Powelton Village, Philadelphia
Powelton Village is a neighborhood of Victorian twin homes in the West Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is a national historic district, part of University City, it extends north from Market Street to Spring Garden Street, east to 32nd Street, west to 40th and Spring Garden Streets, to 44th and Market Streets. Powelton Village takes its name from the Powel Family, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Welsh colonialists who held extensive estates in the area. Samuel Powel served as mayor of Philadelphia from 1775 to 1776 and again from 1789-1790; as in other parts of West Philadelphia, in the late 1800s trolley lines opened the area up to urbanization. Powelton soon became a choice residential spot for Philadelphia industrial tycoons. Powelton's luster began to wane by the 1920s, by the 1940s the neighborhood was populated by low-income families and infested with "bottom" gangs, whose members lived in a stretch paralleling Market St. known as the "Bottom."
In the 1960s the Village was home to many members of the counterculture movement, Powelton today enjoys a strong political activism and anarchist tradition, as well as a healthy multiethnic pluralism. In addition to the Powelton Historic District, the Bell Telephone Exchange Building, The Powelton, Frederick A. Poth Houses, John Shedwick Development Houses are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Commercial activity in Powelton is concentrated on Lancaster Avenue between 35th Street and 37th Street; the avenue is lined with shops and various other retail establishments. Many local businesses benefit from both Powelton residents and college students. Mad Greeks, Powelton Pizza, Village Pizza, California Pizza, Ed's are all popular eating places. Lancaster Avenue near 36th Street has become home to upscale Mexican and Thai restaurants. On the avenue near 37th are the newer Stan' Deli and Green Line Café. Residential streets are lined with Victorian twin houses, some of which are traditional family homes, while others have been subdivided into apartments.
Detached houses, row houses, apartment buildings dot the neighborhood. An abundance of trees, many of which are historic, along with gardens maintained by many community residents, give the neighborhood a distinct feel; this aesthetic environment, along with the proximity to retail establishments and nearby universities, has resulted in increased home values in recent years, with some homes selling for several hundred thousand dollars. The southern end of Powelton Village includes property owned by Drexel University. Many students from Drexel live off-campus in Powelton's urban-structured row-house apartments because of the short walk to campus; the Powelton community has had a love-hate relationship with Drexel University. The Powelton Village Civic Association voices its members' concerns to local authorities. One of the members' concerns included the loss of their view of Center City, prompting Drexel University to limit the height of their new buildings. In recent developments the Powelton Civic Association have begun open attacks and complaints against local landlords in the neighborhood who rent to students in the neighborhood.
Powelton is accessed by automobile and public transportation. The neighborhood is close to Interstate 76, several major streets, including Market, Spring Garden, 34th, cross the neighborhood. Bike lanes run along Haverford Avenue, Spring Garden Street and its bridge, Lancaster Avenue, on 38th and 34th Streets south of Lancaster; the neighborhood is close to two subway stops on the Market-Frankford Line, located at 34th and Market and 40th and Market. Powelton is easily accessed by trolley: the route 10 trolley runs on 36th Street between the Ludlow Street portal and Lancaster Avenue, continuing west on Lancaster Avenue. Additionally, there are two underground trolley stops close to Powelton: 33rd and Market, serving all trolley lines, 36th and Sansom, serving all lines except route 10. Bus route 31 runs through the neighborhood, traveling north on 33rd, 35th, south on 37th, 34th. Route 43 runs east on west on Haverford Avenue; the neighborhood is adjacent to 30th Street Station, which serves all Northeast Corridor trains, the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line, all Regional Rail lines, as well as the Market-Frankford Line and the subway-surface trolley lines.
Several art and photo galleries have opened along Lancaster Avenue from 36th to 40th. The Community Education Center, at 35th and Lancaster, holds various community events and gatherings. Spiral Q Puppet Theater is located on Spring Garden Street between 32nd Streets. Nearby destinations include a movie theater at 40th and Walnut. One signature event is Lancaster Avenue's "Second Fridays," so named because it takes place on the second Friday of every month. Shops and galleries are open and have various specials, the event features live music. Public education choices include the Samuel Powel Elementary School at 36th and Powelton, the Drew School at 37th and Lancaster, University City High School at 36th and Filbert; the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University both have significant presences in the neighborhood, as well as in adjacent areas to the south. To serve these two universities, several hotels are located nearby, including the Sheraton, located at 36th and Chestnut and The Inn at Penn is located between 36th & 37th Sts. on Samson St.
