National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
Villa Park, Illinois
Villa Park is a village in DuPage County, United States, within the Chicago metropolitan area. The current population is 21,800; the Village of Villa Park is an inner western suburb of Chicago near the hub of eastern DuPage County's busiest transportation corridor, 14 miles from O’Hare International Airport and within 25 miles of Midway International Airport. Villa Park lays 19.7 miles directly west of Chicago's Loop, Villa Park provides direct access to downtown Chicago by car or Metra train and is convenient to both O’Hare and Midway Airports and the rest of the western suburbs due to its proximity to Interstate 290, Interstate 355, Interstate 294, Illinois Route 53, Illinois Route 83, Interstate 88, Illinois Route 38, famous North Avenue When Ovaltine established its factory, it needed a way to make sure that its employees could get to and from work safely regardless of the weather, terrain or other issues. Villa Park was built for that reason, as well as for a convenient train stop. Following the construction of a subdivision called Villa Park in 1908 and another called Ardmore in 1910 by the real estate firm Ballard & Pottinger, Villa Park was incorporated in 1914 by uniting the two subdivisions of 300 people.
The first village president, William H. Calhoun, was elected on September 12, 1914. Although the merged town was named after the Ardmore subdivision, the community changed its name to Villa Park in 1917. Villa Park was one of a number of suburbs directly west of downtown Chicago that flourished as a result of the electric interurban line, the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad; the railroad ran from the Chicago Loop, directly west to Wheaton, where it split into two lines, one traveling southwest to Aurora and the other northwest to Elgin. Two small commercial areas developed, one around the Villa Avenue station and the other around the Ardmore Avenue station. In 1957, the CA&E ceased to carry passengers because of a dramatic drop in ridership from the loss of a one-seat ride by the construction of the Eisenhower Expressway and the general increase in use of personal automobiles; the right-of-way was cleaned up and developed into a hiking and bicycling trail known as the Illinois Prairie Path.
The Ardmore Station is now home to the Chamber of Commerce, the Villa Avenue Station houses the Villa Park Historical Society. Villa Park was home to the Ovaltine chocolate factory until it closed in 1988, it was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1986 as building #86003781. It has since been converted into loft apartments. Many of the residents are of Eastern European heritage, including Polish and Russian. There is a significant Hispanic heritage. A sizeable Muslim immigrant community began to gather in the area in the 1980s and 1990s and established the Islamic Foundation School in 1986. In September 2017, Villa Park was ranked #28 in Money Magazine's Best Places to Live in America. In October 2017, the Village was named by Money Magazine as the 8th Best Place in America to Raise a Family Now; the Daily Herald and NBC Chicago published stories on these distinctions. Villa Park has a manager-council government; the village manager is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the town.
The manager position is appointed by the Village Board of Trustees. The village is governed by six trustees, comprising the Village Board; the six trustees and the village clerk are elected on a rotating basis every two years so that not all the trustees are up for re-election at the same time. A list of elected officials holding office can be found on the Village's website at invillapark.com. Advising the Village Board on various issues are numerous commissions, composed of local residents appointed to the posts. Norma Berger, pitcher in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Tino Insana, voice actor, producer. According to the 2010 census, Villa Park has a total area of 4.759 square miles, of which 4.71 square miles is land and 0.049 square miles is water. As of the census of 2015, there were 21,800 people, 7,737 households, 5,748 families residing in the village; the population density was 4469 people per square mile. There were 8,199 housing units at an average density of 1060 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the village was 66% White, 5% Asian, 6% African American, 0% Native American, 0% Pacific Islander, 0% from other races, 1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22% of the population. 15.9% of the population is foreign born US Census with 16% coming from Europe, 27% from Asia, 1% from Africa, 56% from Latin America. There were 7,810 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.4% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.30. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24
Orland P. Bassett House
The Orland P. Bassett House known as the "American Beauty" House, is a historic Colonial Revival residence in Hinsdale, Illinois; the Orland P. Bassett House, the accompanying carriage house, were constructed in 1899. Bassett began his career as a printer, moving to Chicago manage the Pictorial Printing Company in 1874, he began cultivating roses as a hobby. In 1888, he created, he co-founded Washburn, which became the first florist to distribute the rose. Commercial horticulture was a new field as Americans had only gained significant disposable income late in the 19th century. One of their largest clients was the Chicago and Quincy Railroad, who purchased the roses for use in their dining cars; the company was the largest employer in Hinsdale in 1900. Bassett retired in 1907, passing the business to his son-in-law, moved to Pasadena, California in 1910. Bassett's grandson Egdar Washburn lived in the residence until 1913, when it was sold to Quaker Oats treasurer Robert Gordon; the house was renovated in 1942.
