Det Ny Teater
Det Ny Teater is an established theatre in Copenhagen, first opened in 1908. It is based in a building which spans a passage between Vesterbrogade and Gammel Kongevej in Copenhagen's theatre district on the border between Vesterbro and Frederiksberg. With more than 12,000 m2 it is one of Denmark's largest theaters, it has two stages, the main auditorium which seats more than 1,000 and Sceneriet, a smaller theatre established in the cellar in 1994. The site of the theatre a worn down apartment block, was in the spring of 1902 acquired by a development company, which had plans to build a large theatre and in the same time to open a passage between Gammel Kongevej and the new Vesterbro Passage, now part of Vesterbrogade, the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagen's city centre. Bona engaged Viggo Lindstrøm in the project as artistic consultant, he had been resident actor and director at Folketeatret but resigned after a fashionable controversy with its director, in 1906 the company applied the Ministry of Justice for a license for the theatre's operation.
The application was rejected by Peter Adler Alberti, the minister of Justice due to a link with Folketeatret's director, but after personal intervention from King Frederik, the license was granted. In March 1907, Bona commissioned the architect Lorenz Gudme to draw up a project, he had worked for Ove Petersen, responsible for both the Royal Theatre, in collaboration with Vilhelm Dahlerup, the Dagmar Theatre. His proposal was accepted and the fundaments were laid on 14 August 1907. Shortly after construction start, a disagreement occurred between Bona and Gudme, fired from the project, instead completed by Ludvig Andersen; when the theatre was inaugurated on 19 September 1908 it was the second largest theatre in the country and the construction price had been approx. DKK 1,200,000 and DKK 600,000 for the site. Lindstrøm, the theatre's first director, had declared himself willing to set up everything at his new theatre, the second largest in Copenhagen, but the opening performance, Pierre Berton's Den skønne Marseillanerinde, an extravaganza about Napoleon with a young cast featuring such stars as Poul Reumert, Asta Nielsen and Clara Wieth, became exemplar of the repertoire during the first three decades.
Lindstrøm himself left the theatre after just three years due to an insignificant debts. He was succeeded in the post by the actor Ivar Schmidt who held the post from 1911 to 1937, accompanied by actors such as Else-Marie, Berthe Qvistgaard, Ellen Gottschalch, Ib Schønberg and Osvald Helmuth; the director from 1944 to 1966 was Peer Gregaard and he changed the repertoire from with a combination of classics and contemporary Danish and European drama. During this era, Det Ny Teater came to challenge the Royal Danish Theatre as the leading theatrical stage in Denmark. In the 1960s it became evident; the writer Knud Poulsen was appointed director in 1969 and by 1971 the theatre faced closure but was saved when the county and Ministry of Culture stepped in and compensated for reduced ticket prices. This marked the beginning of a crisis for the theatre which reflected the general adversities for the industry and, in 1976, led to the introduction of a general regime for subsidizing theatrical productions.
In 1991, when the theatre, by in a poor state of neglect, lost its support, it had to close indefinitely. The owners succeeded in raising funds for a thorough renovation. Bent Mejding was the driving force behind the restoration of the theater, which he and Niels-Bo Valbro reopened as a venue for operetta and musicals with a production of Die Fledermaus in 1994. Since the theatre has produced a number of large productions, the most successful of which and audience-wise, has been Phantom of the Opera, which ran from 2000 to 2002; the theatre building spans a passage between Vesterbrogade and Gammel Kongevej and has a facade front on both sides. The complex includes the surrounding buildings; the theatre is loosely modelled on the Paris Opera, but is built in a mixture of styles, combining elements such as classical trompe-l'œil effects and Greek capitals side by side with art deco features. Built in reinforced concrete, it was the first building in Denmark to use the Hennebique system, due to added strength, allowed the theatre to be the first in Denmark to have balconies without supporting pillars.
The theatre was the first in Denmark to feature a revolving stage. Other state-of-the-art features were an advanced sprinkler system in case of fire on stage, showers installed for the actors on every floor. For the audience there were comfortable family boxes, an elegant marble staircase and a large inviting foyer; the renovation in 1994 received the Europa Nostra award from the European Union. Since the renovation, the theatre has two stages; the large auditorium seats app. 1,000 while the small one, built in the cellar in connection with the 1994 renovation, seats an audience of 250 to 300. The main repertoire is still musicals; the theatre plays host to a variety of other events and is available on hire. Culture of Denmark Official website
Halmtorvet is a public square in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located next to Copenhagen Central Station in front of the Meat District; the oblong square turns into Sønder Boulevard, a broad street with a park strip in its central reserve, which continues to Enghavevej at Enghave station. Copenhagen's haymarket was located just inside the Western City Gate where the City Hall Square lies today, it closed on 1 January 1888 and relocated to the area outside the new Livestock Market which had opened at the site in 1879. Market days were Wednesday and Saturday and up to several hundred loads of hay and straw were traded and distributed to cattle and horse stables around the city. Up through the 20th century, with improved infrastructure, livestock moved out of the city and horses lost their role in transportation, the haymarket closed; the area became associated with prostitution and drug dealing. The site was dominated by through traffic and goods transport; the area underwent gradual gentrification up through the 1990s and Halmtorvet was refurbished from 1999 to 2003 as part of a major programme for urban renewal in the Vesterbro area.