In Powelton proper, there are a couple of bed-and-breakfasts, including the Cornerstone at 33rd and Baring. "Powelton Village Historic District Inventory". National Register of Historic Places Inventory. Pen
Centennial National Bank
The Centennial National Bank is a historic building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Designed by noted Philadelphia architect Frank Furness and significant in his artistic development, it was built in 1876 as the headquarters of the eponymous bank that would be the fiscal agent of the Centennial Exposition; the building housed a branch of the First Pennsylvania Bank from 1956 until Drexel University purchased it c. 1976. Drexel now uses it as an alumni center; the Centennial National Bank, described as "one of the best pieces of architecture in West Philadelphia," was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. The Centennial National Bank opened for business in January 1876, shortly before its permanent building was constructed the same year. Architect Frank Furness, who had just parted ways with business partner George Hewitt, received the commission due to personal connections with the directors; the bank obtained a monopoly over handling ticket receipts and currency exchanges for the Centennial Exposition, which opened on the Fourth of July to celebrate the 100-year anniversary of American independence, operated a branch on the fairgrounds.
It continued to operate as the only national bank in West Philadelphia for decades, the building remained in use as a bank branch until it was vacated by the First Pennsylvania Bank between 1965 and 1971. Drexel University purchased the building c. 1976, using it as office space and to house university's alumni center. The bank was chartered on January 19, 1876, to finance Philadelphia's coming-out on the world stage, the Centennial Exposition; the Exposition was the first World's Fair held in North America and its opening day, July 4, coincided with the 100-year of American independence. Its first president was Clarence Howard Clark, Sr. a financier and West Philadelphia resident and developer. Clark hired Frank Furness, whom he had met in Unitarian circles, to design the bank's headquarters building, he had worked on one of his most successful bank designs, the Guarantee Trust and Safe Deposit Company, with his partner George Hewitt. However, the partnership dissolved in the fall of 1875, leaving the firm without a mechanical engineer.
The Centennial Bank was the first major project. Strategically located at the corner of 32nd and Market streets, a building on the site would terminate the line of sight along the diagonal Lancaster Avenue, which led to the Exhibition grounds in West Fairmount Park; this is reflected in the entrance Furness designed. Market Street intersected with Woodland Avenue here, though both Woodland and Lancaster are no longer city streets; the site was positioned to attract fair-goers' business, as Furness anticipated. By April 1876, construction was complete and the building was in operation. During the Centennial Exposition, a branch operated on the fairgrounds and handled the collection and accounting of ticket revenues, as well as currency exchange. By 1900, the bank remained the only national bank in West Philadelphia, posted profits of $274,392, was directed by some of Philadelphia's "best known and most reputable business men. In 1956, the building came to be occupied by the First Pennsylvania Banking and Trust Company as its "Centennial Branch."
First Pennsylvania was still listed as the owner in 1965 but by 1971, the building stood vacant and was controlled by the Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority. The building was acquired by Drexel University around "the time of the Bicentennial," and was reported in 1986 to be "a dingy maze of Drexel University administrative offices" for which Drexel was trying to find renovation funding; the plan was to turn it into a museum. Instead, after a renovation, it was rededicated in 2002 as the "Paul Peck Alumni Center," to house the university's alumni relations center, meeting spaces, an art gallery showing pieces from the university art collection. Drexel used the bank in 2012 to host an exhibit of Frank Furness' commercial architecture; the Centennial National Bank's Venetian Gothic design by Frank Furness is considered, "a good example of his developing style," with the exterior retaining its original character though it has been altered. The design is a step in Furness' development of an independent style, a departure from earlier works which were in the British-influenced High Victorian Gothic style.
Shortly after construction, the building was described in an architectural magazine: The building is of red pressed brick, with bands of black brick, brown sandstone dressings, standing on the corner of 32nd Street, the angle is cut away to form the entrance: this is a sort of shallow porch, carried up to height of the roof, finishing in a sort of crooked gable, the tympanum of the arch just under this gable been decorated with the same character of brilliant glass tiles, sparkling with gold and color, which were used in the front of the Academy of the Fine Arts. The windows, which have pointed segmental heads of brick with sandstone skewbacks, appear quite large, are so much wider in proportion to their length than one is accustomed to seeing that the small size of the building is rendered much more apparent; the method for making the "brilliant glass tiles" referred. Glass was painted on the inward side, backed by a layer of gold leaf and a layer of tin foil to hold the gold in place; this created colorfully reflective glass used to suggest nature, as in floral ornamentation.