Bassett purchased a plot of land on the corner of Oak and Sixth Street in late 1898 and commissioned contractor Ole Anderson to build it for $25,000. The original architect is unknown—although the plans to the building are intact, there is no indication of who drew them. Enock Hill Turnock remodeled Bassett's former house, "Bonnie Heights", may have continued a working relationship with Bassett. Given Bassett's occupation, the house was nicknamed the "American Beauty" House by local residents; the house was completed in December 1899. The third floor of the house features a ballroom; the house was principally built in the Colonial Revival style, but features elements of Queen Anne Style. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Orland P. Bassett House
Bloomingdale is a village in DuPage County, United States 25 miles west of Chicago. The population was 22,018 at the 2010 census. Bloomingdale is one of the earliest villages settled in; the Meacham family settled here in 1833, by the end of the following year, 12 to 15 families had settled in the locality. It was named Meacham's Grove; the community was served by modern day Lake Street. It became an important stop for westward travelers. A Cook County settlement, it was annexed by DuPage County in 1839; the northern part of the village wanted to develop commercially while the southern part wished to remain a farming community. In 1923, the village split to accommodate this—the northern portion of the town was incorporated as Roselle. From 1950 to 1980, the population increased from 338 to 12,659. Stratford Square Mall, located at Springfield Road and Schick Road, is the largest of Bloomingdale's shopping centers; the indoor, landscaped mall contains three major department stores and more than 150 specialty shops and restaurants with three vacant anchors, one of which will become a supermarket.
Old Town Bloomingdale, at the intersection of Lake Street and Bloomingdale Road, is a collection of small businesses and shops located in restored buildings at the original site of the village's first settlement. Bloomingdale is located at 41°56′58″N 88°4′57″W. According to the 2010 census, Bloomingdale has a total area of 7.04 square miles, of which 6.78 square miles is land and 0.26 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,675 people, 8,219 households, 5,662 families residing in the village; the population density was 3,204.1 people per square mile. There were 8,399 housing units at an average density of 1,241.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 85.37% White, 2.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 8.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.96% of the population. There were 8,219 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families.
24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08. In the village, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $51,365, the median income for a family was $78,889. Males had a median income of $52,729 versus $35,827 for females; the per capita income for the village was $30,941. About 1.8% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over. Elementary school districts serving Bloomingdale include: Bloomingdale School District 13 Community Consolidated School District 93 It is headquartered in Bloomingdale and operates two schools in Bloomingdale: Stratford Middle School and the Early Childhood Center.
Keeneyville School District 20 Marquardt School District 15 It operates Winnebago Elementary School in Bloomingdale. Medinah District 11High school districts include: Glenbard Township High School District 87 Students in the section of Bloomingdale within District 87 are zoned to either Glenbard East High School in Lombard or Glenbard North High School in Carol Stream. Lake Park High School in RoselleBloomingdale has St. Isidore School. Nearby private schools: St. Francis High School in Wheaton St. Matthew School in Glendale Heights St. Walter Catholic School in Roselle Trinity Lutheran School in RoselleThe community is served by the 35,000-square-foot Bloomingdale Public Library. Nate Fox, professional basketball player Austin Jones, YouTuber and musician Frank C. Rathje, president of the American Bankers Association, founder of the Mutual National Bank of Chicago Village of Bloomingdale official website Bloomingdale Historical Society Bloomingdale Public Library official website Bloomingdale School District 13 Images of historic Bloomingdale from the Bloomingdale Heritage Collection at Bloomingdale Public Library
Willow Springs, Illinois
Willow Springs is a village in Cook and DuPage counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. The village was founded in 1892; the population was 5,524 at the 2010 census. Willow Springs is located at 41°44′15″N 87°52′40″W. According to the 2010 census, Willow Springs has a total area of 4.116 square miles, of which 4.01 square miles is land and 0.106 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,027 people, 1,948 households, 1,381 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,299.8 people per square mile. There were 1,991 housing units at an average density of 514.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 93.91% White, 0.72% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.85% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.05% of the population. The top five ancestries reported in Willow Springs as of the 2000 census were Polish, Irish and Czech. There were 1,948 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families.
