San Rafael, California
San Rafael is an affluent city and the county seat of Marin County, United States. The city is located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area; as of the 2010 census the city's population is 57,713. What is now San Rafael was once the site of several Coast Miwok villages: Awani-wi, near downtown San Rafael, near Terra Linda and Shotomko-cha, in Marinwood. Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded in what is now downtown San Rafael as the 20th Spanish mission in the colonial Mexican province of Alta California by three priests—Father Narciso Durán from Mission San José, Father Abella from Mission San Francisco de Asís, Father Luis Gíl y Taboada from La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles—on Dec. 14, 1817, four years before Mexico gained independence from Spain. Mission San Rafael Arcángel was located a donkey's day walk to the mission below it; the mission and the city are named after the Angel of Healing. The mission was planned as a hospital site for Central Valley American Indians who had become ill at the cold San Francisco Mission Dolores.
Father Luis Gil, who spoke several Native American languages, was put in charge of the facility. In part because of its ideal weather, San Rafael was upgraded to full mission status in 1822; the mission had 300 converts within its first year, 1,140 converts by 1828. The Mexican government took over the California missions in 1834, Mission San Rafael was abandoned in 1844 falling into ruin; the current mission was built in 1949 in the style of the original, but faces at right angles to the alignment of the original. The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached San Rafael in 1879 and was linked to the national rail network in 1888; the United States Navy operated a San Pablo Bay degaussing range from San Rafael through World War II. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles. 16.5 square miles of it is land and 6.0 square miles of it is water. South of the county is San Francisco. Notable landmarks include: Mission San Rafael Arcángel, around which the city developed the Marin County Civic Center building, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright the Rafael Film Center China Camp State Park, Kerner Studios.
Peacock Gap Golf Course, open to the public. There are several public parks in the city; the San Rafael shoreline has been filled to a considerable extent to accommodate land development, with underlying bay mud of up to 90 feet in thickness. At certain locations such as Murphys Point, the sandstone or shale rock outcrops through the mud. San Rafael has a wide diversity of natural habitats from forests at the higher elevations to marshland and estuarine settings, its marshes are home to the endangered species Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse. There are riparian areas including the San Rafael Creek and Miller Creek corridors. San Rafael has a Mediterranean climate, with mild winter lows reaching the freezing mark; the National Weather Service reports that August is the warmest month with a high of 80.1 °F or 26.7 °C and a low of 55.0 °F or 12.8 °C. December, the coldest month, has an average high of 55.1 °F or 12.8 °C and an average low of 41.0 °F or 5.0 °C. The highest temperature on record is 110 °F, recorded in June 1961.
The highest temperature in recent years, 108 °F, occurred on July 23, 2006. The record lowest temperature was 20 °F on December 22, 1990. There are an average of 17.9 afternoons annually with a high of 90 °F or 32.2 °C or more and 1.2 afternoons with a high of 100 °F or 37.8 °C or more. Freezing temperatures occur on an average of 3.6 mornings. Total annual precipitation averages 32.16 inches or 816.9 millimetres, with an average of 64.3 days with measurable rain. The rainy season is from November to early April: rain is rare outside of this period and it is normal to receive no rain in June, July and September; the wettest “rain year” was from July 1994 to June 1995 with 61.45 inches and the driest from July 1975 to June 1976 with 13.62 inches. The most rain in one month was 24.11 inches in January 1995, the heaviest 24-hour rainfall was 8.74 inches on December 11, 1995. A trace of snow was recorded on January 30, 1976; the 2010 United States Census reported that the city of San Rafael had a population of 57,713.
