Pennsylvania Route 31
Pennsylvania Route 31 is a 74-mile-long state highway located in Western Pennsylvania, paralleling U. S. Route 30 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike for most of its length; the designation ends at US 30 near Bedford. PA 31's designation begins at Pennsylvania Route 136 near West Newton, it travels east, interchanging with Interstate 70. After that interchange, PA 31 does not intersect any more numbered roads until it interchanges U. S. Route 119 in the western part of Mount Pleasant; when PA 31 interchanges US 119, it turns from a two-lane surface road into first a four-lane road, into a city street as it goes through Mount Pleasant. As PA 31 progresses through Mount Pleasant, it forms a concurrency with Pennsylvania Route 981. After that, it intersects Pennsylvania Route 819 before leaving the borough and entering the township; the first intersection with a numbered road after entering the township is Pennsylvania Route 982. This is the only major intersection; when it does reach Donegal, there is an entrance ramp to the Pennsylvania Turnpike, following, the western terminus of the concurrency with Pennsylvania Route 711.2 miles PA 31 intersects Pennsylvania Route 381.
This marks the eastern terminus of the concurrency with PA 711, the western terminus of PA 381. It is the northern terminus of the PA 381/711 concurrency as well. Before leaving Donegal Township, PA 31 approaches the eastern terminus of the concurrency with PA 381; this is the last major intersection before PA 31 winds its way through rural Pennsylvania to Somerset. Just after crossing the Westmoreland County/Somerset County line (the dividing line between the Pittsburgh metropolitan area and the Johnstown, Pennsylvania metro area, Route 31 provides entrance to the Hidden Valley Ski Resort area. After winding past rural Westmoreland and Fayette Counties, PA 31 enters Somerset County and encounters the borough of Somerset. After entering Somerset, PA 31 intersects Pennsylvania Route 281 and forms a concurrency on one-way pairs. While being concurrent, both highways intersect the southern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 601. Not a long while after, PA 31/281 end the concurrency, as PA 281 splits north, while PA 31 continues east.
Past the downtown area, PA 31 weaves through the Pennsylvania Turnpike and passes over U. S. Route 219. PA 31 continues toward Roxbury; the intersection with Pennsylvania Route 160 is the last intersection in Somerset County and the only one in Roxbury. After this intersection, PA 31 parallels the Turnpike and winds through hilly terrain. Entering Bedford County, there are no major intersections with any numbered roads until PA 31 enters Manns Choice. Instead, it winds through hilly terrain; as PA 31 nears Manns Choice, it is concurrent for 1.81 mi. After separating, PA 31 continues for 3.44 mi before terminating at U. S. Route 30; as early as 1772, a road called Glades Road had led from Somerset to Bedford, which were the places of two underground railroad stations. The road would become PA 31 and would go through the towns of West Newton, Mount Pleasant and Washington that had organized underground railroad stations. In 1911, the Sproul Road Bill defined Legislative Route 181 for the segment between Washington and West Newton, LR 186 between West Newton and Somerset, LR 364 between Somerset and Dividing Ridge, LR 49 between Dividing Ridge and Bedford.
The PA 31 designation began appearing on road maps and signage in 1927. At that time, the western terminus was at the West Virginia line at West Virginia Route 27; the east end back was still at US 30, unchanged from today. On its way eastward, PA 31 met the southern terminus of PA 28 near Avella, was concurrent with PA 18 and US 19, traded paths with US 40 in Washington. In September 1964, the western terminus of PA 31 was truncated to its current location at the intersection of Mount Pleasant Road and Greensburg Pike in West Newton. Two segments of the decommissioned route were renumbered. PA 136 was designated from the western terminus of PA 31 to US 40/PA 18 in Washington. PA 844 was designated from PA 18 to the PA/WV state line; this left a gap of 1.4 miles of the former PA 31 which ran concurrently with PA 18 between the termini of the newly designated routes. As a result, this gap did not need renumbered or any additional designations; the Glades Pike Inn is a notable inn situated on the Glades Pike section of PA 31 in Somerset.
Since 1842, the inn was a place for weary travelers to unhitch their horses for a good place to eat and sleep. The modern day visitors of the inn use it for different reasons of traveling; the inn is located in the Laurel Mountains recreational area. The Glades Pike Winery is situated on the section of PA 31 known as Glades Pike, between Somerset and Donegal. Established in 1994, the winery is the place where visitors are offered samples of the award-winning wine varieties. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal
Boswell is a borough in Somerset County, United States. It is part of Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,364 at the 2000 census. Boswell is located at 40 ° 9 ′ 37 ″ N 79 ° 1 ′ 40 ″ W, about 60 miles southwest of Pennsylvania. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,364 people, 608 households, 370 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,852.2 people per square mile. There were 681 housing units at an average density of 924.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 99.27% White, 0.15% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.07% of the population. There were 608 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families.