The first stage was designed by the office of the City Architect and completed in 2000. The second and third stages were designed by the Park Office of the City and carried out in 2003. In order to obtain a coherent space in the area a large gas regulator in front of the Brown Meat District was removed; the square has an oblong shape. To make the space more attractive to urban life, the new layout introduced one-way traffic, taken along a single lane on the south side of the square. A roundabout on the corner of the Brown Meat District, distributes traffic south and north of the Central Station. In the centre of the square, in front of Øksnehallen, there is an oval pool surrounded by large open spaces and playgrounds. Other areas have elevated flower beds with terraced sides. Other elements in the refurbishment include new paving and items of street furniture; the north side of the square is lined with residential buildings from the 1890s. The building between Lille Istedgade and Abel Cathrine Gade was built from 1897 to 1898 to the design of Emil Blichfeldt who has designed the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens on the other side of the Central Station.
Built in 1961, Borgenhus, at No. 20, is the only building in Inner Vesterbro under City Plan West, a municipal plan from 1958 for condemnations and urban renewal in the area. The south side of the square, from the roundabout up to the beginning of Sønder Boulevard, borders on the Meat Packing District; the original meat market was planned and designed by Hans Jørgen Holm in 1878 but over the years new buildings were added to the design of other architects, including Øksnehallen by Ludvig Fenger in 1901. The section closest to the Central Station is known as the Brown Meat District, it is the older part and dates from about 1900. The section closest to Sønder Boulevard is known as the White Meat District and was built in the first half of the 1930s to the design of City Architect Poul Holsøe. Halmtorvet 29 is the former headquarters of Alfred Benzon A/S. Halmtorvet is now lined on either side by restaurants. Part of the Brown Meat District, Øksnehallen at No. 11, a former market building, now serves as an exhibition venue which houses a broad variety of events and flea markets.
Husets Teater is a small studio theatre based in another building of the Brown Meat District. Borgenhus, the modern building at No. 20, houses Station City, the Copenhagen Police Department's police station for the city centre
An electric light is a device that produces visible light from electric current. It is the most common form of artificial lighting and is essential to modern society, providing interior lighting for buildings and exterior light for evening and nighttime activities. In technical usage, a replaceable component that produces light from electricity is called a lamp. Lamps are called light bulbs. Lamps have a base made of ceramic, glass or plastic, which secures the lamp in the socket of a light fixture; the electrical connection to the socket may be made with a screw-thread base, two metal pins, two metal caps or a bayonet cap. The three main categories of electric lights are incandescent lamps, which produce light by a filament heated white-hot by electric current, gas-discharge lamps, which produce light by means of an electric arc through a gas, LED lamps, which produce light by a flow of electrons across a band gap in a semiconductor. Before electric lighting became common in the early 20th century, people used candles, gas lights, oil lamps, fires.
English chemist Humphry Davy developed the first incandescent light in 1802, followed by the first practical electric arc light in 1806. By the 1870s, Davy's arc lamp had been commercialized, was used to light many public spaces. Efforts by Swan and Edison led to commercial incandescent light bulbs becoming available in the 1880s, by the early twentieth century these had replaced arc lamps; the energy efficiency of electric lighting has increased radically since the first demonstration of arc lamps and the incandescent light bulb of the 19th century. Modern electric light sources come in a profusion of types and sizes adapted to many applications. Most modern electric lighting is powered by centrally generated electric power, but lighting may be powered by mobile or standby electric generators or battery systems. Battery-powered light is reserved for when and where stationary lights fail in the form of flashlights, electric lanterns, in vehicles. Types of electric lighting include: Incandescent light bulb, a heated filament inside a glass envelope Halogen lamps are incandescent lamps that use a fused quartz envelope filled with halogen gas LED lamp, a solid-state lamp that uses light-emitting diodes as the source of light Arc lamp Xenon arc lamp Mercury-xenon arc lamp Ultra-high-performance lamp, an ultra-high-pressure mercury-vapor arc lamp for use in movie projectors Metal-halide lamp Gas-discharge lamp, a light source that generates light by sending an electric discharge through an ionized gas Fluorescent lamp Compact fluorescent lamp, a fluorescent lamp designed to replace an incandescent lamp Neon lamp Mercury-vapor lamp Sodium-vapor lamp Sulfur lamp Electrodeless lamp, a gas discharge lamp in which the power is transferred from outside the bulb to inside via electromagnetic fieldsDifferent types of lights have vastly differing efficacies and color of light.