In addition to the Academy and the Centennial National, Furness used them in his Brazilian Court at the Centennial Exhibition, but not thereafter. Similar attempts at ornamental glass m
City Line Avenue Bridge
City Line Avenue Bridge is a historic concrete barrel arch bridge spanning the East Branch of Indian Creek and located in the Overbrook Farms neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1913, is a single-span bridge; the barrel arch measures 20-foot-wide. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988
Frank Heyling Furness was an American architect of the Victorian era. He designed more than 600 buildings, most in the Philadelphia area, is remembered for his diverse, muscular unordinarily scaled buildings, for his influence on the Chicago architect Louis Sullivan. Furness received a Medal of Honor for bravery during the Civil War. Toward the end of his life, his bold style fell out of fashion, many of his significant works were demolished in the 20th century. Among his most important surviving buildings are the University of Pennsylvania Library, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia, all in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Furness was born in Philadelphia on November 12, 1839, his father, William Henry Furness, was a prominent Unitarian minister and abolitionist, his brother, Horace Howard Furness, became America's outstanding Shakespeare scholar. Frank, did not attend a university and did not travel to Europe, he began his architectural training in the office of Philadelphia, in the 1850s.
He attended the École des Beaux-Arts-inspired atelier of Richard Morris Hunt in New York from 1859 to 1861, again in 1865, following his military service. Furness considered himself Hunt's apprentice and was influenced by Hunt's dynamic personality and accomplished, elegant buildings, he was influenced by the architectural concepts of the French engineer Viollet-le-Duc and the British critic John Ruskin. Furness's first commission, Germantown Unitarian Church, was a solo effort, but in 1867, he formed a partnership with Fraser, his former teacher, George Hewitt, who had worked in the office of John Notman; the trio lasted less than five years, its major commissions were Rodef Shalom Synagogue and the Lutheran Church of the Holy Communion. Following Fraser's move to Washington, D. C. to become supervising architect for the U. S. Treasury Department, the two younger men formed a partnership in 1871, soon won the design competition for the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Louis Sullivan worked as a draftsman for Furness & Hewitt, his use of organic decorative motifs can be traced, at least in part, to Furness.
By the beginning of 1876, Furness had broken with Hewitt, the firm carried only his name. Hewitt and his brother William formed their own firm, G. W. & W. D. Hewitt, became Furness's biggest competitor. In 1881, Furness promoted Allen Evans, to partner; the firm continued under the name Furness, Evans & Company as late as 1932, two decades after its founder's death. Furness was one of the most paid architects of his era, a founder of the Philadelphia Chapter of the American Institute of Architects. Over his 45-year career, he designed more than 600 buildings, including banks, office buildings and synagogues. Nearly one-third of his commissions came from railroad companies; as chief architect of the Reading Railroad, he designed industrial buildings. For the Pennsylvania Railroad, he designed more than 20 structures, including the great Broad Street Station at Broad and Market Streets in Philadelphia, his 40 stations for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad included the ingenious 24th Street Station beside the Chestnut Street Bridge.
His residential buildings included numerous mansions in Philadelphia and its suburbs, as well as commissioned houses at the New Jersey seashore. C.. Furness broke from dogmatic adherence to European trends, juxtaposed styles and elements in a forceful manner, his strong architectural will is seen in the unorthodox way he combined materials: stone, glass, terra cotta, brick. And his straightforward use of these materials in innovative or technologically advanced ways, reflected Philadelphia's industrial-realist culture of the post–Civil War period. Furness married Fanny Fassit in 1866, they had four children: Radclyffe, Theodore and Annis Lee, he died on June 27, 1912, at "Idlewild," his summer house outside Media, is buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia. During the Civil War, Furness served as Captain and commander of Company F, 6th Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, he received the Medal of Honor for his gallantry at the Battle of Trevilian Station. Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry.
Place and date: At Trevilian Station, June 12, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth:------. Date of issue: October 20, 1899. Citation: Voluntarily carried a box of ammunition across an open space swept by the enemy's fire to the relief of an outpost whose ammunition had become exhausted, but, thus enabled to hold its important position. Twenty-five years after fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg, he designed the monument to his regiment on South Cavalry Field: In design it is a simple granite block, as massive as a dolmen, but surrounded by a corona of bronze lances that are models of the original lances.... Hey are depicted in a resting position, as if waiting to be seized at any instant and brought into battle; the sense of suspended action before the moment of the battle is all the more potent because it is rendered in stone and metal, making it perpetual. Of the hundreds of monuments at Gettysburg, Furness's is among the most haunting. Following decades of neglect, during which many of Furness's most important buildi
Haddington is a neighborhood in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Its borders are defined as Haverford Avenue/Girard Avenue to the north, 52nd Street to the east, Market Street to the south, 67th Street to the most western edge of the neighborhood, it is a African American community of two-story rowhouses with a large proportion of elderly residents and a high home-ownership rate. Near the intersection of Vine Street and 56th Street, new construction and community facilities were built in the 1970s thanks to the Haddington Leadership Organization. Haddington's Historic District is located on the 6000 blocks of Market and Chestnut Streets, showcasing colonial and classical revival styles of architecture built from 1909 to 1915, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the George L. Brooks School and Thomas Dunlap School; the School District of Philadelphia operates public schools. The Free Library of Philadelphia Haddington Branch serves Haddington.
