Raystown Branch Juniata River
The Raystown Branch Juniata River is the largest and longest tributary of the Juniata River in south-central Pennsylvania in the United States. The Raystown Branch Juniata River begins along the Allegheny Front in Somerset County and flows 123 miles to the confluence with the Juniata River near Huntingdon, it passes through the boroughs of Everett along its course. 5.4 miles upstream of the mouth, the United States Army Corps of Engineers Raystown Dam forms Raystown Lake, the largest lake in Pennsylvania. The Diehls Covered Bridge crosses Raystown Branch Juniata River in Pennsylvania; the Bridge in Snake Spring Township crosses Raystown Branch Juniata River in Snake Spring Township, Pennsylvania. The Corbin Bridge crosses Raystown Branch Juniata River in Pennsylvania. Breastwork Run Dunning Creek Cove Creek Bloody Run Brush Creek Yellow Creek Great Trough Creek List of rivers of Pennsylvania Shawnee State Park Warriors Path State Park Trough Creek State Park Bloody Run Canoe Classic The Narrows U.
S. Geological Survey: PA stream gaging stations
The Coffee Pot (Bedford, Pennsylvania)
The Coffee Pot in Bedford, Pennsylvania is an example of novelty architecture. The lunch stand was built in the shape of a coffee pot by David Koontz in 1927, it was threatened with demolition in the 1990s, but in 2004 was moved across the street and restored. It serves as a gift shop; the Coffee Pot, 1936 roadhouse in the shape of a coffee pot Historic American Engineering Record No. PA-601, "Bedford Coffee Pot, Bedford County, PA", 4 photos, 1 photo caption page An eating place near the Greyhound bus stop by Esther Bubley, Sept. 1943 for U. S. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information
Bridge in Snake Spring Township
Bridge in Snake Spring Township known as the Narrows Bridge, is a historic concrete arch bridge located at The Narrows in Snake Spring Township in Bedford County, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1934, is a 580-foot-long, open spandrel concrete arch bridge with five arches; the roadway is skewed and carries US 30, the Lincoln Highway, over the Raystown Branch Juniata River. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Pennsylvania Historic American Engineering Record No. PA-449, "Narrows Bridge, Spanning Raystown Branch of Juniata River at Lincoln Highway, Bedford vicinity, Bedford County, PA", 7 photos, 8 data pages, 1 photo caption page
The David Espy House is a historic house at 123 East Pitt Street in Bedford, Pennsylvania. Built in 1770, it is significant as the residence used by President George Washington when he was leading the troops that put down the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1983. The house is now used for commercial purposes; the David Espy House is located in downtown Bedford, on the north side of East Pitt Street between North Juliana and North Richard Streets. It is a masonry structure 2-1/2 stories in height, with a gabled roof; the front facade is finished in finished rectangular blocks laid in courses, while the sides have a mortared rubble finish. The front facade is three bays in width, with the traditional entrance in the leftmost bay; the right two bays on the ground floor have been united into a commercial picture window and recessed entry. A wood frame ell extends to the rear of the stone front section; the ground floor has been adapted for commercial use. The house was built in 1770 -- 71 for a local militia officer and prothonotary.