This figure does not, include portions of the Santa Venetia and Lucas Valley-Marinwood CDPs, nor various other unincorporated areas, all of which have San Rafael postal addresses. The following statistics refer to the incorporated limits of San Rafael only; the population density was 2,573.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of San Rafael was 40,734 White, 1,154 African American, 709 Native American, 3,513 Asian, 126 Pacific Islander, 8,513 from other races, 2,964 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17,302 persons; the Census reported that 55,594 people lived in households, 1,314 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 805 were institutionalized. There were 22,764 households, out of which 6,358 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,845 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,004 had a female householder with no husband present, 1,133 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,450 unmarried opp
The Dixie Schoolhouse is a historic one-room schoolhouse located in San Rafael, Marin County, Northern California. It was built in the Victorian Italianate style; the school was the project of Marin pioneer James Miller. The school was in use for classes from 1864 until 1958; the Dixie School District gets its name from this first school. In June 1971, the schoolhouse was moved to its current location, at 2255 Las Gallinas Avenue near Miller Creek Middle School in San Rafael, it was restored and renovated prior to being listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The school is preserved by the Old Dixie School Foundation, is open to the public for visits on the first Sunday of every month from 2-4 P. M. National Register of Historic Places listings in Marin County, California
Fort Baker is one of the components of California's Golden Gate National Recreation Area. The Fort, which borders the City of Sausalito in Marin County and is connected to San Francisco by the Golden Gate Bridge, served as an Army post until the mid-1990s, when the headquarters of the 91st Division moved to Parks Reserve Forces Training Area, it is located opposite Fort Point at the entrance to the San Francisco Bay. Fort Baker was named the Lime Point Military Reservation, it was renamed in 1897. Fort Baker is named for Edward Dickinson Baker, a former U. S. Senator from Oregon. Active in California politics in the 1850s, Baker lost his life while leading a regiment of Union troops in the Civil War, he and his wife are buried in the San Francisco National Cemetery at the Presidio. Fort Baker was included in a historic district listing on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, as part of Forts Baker and Cronkhite. Fort Baker features intact historic structures and landscapes, is under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service.
It is known for its views of the San Francisco Bay. The military history of the area, now Fort Baker began in 1850 when President Millard Fillmore created The Lime Point Military Reservation, for coastal defense positions and logistic support facilities, on the north side of the Golden Gate, across from Fort Point. However, due to lengthy litigation the land was not acquired by the Federal Government until 1866. Between 1872 and 1876, four barbette batteries were built: at Point Cavallo, on the ridge above Lime Point, on Gravelly Beach to the west; the only buildings on the reservation were barracks-like quarters for construction crews and offices, to the west of Horseshoe Bay. In 1890 plans were drawn up for modern "Endicott Type" coastal artillery batteries to be built from Point Cavallo to Point Bonita. Four batteries were completed by 1901: Batteries Spencer, Kirby and Orlando Wagner. In 1897 a tent camp was established where the present Main Post is today, the reservation was renamed "Fort Baker".
Construction of permanent structures began in 1901. Fort Baker is named for Edward Dickinson Baker, a former U. S. Senator from Oregon. Active in California politics in the 1850s, Baker lost his life while leading a regiment of Union troops, the California Regiment, during the Battle of Ball's Bluff in the Civil War, he and his wife are buried in the San Francisco National Cemetery at the Presidio. The Baker–Barry Tunnel, a half-mile long tunnel connected Fort Barry and Fort Baker. In June 1937, the tunnel was widened to 20 feet wide. By December 1942, during World War II, there were 159 structures at Fort Baker, many of them temporary. For example, a temporary frame hospital, built near the beach at the foot of the parade ground, was completed in October 1941 and demolished in 1981. During the 1960s and 1970s the World War II wooden Army Hospital buildings were occupied by the Sixth U. S. Army Medical Laboratory; this medical Laboratory was the Reference Laboratory for all medical facilities in the Sixth Army area excluding Class II facilities such as Letterman General Hospital.
