Irwin is a borough in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, 22 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. Some of the most extensive bituminous coal deposits in the State are located here. In the past, iron foundries, flour mills, car shops and planing mills, electricals goods, mirror factories provided employment to the residents. In 1900, the population numbered 2,452; the population was 3,973 at the 2010 census. Irwin was named for the original owner of the town site. Irwin was the original western terminus of the Pennsylvania Turnpike when it opened in October 1940. Brush Hill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,366 people, 2,084 households, 1,131 families residing in the borough; the population density was 4,947.0 people per square mile. There were 2,277 housing units at an average density of 2,580.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.61% White, 1.01% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population. There were 2,084 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 45.7% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.83. In the borough the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $32,758, the median income for a family was $41,947. Males had a median income of $31,901 versus $23,519 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $18,722.
About 6.6% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. Brush Creek Cemetery is located outside of Irwin, it is a non-sectarian cemetery. Claire Cribbs, basketball player. Henry Donnel Foster, member of the U. S. House of Representatives Mike Getto, American football player. Dannon Johnson, founder of Guffey Cam Studios
Fort Ligonier is a British fortification from the French and Indian War located in Ligonier, United States. The fort served as a staging area for the Forbes Expedition of 1758. During the eight years of its existence as a garrison, Fort Ligonier was never taken by an enemy, it served as a post of passage to the new Fort Pitt, during Pontiac's War of 1763, was a vital link in the British communication and supply lines. It was attacked twice and besieged by the Native Americans, prior to the decisive victory at Bushy Run in August of that year; the fort was decommissioned from active service in 1766. Today, there is a museum next to the reconstructed fort. Inside the museum there are artifacts from the battle. An individual can take a guided tour of the fort, on Fort Ligonier Days, the fort's cannons are fired. French victories over George Washington and Edward Braddock in 1754–55 wrested from Britain control of the strategic forks of the Ohio River. By 1758, General John Forbes was assigned the daunting task of seizing Fort Duquesne, the French citadel at the forks.
He ordered construction of a new road across Pennsylvania, guarded by a chain of fortifications, the final link being the "Post at Loyalhanna," fifty miles from his objective. The fort was constructed in September 1758. By late October, George Washington had arrived at Loyalhanna, but not before the defeat of a British force at Fort Duquesne on September 14, the successful defense of Loyalhanna from a French attack on October 12. Outnumbered and losers in Indian diplomacy, the French abandoned Fort Duquesne, which Forbes occupied on November 25, he designated the site "Pittsburgh" in honor of Secretary of State William Pitt. Forbes named Loyalhanna "Fort Ligonier" after his superior, Sir John Ligonier, commander-in-chief in Great Britain. August 10, 1758—Colonel Bouquet ordered Major James Grant to build a road from Bedford to Ligonier. August 15, 1758—Col. Bouquet sent Ensign Charles Rohr, engineer for General Forbes, to the future site of Fort Ligonier to select a location for a storehouse there.
August 20, 1758—Col. Bouquet sent Major Grant, Col. James Burd and 1,500 men to the site to begin construction. Grant was in overall charge of men. August 21, 1758—Ensign Rohr picked the exact location for the fort. August 22, 1758—Col. Bouquet ordered Col. Burd's men and some artillerymen to build a 120-foot storehouse for supplies and a hospital. August 27, 1758—Burd and Rhor reported the location of a superior site to Ligonier, nine miles to the west; when told of the new site, Forbes directed that work continue on Fort Ligonier, since construction had begun. August 29, 1758—Col. Burd and troops arrived at Fort Ligonier and built trenches around the fort. September 1, 1758—Bouquet sent 100 men to entrench the "Grants Paradise" location south of Latrobe, Pennsylvania. September 9, 1758—Major Grant left Fort Ligonier with troops and headed west to Fort Duquesne. On September 15, he approached within five miles of Fort Duquesne before being beaten by the French, when his deliberate plan to lure out and ambush the fort's defenders went badly wrong.
Bouquet arrived at Fort Ligonier with troops and wrote to Sinclair about the conditions of the fort and supplies, including wagons. October 12, 1758—While the fort was still under construction, the Battle of Fort Ligonier was fought; the French forces attempted to attack again at nightfall, but were forced to retreat by mortar fire from the fort. November 12, 1758—The command of Col. Forbes ran across another squad of De Vitri's French troops lurking around Fort Ligonier; the British attacked, taking three prisoners. One of the prisoners turned out to be an Englishman, taken from his home in Lancaster County by anti-British Native Americans, his information concerning the weak condition of Fort Duquesne was corroborated by that of the French prisoners. Forbes therefore resolved to push forward to capture Fort Duquesne. November 12, 1758—Units led by George Washington and Lieutenant Colonel George Mercer accidentally engaged each other in heavy fog and at night. Two officers and 38 men were wounded.