35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.92. In the borough the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $20,875, the median income for a family was $26,667. Males had a median income of $26,023 versus $18,958 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $12,036. About 26.4% of families and 29.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.1% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over. Boswell was settled in 1901 and incorporated as a borough on February 22, 1904; the community's founder was Thomas Taylor Boswell, the first president and supervisor of the Merchants Coal Company.
Mr. Boswell's company purchased 14,000 acres of mineral rights under local farmland and laid out 1,600 lots for coal company houses to house the miners for its new deep coal mine just to the north. Merchants Coal, the related Orenda Coal, were subsidiaries of Hillman Coal and Coke Company of Pittsburgh, the same firm that built the neighboring town of Jerome, Pennsylvania. Merchants Coal attempted to build Boswell to be a notch above surrounding coal company towns in that plans included a central business district, a high school, homes constructed from brick, as opposed to the wood used elsewhere; this helped to prevent the spread of fire, in the event that one would break out. Many of the original brick homes are still standing, with much of their original integrity. A branch of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad served its coal mine. At its economic peak shortly after World War II, Boswell boasted two movie theatres, three department stores, a bank, several jewelry stores, a druggist, two funeral homes, three grocery stores, nearly a dozen restaurants and taverns, a lumber yard, a weekly newspaper.
Earlier, pre-Prohibition, Boswell boasted its own brewery. Boswell's streets run perpendicular to its avenues, in a grid. Many of the avenues in Boswell are named after coal company officials. For example: Hower Avenue, after Charles E. Hower, a Surveyor from Johnstown. Morris Avenue, after W. H. Morris, a known builder from Johnstown Atkinson Way, after W. G. Atkinson, the Vice President of Merchants Coal Company. At the same time, the borough's street names can provide a geography lesson, following the flow of water from Boswell to the seas, with two exceptions made for streets in the central business district. Street names from north to south are: Quemahoning, Center, Allegheny, Mississippi, Mexico and Pacific; the mine, Orenda Mine #1, extracted high quality, semi-bituminous coal. A steam engine hoisted the coal to the surface; the hoist pulled the coal cars up a coal tipple, 1,080 feet long, 92 feet high, 60 feet wide. In 1920, this was the largest coal tipple in the world. At its prime, 900 men were employed and over 3,000 tons of coal were mined daily.
The company was renamed to the United Coal Company and in 1918 it became the Davis Coal Company. For most of its history, the mine at Boswell operated without union representation. An early attempt to unionize workers led to an armed riot on January 17, 1904. Seven were wounded and 20 arrested in the melee. A prolonged struggle for unionization, which began at Jerome and Windber in northern Somerset County in early April, 1922, extended to Boswell on April 17. By April 24, 1922, miners at Acosta, Ralphton and Jenners joined the strike, to last sixteen months. There have been two noteworthy disasters at the Boswell mines. A methane gas explosion killed five miners in 1909 and another explosion in 1915 killed 22 miners. Mining at Boswell was a problem-plagued effort, according to discussions with local residents from the era. While much archival research remains to be done corroborate these details, it seems apparent that Merchants Coal, its parent, known as Hillman Coal & Coke, miscalculated in the siting of Boswell and its mine.
Given the size of Merchant's capital outlay—including construction in Boswell of the world's largest tipple, a central business d
U.S. Route 219
U. S. Route 219 is a spur of U. S. Route 19, it runs for 535 miles from West Seneca, New York at an interchange with Interstate 90, to Rich Creek, intersecting at U. S. Route 460. U. S. 219 is found in New York, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia. Much of the Route in West Virginia follows the old Indian warpath known as the Seneca Trail. U. S. Route 219 starts in Rich Creek at U. S. Route 460, heads northeast to the West Virginia state line; until the early 1980s, US 219 continued southwest with US 460 from Rich Creek, re-entering West Virginia to end at US 19 in Bluefield. It now only runs 1.3 miles in Virginia. US 219 was added to the state highway system in the early 1920s as State Route 231, it became State Route 216 in the 1928 renumbering and State Route 124 in the 1933 renumbering becoming part of the extended US 219 in the late 1930s. US 219 enters West Virginia in Peterstown at the split of US 219 and WV 12. US 219 heads northeast into Union. US 219 continues through Greenbrier County running through the towns of Ronceverte, where it intersects US 60, Falling Spring.