The Sixth Army Medical Laboratory performed testing for rabies, all virology tests, virology research. In 2000, the final uniformed elements of the US Army left the Presidio of San Francisco and Fort Baker, a subpost of the Presidio; the 91st Division, an Army Reserve unit, moved its headquarters from Fort Baker to Parks Reserve Forces Training Area, in Dublin, California. Many of the military-built buildings still stand, current institutions in the area include Coast Guard Station Golden Gate, a motor lifeboat station, the Travis Marina and Presidio Yacht Club and the Bay Area Discovery Museum. A sustainability and climate change focused think-tank, The Institute at the Golden Gate, has its offices at Fort Baker. In January 2005, an agreement was reached by the city of Sausalito and the National Park Service with developers for a retreat and conference center. Construction began in October 2006. Thirteen historic lodging buildings and seven historic commons buildings are being renovated, it is due to open in May 2008.
It will have 15,000 square feet of indoor space and 10,000 square feet of outdoor event space, for events of 10 to 250 guests, a restaurant seating 100 people, an 11,000-square-foot full-service spa. The 142-room resort will be run by Passport Resorts, which runs the Post Ranch Inn in Big Sur; the property is undergoing LEED accreditation for its reuse of green designs. The resort at Cavallo Point hosts guests; the site is Starfleet Academy in the Star Trek universe. This is used as the Final Pitstop of The Amazing Race 2. Featured in the third Dirty Harry film, The Enforcer, for a scene featuring a demonstration of a LAWS rocket; this was used as the Escape from Alcatraz Triathlon Finish Line from 1989 through 1993* Mission blue butterfly habitat conservation Fort Cronkhite Ft. Baker - Greening Case Study Final Environmental Impact Statement and Fort Baker Plan, EPA's Federal Register Environmental Documents, June 22, 2000. Fort Baker Official Brochure Fort Baker Parade Ground Walk: Innovations in Army Life self-guided tour Marin Headlands/Fort Baker Map National Park Service website for Fort Baker Website for Cavallo Point, "The Lodge at the Golden Gate" Bay Area Discovery Museum Institute at the Golden Gate non profit site
Hamilton Army Airfield
Hamilton Field was a United States Air Force base, inactivated in 1973, decommissioned in 1974, put into a caretaker status with the Air Force Reserves until 1976. It was transferred to the United States Army in 1983 and was designated an Army Airfield until its BRAC closure in 1988, it is located along the western shore of San Pablo Bay in the southern portion of Novato, in Marin County, California. Hamilton Field was named after First Lieutenant Lloyd Andrews Hamilton of the 17th Aero Squadron. Hamilton was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for "extraordinary heroism in action" in Varsenare, where he led a low level bombing attack on a German airdrome 30 miles behind enemy lines on August 13, 1918. Thirteen days Hamilton died in action near Lagnicourt, France. What would become Hamilton Air Force Base has its origins in the late 1920s, when the airfield was first established, it was first unofficially named. It was termed from 1929 until 1932 the "Air Corps Station, San Rafael." When formal development beginning, it was named Hamilton Field on July 12, 1932.
Construction of the airfield began about July 1, 1932, with the airfield being designed to accommodate four bomb squadrons and their personnel. Captain Don Hutchins of the Army Air Corps reported on duty as the first commanding officer of the new field on June 25, 1933, Captain John M. Davies' 70th Service Squadron arrived that December as the first squadron assigned to the base; the Hamilton Field Station Complement replaced the 70th Service Squadron on March 1, 1935. The original construction program was completed on May 12, 1935, at which time the field was ceremonially handed over to Brigadier General Henry'Hap' Arnold, commanding the First Wing, by Governor Frank Merriam of California; the U. S. Weather Bureau had an official cooperative weather station on the base from 1934 to 1964. Hamilton Field was a bomber installation. On May 5, 1934, the first planes assigned to Hamilton were Martin B-10 and B-12 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group, having been transferred from March Airfield. Shortly thereafter, amphibious reconnaissance aircraft of the 88th Observation Squadron were assigned to Hamilton.
