People Places
History Art
Science
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 110th Street

List of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 110th Street This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places above 110th Street in Manhattan. For properties and districts in other parts of Manhattan and the other islands of New York County, see National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York; the locations of National Register properties and districts may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates". This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 28, 2020. County: National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York State: National Register of Historic Places listings in New York Municipal: List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan above 110th Street

Wickham Market railway station

Wickham Market railway station is on the East Suffolk Line in the east of England, located in Campsea Ashe, Suffolk 2 miles east of Wickham Market itself. The station is 15 miles 64 chains down the line from Ipswich and 84 miles 43 chains measured from London Liverpool Street, its three-letter station code is WCM. It is managed by Abellio Greater Anglia, which operates all trains that call. Wickham Market was a junction for the Framlingham branch line; the branch closed to passenger services in November 1952, to freight in April 1963. The railway line connecting the East Suffolk Railway at Halesworth to an extension of the Eastern Counties Railway at Woodbridge was built by the ESR, as was the Framlingham branch; the main line and the Framlingham branch both opened on 1 June 1859, Wickham Market station opened at the same time. The ESR was absorbed by the ECR on opening day. On 1 July 1862, the ECR and other small railway companies were amalgamated to form the Great Eastern Railway. Upon the 1923 Grouping, the GER was combined with other railways into the London and North Eastern Railway.

The Framlingham branch closed to passenger trains in November 1952. In the meantime, the goods yard at Wickham Market closed in July 1964. With the privatisation of British Rail, ownership of the line and station passed to Railtrack on 1 April 1994; the franchise to operate the passenger services on this route was won by Anglia Railways in 1997. In February 2012, the operation of the train service was taken over by Abellio Greater Anglia, a company run by Abellio, the trading name of Dutch railways; as of December 2016 the typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service at Wickham Market is as follows: On Sundays frequency reduces to one train every two hours in each direction. Trains direct to and from London Liverpool Street were withdrawn in 2010. One weekday early-morning train is extended through to Harwich International and there is a return from there in the evening. Allen, Cecil J.. The Great Eastern Railway. Hampton Court: Ian Allan. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd.

ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. McCarthy, Colin. Waller, Peter. Norfolk and Suffolk. Railways of Britain. Hersham: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-3223-1. 0708/c1. Train times and station information for Wickham Market railway station from National Rail

Jakob Friedrich Fries

Jakob Friedrich Fries was a German post-Kantian philosopher. Fries studied theology at the academy of the Moravian Brethren at Niesky and philosophy at the Universities of Leipzig and Jena. After travelling, in 1806 he became professor of philosophy and elementary mathematics at the University of Heidelberg. Though the progress of his psychological thought compelled him to abandon the positive theology of the Moravians, he retained an appreciation of its spiritual or symbolic significance, his philosophical position with regard to his contemporaries had been made clear in his critical work Reinhold, Fichte und Schelling, in the more systematic treatises System der Philosophie als evidente Wissenschaft and Wissen, Glaube und Ahnung. Fries' most important treatise, the Neue oder anthropologische Kritik der Vernunft, was an attempt to give a new foundation of psychological analysis to the critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant. In 1811 he published his System der Logik, in 1814 Julius und Evagoras, a philosophical romance.

He was involved in public polemics, in 1816 wrote Ueber die Gefährdung des Wohlstandes und des Charakters der Deutschen durch die Juden, advocating among other things a distinct sign on the dress of Jews to distinguish them from the general population, encouraging their emigration from German lands. He blamed the Jews for the ascendant role of money in society and called for Judaism to be "extirpated root and branch" from German society. In 1816 he was invited to Jena to fill the chair of theoretical philosophy, entered upon a crusade against the prevailing Romanticism. In politics he was a strong Liberal and Unionist, he did much to inspire the organization of the Burschenschaft, he published a pamphlet calling for the exclusion of the Jews from public life in Germany. In 1816 he had published his views in a brochure, Von deutschem Bund und deutscher Staatsverfassung, dedicated to "the youth of Germany", his influence gave a powerful impetus to the agitation which led in 1819 to the issue of the Carlsbad Decrees by the representatives of the German governments.

Karl Sand, the murderer of August von Kotzebue, was one of Fries's pupils. He was condemned by the Mainz Commission; the grand duke, continued to pay him his stipend, in 1824 he was recalled to Jena as professor of mathematics and physics, receiving permission to lecture on philosophy in his own rooms to a select number of students. In 1838, the unrestricted right of lecturing was restored to him. Fries was involved in a dispute with the contemporary German philosopher G. W. F. Hegel. In the preface to his Philosophy of Right, Hegel criticised Fries' participation in student events and his role in the Burschenschaft. In Hegel's view, Fries was dependent upon "immediate perception and contingent imagination". Hegel argued that Fries' methodology was not sufficiently scientific and that, his conclusions were illogical. Fries responded by accusing Hegel of defending the existing order and his own privileged position within it, he argued that "Hegel's metaphysical mushroom has grown not in the gardens of science but on the dunghill of servility."

For Fries, Hegel's theories added up to a defence of the establishment and the Prussian authorities. The most important of the many works written during his Jena professorship are: Neue oder anthropologische Kritik der Vernunft Ueber die Gefährdung des Wohlstandes und Charakters der Deutschen durch die Juden Handbuch der praktischen Philosophie Handbuch der psychischen Anthropologie Die mathematische Naturphilosophie System der Metaphysik Neo-Kantianism Peter Sperber, "Empiricism and Rationalism: The Failure of Kant’s Synthesis and its Consequences for German philosophy around 1800", Kant Yearbook, 7, 2015. Jakob Friedrich Fries from the Proceedings of the Friesian School. Principles of Friesian Philosophy "Fries, Jakob Friedrich". New International Encyclopedia. 1906