24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12. In the village, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $58,322, the median income for a family was $66,886. Males had a median income of $48,776 versus $35,466 for females; the per capita income for the village was $30,394. About 5.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Most of Willow Springs is in Illinois' 3rd congressional district, while the northwestern portion is in the 6th district; the Mayor is John M. Carpino.
Several public elementary and middle school students attend Willow Springs School District 108, while others attend Pleasantdale Elementary and Pleasantdale Middle School in Pleasantdale School District 107. At the high school level, some District 108 students move onto Argo Community High School in Summit, IL, District 107 students move onto Lyons Township High School in La Grange/Western Springs, IL. Another portion of District 108 students attend Amos Alonzo Stagg High School in Palos Hills, IL. Trinity Lutheran School is in the area. College of DuPage serves residents north of the river while Moraine Valley Community College serves those south of the river. Willow Springs has a station on Metra's Heritage Corridor, which provides daily rail service between Joliet and Chicago Union Station. Willow Springs was used as a set location for the film The Lake House, starring Sandra Bullock and Keanu Reeves. Village website
Butler School (Oak Brook, Illinois)
Butler School is a historic building in Oak Brook, Illinois. Frank Osgood Butler donated the land for the two-room schoolhouse in the late 1910s; the building became a meeting place for locals, hosted the first club to use the term "Oak Brook" to refer to the surrounding settlement. The former school was used as the village hall, police station, library, until new buildings were constructed for those purposes in the 1970s, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. The building was constructed as a two-room schoolhouse in the early 1920s and functioned in this capacity until 1961. Frank Osgood Butler was the son of a wealthy businessman who bought a farm as a summer home in between the burgeoning suburbs of Elmhurst and Hinsdale in 1898. Butler increased the size of his holdings by purchasing his neighbors' lots and businesses, it was Butler who donated a small 10 acres tract of land to the city and funded the construction of a new school. The region was home to two one-story schools at the time, Butler wanted to create an educational environment, notable at the state level.
The architect of the Georgian Style school is unknown. Grades one through four were taught in one classroom, while five through eight were taught in the other. A traveling music teacher visited the school once a week to teach piano; the school was in Consolidated School District #17 and was reassigned to Consolidated School District #53 in 1926. Butler's large holdings in the area stunted local development, attendance was unable to increase over the forty-year period. An average of fifty-two students attended class each year; the school became an important place for social gatherings and hosted games and drama. A civic organization that met in the school was the first to use the term "Oak Brook" to refer to the surrounding community; the village adopted the name after it was incorporated in 1958. Two newly constructed highways, the Tri-State and the East-West Tollway, offered the potential of town growth. In addition, Marshall Field purchased a local tract of land to develop into the Oakbrook Center shopping mall.
To prepare for this, the Butler family traded Butler School to the village for a new tract of land for a seven-room school. Butler School was re-purposed as a Village Hall, Police Station, library; as the village continued to reap the benefits of its increased commerce, a new Village Hall was erected in 1975, the former Butler School was used as a library. In 2001, a new library was constructed and the school was converted to a museum, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. The schoolhouse is considered an example of Georgian Revival architecture with Federal Style details; the building is rectangular, with the long side running north to south, with a wing on the east and the west. The rectangular portion is 62 by 34 feet, the east wing is 28 by 18 feet, the west wind is 18 by 18 feet, combining for 6,000 square feet, it is made of brick with wooden windows. Like many Georgian Revival buildings, there are chimneys on opposite ends of the building; the chimneys both have a cement cap.
A fanlight sits above the main door on the south facade. It opens to the vestibule. Though the stairs have since been carpeted, the staircase maintains its original balustrade with matching newels; the north end of the vestibule as an elliptical fanlight. Windows are double hung and feature a brick lintel with a keystone
Avery Coonley School
The Avery Coonley School called Avery Coonley, is an independent, coeducational day school serving academically gifted students in preschool through eighth grade, is located in Downers Grove, Illinois. The school was founded in 1906 to promote the progressive educational theories developed by John Dewey and other turn-of-the-20th-century philosophers, was a nationally recognized model for progressive education well into the 1940s. From 1943 to 1965, Avery Coonley was part of the National College of Education, serving as a living laboratory for teacher training and educational research. In the 1960s, ACS became a regional research center and a leadership hub for independent schools, began to focus on the education of the gifted; the school has occupied several structures in its history, including a small cottage on the Coonley Estate in Riverside and another building designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. It moved to Downers Grove in 1916 and became the Avery Coonley School in 1929, with a new 10.45-acre campus designed in the Prairie and Arts and Crafts styles, landscaped by Jens Jensen, known as "dean of the world's landscape architects".
The campus has been expanded several times since the 1980s to create more space for arts and classrooms. Avery Coonley was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, citing the "long-lasting influence on schools throughout the country" of the educational program and the design of the building and grounds; the progressive legacy is still evident in the modern curriculum, which retains many traditions and educational activities dating back to the beginning of the school. Students work a minimum of one year above their current grade level, explore broad themes allowing them to learn across subjects and engage in creative and collaborative projects, using instructional technology extensively. Opportunities to build on classroom studies are offered through a range of extracurricular activities. Admission is competitive and an IQ score of at least 124 is required. ACS is notable for its record of success in academic competitions at the state and national levels in mathematics, science and other subjects.
ACS was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education in 1988. Avery Coonley attracted national media attention in 1994 when the school was banned from competition in the Illinois State Science Fair after winning for the fourth year in a row. Although the decision was reversed, the controversy was decried by the press as an example of the "dumbing down" of education and the victory of self-esteem over excellence in schools. In 1906, Queene Ferry Coonley, wife of wealthy Riverside industrialist and publisher Avery Coonley, decided to start a kindergarten program to allow children younger than five years old to attend. Queene Coonley was trained as a social worker and kindergarten teacher at the Detroit Normal School and was impressed by the theories of Friedrich Fröbel, who believed children's early education should be an extension of their lives at home. Fröbel's theories captured the three main principles of what John Dewey would call the "kindergarten attitude", which applied not just to kindergartners but to children of all ages.
Dewey wrote that the primary role of the school is to train children in cooperative living, the root of all learning is the activity of the child and not external material, directing children's spontaneous impulses towards maintaining the collective life of the school is how they become prepared for adult life. Convinced of these principles, Coonley sought to enroll her four-year-old daughter in the Riverside School, one of the few public kindergartens in the area, but was disappointed when the child was not eligible because she had not yet turned five. Coonley persuaded the director of the Riverside program, Lucia Burton Morse, her assistant, Charlotte Krum, to help launch a new school. Morse and Krum had attended Elizabeth Harrison's Kindergarten College, which "championed the concept of kindergarten teaching in America and was one of the first teacher's colleges in the country to offer a four-year program culminating in the bachelor of education degree". There they had studied the educational theories of John Dewey and others, who stood opposed to the more traditional pedagogical practices of the day, which saw education as the business of transmitting long-standing bodies of information to new generations and inculcating moral training based on rules and standards of conduct.
Their new progressive views of education emphasized an individualized approach to education and an integrated curriculum where children learned from experience and social interaction. According to Dewey, "it is a cardinal precept of the newer school of education that the beginning of instruction shall be made with the experience learners have; these ideas laid the foundations of. Coonley and Krum brought these ideas with them to the new school, which Coonley described as "a Children's Community, its purpose was not so much to teach what others had thought or grown-ups had done, but for the children themselves to do something." A small cottage on the Coonley estate served as the first school building, reflected by its original name, the Cottage School. The designer was Charles Whittlesey; the estate's main building, the Avery Coonley House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is now a National Historic Landmark. Over the years, many of the estate's buildings would be pressed