November 1758—4,000 troops encamped at the fort, making Ligonier the second-largest community in Pennsylvania. November 25, 1758—Forbes captured Fort Duquesne. March 1766—Fort Ligonier was abandoned after the conclusion of the French and Indian War. "The Frontier Forts of Western Pennsylvania," Albert, George Dallas, C. M. Busch, state printer, Harrisburg, 1896. Plan of the fort, pg. 208B. William M. Fowler, Jr. Empires at War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754–1763. Pennsylvania's Burton K. Kummerow, Christine H. O'Toole, R. Scott Stephenson. Fort Ligonier official website National Register nomination documentation
National Register of Historic Places listings in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Allegheny County, excluding the city of Pittsburgh; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map. There are 236 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 10 National Historic Landmarks. Pittsburgh is the location of 168 of these properties and districts, including 5 National Historic Landmarks; the 72 properties and districts elsewhere in the county, including 5 National Historic Landmarks, are listed here. Four properties are split between other parts of the county; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. List of City of Pittsburgh historic designations List of Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation Historic Landmarks List of Pennsylvania state historical markers in Allegheny County
West Newton, Pennsylvania
West Newton, located 24.5 miles southeast of Pittsburgh, is a borough in Westmoreland County in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The manufacture of radiators and boilers were the chief industries; the population was 2,633 at the 2010 census. The town traces its roots to 1788, when a group of American pioneers to the Northwest Territory led by Gen. Rufus Putnam traveled overland from Massachusetts and stopped at this location to build boats, they set out down the Youghiogheny River to the Monogahela and Ohio Rivers, ending their journey and founding the town of Marietta, Ohio. Former names of the town are Robbstown. Eighteen miners lost their lives in West Newton in 1901 at the Port Royal Mine; the Dick Building and Plumer House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Like many pioneer towns in Western Pennsylvania, West Newton earned its early historical relevance by playing a key role in the westward expansion of the United States; the Simerals were the first family to operate in this area and operated a small ferry on the Youghiogheny River halfway between Connellsville and McKeesport.
A New Jersey native and whiskey rebel named Isaac Rob, laid out the town of West Newton, however, it was called "Robbstown". The town grew as the community served as a trading outpost where the Old Glades Indian trail met the Youghiogheny River. West Newtons fortunes changed during the mid 19th century. River commerce increased with the construction of slack water dams in the 1830s; the introduction of the Pittsburgh and Markles Paper Mill provided early economic developments. Despite facing devastating fires and tragic train wrecks in the 20th century, the people of West Newton persevered, continuing to develop both the infrastructure and economy of their community; as time progressed West Newton transitioned into a bedroom community with a vast majority of residents working outside of the boroughs limits. The community saw new economic life blood, serving as a trail town along the Great Allegheny Passage for visitors around the world. West Newton is located at 40°12′34″N 79°46′9″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.2 square miles, of which, 1.1 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,083 people, 1,318 households, 830 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,717.5 people per square mile. There were 1,410 housing units at an average density of 1,242.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97.50% White, 1.14% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.16% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population. There were 1,318 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.98. In the borough the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $25,912, the median income for a family was $41,063. Males had a median income of $36,386 versus $22,727 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $16,406. About 7.5% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. Ray Luzier, drummer for Korn and David Lee Roth James L. Swauger, archaeologist Danny Taylor, Major League Baseball Outfielder "Uncle" Henry Wallace, 1836-1916, Presbyterian minister. Downtown West Newton, Inc. https://www.mywestnewton.com
Compass Inn is a historic inn and tavern located in Laughlintown, Ligonier Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. It is stone building in a vernacular Georgian style; the original section was built in 1799, it is three bays wide. The two bay stone section was added in the 1820s. A clapboarded frame section was added in 1862, it was restored in 1970, operated as a local history museum. The property includes a rebuilt blacksmith shop, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 24, 1995. Contributing property Cultural landscape Historic preservation Keeper of the Register List of heritage registers Property type United States National Register of Historic Places listings State Historic Preservation Office Compass Inn Museum website
North Charleroi, Pennsylvania
North Charleroi is a borough in Washington County, United States. The population was 1,314 at the 2010 census; the settlement is known as "Lock 4". Lock and Dam #4 was located on this side of the Monongahela River, the place had this name. Lock and Dam #4 was relocated further upstream on the other side of the "Charleroi Monessen Bridge"; the name was changed but most residents still refer to the town as "Lock 4". The Charleroi-Monessen Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. North Charleroi is located at 40°9′3″N 79°54′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.3 square miles, of which 0.3 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,409 people, 650 households, 388 families residing in the borough; the population density was 5,362.1 people per square mile. There were 706 housing units at an average density of 2,686.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97.16% White, 1.77% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.14% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. There were 650 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.3% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86. In the borough the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $29,135, the median income for a family was $36,131. Males had a median income of $32,250 versus $22,379 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $17,834. About 5.4% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
Charleroi, Pennsylvania — borough on the southern border. Monongahela River — Monongahela River on the eastern border. Fallowfield Township, Pennsylvania — borough on the western border. Carroll Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania — borough on the northern border
Academy Hill Historic District (Greensburg, Pennsylvania)
The Academy Hill Historic District of Greensburg, Pennsylvania, is bounded by Baughman Street, North Maple Avenue, Kenneth Street, Culbertson Avenue, Beacon Street, North Main Street. It consists of 252 structures on 63.5 acres, with the most notable buildings from the years 1880 to 1949. The earliest building, a former farmhouse at 333 Walnut Avenue, dates from 1840; the Academy Hill Historic District is directly to the north of the Greensburg Downtown Historic District. The southern portion of Academy Hill is institutional in character, including the Blessed Sacrament Cathedral, its parish school, Greensburg's public high school, now used as a middle school. Since 1810 the block bounded by Main Street, Academy Hill Place, Maple Avenue, Grant Street has been used for a succession of public schools, the 1810 school at this site was the source of the neighborhood's name. Main Street, north of these landmark structures, is lined with large houses and mansions built for the city's elite, some of them designed by Paul Bartholomew.