US 219 continues north through the towns of Hillsboro and Marlinton. US 219 runs north into Randolph County and begins its dual certification with US 250, they both serve the towns of Huttonsville, Mill Creek and Elkins, where US 33 joins the concurrency. US 219 splits from US 250 just north of Elkins. US 219 continues through the town of Montrose. From here, US 219 runs through the towns of Thomas. US 219 heads north into rural Preston County and exits West Virginia into Maryland. US 219 enters Maryland near Backbone Mountain on the West Virginia border, crosses US 50 and enters the town of Oakland, it crosses Maryland Route Maryland Route 39 in Oakland, before passing Deep Creek Lake. After traveling through Accident it intersects Interstate 68 east of Friendsville, providing access to Morgantown, West Virginia and Cumberland. US 219 runs concurrently with I-68 at Exit 14A and exits I-68 at Exit 22. US 219 crosses the Mason -- the Pennsylvania border, south of Salisbury, Pennsylvania. From near Grantsville, Maryland north to Ebensburg, Pennsylvania, US 219 is Corridor N of the Appalachian Development Highway System.
From Somerset, Pennsylvania to just south of Carrolltown, Pennsylvania, US 219 is a limited-access highway. A new 11-mile limited-access segment from Meyersdale to Somerset opened to traffic in the late fall of 2018. On August 9, 2007, Pennsylvania State Transportation Secretary Allen D. Biehler unveiled four signs along US Route 219 that dedicated the route from Maryland to Cambria County, Pennsylvania as the "Flight 93 Memorial Highway". From Carrolltown US 219 runs as a two-lane road to DuBois, through which it runs as Brady Street, returns to a two-lane road after a junction with Interstate 80. US 219 runs directly through the towns of Brockway and Johnsonburg before reaching Wilcox, where PA Route 321 splits and heads for the borough of Kane. US 219 continues north as a two-lane road until reaching Bradford, where it becomes a limited-access highway and remains so until reaching the New York border. US 219 enters Western New York from Pennsylvania south of the Hamlet of Limestone in the Town of Carrollton in Cattaraugus County.
Proceeding northward, the highway splits into the main route and a "business route" that follows the original main route. The main route merges with Interstate 86/New York State Route 17 at Exit 23 north of Limestone and splits from I-86/NY 17 at Exit 21 in the city of Salamanca; the business route crosses the Allegheny River and the Southern Tier Expressway and joins New York State Route 417 to the City of Salamanca. Separating from NY 417, the business route rejoins with the main US 219 and turns northward through the rest of Cattaraugus County, passing through Peth, Great Valley and Ashford Hollow before crossing the Cattaraugus Creek and entering Erie County. About 4 miles south of Springville, New York, US 219 becomes a divided, limited-access highway; as such, it continues north through half of the county, terminating at exit 55 of the New York State Thruway near the west town line of West Seneca south of the City of Buffalo. Before joining the Thruway, US 219 runs parallel to it for about one mile.
The interchange is set up as such that drivers can exit and re-enter the Thruway via US 219 without leaving the expressway. In February 2009, it was reported that a group known as the 219 Association was pursuing the goal of urging several states to transform US 219 into a 1,500-mile-long divided highway which the group hoped would be referred to as Continental 1, it has been proposed that US 219 could spur trade between Canada, the U. S. and the Caribbean region. Virginia US 460 in Rich Creek West Virginia US 60 in Lewisburg I‑64 in Lewisburg US 250 in Huttonsville; the highways travel concurrently to north of Elkins. US 33 in Elkins; the highways travel concurrently to north of Elkins. Maryland US 50 in Red House I‑68 / US 40 in Keysers Ridge; the highways travel concurrently to east-southeast of Grantsville. Pennsylvania US 30 south-southeast of Boswell US 22 southwest of Ebensburg US 422 west of Ebensburg US 322 in Luthersburg; the highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Sandy. US 119 south of Sandy I‑80 east-northeast of Falls Creek US 6 in Lantz Corners New York I‑86 in Carrollton.
The highways travel concurrently to the City of Salamanca. I‑90 in West Seneca Endpoints of U. S. Highway 219 Continental 1 Trade &
Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Somerset County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,742, its county seat is Somerset. The county was created from part of Bedford County on April 17, 1795, named after the county of Somerset in England. Somerset County comprises the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Johnstown–Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area. Southwestern Pennsylvania began; as population increased, the area was split into smaller counties. Bedford County was formed from part from Cumberland in 1771 and is referred to as "Old Bedford County" and contained what are now 20 smaller counties. In 1773 part of Bedford County was split off to form Westmoreland County. In 1787 Bedford County was split in half with northern part becoming Huntingdon County and southern part remained as a smaller Bedford County. Somerset County was split off from western part Bedford County 17 April 1795. In 1804 the northern half of Somerset County was split off to form Cambria County.