The B-12 bombers housed at Hamilton Field were phased out in 1937, the 7th Bomb Group was re-equipped with the Douglas B-18 Bolo. The B-18 was a standard two-engine short-range bomber, was capable of airlifting combat-equipped troops en masse, an important advance in combat techniques at the time; the next step forward in bomber technology was the development of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, a four-engine airplane, bigger and heavier than any previous bomber and required a longer and stronger runway to operate. Because the runway at Hamilton Field was not adequate for the B-17, the larger planes had to go elsewhere. In 1939, the 7th Bombardment Group was designated a "heavy" bomb group and was moved to Fort Douglas, Utah on September 7, 1940, to train with B-17s. Hamilton became a fighter base under the USAAC Air Force Combat Command in December 1940, becoming the home of the 9th, 10th and 11th Pursuit Wings; the 9th PW was reassigned from March Field, bringing the 14th and 51st squadrons equipped with the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk.
Two other pursuit wings, the 10th, with the 20th and 35th Pursuit Groups, the 11th, with the 51st, 54th and 55th Pursuit Groups, were activated at Hamilton in December 1940, all equipped with P-40s, the Republic P-43 Lancer, a scattering of older Curtis P-36 Mohawks. The arrival of the pursuit wings and their crews caused crowding at the base and initiated the first of many housing problems. Hamilton was assigned to the USAAC 4th Air Force, on December 7, 1941, the airfield was designated an air defense base for the West Coast as part of the Western Defense Command on January 5, 1942. In response to the growing crisis in the Pacific, on December 6, 1941, the 38th Reconnaissance Squadron with four B-17Cs and two new B-17Es left Hamilton Field bound for Hickam Field, Hawaii on their way to Clark Field in the Philippines to reinforce the American Far East Air Force there. None were armed. After leaving Hamilton, flying all through the night, the bombers arrived over Oahu on the morning of December 7, 1941, faced an unusual welcome.
The B-17s had arrived over Oahu during the Japanese air attack on Hawaii which triggered American entry into World War II. They arrived at Pearl Harbor at the height of the attack. Two of the planes managed to land at a short fighter strip at Haliewa, one made a belly-landing at Bellows, one set down on the Kahuku Golf Course, the remainder landed at Hickam under the strafing of Japanese planes; the B-17Es of the 7th Bombardment Group were moved back to Hamilton from Utah for deployment to the Far East. Six of them arrived in Hawaii just after the Pearl Harbor attack, but the rest of them were ordered to remain in the United States to defend California and were sent south to Muroc AAF near Rosamond. During World War II, Hamilton was an important West Coast air training facility, its mission was that of an initial training base for newly formed fighter groups. The airfield was expanded to a wartime status, with construction of additional barracks, mess halls, administration buildings, Link trainer buildings, schools and other structures.
The following units trained at Hamilton: Auxiliary training fields used by Hamilton Field during World War II were: Montague Air Force Auxiliary Field 41°43′45″N 122°32′30″W Napa Army Airfield 38°12′56″N 122°16′49″W Willows
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, object, site, or structure, recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places, only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks. A National Historic Landmark District may include contributing properties that are buildings, sites or objects, it may include non-contributing properties. Contributing properties may or may not be separately listed. Prior to 1935, efforts to preserve cultural heritage of national importance were made by piecemeal efforts of the United States Congress. In 1935, Congress passed the Historic Sites Act, which authorized the Interior Secretary authority to formally record and organize historic properties, to designate properties as having "national historical significance", gave the National Park Service authority to administer significant federally owned properties. Over the following decades, surveys such as the Historic American Buildings Survey amassed information about culturally and architecturally significant properties in a program known as the Historic Sites Survey.
Most of the designations made under this legislation became National Historic Sites, although the first designation, made December 20, 1935, was for a National Memorial, the Gateway Arch National Park in St. Louis, Missouri; the first National Historic Site designation was made for the Salem Maritime National Historic Site on March 17, 1938. In 1960, the National Park Service took on the administration of the survey data gathered under this legislation, the National Historic Landmark program began to take more formal shape; when the National Register of Historic Places was established in 1966, the National Historic Landmark program was encompassed within it, rules and procedures for inclusion and designation were formalized. Because listings triggered local preservation laws, legislation in 1980 amended the listing procedures to require owner agreement to the designations. On October 9, 1960, 92 properties were announced as designated NHLs by Secretary of the Interior Fred A. Seaton; the first of these was a political nomination: the Sergeant Floyd Monument in Sioux City, Iowa was designated on June 30 of that year, but for various reasons, the public announcement of the first several NHLs was delayed.