He was a Freemason and served as Junior Warden when Bedford Lodge No. 48 A. Y. M. was warranted in 1790. In 1794, his stone house was the finest in the town, was where President George Washington stayed while leading troops in the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion. Bedford was as far as Washington traveled with the troops. List of National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania National Register of Historic Places listings in Bedford County, Pennsylvania Bedford County: The Espy House Explore Pennsylvania, Historical Markers: Espy House
Chestnut Ridge and Schellsburg Union Church and Cemetery
Chestnut Ridge and Schellsburg Union Church and Cemetery is a historic church and cemetery in Bedford County, Pennsylvania. The church was built by members of the Reformed and Lutheran churches in 1806, it was used by both congregations until 1843, by the Reformed congregation until 1853. The first burial in the cemetery was in 1806. Workmen who were roofing the church placed; the cemetery was not formally organized until 1860, did not receive a deed to the land until 1897. The church was built of logs and in 1881 covered with weatherboarding; the weatherboarding was removed in 1935, the church was restored in the early 2000s. The church and cemetery were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005; the small town of Schellsburg, the Schellsburg Historic District, listed on the National Register, is about 1/4 mile to the east on U. S. 30. Official website of the Old Log Church Schellsberg Cemetery at Find A Grave Historical marker
Broad Top Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania
Broad Top Township is a township in Bedford County, United States. The population was 1,687 at the 2010 census. ZIP codes: 16678, 16679 Area code: 814 Local telephone exchanges: 635, 928 Broad Top Township is located in northeastern Bedford County, situated on a portion of the Broad Top plateau. Most of its western boundary follows the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River, its southern boundary follows the ridgecrest of Harbor Mountain; the township is bordered to the south by East Providence Township, to the southwest by West Providence Township, to the west by Hopewell Township, to the northwest by Liberty Township. To the north is Huntingdon County, with Hopewell Township touching at Broad Top Township's northernmost point, Carbon Township to the north, Wood Township to the northeast. To the east, in Fulton County, is Wells Township; the township includes the unincorporated community of Defiance. The boroughs of Coaldale and Hopewell are not part of Broad Top Township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 48.5 square miles, of which 48.2 square miles is land and 0.31 square miles, or 0.63%, is water.
A portion of the Buchanan State Forest along the eastern border of the township with Taylor Township, the entire Pennsylvania State Game Lands Number 261 is located in the township southeast of Hopewell. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,827 people, 708 households, 523 families residing in the township; the population density was 37.9 people per square mile. There were 888 housing units at an average density of 18.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.12% White, 0.22% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population. There were 708 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.1% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the township the population was spread out, with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.9 males. The median income for a household in the township was $30,250, the median income for a family was $33,289. Males had a median income of $29,280 versus $18,229 for females; the per capita income for the township was $14,781. About 10.0% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over
National Park Service
The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior; the NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment. As of 2018, the NPS employs 27,000 employees who oversee 419 units, of which 61 are designated national parks. National parks and national monuments in the United States were individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior; the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior.
They wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill that mandated the agency "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS. On March 3, 1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933; the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasn't until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, made use of this power. Deputy Director Horace M. Albright had suggested to President Roosevelt that the historic sites from the American Civil War should be managed by the National Park Service, rather than the War Department.
President Roosevelt issued two Executive orders to make it happen. These two executive orders not only transferred to the National Park Service all the War Department historic sites, but the national monuments managed by the Department of Agriculture and the parks in and around the capital, run by an independent office. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service and went to work on bringing park facilities up to the standards that the public expected; the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, a ten-year effort to upgrade and expand park facilities for the 50th anniversary of the Park Service. New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery and unique natural features to making parks accessible to the public.
Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States' national parks, which have grown in number over the years to 60. Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States. In 1872, there was no state government to manage it, so the federal government assumed direct control. Yosemite National Park began as a state park. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership. At first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the civilian staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the federal government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, the National Park Service, to manage all national parks and some national monuments.
Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. The agency was given authority over other protected areas, many with varying designations as Congress created them; the National Park System includes. The title or designation of a unit need not include the term park; the System as a whole is considered to be a national treasure of the United States, some of the more famous national parks and monuments are sometimes referred to metaphorically as "crown jewels". The system encompasses 84.4 million acres, of which more than 4.3 million acres remain in private ownership. The largest unit is Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. At 13,200,000 acres, it is over 16 percent of the entire system; the smallest unit in the system is Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, Pennsylvania, at 0.02 acre. In addition to administering its units and other properties, the National Park Service provides technical and financial assistance to several "affiliated areas" authorized by Congress.
The largest affiliated area is New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve at 1,164,025 acres. The smallest is Benjamin Franklin National Memorial at less than 0.01 acres. Although all units of the Nat