People Places
History Art

Aeroflot Flight 343

Aeroflot Flight 343 was a passenger flight from Moscow-Sheremetyevo Airport to Jorge Chávez International Airport, on a stopover at Luxembourg-Findel International Airport, that veered off the runway on 29 September 1982, fatally injuring seven occupants. The Ilyushin Il-62M operating the flight suffered a mechanical failure; the aircraft involved in the accident was an Ilyushin Il-62M operated by Aeroflot, registered CCCP-86470. The aircraft rolled off the assembly line of the Kazan production facility in April 1977. At the time of the accident the aircraft had 10,325 flight hours; the flight was intended for the Moscow-Luxembourg-Havana-Lima route, but crashed on the first stopover in Luxembourg. The flight had 11 crew members; the aircraft started experiencing technical difficulties on approach to landing. At an altitude of just 5 m above the runway and a speed of 278 km/h, with the engines set at 40% Nh, the thrust reversers on engines No. 1 and 4 were released. Five seconds at a speed of 265 km/h, the crew increased power on engine No. 4 to 80% Nh and engine No. 1 – to 86% Nh, intending to re-align the aircraft with the runway.

Instead, the deviation to the right only increased. Instead of stopping on the runway, the aircraft wing hit a water tower continued on, striking a small airport fence before it rolled into a small forest, damaged several trees fell into a small ravine 200 meters from the runway at 20:23 local time; the investigation determined the probable cause of the accident to be mechanical failure of the thrust reversers on engine No.1:"The accident may be attributed to a mechanical failure affecting the mechanism of controlling thrust which occurred during the most critical phase of landing. This failure and unpredictable, was identified by the crew and made the aircraft uncontrollable in direction during the execution of the normal landing procedure."

Comité Européen des groupements de constructeurs du machinisme agricole

Comité Européen des groupements de constructeurs du machinisme agricole is the European association representing the agricultural machinery industry in Europe. It was established during the first General Assembly in London on 10 July 1959; the secretariat was based in Paris and stayed there until it moved to Brussels in 2006. This was done to be closer to European decision-making. In Brussels it has an office near the European Quartier; the organisation is listed in the Transparency Register of the European Commission. The main activities of CEMA consist of providing advice and services to the national member associations on various relevant topics for the agricultural machinery industry. Examples of those topics are tractor type approval, harmonization of road requirements and engine emissions. Furthermore, it provides a common European industry view on those topics; the interests of the agricultural machinery industry are defended and promoted towards the European Institutions. Several events are organized by CEMA.

E.g. every second year, CEMA organizes a two-day industry summit ‘CEMA Summit’ in Brussels where industry leaders meet EU decision-makers and farmers’ representatives and agri-food stakeholders to discuss the latest EU policy developments and challenges ahead for the sector. The next edition will take place on 2 - 3 June 2020 in Brussels. CEMA is a network of national organisations that come together every year with industry at the General Assembly; every other year, the CEMA Board is that Board chooses a Technical Board. Specific technical topics are dealt with in Project Teams consisting of representatives of national associations and industry; the coordination and contact with other organisations is taken care of by the Secretariat in Brussels. The current president of CEMA is Anthony van der Ley. AEA Agoria ANSEMAT AXEMA Fedecom FMMI FEDERUNACOMA VDMA DAI TARMAKBIR A. ZET