*Color temperature is defined as the temperature of a black body emitting a similar spectrum. The most efficient source of electric light is the low-pressure sodium lamp, it produces, for all practical purposes, a monochromatic orange-yellow light, which gives a monochromatic perception of any illuminated scene. For this reason, it is reserved for outdoor public lighting applications. Low-pressure sodium lights are favoured for public lighting by astronomers, since the light pollution that they generate can be filtered, contrary to broadband or continuous spectra; the modern incandescent light bulb, with a coiled filament of tungsten, commercialized in the 1920s, developed from the carbon filament lamp introduced about 1880. As well as bulbs for normal illumination, there is a wide range, including low voltage, low-power types used as components in equipment, but now displaced by LEDs Incandescent bulbs are being phased out in many countries due to their low energy efficiency. Less than 3% of the input energy is converted into usable light.
Nearly all of the input energy ends up as heat that, in warm climates, must be removed from the building by ventilation or air conditioning resulting in more energy consumption. In colder climates where heating and lighting is required during the cold and dark winter months, the heat byproduct has at least some value. Halogen lamps are much smaller than standard incandescent lamps, because for successful operation a bulb temperature over 200 °C is necessary. For this reason, most have a bulb of fused aluminosilicate glass; this is sealed inside an additional layer of glass. The outer glass is a safety precaution, to reduce ultraviolet emission and to contain hot glass shards should the inner envelope explode during operation. Oily residue from fingerprints may cause a hot quartz envelope to shatter due to excessive heat buildup at the contamination site; the risk of burns or fire is greater with bare bulbs, leading to their prohibition in some places, unless enclosed by the luminaire. Those designed for 12- or 24-volt operation have compact filaments, useful for good optical control.
They have higher efficacies and better lives than non-halogen types. The light output remains constant throughout their life. Fluorescent lamps consist of a glass tube that contains argon under low pressure. Electricity flowing through the tube causes the gases to give off ultraviolet energy; the inside of the tubes are coated with phosphors that give off visible light when struck by ultraviolet photons. They have much higher efficiency than incandescent lamps. For the same amount of light generated, they typic
Enghave Plads is a central public square of the Vesterbro district in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located. Enghave Plads was established. A playground was established on the site in the late 1880s at the initiative of architect and city council member Ferdinand Meldahl. Enghave Plads School opened on the square in 1892. Christ Church, completed in 1900, was the second church to be built in the growing Vesterbro neighbourhood. Boy with fiasco, a fountain designed by Jens Lund, was installed in the centre of the square in 1903. For many years the square played host to an annual fun fair. From its opening in 1902 Enghave Plads was the southern terminus of Line 3 of the Copenhagen Tramways, which operated between Melchiors Plads in Østerbro and the square by way of Nørrebro and Frederiksberg; the tram line was extended to Frederiksholm in 1915 and again from Frederiksholm to Mozarts Plads in 1937. The area on the other side of Enghavevej remained open land; the Royal Danish Horticultural Society established 478 allotments at the site.
They were moved and the small public Enghave Park was laid out under the direction of City Architect Poul Holsøe, who designed the red-brick social housing, built at the same time and borders the park on three sides. The square was renovated and pedestrianized in 1995; the 114-year-old chestnut tree, which for decades had dominated the square, was removed in October 2011 to make way for the construction of Enghave Station, a future station on the City Circle Line. After a merger with Mathæusgade School in 2008, Enghave Plads School is now part of Tove Ditlevsen's School. Both buildings were designed by city architect Ludvig Fenger. Christ Church was designed by Valdemar Koch in an Italian style, he designed the two residential buildings that flank it on both sides. The buildings on the north side of the square are from 1898 and were designed by Christian Mandrup-Poulsen. Jens Christian Kofoed contributed to the buildings around the square. A cluster of low buildings that were used by the tram workers have been converted into a kindergarten.