NHLs are designated by the United States Secretary of the Interior because they are: Sites where events of national historical significance occurred. More than 2,500 NHLs have been designated. Most, but not all, are in the United States. There are the District of Columbia. Three states account for nearly 25 percent of the nation's NHLs. Three cities within these states all separately have more NHLs than 40 of the 50 states. In fact, New York City alone has more NHLs than all but five states: Virginia, Pennsylvania and New York. There are 74 NHLs in the District of Columbia; some NHLs are in U. S. commonwealths and territories, associated states, foreign states. There are 15 in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, other U. S. territories. S.-associated states such as Micronesia. Over 100 ships or shipwrecks have been designated as NHLs. About half of the National Historic Landmarks are owned; the National Historic Landmarks Program relies on suggestions for new designations from the National Park Service, which assists in maintaining the landmarks.
A friends' group of owners and managers, the National Historic Landmark Stewards Association, works to preserve and promote National Historic Landmarks. If not listed on the National Register of Historic Places, an NHL is automatically added to the Register upon designation. About three percent of Register listings are NHLs. American Water Landmark List of U. S. National Historic Landmarks by state List of churches that are National Historic Landmarks in the United States Listed building, a similar designation in the UK National Historic Sites and Persons, similar designations in Canada National Natural Landmark United States Memorials United States National Register of Historic Places listings Official National Historic Landmarks Program website A History of the NHL Program List of National Historic Landmarks National Historic Landmarks: Archaeological Properties Historical Landmarks - United States Lighthouses
National Park Service
The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior; the NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment. As of 2018, the NPS employs 27,000 employees who oversee 419 units, of which 61 are designated national parks. National parks and national monuments in the United States were individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior; the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior.
They wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill that mandated the agency "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS. On March 3, 1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933; the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasn't until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, made use of this power. Deputy Director Horace M. Albright had suggested to President Roosevelt that the historic sites from the American Civil War should be managed by the National Park Service, rather than the War Department.
President Roosevelt issued two Executive orders to make it happen. These two executive orders not only transferred to the National Park Service all the War Department historic sites, but the national monuments managed by the Department of Agriculture and the parks in and around the capital, run by an independent office. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service and went to work on bringing park facilities up to the standards that the public expected; the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, a ten-year effort to upgrade and expand park facilities for the 50th anniversary of the Park Service. New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery and unique natural features to making parks accessible to the public.
Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States' national parks, which have grown in number over the years to 60. Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States. In 1872, there was no state government to manage it, so the federal government assumed direct control. Yosemite National Park began as a state park. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership. At first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the civilian staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the federal government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, the National Park Service, to manage all national parks and some national monuments.
Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. The agency was given authority over other protected areas, many with varying designations as Congress created them; the National Park System includes. The title or designation of a unit need not include the term park; the System as a whole is considered to be a national treasure of the United States, some of the more famous national parks and monuments are sometimes referred to metaphorically as "crown jewels". The system encompasses 84.4 million acres, of which more than 4.3 million acres remain in private ownership. The largest unit is Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. At 13,200,000 acres, it is over 16 percent of the entire system; the smallest unit in the system is Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, Pennsylvania, at 0.02 acre. In addition to administering its units and other properties, the National Park Service provides technical and financial assistance to several "affiliated areas" authorized by Congress.
The largest affiliated area is New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve at 1,164,025 acres. The smallest is Benjamin Franklin National Memorial at less than 0.01 acres. Although all units of the Nat
Novato is a city in northern Marin County, in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 51,904. Novato is located about 10 miles northwest of San Rafael and about 30 miles north of San Francisco on U. S. 101. Novato has been called one of the best places to live in the U. S. What is now Novato was the site of several Coast Miwok villages: Chokecherry, near downtown Novato. In 1839, the Mexican government granted the 8,876-acre Rancho Novato to Fernando Feliz; the rancho was named after a local Miwok leader, given the name of Saint Novatus at his baptism. Subsequently, four additional land grants were made in the area: Rancho Corte Madera de Novato, to John Martin in 1839. R. Cooper in 1844. Novato, along with the rest of California, became part of the United States on February 2, 1848. Early pioneers included Joseph Sweetser and Francis De Long who bought 15,000 acres in the mid-1850s and planted orchards and vineyards.
The first post office at Novato opened in 1856. The first school was built in 1859, at the corner of Grant Avenue and what is today Redwood Boulevard; the original town was located around Novato Creek at. A railroad was built in 1879, connecting Novato to San Rafael; the area around the train depot became known as New Town, forms the edge of what today is Old Town Novato. The current depot was built in 1917, but closed in 1959, is derelict; the depot consisted of two buildings: a warehouse and a station. The warehouse burned twice in the intervening years. Behind the rail station/warehouse complex was a feed mill complex; the mill complex, along with the warehouse portion of the rail station, was torn down in late 2007 to make way for public parking and a Whole Foods/high-density housing development, while the derelict station is still standing. A Presbyterian church, still a landmark in Novato today, was built in 1896; until 2006, it housed a number of city offices, but was vacated that year due to safety concerns and condemned.
A new city center complex has been erected adjacent to the old City Hall. The Great Depression of the 1930s had a marked effect on the area. After World War II, Novato grew with the construction of tract homes and a freeway; as the area was unincorporated much of the growth was unplanned and uncontrolled. Novato was incorporated as a city in 1960. One of the most important venues of the time was "Western Weekend". Beard-growing contests, sponsored by Bob's Barber Shop, many other odd activities helped to bring this community together. According to the United States Census Bureau, Novato has a total area of 28.0 square miles and is the largest city in area in Marin County. 27.4 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it is water. Major geographical features nearby include Mount Burdell and Mount Burdell Open Space Preserve to the north and Big Rock Ridge to the southwest. Stafford Lake to the west is a secondary water supply for Novato, with the Russian River in Sonoma County to the north supplying most of the city's water.
Novato includes ten Marin County Open Space District preserves: Mount Burdell, Rush Creek, Little Mountain, Verissimo Hills, Indian Tree, Deer Island, Indian Valley, Ignacio Valley, Loma Verde, Pacheco Valle. Official weather observations were taken at Hamilton Air Force Base through 1964. Average January temperatures were a maximum of 53.6 °F and a minimum of 38.7 °F. Average July temperatures were a maximum of 79.9 °F and a minimum of 52.0 °F. There were an average of 12.4 days with highs of 90 °F or higher and an average of 12.5 days with lows of 32 °F or lower. The record high temperature was 108 °F on September 2, 2017; the record low temperature was 16 °F in December 2013. Average annual precipitation was 25.49 inches. The wettest year was 1940 with 46.63 inches and the driest year was 2014 with 6.35 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 18.87 inches in December 1955. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 10.55 inches between December 10, 2014 – December 11, 2014. Today, the nearest National Weather Service cooperative weather station is in San Rafael, where records date back to 1894.
Compared to records from Hamilton Air Force Base, San Rafael is several degrees warmer than Novato and has an average of about 10 inches more rainfall. The record high temperature in San Rafael was 110 °F on September 7, 1904, June 14, 1961; the record low temperature was 20 °F on December 26, 1967. In the United States House of Representatives, Novato is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly. In the California State Legislature, Novato is in: the 10th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Levine the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire. According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Novato has 31,544 registered voters. Of those, 15,794 are registered Democrats, 6,048 are registered Repub