No further splits from Somerset County occurred since 1804. George Washington passed through the area of Somerset County in 1753 on a scouting expedition at the beginning of the French-Indian War; the Forbes Road cuts through Somerset County. This 200-mile stretch from Carlisle to what is now Pittsburgh was created by Brigadier General John Forbes in the British Expedition of 1758 to Fort Duquesne. Forbes Ford was one of two great western land routes cut through the wilderness to create supply lines from the east, it was the primary route of pioneers travelling to Ohio Country. Fur trappers and hunters were first to stay in the region; the earliest permanent white settlement in what is now Somerset County is a region known as Turkeyfoot. People of "The Jersey Settlement" emigrated from Essex and Morris Counties, New Jersey about 1770. Somerset County gained worldwide attention in 2001 when a hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed in Stonycreek Township, near the town of Shanksville as part of the September 11 attacks.
The first confirmed report of the plane's crash came from Somerset County Airport as reported on NBC's The Today Show. The most target of this flight was the U. S. Capitol in Washington, D. C; the terrorists' plans for this plane were thwarted by the actions of crew. Their bravery is honored and the crash site, the final resting place of the passengers and crew, is now protected as part of the Flight 93 National Memorial, under the care of the National Park System. See USS Somerset, a U. S. Navy warship, named in commemoration of the Flight 93 tragedy. In July 2002, Somerset County again made worldwide news when nine coal miners were rescued from several hundred feet underground at the Quecreek mine after an intense multi-day struggle. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,081 square miles, of which 1,074 square miles is land and 6.6 square miles is water. Somerset County is one of the far southern counties of Pennsylvania, along its straight southern edge; the county borders Garrett and Allegany Counties in Maryland, the Pennsylvania counties of Fayette, Westmoreland and Bedford.
Somerset County along with Garrett County is one of the snowiest inhabited locations in the United States, with the highest elevations of the county averaging 150+ inches of snow each winter. The county's elevation and general proximity to both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean causes snow from both Nor'easters and lake effect upslope snow events to fall from late October through early April. Snow has been recorded in Somerset County in every month except July, although local lore has it that July saw snow in 1816, "the year without a summer." Mount Davis, the highest natural point in the state of Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet, is located in the southern part of the County. Cambria County Bedford County Allegany County, Maryland Garrett County, Maryland Fayette County Westmoreland County Flight 93 National Memorial Kooser State Park Laurel Hill State Park Laurel Mountain State Park Laurel Ridge State Park Somerset County is situated along the eastern border of the Allegheny Plateau physiographic province, characterized by folded to flat-lying sedimentary rocks of middle to late Paleozoic age.
The eastern border of the county is at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Allegheny Plateau and the Ridge and Valley Province. The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Devonian Scherr Formation to the Pennsylvanian Monongahela Formation. Most of these rocks are clastics, there is little or no limestone exposed at the surface. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county. Structurally, Somerset County has many gentle folds, the axes of which trend north-northeast. Synclines include the Youghiogheny Syncline, New Lexington/Johnstown Syncline, Somerset Syncline, Berlin Syncline, Wellersburg Syncline; the southern end of Wilmore Syncline is at the town of Windber. Anticlines include the Laurel Hill Anticline, Centerville Dome, Boswell Dome, Negro Mountain Anticline, an unnamed anticline between the Berlin and Wellersburg Synclines; the primary mountains within the county are Laurel Hill, Negro Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Savage Mountain, Allegheny Mountain.
Negro Mountain includes Mount Davis, the highest peak in Pennsylvania. Each mountain trends northeast. Al
The Barronvale Bridge known as Barron's Mill Bridge, is a historic covered bridge at Middlecreek Township, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania crossing Laurel Hill Creek. At 162 feet 3 inches it is the longest remaining covered bridge in Somerset County, it is 13 feet 10 inches wide. The Burr truss bridge was built in 1902, is one of 10 covered bridges in Somerset County
New Baltimore Bridge
The New Baltimore Bridge is a historic covered bridge in Allegheny Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Township Route 812 crosses the Raystown Branch Juniata River on the bridge; the Queenpost truss bridge was is 86 feet 6 inches in length and 12 feet wide. It is one of 10 covered bridges in Somerset County
Bridge in Jenner Township
Bridge in Jenner Township is a historic stone arch bridge in Jenner Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1908, is a 31-foot-6-inch-long bridge, constructed of rocked faced ashlar; the bridge crosses Roaring Run. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980