashion bows. In the Blackfoot language, the area was known as Mohkínstsis akápiyoyis, meaning "elbow many houses", reflecting its strong settler presence.
The shorter form of the Blackfoot name, Mohkínstsis meaning "elbow", has been the popular Indigenous term for the Calgary area. In the Nakoda language, the area is known as Wincheesh-pah or Wenchi Ispase, both meaning "elbow". In the Nehiyaw Language, the area was known as Otoskwanik meaning "house at the elbow" or Otoskwunee meaning "elbow". In the Tsuut'ina language, the area is known as Kootsisáw meaning "elbow". In the Slavey language, the area was known as Klincho-tinay-indihay meaning "many horse town", referring to the Calgary Stampede and the city's settler heritage. There have been several attempts to revive the indigenous names of Calgary. In response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, local post-secondary institutions have adopted "official acknowledgements" of indigenous territory using the Blackfoot name of the City, Mohkínstsis. In 2017, the Stoney Nakoda sent an application to the Government of Alberta, to rename Calgary as Wichispa Oyade meaning "elbow town", however this has been challenged by the Piikani Blackfoot.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi, îyârhe Nakoda, the Tsuut'ina First Nations peoples and Métis Nation, Region 3; as Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes, "There have always been people here. In Biblical times there were people here. For generations beyond number, people have come here to this land, drawn here by the water, they come here to fish. He was the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873. In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police; the NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, to protect the fur trade. Named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod; when the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre.
Over a century the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was incorporated as a town in 1884, elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was the North-West Territories; the Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP. The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses estimated at $103,200. Although no one was killed or injured, city officials drafted a law requiring all large downtown buildings to be built with Paskapoo sandstone, to prevent this from happening again. After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing grazing land at minimal cost; as a result of this policy, large ranching operations were established in the outlying country near Calgary. A transportation and distribution hub, Calgary became the centre of Canada's cattle marketing and meatpacking industries.
By the late 19th century, the Hud
Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
The Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta was a provincial centre-right party in the Canadian province of Alberta. The party formed the provincial government, without interruption, from 1971 until the party's defeat in the 2015 provincial election under Premiers Peter Lougheed, Don Getty, Ralph Klein, Ed Stelmach, Alison Redford, Dave Hancock and Jim Prentice. At 44 years, this was the longest unbroken run in government at the provincial or federal level in Canadian history. In July 2017, the party membership of the PC and the Wildrose Party voted to approve a merger to become the United Conservative Party; the party was created from the Northwest Territories Liberal-Conservative Party that existed from 1898 to 1905. Unlike its predecessor party, who formed government during its entire existence, the Alberta Conservatives were a marginal party for most of the first 60 years after Alberta became a province. In the province's first election, the 1905 election, the Conservatives, led by future Canadian Prime Minister Richard Bennett, won only two seats and were able to improve on that in subsequent elections.
The main policy difference between the Tories and the Alberta Liberal Party was over the Tories' belief that the province should control its natural resources, which the province had been denied. However, those concerns fell on deaf ears in the midst of an economic boom. Additionally, the Liberals had the advantage of incumbency. In the 1913 election, the Tories achieved a breakthrough, winning 45 % of the vote. Despite this result, an better result in the 1917 election, they were still unable to beat the Liberals; the Tories split into'traditional' and'radical' camps. The party collapsed, was unable to run a full slate of candidates in the 1921 election. Only one Conservative Member of the Legislative Assembly was returned to the Legislative Assembly in this election, in which the new United Farmers of Alberta defeated the Liberals, took power. For the next 45 years, the Tories were unable to elect more than a half dozen MLAs; the party was marginalized after the UFA was able to negotiate the province's control of its resources from Ottawa, denying the Tories their major policy plank.
In 1935, the UFA collapsed. The Social Credit Party of Alberta took power on Christian conservative platform. Social Credit attracted conservative voters for decades after the party moved away from its radical social credit economic theories, embraced fiscal conservatism. In the late 1930s, the Conservatives and Liberals formed a united front in an attempt to fight Social Credit and, as a result, no Conservative candidates ran in the 1940 election, the 1944 election, or the 1948 election. Supporters of both parties ran instead as independents; the failure of the coalition strategy led to the reemergence of separate Liberal and Conservative parties in the early 1950s. The Tories only nominated five candidates in the 1952 election; the Conservatives were led in the general election of 1959 by William J. Cameron Kirby, Member of the Legislature for Red Deer from 1954 to 1959; the Tories became Progressive Conservatives in 1959 in order to conform with the name of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.
The party continued to be unable to improve their fortunes, by 1963 was swept out of the legislature altogether. In March 1965, Peter Lougheed became leader of the party, began transforming it into a political force by combining fiscal conservatism with a modernist, urban outlook; this approach was in stark contrast to the parochialism and rural agrarianism of Social Credit. In particular, the party started gaining support in Edmonton. Social Credit had been popular in urban areas for decades—indeed, long-serving Premier Ernest Manning represented an Edmonton riding. However, at bottom, it was a rural-based party, never lost this essential character, it was thus was slow to adapt to the changes in Alberta as its two largest cities gained increasing influence. In 1967, the Tories returned to the legislature. Lougheed became Leader of the Opposition. In 1968, Manning retired after 25 years, was replaced by Harry Strom. After having spent nearly all of its 33-year history as the governing party, Social Credit had grown tired and complacent.
Albertans those associated with the booming oil industry, began to turn to the young and dynamic Lougheed Tories, who were active for an opposition in a Westminster system. Over the next four years, Lougheed saw his small caucus grow to 10 members as a result of two by-election wins—one of, Manning's old Edmonton seat—and two floor-crossings. In the 1971 election, the Progressive Conservatives campaigned on a simple theme--NOW!--symbolizing their goal of increasing Alberta's clout in Canada. On August 30, the Tories won power for the first time in Alberta's history, they finished only four percentage points ahead of Social Credit. However, they took all but five seats in Calgary. Due to the first past the post system, this gave Lougheed a strong majority government, with 49 of the 75 seats in the legislature, he won a second term in resounding fashion in 1975. During the Lougheed years, Alberta became a virtual one-party state, much like it had been during the height of the Manning years. Indeed, the six opposition MLAs elected in 1975 would be the most that Lougheed would face during his final three terms.
The Tories would govern with large majorities for the next four decades, though
1972 Canadian federal election
The Canadian federal election of 1972 was held on October 30, 1972, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 29th Parliament of Canada. It resulted in a slim victory for the governing Liberal Party, which won 109 seats, compared to 107 seats for the opposition Progressive Conservatives. A further 48 seats were won by other independents. On election night, the results appeared to give 109 seats to the Tories, but once the counting had finished the next day, the final results gave the Liberals a minority government and left the New Democratic Party led by David Lewis holding the balance of power. See 29th Canadian parliament for a full list of MPs elected; the election was the second fought by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The Liberals entered the election high in the polls, but the spirit of Trudeaumania had worn off, a slumping economy hurt his party; the Tories were led by Robert Stanfield, the former premier of Nova Scotia, who had an honest but bumbling image. The Tories tried to capitalize on the public's perception that the Liberals were mismanaging the economy with the slogan, "A Progressive Conservative government will do better."
The Liberals campaigned on the slogan, "The Land is Strong", television ads illustrating Canada's scenery. The slogan became much derided, the party had developed few real issues to campaign on; as a result, their entire campaign was viewed as being one of the worst managed in recent decades. Liberal Party: increase bilingualism in the civil service. Progressive Conservative Party: increase the discipline in government spending, increase the power of the Auditor General to fight waste and inefficiency in government. New Democratic Party: eliminate 3% increase in personal income tax rates scheduled for January 1, 1973, reduce rates by 8% for ordinary Canadians. Social Credit Party: reform the monetary system in line with social credit theories; the voter turn-out was 76.7%. One independent candidate was elected: Roch LaSalle was re-elected in his Quebec riding. LaSalle had left the PC caucus to protest the party's failure to recognize Quebec's right to self-determination, was the only candidate to win the support of the separatist Parti Québécois.
One candidate with no affiliation was elected: Lucien Lamoureux, in the Ontario riding of Stormont-Dundas-Glengarry. Lamoureux elected as a Liberal, had been serving as Speaker of the House of Commons, he ran without affiliation. He retired after this Parliament, did not run in the 1974 election; the Liberals won a minority government, with the New Democratic Party led by David Lewis holding the balance of power. Despite having won both the popular vote and the most seats in every province and territory except for Quebec, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories, the Tories were kept out of power by their continued inability to make any headway into Quebec, as well as a failure to more decisively win in Ontario, where the Liberals finished a close second. Requiring NDP support to continue, the government would move to the political left, including the creation of Petro-Canada. Notes: "% change" refers to change from previous election 1 Indicates increase from total Social Credit + Ralliement creditiste seats/vote in 1968.
2 Roch LaSalle, elected in 1968 as a Progressive Conservative, won re-election as an independent. 3 Lucien Lamoureux, elected as a Liberal but served as Speaker of the House, won re-election with no party affiliation. 4 The Rhinoceros Party ran a total of 12 candidates, but because it was not recognized by Elections Canada as a registered party, its candidates were listed as independents. Xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote List of Canadian federal general elections List of political parties in Canada 29th Canadian Parliament Social
Nickel Belt is one of two federal electoral districts serving the city of Greater Sudbury, Canada. It has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1953, it consists of: the part of the Territorial District of Timiskaming lying west of the townships of Fallon and Cleaver. The riding of Nickel Belt was created in 1952 from parts of Algoma East, Algoma—Manitoulin, Parry Sound—Muskoka and Timiskaming—Cochrane ridings, it has traditionally included much of the Sudbury District and small parts of the Algoma and Timiskaming Districts, along with all but the urban core of Greater Sudbury. It consisted of parts of the territorial districts of Sudbury and Algoma, excluding the city of Sudbury, town of Copper Cliff, the township of McKim. In 1966, it was redefined to consist of parts of the territorial districts of Sudbury excluding the City of Sudbury and the Town of Copper Cliff, the northeast part of the territorial district of Manitoulin. In 1976, it was redefined to consist of the southern part of Regional Municipality of Sudbury, the southeast part of the Territorial District of Sudbury, the part of the Territorial District of Manitoulin including and lying east of the Townships of Killarney, Rutherford and George Island.
In 1987, it was redefined to consist of the southern part of the Regional Municipality of Sudbury. In 1996, it was redefined to consist of: the part of the Territorial District of Timiskaming lying west of the eastern limit of the geographic townships of Douglas and Geikie; the part lying east of a line and including the Townships of Stull, Cotton and Creelman, east of and excluding the Regional Municipality of Sudbury and the Township of Hawley, east of and excluding the Townships of Hendrie and Hoskin, east of and excluding the Townships of Cosby and Martland. In 2003, it was given its current boundaries; this riding lost fractions of territory to Nipissing—Timiskaming and Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing during the 2012 electoral redistribution. This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election. Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.
Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03. Campaign expense data from Elections Canada Riding history from the Library of Parliament 2011 results from Elections Canada
Calgary-Fish Creek is a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada. The district is one of 87 mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta using the first past the post method of voting; the district is urban located in the south portion of the city of Calgary. It was named after Fish Creek Provincial Park and was created in the 1979 boundary redistribution from the south halves of the electoral districts of Calgary-Glenmore and Calgary-Egmont; the district has been represented by only three MLA's since 1979. The first was Progressive Conservative William Payne who served here from 1979 to 1993 and the second is Heather Forsyth who has represented the district since 1993 was first elected under the Progressive Conservative banner but crossed the floor to the Wildrose Alliance in 2010. Forsyth was re-elected in the 2012 provincial election under the Wildrose banner. In 2015, Richard Gotfried was elected, as a Progressive Conservative; the electoral district of Calgary-Fisk Creek was created in the 1979 boundary redistribution from portions of old Calgary-Egmont and Calgary-Glenmore.
The 2010 boundary redistribution moved the west boundary to 14th Street into Calgary-Lougheed to keep all of Canyon Meadows in a single district. The electoral district was created in the 1979 boundary redistribution; the first election that year saw Progressive Conservative candidate William Payne win a landslide majority. Payne would double his popular vote in the 1982 general election taking 80% of the total vote. After the election Premier Peter Lougheed appointed Payne as a Minister without portfolio. Payne lost 10,000 votes running for his third term in office in the 1986 election, he still won the district with a landslide majority. After the election he was shuffled out of cabinet, he would run for his final election in 1989 and win his fourth term after facing a strong challenge from Liberal candidate Wayne Gillis. Payne retired at dissolution in 1993; the second and current representative elected to the district is Heather Forsyth, elected in 1993 as Progressive Conservative candidate.
She won a comfortable majority over Liberal candidate Marie Cameron to hold the seat for her party. Cameron and Forsyth would face each other in the 1997 general election with Forsyth winning a landslide, she would win her third term in 2001 with an bigger landslide. After the election Premier Ralph Klein appointed Forsyth to the provincial cabinet as Solicitor General and Minister of Public Security. Forsyth won her fourth term in the 2004 general election. After the election Klein shuffled her to the Children and Youth Services portfolio which she served until 2006, she won her fifth term in 2008. On January 4, 2010 Forsyth crossed the floor to the Wildrose Alliance, she was re-elected in the 2012 provincial election. Voters had the option of selecting 4 Candidates on the Ballot Website of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Stephen Joseph Harper is a Canadian economist and retired politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Canada for nearly a decade, from February 6, 2006 to November 4, 2015. Harper has served as the leader of the International Democrat Union since February 2018. Over his career, Stephen Harper was elected to the House of Commons seven times, served nine years as prime minister of Canada. Harper was the first prime minister to come from the modern Conservative Party of Canada, though older centre-right conservative parties have been active since Canada's founding by Sir John A. Macdonald. Harper was elected to the House of Commons of Canada for the riding of Calgary Southwest in Alberta from 2002 to 2015 and for Calgary Heritage until 2016. Earlier, from 1993 to 1997, he was the federal MP for Calgary West, representing the Reform Party of Canada, he was one of the founding members of the Reform Party, but did not seek re-election in the 1997 federal election. Harper instead joined and led the National Citizens Coalition, a conservative lobbyist group.
In 2002, he succeeded Stockwell Day as leader of the Canadian Alliance, the successor to the Reform Party and returned to parliament as Leader of the Opposition. In 2003, he reached an agreement with the leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Peter MacKay, for the merger of their two parties to form the Conservative Party of Canada. Harper was subsequently elected as the party's first leader in March 2004; the modern Conservative Party was a merger of progressive conservatives and reform candidates, but in practice it was accused of being too centrist and overly-dominated by progressive conservatives. The 2006 federal election resulted in a minority government led by the Conservative Party with Harper becoming the 22nd prime minister of Canada; this was to become Canada's longest-serving minority government, but by proportion of seats it was the smallest minority government since Confederation. In the 2008 federal election, the Conservative Party outperformed and won a stronger minority, showing a moderate increase in the percentage of the popular vote and increased representation in the House of Commons of Canada, with 143 of 308 seats.
The 40th Canadian Parliament was dissolved in March 2011, after a no-confidence vote that deemed the Cabinet to be in contempt of parliament. In the federal election that followed, the Conservatives won a decisive majority government, the first majority mandate since the 2000 federal election. In total, the Conservative Party won a majority of 166 seats in 2011, an increase of 23 seats from the October 2008 election. In the 2015 federal election, Harper won his seat of Calgary-Heritage but overall the Conservative Party lost power following nearly a decade in power. Prime Minister Harper continued to serve until November 4, 2015, when Justin Trudeau was sworn in. Following this, Stephen Harper's Conservative government was succeeded by the new Liberal Party of Canada as led by Justin Trudeau. Harper stepped down as party leader on October 19, 2015 and Rona Ambrose was subsequently chosen as interim leader on November 5, 2015. On May 26, 2016 he was named as a senior board member for the Conservative Party Fund.
After 2015, Harper began to step away from Canadian politics and took on a number of international business and leadership roles, founding a global consulting firm, appearing on US and British media, being elected leader of the International Democrat Union. In 2017, the former Speaker of the House, Andrew Scheer, was elected as Harper's successor as leader of the Conservative Party. Harper was born and raised in Leaside, the first of three sons of Margaret and Joseph Harris Harper, an accountant at Imperial Oil; the Harper family traces its ancestry back to Yorkshire, England with Christopher Harper having emigrated from Yorkshire to Nova Scotia in 1784, where he served as Justice of the Peace in the area, now New Brunswick. Harper attended Northlea Public School and John G. Althouse Middle School and Richview Collegiate Institute, both in Etobicoke, Toronto, he graduated from high-school in 1978, was a member of Richview Collegiate's team on Reach for the Top, a televised academic quiz show for high school students.
Harper dropped out after two months. He moved to Edmonton, where he found work in the mail room at Imperial Oil, he advanced to work on the company's computer systems. He took up post-secondary studies again at the University of Calgary, where he completed a bachelor's degree in economics in 1985, he returned there to earn a master's degree in economics, completed in 1991. Throughout his career, Harper has kept strong links to the University of Calgary. Trained as an economist, Harper was the first prime minister without a law degree since Joe Clark. Harper became involved in politics as a member of his high school's Young Liberals Club, he changed his political allegiance because he disagreed with the National Energy Program of Pierre Trudeau's Liberal government. He became chief aide to Progressive Conservative MP Jim Hawkes in 1985, but became disillusioned with the party and the government of Brian Mulroney the administration's fiscal policy and its inability to revoke the NEP until 1986, he left the PC Party that same year.
He was recommended by the University of Calgary's economist Bob Mansell to Preston Manning, the founder and leader of the Reform Party of Canada. At that time Harper "didn't see himself as a politician", Mansell told CBC News in 2002, adding, "Politics was not his first love."Manning invited him to participate in the party, Harper gave a speech at Reform's 1987 founding conventi