As one moves to the east from Main Street, the houses become less elaborate. The north-south streets east of Maple Avenue are lined with modest houses that represent middle-class and working-class residential architecture in the pre-World War II era. 133 Grant Street - Sears, the department store chain, once sold houses in kit form that could be ordered through the mail, such houses were popular with farmers on the prairies. This is an example of such a Sears Catalog Home, rare for Greensburg, it represents the Craftsman style. 208 Kenneth Street - This 1920 Tudor was designed by and the residence for Paul Bartholomew until his death in 1973. 214 Kenneth Street - This 1937 center hall colonial was designed by Paul Bartholomew per original blueprints. Located at Kenneth and Loor Streets. In order by house number: Blessed Sacrament Cathedral - This massive 1928 structure serves as the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Greensburg, it was designed by the Pittsburgh-based firm of Comes, McMullen in an English Gothic style.
It was the Blessed Sacrament Church, attained cathedral status when the Diocese of Greensburg was formed in 1952. The stained glass rose. Between 1983 and 1987, a major renovation of the structure was conducted by the architectural firm of Celli & Flynn Associates. Greensburg Salem Middle School - A public school was built on this site in 1810, known as the Academy Hill School, from which the neighborhood takes its name, it was destroyed by fire in 1850. A second school, known as "Old Red", was built here in 1862 or 1863 and torn down in 1924. To the north of the existing building, a high school was built in 1897 but was razed in 1960; the current building is the fourth school on this block. It is a three-story structure, opened in 1927, was designed by architect Maurice Kressely in a Neoclassical Revival style; this current structure was the Greensburg Salem High School, since 1979 has been the Greensburg Salem Middle School. Aquinas Academy - This is the parish elementary school of the next-door Blessed Sacrament Cathedral.
It had been known as Saint Benedict School as Blessed Sacrament School until 1995 when its name was changed to Aquinas Academy due to a reorganization of the diocesan elementary schools. The oldest portion of the building, fronting Main Street, is a two-story red brick structure from 1904. There are a 1954 addition and a 1961 addition, both fronting on Pennsylvania Avenue. A 1962 addition, set back from Main Street, was intended to serve as a convent. 419 North Main Street - This 1935 Tudor Revival residence is one of many in the neighborhood by architect Paul Bartholomew. Huff Mansion / YWCA - Perhaps the grandest of the Academy Hill mansions, this 1900 Georgian Revival structure has been owned by the YWCA since 1979, it was designed by Boston-based architect Ralph Adams Cram for William A. Huff, whose wealth originated from the coal industry and from banking. 431 North Main Street - This 1920 house is another commission by architect Paul Bartholomew, characterized by influences of the Prairie School, the Picturesque Movement, the Craftsman style.
445 North Main Street - This 1913 Mission style house was designed by Paul Bartholomew. 450 North Main Street - This 1920 house was designed by Paul Bartholomew in a Georgian Revival style. Kepple-Graft Funeral Home - This was built for William Jamison, a coal industry magnate. In order by house number: Clawson House - This Queen Anne style house was built in 1893 for Sheriff Lucien Clawson. 528 North Maple Avenue - This 1913 home was designed by Paul Bartholomew in a Craftsman style. 552 North Maple Avenue - This 1922 residence is yet another design by Paul Bartholomew, reflecting an Eclectic Revival design. YWCA Annex - This structure was a log cabin located at 419 North Main Street, at the time of World War I the Huff family moved it to its current location as a wedding gift for William A. Huff's daughter; the house was covered in stucco, a unusual building material in this region, serves as an annex for the YWCA. In order by house number: 333 Walnut Avenue - This 1840 structure was a farmhouse, has the distinction of being the oldest building in the historic district.
334 Walnut Avenue - This 1936 Tudor Revival style residence was designed by Paul Bartholomew. Greensburg Downtown Historic District Greensburg, Pennsylvania Nat