Cobh Heritage Centre
The Cobh Heritage Centre is a museum located in Cobh, County Cork, Ireland. It is attached to Cobh railway station; the "Queenstown Experience", located at the centre, has permanent exhibitions of Irish history. It has held exhibits on life in Ireland through the 18th and 19th centuries, mass emigration, the Great Famine, on penal transportation to Australia, on the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, it has an exhibition on the history of the RMS Titanic, whose last port of call before it sank was Cobh. The centre is a tourist destination, including with visitors from cruise ships, which dock in Cobh; the centre has two onsite gift shops and a café. Cobh Heritage Centre Official website
Dublin Bus is a bus operator providing services in Dublin. It is a subsidiary of Córas Iompair Éireann; the company carried 139.4 million passengers in 2017. Dublin Bus was established on 2 February 1987. In September 2011, Dublin Bus received a significant technological upgrade with its introduction of real time passenger information. Dublin Bus operates an extensive network of 110 radial, cross-city and peripheral routes and 18 night routes in the city of Dublin and the Greater Dublin Area; the company carries around 325,000 people each day. The main radial routes are focused upon Dublin's sixteen Quality Bus Corridors which provide buses with daytime access to the city centre. Express buses operate on similar routes, but have a limited number of stops and a higher minimum fare; these services do not operate on public holidays. Dublin Bus operates a "Nitelink" service of 18 routes overnight which up until January 2009 ran between Monday and Saturday, with the greatest service frequency being on Friday and Saturday nights.
Due to cutbacks necessitated by the economic downturn in Ireland, the midweek schedule was scrapped causing consternation with commuters. Special fares apply on Nitelink buses. Dublin Bus runs a Ghost Bus Tour through some of the haunted places in the city including St Kevin's Church and St Audoen's Church; the tour runs in the evening time and includes two stops where passengers leave the bus behind and visit locations where ghosts have been seen. In April 2010, Dublin Bus announced it would be simplifying many of its routes around the city in order to create better efficiency; this programme is called Network Direct. However, as part of these measures, the company announced that 150 jobs would be lost. During the 2010's, Dublin Bus began to roll out an RTPI system at certain stops, which show the amount of time before a bus arrives directly to the user. In 2016, the company carried 125 million passengers, a reduction of 14% compared to 2005 numbers. From September 2018, 24 Dublin Bus routes and 125 buses will progressively be taken over by Go-Ahead Ireland after the National Transport Authority put their operation out to tender.
Uniquely for a capital city's primary transit network, no full system-wide street map is available online. Dublin Bus cites high licensing fees from fellow state owned company, Ordnance Survey Ireland, which published a printed street map every two to five years and included bus routes. However, the latest edition, published June 2011 omits these for the first time. Dublin Bus"Core Route Map' does, provide some visual information about key routes in the city. See Also List of Dublin Bus Routes. Dublin Bus fares are calculated on a stage system based on distance travelled. There are several different levels of fares. Certain routes use a different fare system. Dublin Bus operate an'exact fare' policy. Passengers place the exact fare in coins in the fare box. In the case of overpayment, no change is given and the system of issuing'refund due' receipt has ended. City busses do not accept Euro notes -- only coins are acceptable. Routes 747 and 757, the express routes to and from Dublin Airport have a minimum fare of €7.
There are several types of prepaid tickets available, including the following: Single day and multi-day tickets Tickets corresponding to cash fares Travel 90 minute tickets which allow unlimited travel for 90 minutes Tickets valid on Dublin Bus and Iarnród Éireann or Luas or all three, but tickets valid for all three systems are issued only by Iarnród Éireann. Leap card, a prepaid smartcard which can be used for pay as you go travel in the Dublin area, it offers discounts over standard on bus cash fares and can be used on Iarnród Éireann and Luas services. All of these tickets have migrated to the Leap card; this process was completed in May 2014 when all Rambler tickets, all Travel 90 and some in the Bus/Rail and Bus/Luas range were no longer available to purchase as separate smartcards. Instead, they are now loaded into the Leap card. Prepaid tickets must be validated in a machine by the door of the bus at the start of each journey, although the validation process for leap cards differs depending on the distance being travelled.
Old age pensioners and children five and under are allowed to travel free of charge. Minimum fares are payable on some services to discourage passengers wishing to travel short distances from using seats that could be used by those who wish to travel longer distances; as of May 2018, the fleet consisted of 1016 buses. As the vehicles of the Dublin Bus fleet come of age, they are withdrawn to make way for newer technology. Types of significance such as the GAC Ireland have been preserved by the National Transport Museum of Ireland who house R1. Many ex-CIÉ types have been acquired by private preservationists, some of whom associated with the Transport Enthusiasts Club; the vehicles are garaged and run by the owners without state funds and take part in films, television programs and in
James Mitchell Geology Museum
The James Mitchell Geology Museum is a geological museum based at Galway's University in the West of Ireland. It is the only remnant of the University's defunct Natural History Museum. Regarded as "Galway's Hidden Museum", it is located in the University's Main Quad and cane be entered through a staircase in that structure's south-east corner; the Museum was founded in 1852 and was based on the collections of William King which included rocks and fossils. This collection was supplemented by exchanges and purchases; the original catalogues compiled by King still extant. In 1883 Richard J. Anderson was appointed as Chair of Natural History and Mineralogy, amalgamated the geology and zoological collections to form a Natural History Museum. At this time the collection was housed in five rooms, three given over to zoology and two for the geological and palaeontological collections. Upon the death of Anderson, the chair was split into that of Natural History, Geology and Mineralogy. During the tenure of Professor Henry Cronshaw, the Museum was broken up, with only the geological collections remaining in the present location.