Vesterbro is one of the 15 administrative and city tax districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 3.76 km², has a population of 51,466 and a population density of 13,688 per km². Neighboring city districts are: to the northeast, the Indre By known as "Copenhagen Center" or "Downtown Copenhagen" or "City" to the north, Frederiksberg municipality, not a part of Copenhagen municipality but rather an enclave surrounded by the municipality to the west, Valby to the south, Kongens Enghave. Vesterbro is located just outside Copenhagen’s city center—the Inner City or Indre By—making it a attractive place to live, as are the other areas outside the center: the Indre Nørrebro, Indre Østerbro and Christianshavn; the district is located west of the city center at the location of the old Western Gate, access way into the old city. The gate, along with the other three gates into the old city-- Østerport near the current Østerport station), Nørreport near the current Nørreport station, Amagerport between Christianshavn and the island of Amager-- were dismantled in 1856.
The name "Vesterbro" translates into English as "Western Bridge", refers to the paved road leading into the city through the Western Gate. Vesterbro is the area of the bridge into the city of Copenhagen, a much smaller city at the time when the name was created. At that time, the city was ringed by a moat which exist today as others; the area is under the process of being renovated to a great extent and the renovation ended in 2017. The environment and sustainability is one of the essential reasons for the renovation. Vesterbro has a central location, it has had a reputation as a center for prostitution and drug trafficking, where only the poorest would live, there is still a certain amount of these activities in the area on Istedgade and near Halmtorvet, but there has been police focus on clearing up troublesome areas. The area is known as the easy place to get drugs in Copenhagen. Vesterbro was the name of the paved country road that led into the city center from the west. Few country roads in those days were paved, but the amount of traffic into the capital necessitated it.
Until 1853 after the cholera epidemic that had hit Copenhagen, there had been a "no build" zone outside Copenhagen’s old part of town, the part now known as the Inner City or Indre By. This Demarcation Line indicated an area beyond the city’s centuries old defense wall system where Copenhagen’s defense forces could strike the enemy unhindered; until there was little development outside the center of the city, except with special permission. Though much of the area was used as grazing land, by the 1780s there were approx. 1,000 inhabitants of the area, as well as a number of commercial enterprises, the house of the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society and Danish Brotherhood. The society received permission to build outside the old city limits in the 1750s, the building has housed the Copenhagen City Museum since 1956. With the abolishment of the demarcation line in 1853, the dismantling of the old fortifications that ringed the center of town in the late 1860s, the removal of the old entrance gates to the city in 1856, the population spread out to the “as yet” undeveloped areas outside the center.
This movement came first to the inner ring of areas outside the center: the Indre Østerbro, the Indre Nørrebro and Frederiksberg. At that time the name Vesterbro began being used for the entire area around the street named Vesterbro, late in the 1800s the name of the street itself was changed to Vesterbrogade. Istedgade Carlsberg neighbourhood Copenhagen Puppet Festival Det Ny Teater Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Tivoli Gardens Tycho Brahe Planetarium Museum of Copenhagen Copenhagen Meatpacking District Radisson SAS Royal Hotel, Copenhagen Sorte Hest Enghaveparken Skydebanehaven City of Copenhagen’s statistical office Copenhagen/Vesterbro travel guide from Wikivoyage Spurce Source
Vesterbro/Kongens Enghave is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. The district has an area of 8.22 km² and a population of 53,351. Vesterbro Kongens Enghave Media related to Vesterbro/Kongens Enghave at Wikimedia Commons
Viktoriagade is a street in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Vesterbrogade in the northwest to Halmtorvet in the southeast and is intersected by Istedgade; the three buildings at No. 8-12 have been listed on the Danish registry of protected places. In the 1620s a fortification known as Retrenchementet was constructed at the site by Christian IV. In front of the rampart ran a moat known as Rosenåen; the area came under redevelopment in the 1950s. Two large lots adjacent to the planned street Gasværksvej were sold to carpenter and developer Jensen, he sold them to the trading house Larsen og Co. in 1854. The company wanted an access road directly to Vesterbrogade and the city engineer's office wanted to get rid of Rosenåen which had developed into an open sewer. Viktoriagade was therefore established on top of the former moat; the land along the street was sold off in lots from 1856. A number of the early buildings in the new street were built as charitable housing complexes.
Skrædernes Stiftelse was built for old tailors in circa 1858. J. V. Heymans Stiftelse for officers' widows was founded in 1869 at the initiative of J. V. Heyman; the building had been completed in 1868 and contained five residents for widows as well as a residence for the inspector. The building was demolished in 1895. Viktoriagade No. 8, No. 10 and No. 12 are listed in the Danish registry of protected places. Konferensråd J. H. Mundts Stiftelse is fom 1863. No. 16 and No. 14 were designed by Vilhelm Friederichsen. At the pointed corner of Viktoriagade and Abel Cathrines Gade stands a large heart in black corten steel, it was designed by Fin Christiansen and installed in 2000. Helgolandsgade