Haddington Historic District West Philadelphia beyond 52nd Street Historic Photographs of Haddington, PhillyHistory.org
West Philadelphia, nicknamed West Philly, is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Though there is no official definition of its boundaries, it is considered to reach from the western shore of the Schuylkill River, to City Avenue to the northwest, Cobbs Creek to the southwest, the SEPTA Media/Elwyn Line to the south. An alternate definition includes all city land west of the Schuylkill; the eastern side of West Philadelphia is known as University City. The topography of West Philadelphia is composed of rolling hills rising from the Schuylkill River toward Cobbs Creek in the west and toward Belmont Plateau in the northwest; this gradual elevation makes the skyline of Center City visible from many points in West Philadelphia. The Wynnefield neighborhood is a location used by photographers and organizers of civic events. According to the 2010 census, 216,433 people live among the ZIP codes of 19104, 19131, 19139, 19143 and 19151. Non-Hispanic Black or African-American: 164,921 Non-Hispanic White/European: 37,010 Hispanic or Latino: 4,328 American Indian: 4,112 Asian: 3,246 Mixed or Other: 2,813 Starting with the first wave of Irish immigrants in the early 19th century, West Philadelphia was home to large numbers of European immigrants and their descendants.
The area's African American population began growing in the 1880s through the migration of blacks from the southern states. Since the 1980s, gentrification and the Urban Indian relocation movement have brought more racial diversity. Arrivals from East Asia and Latin America Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, have given the area small Hispanic and Asian American populations; the community has a fair number of Afro-Caribbean/Caribbean American residents, from the Jamaica, Haiti and other areas of the West Indies, as well as a growing number of African immigrants. The Woodlands Cemetery, located near the west bank of the Schuylkill River, was the estate of Andrew Hamilton who bought the property in 1735 from descendants of Blockley Township's founder, William Warner, who hailed from Brockley, England. Warner was the first known European west of the Schuylkill. In 1840, the property was transformed into a cemetery with an arboretum of over 1,000 trees, it holds the graves of many famous Philadelphians.
Satterlee Hospital, one of the largest Union Army hospitals of the Civil War, operated from 1862 to 1865. West Philadelphia's population expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thanks in large part to horsecars streetcars, Schuylkill River bridges that allowed middle-class breadwinners to commute into the Central Business District a few miles to the east. West Philadelphia was among the early streetcar suburbs, a portion of it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the West Philadelphia Streetcar Suburb Historic District; the western portion of the neighborhood was once home to some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The area has declined in prominence over the last 50 years, thanks in part to increasing crime and the migration of many middle and upper-class residents to suburbs and other sections of the city. West Philadelphia drew national attention in 1978 and 1985 for violent clashes between police and an Afro-centric, back-to-nature group called MOVE.
During the latter confrontation, police firebombed the group's headquarters, killing 11 people and destroying an entire block of Osage Avenue and Pine Street. In recent years, parts of West Philadelphia have undergone "Penntrification," a term that reflects the University of Pennsylvania's role in gentrification of the neighborhood. Many young professionals and families have moved into the area. In 2008, the area around the Please Touch Museum, Philadelphia Zoo, the Mann Music Center was designated the Centennial District: an area to be revitalized by the country's 250th birthday in 2026. Most of the houses in West Philadelphia are row houses, although there are areas of semi-detached and detached houses; the earliest developments began in 1850 and the final period of mass construction ended in 1930. Development was enabled by the creation of the horsecar, which pushed development to about 43rd Street, after the arrival of the electrified streetcar in 1892, accelerated to the west and southwest.
Commissioned by speculative developers and designed by some of the city's most prolific architects, they were purchased by industrial managers and other professionals who led the first movement of upper and middle class from the more crowded city center. Developers found they could increase profits by catering to this emerging group, shrinking lot sizes, building more compact, less ornate houses. Initial development was divided into block lots and sold in 1852 with the condition that "substantial stone or brick buildings" be erected; the houses in this grouping are three-story Italianate buildings, linked by material, decorative detail, form. Located around Chester Avenue, an additional but smaller and less ornate 16 Italianate, semi-detached houses, similar in form to the initial houses; the setback of these houses was 25 feet. Another development on Locust Street, a project by banker and West Philly
National Register of Historic Places listings in North Philadelphia
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in North Philadelphia. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in North Philadelphia, United States; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map. There are 574 properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Philadelphia, including 67 National Historic Landmarks. North Philadelphia includes 162 of these properties and districts, of which 17 are National Historic Landmarks. Two sites are split between North Philadelphia and other parts of the city, are thus included on multiple lists. Two other properties in North Philadelphia have been removed. List of National Historic Landmarks in Philadelphia National Register of Historic Places listings in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania