Pennsylvania Route 44
Pennsylvania Route 44 is a 149.24 mi -long state highway in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The route is designated from Interstate 80 and Pennsylvania Route 42 in Buckhorn to the New York state line near New York State Route 417 in Ceres Township, commissioned in 1927 by the Pennsylvania Department of Highways, PA44 originally ran from the NY state line to Jersey Shore. Today, the highway is a route from Columbia County to Potter County. PA44 begins in the place of Buckhorn at an intersection with Pennsylvania Route 42. From there, the highway runs northwest as Buckhorn Road through the Appalachians, in Jerseytown, the route intersects Pennsylvania Route 642 and Pennsylvania Route 254. Outside of Jerseytown, PA44 turns westward as White Hall Road, the route enters Montour County passing through the Muncy Hills. From Schuyler to Turbotville, Route 44 is concurrent with Pennsylvania Route 54 at Continental Boulevard, PA44 enters Northumberland County running southwest through the mainly plain and agricultural sections of the county.
In the village of Mcewensville briefly east of the Interstate 180 underpass, the route intersects Main Street, from Watsontown to Dewart, PA44 is concurrent with PA405 along Main Street. West of the bridge, PA44 is designated as a route to the intersection with PA144 in Potter County. After crossing the bridge, the route intersects U. S. Route 15 in the Union County community of Allenwood, West of the hamlet, PA44 runs mainly west along the banks of the White Deer Hole Creek in the White Deer Valley. The highway enters Lycoming County in the White Deer Valley area, in the hamlet of Washington at the intersection with Gap Road, PA44 turns north before intersecting the southern terminus of PA554 in Elimsport, on the intersection, the highway turns west. West of Elimsport, the crosses the North White Deer Ridge. West of the ridge, PA44 intersects the terminus of PA654 in the town of Collomsville. The route proceeds west and upon reaching a gap that cuts through the Bald Eagle Mountain range near the intersection with PA880, North of the gap, the highway turns west and crosses the West Branch Susquehanna River and enters the borough of Jersey Shore.
Inside the borough, PA44 turns north onto Main Street for a short distance, the expressway runs mainly southwest, officially signed as the Frank D. Oreilly Highway. Southwest of the Pine Creek crossing, PA44 leaves US220, PA44 crosses the creek again and continues north along the western banks of the creek. In the village of Tomb, PA44 intersects the western endpoint of PA973, near the village of Cummings, PA44 turns west to cross the Pine Creek and intersect PA414. The highway proceeds west through the sections of the Tiadaghton State Forest
Cherry Springs State Park
Cherry Springs State Park is a 82-acre Pennsylvania state park in Potter County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The park was created from land within the Susquehannock State Forest, Cherry Springs, named for a large stand of Black Cherry trees in the park, is atop the dissected Allegheny Plateau at an elevation of 2,300 feet. The earliest recorded inhabitants of the area were the Susquehannocks, followed by the Seneca nation, who hunted there. The first settlement within the park was a log tavern built in 1818 along a trail, the became a turnpike by 1834. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the old-growth forests were clearcut, an annual Woodsmens Show has been held in the park each August since 1952. Cherry Springs State Park was named Pennsylvanias first dark sky park by the DCNR in 2000, the adjoining Cherry Springs Airport, built in 1935, was closed and its land was added to the park in 2006, to expand its stargazing area. On June 11,2007, the International Dark-Sky Association named it the second International Dark Sky Park, Cherry Springs has received national press coverage and hosts two star parties a year, which attract hundreds of astronomers.
There are regular stargazing and educational programs for the public at the park, Cherry Springs offers rustic camping, picnic facilities, and trails for mountain biking and snowmobiling. The surrounding state forest and park are home to a variety of flora, archeological evidence shows that humans have lived in what is now Pennsylvania since at least 10,000 BC. The first settlers were Paleo-Indian nomadic hunters known from their stone tools, the hunter-gatherers of the Archaic period, which lasted locally from 7000 to 1000 BC, used a greater variety of more sophisticated stone artifacts. The Woodland period marked the transition to semi-permanent villages and horticulture. Archeological evidence found in the state from this time includes a range of types and styles, burial mounds, pipes and arrows. Historical records show that the earliest known inhabitants of the West Branch Susquehanna River drainage basin and they were a matriarchal society that lived in large long houses in stockaded villages.
Decimated by disease and warfare with the Five Nations of the Iroquois, by 1675 they had died out, moved away, another name for the tribe is Susquehanna, and both the river and the Susquehannock State Forest which almost completely surrounds the park are named for them. The Seneca, members of the Iroquois Confederacy, hunted in the area of what is now Cherry Springs State Park. Their nearest villages were 51 miles to the northeast at modern Painted Post, New York, the Seneca had temporary hunting camps to the east in the area of Pine Creek Gorge. To fill the left by the demise of the Susquehannocks. The Seneca allowed very few travelers to pass through the area, the French and Indian War led to the migration of many Native Americans westward to the Ohio River basin, and more departed after the American Revolutionary War
Pennsylvania /ˌpɛnsᵻlˈveɪnjə/, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle, Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest, the 5th most populous, and the 9th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The states five most populous cities are Philadelphia, Allentown, the state capital, and its ninth-largest city, is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of shoreline along Lake Erie and the Delaware Estuary. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States, it came into being in 1681 as a result of a land grant to William Penn. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden and it was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12,1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the states largest city of Philadelphia, during the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg, was fought in the south central region of the state.
Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washingtons headquarters during the winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west, of a total 46,055 square miles,44,817 square miles are land,490 square miles are inland waters, and 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie. It is the 33rd largest state in the United States, Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown, the northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining communities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston City, and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest, the state has 5 regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the corner, has a humid continental climate. The largest city, has characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware.
Moving toward the interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increase. Western areas of the state, particularly locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, the Tuscarora Nation took up temporary residence in the central portion of Pennsylvania ca. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their lands in America