In 1921, Professor James Mitchell became Chair of Geology and Mineralogy, a position he held until 1966. Under Mitchell's tenure the gallery and collections remained intact; the Museum was named in honour of Professor Mitchell in 1977, in recognition of his work within the college. Over the years the collections have undergone periods of restoration; the first refurbishment happened in 1975, with the space cleaned and redecorated, specimens conserved. There had been no new specimens added to the collections from 1879 until 1975; the Museum specimens were conserved again by FAS workers in the 1990s, which included cataloguing the collections into a computer database. The Museum is now housed in one room the Geographical Museum; the Museum contains specimens of rocks and fossils, which serve as an educational resource for the students and staff of NUI Galway, but primary and secondary school children. There are 5000 fossils and 3000 rocks and minerals within the collections; the collections are of particular interest to the study of Irish geology.
Much like the Natural History Museum in Dublin, the gallery is in the Victorian cabinet style, a "museum of a museum". The collections were intended to be representative of international geology, with examples from all around the world; the palaeontological collections include a plesiosaur from Lyme Regis, a German ichthyosaur, Kiltorcan Devonian flora from County Kilkenny. More recent acquisitions include the Dave McDougall collection, reflecting the current focus on collecting local specimens
James Joyce Centre
The James Joyce Centre is a museum in Dublin, dedicated to promoting an understanding of the life and works of James Joyce. The Centre is situated in a restored 18th-century Georgian townhouse at 35 North Great George's Street, dating from a time when north inner city Dublin was at the height of its grandeur. On permanent exhibit is furniture from Paul Leon's apartment in Paris, where Joyce wrote much of Finnegans Wake, the door to the home of Leopold Bloom and his wife, number 7 Eccles Street one of the more famous addresses in literature, rescued from demolition by John Ryan. Temporary exhibitions work. There is another Joycean display at the James Joyce Tower in Sandycove. Official Website
The Hunt Museum is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. The Hunt Museum holds a personal collection donated by the Hunt family, it was situated in the University of Limerick, before being moved to its present location in the Georgian Custom House in 1997; the Custom House is situated on Rutland Street on the banks of the River Shannon at its confluence with the Abbey River. Among the museum's collection are works by notable artists and designers such as Pablo Picasso, Jack B. Yeats, Sybil Connolly as well as distinctive historical items such as the O' Dea Mitre and Crozier; as antique dealers and advisors to collectors and Gertrude Hunt built a thriving business and began to acquire pieces that reflected their own interests and curiosity rather than for commercial purposes. During the latter stages of John's life, they became aware of the scale of their collection and wished that it would remain intact, so they began to search for a permanent home for it, they met Professor Patrick Doran of the National Institute of Higher Education and Dr Edward Walsh, the Institute's President, who agreed to house a substantial part of the collection on a temporary basis.
The Hunt Museum opened there in 1978 in an exhibition room with the display designed by architect Arthur Gibney. During this period the Irish Government had declined the offer of the Hunt's collection, so the requirement to find a suitable home and owner to take responsibility for the artifacts became more urgent; the Hunt Museums Trust was established in 1974 to hold the Collection and the property at Craggaunowen in trust on behalf of the people of Ireland. The trust established The Hunt Museum Ltd. the sole purpose of, the establishment of a permanent home for the museum. Under the chairmanship of Dr Tony Ryan, this company provided the necessary energy to create the museum as we see it today. A public private partnership involving the University of Limerick, Shannon Development, Limerick Corporation and the Department of Arts, the Gaeltacht and the Islands, linked with local business interests secured the historic 18th-century former Customs House in Limerick city together with the funds to restore and renovate the building to international museum standards.
The museum was opened by the Taoiseach John Bruton on 14 February 1997. It was a moment of great celebration for all concerned but neither John nor Gertrude Hunt had lived to realise their dream; the museum stands as a monument to their enthusiasm and generosity. The Custom House is regarded as the most distinguished 18th century building in Limerick and it is rather unusual in comparison to other Georgian buildings in the city in that the exterior of the building is limestone rather than red brick, it is an elegant Palladian-style building designed by the Italian architect, Davis Ducart, in 1765. Both the'Captain's Room' and'Red Staircase' are elegant examples of Georgian architecture within the building and are testament to the optimism that the city experienced during the period of development and expansion in the late 18th century. Ducart designed several other Palladian-style buildings in Ireland including Castletown Cox in Co. Kilkenny and Florence Court in Co. Fermanagh; the Limerick Custom House was the administrative centre for the Revenue Commissioners in Limerick and it was the home of the Customs Collector in the eighteenth century.
In the 1840s with the introduction of a new postal system a Penny Post Office was opened in the Custom House. The Office of Public Works undertook the major restoration and refurbishment of the building completing it in 1996; the Custom House opened as The Hunt Museum on 14 February 1997. The anniversary of the opening of The Hunt Museum is celebrated annually as'Open Day' with free admission, tours and other activities; the Hunt Museum holds both from Ireland and abroad. The oldest pieces are from stone-age ancient Egypt; the collection includes the Antrim Cross, dresses by Irish designer Sybil Connolly, drawings by Picasso and a bronze horse once thought to be a design by Leonardo da Vinci for a large monument. The bronze horse is similar to the Budapest horse, but its provenance was disproven in 2009; some of the Hunt collection is on display at the nearby Craggaunowen in County Clare, greatly contributed to by John and Gertrude Hunt. John Hunt was interested in early Christian art and artifacts and he collected them so the museum collection held many religious items from rosary beads to statues of varying sizes, from not just Ireland but from around Europe.
The Museums'Treasury Room' houses a great number of these items and among the artifacts in this room are the beautiful Arthur Cross and Arthur Chalice. Found in the collection were significant medieval Christian pieces such as the Antrim Cross, the Cashel Bell, the Hohenzollern Crucifix. Work in progress Work in progress Work in progress Included in the plan to house the Hunt collection in the custom house was an idea for a purpose built modern gallery space, it was completed as a part of the renovation of the Custom House and is used for temporary exhibitions that accompany the permanent collection. In 2011 a lifesize model of a horse, painted by young people aged 10-18 was placed outside the front of the building; this was joined by a second one in 2012. The models are made of fibreglass, are taken inside at night; the art installation was inspired by th
James Joyce Tower and Museum
The James Joyce Tower and Museum is a Martello tower in Sandycove, where James Joyce spent six nights in 1904. The opening scenes of his novel Ulysses take place here, the tower is a place of pilgrimage for Joyce enthusiasts on Bloomsday. Admission is free; the tower was leased from the British War Office by Joyce's university friend Oliver St. John Gogarty, with the purpose of "Hellenising" Ireland. Joyce stayed there for six days, from September 9 to 14 in 1904. Gogarty attributed Joyce's abrupt departure to a midnight incident with a loaded revolver; the opening scenes of Ulysses are set the morning after this incident. Gogarty is immortalised as "Stately, plump Buck Mulligan"; the tower now contains a museum dedicated to Joyce and displays some of his possessions and other ephemera associated with Ulysses. The living space is set up to resemble its 1904 appearance, contains a ceramic panther to represent one seen in a dream by a resident, it is a place of pilgrimage for Joyce enthusiasts on Bloomsday.
The Tower became a museum opening on 16 June 1962 through the efforts of Dublin artist John Ryan. Ryan rescued the front door to 7 Eccles Street from demolition and organised, with Brian O'Nolan, the first Bloomsday Celebration in 1954; the James Joyce Tower is open 365 days a year, 10am-6pm. Admission is free; the museum is run by the Friends of Joyce Tower Society on a voluntary basis. Ryan, Susan. "Joyce Tower set to reopen thanks to volunteer support". TheJournal.ie. Official website
14 Henrietta Street
14 Henrietta Street is a museum located on Henrietta Street in Dublin, Ireland. It opened in September 2018. Construction of Henrietta Street began on land bought by Luke Gardiner. Numbers 13, 14 and 15 were built in the late 1740s by Gardiner as a speculative enterprise. Number 14's first occupant was his second wife Mary Jenney Usher. Other notable residents in the late 18th century included Lord John Bowes, Sir Lucius O'Brien, Sir John Hotham, Viscount Charles Dillon. After the Act of Union in 1800, Dublin entered a period of economic decline. 14 Henrietta Street was occupied by courts and a barracks during the 19th century. By 1877, a landlord called Thomas Vance had removed its grand staircase and divided it into 19 tenement flats of one and four rooms. An advert in The Irish Times from 1877 read: "To be let to respectable families in a large house, Northside papered and filled up with every modern sanitary improvement, gas and wc on landings, Vartry Water, drying yard and a range with oven for each tenant.
Apply to the caretaker, 14 Henrietta St." By 1911, it was home to over 100 people. The last families left the house in 1979. Restoration work took over ten years to complete. 14 Henrietta Street is owned and was restored by Dublin City Council, but is operated by the Dublin City Council Culture Company. The house has been restored to show the original Georgian period through to the its final incarnation as a tenement. Official website